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01. HAZRAT ADAM ( علیہ السلام ) [PROPHET ADAM]

 Hazrat Adam ( علیہ السلام )

 

Takhleeq-e-Adam ka Ai,laan aur Allah Taala ka farishtoon se mukalama

 

Quran-e-Majeed mein bayan hone wale behtreen qison mein se aik qisah bani nu insan ke baap Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام ) ka hai. Aap Allah Taala ke pehle Nabi hain aap ka qisah Quran-e-Majeed ki mukhtalif sooratoon mein mut,addid peraye mein bayan howa hai.

 

Allah Taala ne Surah-e-Baqarah mein is qise ko bayan karte howey farmaya:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ جَاعِلٌ فِى الْاَرْضِ خَلِيْفَةً    ۭ  قَالُوْٓا اَتَجْعَلُ فِيْهَا مَنْ يُّفْسِدُ فِيْهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاۗءَ    ۚ  وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ   ۭ  قَالَ اِنِّىْٓ اَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُوْنَ  30؀وَعَلَّمَ اٰدَمَ الْاَسْمَاۗءَ كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَھُمْ عَلَي الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ    ۙ  فَقَالَ اَنْۢبِــُٔـوْنِىْ بِاَسْمَاۗءِ ھٰٓؤُلَاۗءِ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ صٰدِقِيْنَ    31؀قَالُوْا سُبْحٰــنَكَ لَاعِلْمَ لَنَآ اِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا    ۭ  اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَلِيْمُ الْحَكِيْمُ   32؀قَالَ يٰٓاٰدَمُ اَنْۢبِئْـھُمْ بِاَسْمَاۗىِٕهِمْ   ۚ  فَلَمَّآ اَنْۢبَاَھُمْ بِاَسْمَاۗىِٕهِمْ    ۙ  قَالَ اَلَمْ اَقُلْ لَّكُمْ اِنِّىْٓ اَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ وَاَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُوْنَ وَمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُوْنَ  33؀وَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ   ۭ  اَبٰى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ       ڭ   وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكٰفِرِيْنَ  34؀وَقُلْنَا يٰٓاٰدَمُ اسْكُنْ اَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَكُلَامِنْهَا رَغَدًا حَيْثُ شِـئْتُمَـا       ۠  وَلَا تَـقْرَبَا ھٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُوْنَا مِنَ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ   35؀فَاَزَلَّهُمَا الشَّيْطٰنُ عَنْهَا فَاَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيْهِ     ۠ وَقُلْنَا اھْبِطُوْا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ   ۚ   وَلَكُمْ فِى الْاَرْضِ مُسْـتَقَرٌّ وَّمَتَاعٌ اِلٰى حِيْنٍ   36؀فَتَلَـقّيٰٓ اٰدَمُ مِنْ رَّبِّهٖ كَلِمٰتٍ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ    ۭ   اِنَّهٗ ھُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيْمُ   37؀قُلْنَا اھْبِطُوْا مِنْهَا جَمِيْعًا    ۚ  فَاِمَّا يَاْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِّـنِّىْ ھُدًى فَمَنْ تَبِعَ ھُدَاىَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا ھُمْ يَحْزَنُوْنَ  38؀وَالَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا وَكَذَّبُوْا بِاٰيٰتِنَآ اُولٰۗىِٕكَ اَصْحٰبُ النَّارِ   ۚ   ھُمْ فِيْهَا خٰلِدُوْنَ   39؀ۧ

 

Aur ( woh waqt yaad karne ke qabil hai ) jab tumahray parwar-digaar ne firshton se farmaya keh mein zameen mein ( apna ) naib bananay wala hoon. unhon ne kaha: Kya tu is mein aisay shakhs ko naib banana chahta hai jo kharabian kare aur Kasht-o-Khoon karta phiray aur hum teri tareef ke sath Tasbeeh-o-Taqdees karte rehtay hain. (Allah Taala ne) farmaya: Mein woh baatein jaanta hon jo tum nahi jantay. aur Us ne Adam ko sab (cheezon ke ) naam sikhay phir un ko firshton ke samnay paish kya aur farmaya ke agar tum sachay ho to mujhe in ke naam batao? Unhon ne kaha: Tu pak hai jitna ilm tu ne hamein bakhsha hai is ke siwa hamein kuch maloom nahi be shak tu Dana ( aur ) hikmat wala hai. ( Tab ) Allah ne ( Adam ko ) hukum diya: Adam! Tum in ko un ( cheezon ) ke naam batao! Jab unhon ne un ke naam bataye to Allah Taala ne firshton se ) farmaya: Kyun! Mein ne tum se nahi kaha tha ke mein Asmano aur Zameen ki (sab) posheeda baatein jaanta hoon aur jo tum zahir karte ho aur jo posheeda karte ho ( sab ) mujh ko maloom hai. Aur jab hum ne firshton ko hukum diya keh Adam ke agay sajda karo to woh sab sajday mein gir pade magar Shaitan ne inkaar kiya aur ghuroor mein aakar kafir ho gaya aur hum ne kaha: Aey Adam! Tum aur tumhari biwi jannat mein raho aur jahan se chaho be rokkk toak khao ( piyo ) lekin is darakht ke paas na jana nahi to zaalmon mein ( daakhil ) ho jao ge. Phir Shaitan ne dono ko wahan se phisla diya aur jis ( Aish-o-Nishat ) mein thay, Us se un ko nikalwa diya. Tab hum ne hukum diya keh ( Bahisht-e-Bareen se ) chalay jao. Tum aik dosray ke dushman ho aur tumahray liye zameen mein aik waqt tak thikana aur mu,aash ( muqarrar kar diya gaya ) hai phir Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne apne parwar-digaar se kuch kalmaat sekhe ( aur mafi mangi) to Allah ne un ka qasoor maaf kar diya bay shak woh maaf karne wala ( aur ) Sahib-e-Reham hai. Hum ne farmaya ke tum sab yahan se utar jao jab tumahray paas meri taraf se hidaayat puhanche to ( us ki pairwi karna ke ) jinhon ne meri hidaayat ki pairwi ki un ko na kuch khauf hoga aur na woh ghumnaak hoon ge. Aur jinhon ne ( is ko ) qubool na kya aur hamari ayaton ko jhatlaya woh dozakh mein jane walay hain ( aur ) woh hamesha us mein rahen ge.”  (Al Baqarah : 2/30-39)”

Hum ne in ayaat ki mufassal wazahat “Tafseer” mein kar di hai yahan hum sirf un ayaat ka mukhtasar mafhuum bayan karte hain: (اِنِّىْ جَاعِلٌ فِى الْاَرْضِ خَلِيْفَةً    ) “mein zameen mein khalifa bananay wala hoon”. yani Allah Taala ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) aur un ki aulaad ki takhleeq ka iradah zahir farmaya. Jin ki har nasal pehli nasal ki jagah le gi. Jaisay keh aik aur maqam par farmaya hai: (وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَكُمْ خَلَـٰٓئِفَ ٱلْأَرْضِ ) “Aur wohi hai jis ne tum ko zameen mein khalifa banaya”  aur farmaya: (وَيَجْعَلُكُمْ خُلَفَآءَ ٱلْأَرْضِ) “woh tumhe zameen mein khalifa banata hai” Yaani Allah Taala ne firshton ko Adam (علیہ السلام ) aur un ki aulad ki takhleeq ki khabar di, Jis tarah kisi bhi azeem  kaam ko wajood mein lane se pehle khabar di jati hai firshte Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki takhleeq ke bare mein mazeed maloomat aur us ki hikmat jan,ne ke khuwahishat mand thay, is liye unhon ne arz ki:  (اَتَجْعَلُ فِيْهَا مَنْ يُّفْسِدُ فِيْهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاۗءَ) “kiya tu us mein aesy shaks ko naib banana chahta hai jo kharabiyan kare aur Kasht-o-Khoon karta phere.”

Is sawal ka maqsad na to Allah Taala par aetraz karna tha  na Bani Adam ke Maqam-o-Martabe ka inkar maqsood tha aur na unhe insano se hasad tha jaise keh baaz logon ko galat fahmi howi hai balkeh is sawal ka maqsad mahaz us ki hikmat maloom karna aur mazeed maloomat hasil karna tha.

Qatadah ( رحمہ اللہ  ) ne farmaya:  “Farishton ko maloom tha keh yeh Soorat-e-Haal paish aane wali hai kyu keh unhon ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) se pehle zameen mein aabad hone wali makhlooqat (maslan jinnat) ke halat dhekhe thay” ( Tafseer Ibn-e–e-Kaseer: 129/1,Tafseer surah Al Baqarah  Ayat :30)

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abaas (رضی اللہ عنہما ) ne farmaya:  “ jinn Adam (علیہ السلام ) se taqreeban do hazar saal pehle se zameen par aabad thay unhon ne Qatal-o-Gharat ki to Allah Taala ne farishton ka lashkar bhej diya, Jinho ne un  (fasadi jinno)  ko samndar ke (door daraz)  jazeeron ki taraf dhakeel diya “( Al Mustadrak lil Hakim: 261/2)

Us tajrube ke Paish-e-Nazar unhon ne kaha (وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ ) “ aur hum teri tasbeeh, Hamd, Aur pakeezigi bayan karte hain” Is ka matlab yeh hai keh hum hamesha teri ibadat karte hain hum mein se koi bhi teri nafarmani  nahi karta agar insano ki takhleeq ka maqsad yeh hai keh who teri ibadat karain to hum mojod hain jo din raat kisi kotahi ya auktahat ke baghair teri ibadat mein mashghol rehte hain.

Allah Taala ne farmaya: (اِنِّىْٓ اَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُوْنَ) “ jo kuch mein janta hoon, Tum nahi jante”  Yaani mjhe un ki takhleeq ki who hikmat maloom hai, Jo tum nahi jante, Yaani un mein Nabi, Rasool, Siddeeq, Shuhadaa aur naik log peda hongay.

 

Adam (علیہ السلام )  ki farishton par ilmi bartari:

 

Is ke baad Allah Taala ne farishton par Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki ilmi foqiyat wazih farmayi, (وَعَلَّمَ اٰدَمَ الْاَسْمَاۗءَ كُلَّهَا) “ aur Adam ko tamam naam sikha diye”

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abaas ( رضی اللہ عنہ) ne farmaya: Is se murad un chezon ke naam hain jinn se log un chezon ko pehchante hain aur aik dosre ko apni baat samjhate hain” ( yaani who choti badi ashya jinn se roz marrah zindagi mein wasta padta hai maslan: Insan, Haiwan, Zameen, Maidan, Samandar, Pahad, Uont aur ghadha waghera)

Hazrat Ibn-e–e-Abaas ne farmaya: Allah ne unhe rakabi aur handiya ka naam bhi sikhaya. Har janwar, Har parinde aur har cheez ka naam sikhaya” Hazrat Saeed Bin Jubair, Qatadah aur deegar Ulama (رحم اللہ علیھم  ) ne bhi yahi farmaya hai.Hazrat Ra,bee (رحمہ اللہ ) ne farmaya: “Allah Taala ne unhain farishton ke naam sikhaye” Hazrat Abd ul Rahman Bin Zaid (رحمہ اللہ ) ne farmaya:  “Un ki aulad ke naam sikhaye”  ( Tafseer Ibn-e–e-Kaseer 1/130-131 ,Tafseer Surah Al Baqarah , ayat: 31-33)

Zayada sahih raye yeh hai keh unhain choti bari ashiya aur un key Af,aal-o-Harkaat ke naam sikhaye gaye. Jaisy Ibn-e–e-Abaas (رضی اللہ عنہما ) ke qol se maloom hota hai.

Hazrat Anas Bin Malik ( رضی اللہ عنہ) se rewayat hai keh Rasool ul Allah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Qayamat ke din momin jama ho kar kahain gay keh agar hum kisi se Allah ke samne sifarish karwain ( to is mushkil marhale se nijat mil jaye ), Chunacha who Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki khidmat mein hazir ho kar arz karain gay: Aap tamam insanon key Jadd-e-Amjad hain, Aap ko Allah Taala ne apne hath se paida farmaya aur apne farishton se aap ko sajda karwaya aur aap ko tamam ashiya ke naam sikhaye, Apne Rabb ke samne hamari sifarish famaiye takeh hamein is marhale se nijat naseeb ho” ( sahih bukhari, Tafseer, Baab-o-Qaol-e-Allah Taala “و علم آدم الاسماء کلھا” Hadith: 4476, Sahih Muslim, Al Iman,  Baab “ادنی اھل الجنۃ منزلۃ فیھا”  Hadith: 193)

Allah Taala ke farman:ثُمَّ عَرَضَھُمْ عَلَي الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ    ۙ  فَقَالَ اَنْۢبِــُٔـوْنِىْ بِاَسْمَاۗءِ ھٰٓؤُلَاۗءِ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ صٰدِقِيْنَ     phr un chezon ko farishton ke samne paish kiya aur farmaya: Agar tum sachy ho to inn chezon ke naam batao” ki tafseer mein Hazrat Hasan Basri (رحمہ اللہ ) bayan karte hain: “Jab Allah Taala ne Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki takhleeq ka irada farmaya to farishton ne kaha: “Allah Taala jo makhloq bhi paida farmaye ga, Hamare paas us se zayada ilm hoga, Chunacha un ka imtihan liya gaya usi liye Allah Taala ne farmaya:   اِنْ كُنْتُمْ صٰدِقِيْنَ     “agar tum sachy ho”

Allah Taala ke farman:  قَالُوْا سُبْحٰــنَكَ لَاعِلْمَ لَنَآ اِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا    ۭ  اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَلِيْمُ الْحَكِيْمُ     “farishton ne kaha: Ae Allah! Teri zaat paak hai, Hamein to sirf itna ilm hai jitna tu ne hamein sikha rakha hai tu he pore Ilm-o-Hikmat  wala hai.” ka matlab yeh hai: “ Ae Allah! Tu paak hai. Koi bhi tujh se ilm hasil nahi kar sakta siway us ke jo tu ne unhain sikhaya .” Jaisa keh  dosre muqam par irshad hai:

 

وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَىْءٍۢ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِۦٓ إِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَ ۚ

 

“ Woh  us ke ilm mein se kuch bhi hasil nahi kar sakte magar jo woh ( khud dena) chahe . ( Al Baqarah: 255/2)

Isi tarah darj zail Farman-e-Ilahi se bhi maloom hota hai keh zahir aur posheedah umoor ka ilm Allah Taala he ko hai:

 

قَالَ يٰٓاٰدَمُ اَنْۢبِئْـھُمْ بِاَسْمَاۗىِٕهِمْ   ۚ  فَلَمَّآ اَنْۢبَاَھُمْ بِاَسْمَاۗىِٕهِمْ    ۙ  قَالَ اَلَمْ اَقُلْ لَّكُمْ اِنِّىْٓ اَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ وَاَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُوْنَ وَمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُوْنَ 

 

Allah Taala ne (Adam علیہ السلام ko) hukum diya keh tum un ko in (chezon) ke naam batao, Jab unhon (Adam علیہ السلام) ne  ne un ke naam bataye to Allah Taala ne ( farishton se) farmaya: Kyun! Mein ne tum se nahi kaha tha keh mein Asmano aur Zameen ki (sab) posheeda batain janta hoon aur jo tum zahir karte ho aur jo posheeda karte ho (sab) mujh ko maloom hai.” ( Al Baqarah: 2/33)

Aik qol ke mutabiq  اَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُوْنَ “mein janta hoon jot um zahir karte ho”   se murad farishton ka yeh kehna hai:  اَتَجْعَلُ فِيْهَا مَنْ يُّفْسِدُ فِيْهَا “ kiya tu Zameen mein woh makhloq paida kare ga jo us mein fasad kare.” مَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُوْنَ Aur “Jo tum chupate thay” is se murad apne dil mein takabbur ka jazba rakhna aur Adam  (علیہ السلام ) se afzal hone ka khayal hai. Hazrat Saeed Bin Jubair, Mujahid, Sudi, Zahhak,Sori aur  Ibn-e–e-Jareer (رحم اللہ علیھم  ) ki yahi raye hai.

Dosra qol yeh hai keh   مَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُوْنَ se farishton ke us khayal ki tardeed murad hai keh Allah Taala koi aesi makhloq paida nahi farmaye ga jo hum ( farishton) se zayada ilm wali aur zayada muazzaz ho. ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 1/131, Tafseer Surah Al baqarah, Ayat : 33)

 

Takhleeq-e-Adam-o-Hawwa (علیھما السلام  ) aur farishton ka sajda

 

Allah Taala Essaiyun ke aqeedah Ibniyat ke rad ke sath sath Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki takhleeq ki wazahat karte howe irshad farmata hai:

 

اِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيْسٰى عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ كَمَثَلِ اٰدَمَ ۭخَلَقَهٗ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ   59؀

 

“Eisa  ka haal Allah ke nazdeek Adam ka sa hai us ne ( pehle) matti se un ka qalib banaya phr farmaya keh ( insan ) ho ja to woh insan ho gaye” ( Al-e-Imran: 3/59)

 

Isi tarah Allah Taala ne surah Hijr mein Adam (علیہ السلام ) aur jino ki takhleeq ka tazkara farmaya hai neez Iblees  ke sajde se inkar  ke  baad us par lanat  ki hai. Iblees ne lanati qarar pane par Bani Adam ki dushmani ka ailaan kar diya  aur Allah Taala se ta qayamat us ki muhlat talab ki. Is waqe ko bayan  karte howe Allah Taala farmata hai:

 

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْاِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَاٍ مَّسْنُوْنٍ     26؀ۚوَالْجَاۗنَّ خَلَقْنٰهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ مِنْ نَّارِ السَّمُوْمِ   27؀وَاِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ خَالِقٌۢ بَشَرًا مِّنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَاٍ مَّسْنُوْنٍ     28؀فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ    29؀فَسَجَدَ الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ اَجْمَعُوْنَ    30؀ۙاِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ اَبٰٓى اَنْ يَّكُوْنَ مَعَ السّٰجِدِيْنَ      31؀قَالَ يٰٓـاِبْلِيْسُ مَا لَكَ اَلَّا تَكُوْنَ مَعَ السّٰجِدِيْنَ    32؀قَالَ لَمْ اَكُنْ لِّاَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهٗ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَاٍ مَّسْنُوْنٍ 33  ؀قَالَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْهَا فَاِنَّكَ رَجِيْمٌ      34؀ۙوَّاِنَّ عَلَيْكَ اللَّعْنَةَ اِلٰى يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِ    35؀قَالَ رَبِّ فَاَنْظِرْنِيْٓ اِلٰى يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُوْنَ    36؀قَالَ فَاِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنْظَرِيْنَ    37؀ۙاِلٰى يَوْمِ الْوَقْتِ الْمَعْلُوْمِ   38؀قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ اَغْوَيْتَنِيْ لَاُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِي الْاَرْضِ وَلَاُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ اَجْمَعِيْنَ     39؀ۙاِلَّا عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِيْنَ     40؀قَالَ ھٰذَا صِرَاطٌ عَلَيَّ مُسْتَــقِيْمٌ      41؀اِنَّ عِبَادِيْ لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطٰنٌ اِلَّا مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغٰوِيْنَ    42؀وَاِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوْعِدُهُمْ اَجْمَعِيْنَ    43؀ڐلَهَا سَبْعَةُ اَبْوَابٍ  ۭ لِكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُوْمٌ  44؀ۧ

 

“Aur hum ne insan khankhanate sade howe gare se paida kiya hai aur jinon ko is se pehle be dhohain ki aag se paida kiya tha aur jab tumhare parwardigar ne farishton se farmaya keh mein khankhanate sade howe gare se aik bashar banany wala hoon. Tou jab mein us ko ( Soorat-e-Insaniyat mein) durust kar loon aur us mein apni ( be baha cheez yaani) rooh phoonk doon  tou us keh aagy sajde mein gir padna. Tou farishte sab ke sab sajde mein gir pade. Magar Iblees!  Us ne Sajdah karne waloon ke sath hone se inkar kar diya (Allah Taala ne) farmaya keh Iblees! Tujhe kiya howa hai keh tu Sajdah karne waloon mein shamil na howa? ( us ne kaha) mein aesa nahi hoon keh insan ko, Jisey tu ne khankhanate sade howe gare se banaya Sajdah karoon. (Allah Taala ne) farmaya: Yahan se nikal ja! Tu mardood hai aur tujh par qayamat ke din tak lannat (barse gi). (Us ne) kaha keh parwadigar! Mujhe us din tak muhlat de jab log ( marne ke baad) zinda kiye jayain ge. Farmaya keh tujhe muhlat di jati hai Waqt-e-Muqarar ( qayamat) ke din tak. Us ne kaha keh parwadigar! Jaisa tu ne mujhe raste se alag kiya hai mein bhi zameen mein logo ke liye ( gunaho ko) aarasta kar dikhaon ga aur sab ko behkaon ga. Haan un mein se jo tere mukhlis bande hain ( un par qabu pana mushkil hai). ( Allah Taala ne) farmaya keh mujh tak (pohnchne ka) yahi seedha rasta hai. Jo mere mukhlis bande hain un par tujhe kuch qudrat hasil nahi ( keh un ko gunah mein daal sake ) haan gumrahoon mein se jo tere peche chal pade aur un sab ke wade ki jaga jahanum hai, Us ke saat darwaze hain, Har aik darwaze ke liye un mein se jama,tain taqseem kar di gayi hain”  ( Al hijr: 15/26-44)

 

Mazeed Irshad-e-Baari Taala hai:

 

اِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ خَالِقٌۢ بَشَرًا مِّنْ طِيْنٍ   71؀فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ  72؀فَسَجَدَ الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ اَجْمَعُوْنَ 73؀ۙاِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ اِسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكٰفِرِيْنَ  74؀قَالَ يٰٓـاِبْلِيْسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ اَنْ تَسْجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقْتُ بِيَدَيَّ  ۭ اَسْتَكْبَرْتَ اَمْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْعَالِيْنَ  75؀قَالَ اَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ ۭ خَلَقْتَنِيْ مِنْ نَّارٍ وَّخَلَقْتَهٗ مِنْ طِيْنٍ  76؀

 

“Jab tumhare parwardigar ne farishton se kaha keh mein matti se insan banana wala hoon. Jab us ko durst kar loon aur us mein apni rooh phoonk doon tou us ke aagy sajde mein gir padna. Tou tamam farishton ne Sajdah kiya magar shaitan akad betha aur kafiroon mein ho gaya. ( Allah Taala ne) farmaya keh ay Iblees! Jis shaks ko mein ne apne hathon se banaya us ke aagy Sajdah karne se tujhe kis cheez ne mana kiya? Kiya tu ghuroor mein agaya ya onche darje waloon mein tha? Bola keh mein us se behtar hoon. Tu ne mujhe aag se paida kiya aur use matti se banaya.” (Sad: 38/71-76)

 

Takhleeq-e-Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ahadees ki roshni mein:

 

Hazrat Abu Moosa Ash,ari ( رضی اللہ عنہ) se riwayat hai keh Nabi Kareem (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم )  ne farmaya: Allah taala ne Adam (علیہ السلام) ko tamam zameen se jama ki gayi muthi bhar khaak se paida farmaya. Adam ( علیہ السلام) ki aulaad bhi ( tarah tarah ki ) matti ke mutabiq paida  howi. Un mein safaid faam bhi hain, Surkh bhi aur siyah faam bhi aur un ke darmiyani rangon ke bhi ( isi  tarah ) naik aur bad, Naram khoo aur sakht tabiyat aur darmiyani tabiyat walay (Masnad-e-Ahmad: 4/406)

Allah taala ne Adam (علیہ السلام) ko apne haath se paida farmaya taakeh Iblees Aap (علیہ السلام) se badayi ka daawa nah kare. Chunancha us ne aap ko insani soorat mein Paida farmaya. Aap jummay ke din jis ki miqdaar chalees saal tak thi, Matti ke banay howe aik jism ki soorat mein pade rahay. Farishtay paas se guzarte thay to is jism ko dekh kar dar jatay thay. Iblees sab se zayada khauf zada tha. Woh guzarte waqt usay zarb lagaata to jism se is tarah aawaz aati jis tarah matti ke banay howe bartan se koi cheez takray to aawaz aati hai. Is liye jab woh kehta tha: مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ كَالْفَخَّارِ ( Al Rahman: 55/14 ) “Theekri ki tarah bajne wali matti se”. To kehta: “tujhe kisi khaas maqsad se paida kya gaya hai”. Woh is khaki badan mein mun ki taraf se daakhil howa aur doosri taraf se nikal gaya aur is ne farishton se kaha: Is se mat daro tumhara Rab Samad hai lekin yeh to khokhala hai agar mujhe is par qaboo diya gaya to isay zaroor tabah kar dun ga.”

Jab woh waqt aaya jab Allah taala ne is jism mein rooh daalnay ka iradah farmaya to farishton se Irshad farmaya: “jab mein is mein rooh daal dun to usay sajdah karna. Jab rooh daal di gayi to woh sar ki taraf se daakhil howi. Tabhi Adam (علیہ السلام)  ko cheenk aagai. farishton ne kaha: “kahiye: الحمدللہ”  sab tareefen Allah ke liye hain”. unhon ne farmaya: الْحمد للہ Allah ne farmaya: (رحمک ربک “tairay Rabb ne tujh par rahmat farmai hai.” Jab rooh aankhon mein daakhil howi to Aap (علیہ السلام) ko jannat ke phal nazar aaye. Jab rooh pait mein daakhil howi to aap ko khanay ki khuwahish paida howi. Aap jaldi se jannat ke phalon ki taraf lapke jab ke rooh abhi aap ki tangon mein daakhil nahi howi thi. Isi liye Allah taala ne farmaya:

 

خُلِقَ الْاِنْسَانُ مِنْ عَجَلٍ

 

Insaan to jald baazi ka bana howa hai.” (Anbiya: 21/37 ) (yani jald baazi is ki fitrat mein shaamil hai.).

( Tafseer Tabri , Tafseer surah Anbiya, Ayat: 37)

 

Hazrat Anas ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) se  se riwayat hai ke Nabi ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Jab Allah taala ne Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko paida farmaya to jab tak chaha, Unhain ( bilaa rooh jism ki haalat mein ) Pada rehne diya. Iblees aap ke ird gird chakkar lagataa tha. Jab us ne dekha ke yeh jism khokhala hai to usay maloom ho gaya keh yeh aisi makhlooq hai jo  apne aap par qaboo nah rakh sakay gi. (Masnad-e-Ahmad: 3/152 wa Sahih Muslim, Al Bir-o-Wa Silah, Baab-o-Khuliq-al-Insaan-o-Khalqan la Yatamalako, Hadith: 2611 wa Al Mustadrak lil Hakim, 2/545, Hadith: 3992)

 Hazrat Anas Bin Maalik ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah  ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Jab Adam ( علیہ السلام ) mein rooh daali gayi aur rooh sar tak pohanchi to aap ko chheenk aa gayi. aap ne farmaya:  (الحمد للہ رب العالمین ) “ tamam tareefen Allah Rabb-ul-Aalmeen ke liye hain. To Allah taala ne farmaya:  ( یرحمک اللہ  ) “Allah tujh par rahmat farmaiye ga”. ( Sahih Ibn-e-Hibban (Al Ahsan ): 8/14, Hadith: 6132 )

Hazrat Abu Hurairah ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) se riwayat hai ke Nabi ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: Allah taala ne Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko paida kya to un ka qad saath haath tha. Phir farmaya: Ja kar in farishton ki jamaat ko salam kahiye aur suniye keh woh kya jawab dete hain. Tera aur teri aulaad ka yahi salam ( ka tareeqa ) hoga. Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ne kaha: (السلام علیکم ) farishton ne kaha: ( السلام علیک و رحمۃ اللہ  )  yaani jawab mein (رحمۃ اللہ ) ka izafah ho gaya. Jannat mein jo bhi daakhil hoga, Woh Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ki soorat par ( yani saath haath qad ka ) hoga. Is ke baad ab tak makhlooq ( ke qad kaath ) mein kami hoti aayi hai. (Sahih Bukhari, Ahadeeth-ul-Anbiya, Baab خلق آدم و ذریتہ, Hadith: 3326, Sahih Muslim, الجنۃ و نعیمھا باب یدخل الجنۃ اقوام افئدتھم مثل افئدۃ الطیر Hadith: 2841 )

Hazrat Abu Hurairah ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) se marwi hai ke Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Behtareen din jis mein Sooraj tulu hota hai woh jummay ka din hai is din Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko paida kya gaya, Is din unhain ‫ jannat mein daakhil kya gaya, Is din unhen us se nikala gaya aur usi din qayamat qaim hogi. (Sahih Muslim, Al Jumuato, Baab Fazail-e-Yaom-al-Jummah, Hadith: 854)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) bayan karte hain ke Adam  ( علیہ السلام ) jummay ke din aakhri ghadi mein paida kiye gaye. (Sahih Ibn-e-Hibban ( Al Ahsaan )  11/8, Hadith: 6128 )

 

Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ki izzat o Takreem:

 

Allah taala ne Adam  ( علیہ السلام ) ko apne haath mubarak se takhleeq farma kar buland martaba ataa kya phir farishton se aap ko sajdah karwa kar is Sharf-o-Manzilat ka izhaar farmaya irshad baari taala hai :

 

وَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ   ۭ  اَبٰى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ       ڭ   وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكٰفِرِيْنَ  34؀

 

“Aur jab hum ne farishton ko hukum diya ke Adam ke agay sajdah karo to woh sab sajde mein gir pade magar Shaitan ne inkaar kiya aur ghuroor mein aakar kafir ban gaya. (Al Baqarah: 2/34)

 

Yeh Allah taala ki taraf se Adam ( علیہ السلام) ki bohat badi izzat afzai ka bayan hai ke unhen Allah taala ne apne haath se paida kiya aur un mein apni rooh daali. Jaisay Irshad hai:

 

فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ    29؀

 

To jab mein usay poora bana chukoon aur us mein apni rooh phoonk dun to tum sab us ke liye sajde mein gir padna.”

( Al Hijr: 15/29 )

 

Yeh chaar andaaz se izzat afzai hai. Apne Dast-e-Mubarak se Paida karna, Apni rooh daalna, Farishton ko hukum diya ke inhen sajdah karen aur cheezon ke naamon ki taleem dena. Yahi wajah hai ke jab Hazrat Adam ( علیہ السلام ) aur Hazrat Moosa ( علیہ السلام )  ne Mala-e-Aala mein aik dosray se mulaqaat ki aur aapas mein baat cheet ki to Moosa ( علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya tha: “Aap Adam hain, Jinhein Allah ne apne haath se paida kya aur aap ke andar apni rooh daali, Aap ko apne farishton se Sajdah karwaya aur aap ko har cheez ke naam sikhaye  (Sahih Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Wafat-e-Zikr-e-Moosa, Hadith: 3409, Sahih Muslim, Al qadar,  Baab Hujaj-e-Adam wa Moosa ( صلی اللہ علیھما وسلم ) Hadith: 2652 Sunan Abi Dawood, Al Sunnah Baab Fil Qadar, Hadith: 4702, Wal Lafz-o-laho, Jami Tirmizi, Hadith: 2134)

 

Qayamat ke din Maidan-e-Mahshar mein mojood log bhi Adam ( علیہ السلام ) se baat karte howe un ki yahi sifaat bayan karen gain, Jaisay ke pehlay bayan howa aur aindah bhi bayan hoga.

 

Sajdah  karne walay farishton ka bayan:

 

Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko sajdah karne ka hukum kin farishton ke liye tha? Is baray mein Ulamaa ki do aaraa hain:

 

1: Aksar Mufassireen kehte hain ke yeh hukum tamam farishton ke liye tha. Ayaat ke alfaaz mein jo ummoom paaya jata hai, Is se is raye ki ta,eed hoti hai.

2: Baaz Ulama ka kehna hai keh is se murad sirf zameen ke farishtay hain. Lekin ayaat ke siyaq-o-Sabaq se pehlay qoul ki ta,eed hoti hai. Aur is hadees mein bhi ummoom hai: ( و اسجد لک ملائکتہ)   “Allah ne aap ko apne farishton se sajdah karwaya.” ( واللہ اعلم ) ( Sahih Bukhari, Tafseer, Baab Qoul Allah Taala (و علم آدم الاسماء کلھا) Hadith: 4476, Sahih Muslim, Al Iman, Baab-o-Adna Ahl-e-al Jannati Fiha, Hadith: 193)

pehlay bayan ho chuka hai ke jab Allah taala ne farishton ko hukum diya ke woh Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko sajdah karen, To unhon ne Allah ke hukum ki tameel ki. Iblees ne hasad ki wajah se aap se dushmani rakhtay hue aap ko sajda karne se inkaar kar diya. Chunancha Allah taala ne usay apne darbaar se nikaal diya aur dhutkar diya, Is par laanat daal kar mardood Shaitan bana kar zameen par utaar diya.

 

Hazrat Hawwa ( علیھا السلام ) ki paidaiesh:

 

Irshad baari taala hai:

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوْا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِيْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِّنْ نَّفْسٍ وَّاحِدَةٍ وَّخَلَقَ مِنْھَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيْرًا وَّنِسَاۗءً  ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ الَّذِيْ تَسَاۗءَلُوْنَ بِهٖ وَالْاَرْحَامَ ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيْبًا     Ǻ۝

 

Logo! Apne parwar-digaar se daro jis ne tum ko aik jaan se paida kya aur usi se us ka joda banaya. Phir un dono se kasrat se Mard-o-Aurat ( paida kar ke roye zameen par ) phela diye aur Allah se daro jis ke naam ko tum apni haajat barari ka zariya banatay ho aur qata rehmi ( se bachcho ). Kuch shak nahi ke Allah tumhe dekh raha hai. ( Al Nisa:1/4 )

 

surah A,raf mein mazeed wazahat karte howe farmaya:

 

هُوَ الَّذِيْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِّنْ نَّفْسٍ وَّاحِدَةٍ وَّجَعَلَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا لِيَسْكُنَ اِلَيْهَا 

 

Woh Allah hi to hai jis ne tum ko aik shakhs se paida kya aur us se us ka aik joda banaya taakeh woh is se raahat haasil kere.”

( A,raf: 7/189 )

 

Mohammad Bin Ishaq ( رحمہ اللہ ) ne Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas ( رضی اللہ عنھما ) ki riwayat se zikar kiya keh Hawwa ( علیھا السلام ) ko Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ki bayain  taraf ki choti pasli se paida kiya gaya, Jab keh aap ( علیہ السلام ) so rahe thay aur pasli ki jagah ko gosht se pur kar diya gaya. ( Tafseer Tabri, 1/328, Hadith: 595  )

 

Hazrat Abu Hurairah  ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) bayan karte hain ke Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Aurton se Husn-e-Sulook ki naseehat qubool karo kyun keh woh pasli se paida ki gayi hain. Aur sab se tedhi pasli woh hai jo sab se uopar wali hai. Agar to is ( Pasli ) ko seedha karna chahay ga to usay toar baithy ga aur agar usay chod day ga to tedhi rahay gi is liye aurton se Husn-e-Sulook ki naseehat qubool karo. (Yani mein tumhe naseehat karta hon keh aurton se narmi aur Husn-e-Sulook ka bartao karo.

( Sahih Bukhari, AHadith-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Khalq-e-Aadam Wa Zurriyatuho, Hadith: 3331, Sahih Muslim, Al Riza, Baab-ul-Wasiyyati Bil Nisaa, Hadith: 1466/59)

 

اسْكُنْ اَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ “Tu aur teri biwi jannat mein raho.” ke alfaaz se maloom hota hai keh Hazrat Hawwa  ( علیھا السلام ) ko Hazrat Adam  ( علیہ السلام ) ke jannat mein daakhil honay se pehlay takhleeq kiya ja chuka tha. Lekin Imam Sudi (  رحمہ اللہ) ne Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas, Hazrat Abdullah Bin masood aur deegar sahaba ( رضی اللہ عنھم ) se riwayat kiya hai keh unhon ne farmaya:

Ibless ko jannat se nikaal diya gaya aur Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko wahan abad kar diya gaya. Aap jannat mein akailey ghumte phirtay thay. Un ka koi saathi nah tha jis se inhen taskeen haasil hoti. aik baar woh soye. Jab jaghay to dekha ke un ke sar ke pass aik khatoon bethi hain. Unhain Allah ne Aap ki pasli se paida farmaya tha. Aap ( علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya tu kon hai? Unhon ne kaha: Aurat hoon. Farmaya: Tujhe kis liye paida kiya gaya hai? Kaha: Takeh Aap mujh se taskeen hasil karain. Farishton ne, Jo Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ke ilm ki wus,at maloom karna chahte thay, kaha: Adam! Us ka naam kiya hai? Unhon ne farmaya: “Hawwa” Unhon ne kaha is ka naam Hawwa kiyu hai? Farmaya: Kiyu keh who aik zinda wajood se paida ki gayi hai. (Tafseer Tabri: 1/328, Hadith: 595)

 

Iblees Ka Takabur Aur Us Ka Anjam-e-Badd

 

Allah Taala ne tamam farishton ko Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko Sajdah karne ka hukum diya to Iblees ne takabbur mein aakar sajde se inkar kiya aur phr apne is Amal-e-Badd ki intihai qabeeh daleel bhi paish ki. Is par Allah Taala ne use hamesha ke liye lanati qarar de diya.

 

Irshad Barri Taala hai:

 

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنٰكُمْ ثُمَّ صَوَّرْنٰكُمْ ثُمَّ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ ڰ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِّنَ السّٰجِدِيْنَ     11 ؁ قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ اَلَّا تَسْجُدَ اِذْ اَمَرْتُكَ  ۭ قَالَ اَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ   ۚ خَلَقْتَنِيْ مِنْ نَّارٍ وَّخَلَقْتَهٗ مِنْ طِيْنٍ    12 ؀

 

Aur hum hi ne tum ko ( ibtida mein matti se) paida kiya phir tumhari Shakal-o-Soorat banai phir farishton ko hukum diya keh Adam ke agay sajdah karo. To (sab ne) sajdah kiya, Siwaye Iblees ke, Woh sajdah karne walon mein ( shaamil ) nah howa. (Allah taala ne ) farmaya: “Jab mein ne tujh ko hukum diya to kis cheez ne tujhe sajdah karne se baz rakha? Us ne kaha keh mein is se afzal hon mujhe to ne aag se paida kya hai aur isay matti se banaya hai. ( A,raf :7/11-12)

 

Imam Hasan Basri (  رحمہ اللہ) ka Irshad hai: “Iblees ne qiyaas kya aur sab se pehlay usi ne qiyaas kiya.”

 

Imam Mohammad Bin Seereen (رحمہ اللہ) farmatay hain: “Iblees ne qiyaas kiya aur Sooraj, Chaand ki pooja bhi qiyaas hi se shuru howi” ( Tafeer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/212, Tafseer Surah Al A,raf, Ayat:12).

Is ka matlab yeh hai ke us ne apna aur Adam ( علیہ السلام) ka mawazna karte howe apne aap par nazar daali to usay apni zaat Adam ( علیہ السلام ) se afzal maloom hui is liye woh inhen sajdah karne se ruk gaya. Halaankeh tamam farishton ke sath sath usay bhi sajdah karne ka hukum diya gaya tha. Nass ke muqablay mein qiyaas ka koi aitbaar nahi hota aur yeh qiyaas to waisay bhi ghalat hai kyun keh matti aag se behtar aur zayada naffa bakhash hai. Matti mein pukhtigi, Burdbaari, Tahammul aur bhadne phoolnay ki sifaat payi jati hain jab ke aag mein Jazbatiat, Halka pan, Jald baazi aur jalanay ki khususiyaat hain.

Hazrat Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko yeh Sharf bhi haasil tha keh inhen Allah taala ne apne haath se paida farma kar un mein apni rooh phonki thi. Isi liye farishton ko hukum diya tha ke inhen sajdah karen. Jaisay Irshad hai:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ خَالِقٌۢ بَشَرًا مِّنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَاٍ مَّسْنُوْنٍ     28؀فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ    29؀فَسَجَدَ الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ اَجْمَعُوْنَ    30؀ۙاِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ اَبٰٓى اَنْ يَّكُوْنَ مَعَ السّٰجِدِيْنَ      31؀قَالَ يٰٓـاِبْلِيْسُ مَا لَكَ اَلَّا تَكُوْنَ مَعَ السّٰجِدِيْنَ    32؀قَالَ لَمْ اَكُنْ لِّاَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهٗ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَاٍ مَّسْنُوْنٍ 33  ؀قَالَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْهَا فَاِنَّكَ رَجِيْمٌ      34؀ۙوَّاِنَّ عَلَيْكَ اللَّعْنَةَ اِلٰى يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِ    35؀

 

“Aur jab tumahray parwar-digaar ne farishton se farmaya keh mein khankhanate sade gaaray se aik bashar bananay wala hoon. Jab mein is ko ( Soorat-e-Insaaniyat mein ) durust kar loon aur us mein apni ( be baha cheez yani ) rooh phoonk dun to is ke agay sajday mein gir padna. To sab ke sab farishtay sajday mein gir pade magar shaitan! To us ne sajdah karne walon ke sath honay se inkaar kar diya. ( Allah ne ) farmaya ke Iblees! Tujhe kya howa keh to sajdah karne walon mein shaamil nah howa. ( Us ne ) kaha: Mein aisa nahi hoon ke insaan ko jisay to ne khankhanate  sade howe gaaray se banaya hai Sajdah  karoon. ( Allah taala ne farmaya: “Yahan se nikal ja! To mardood hai aur tujh par qayamat ke din tak laanat barsay gi. (Al Hijr: 15/28-35 )

Iblees is liye laanat ka mustahiq howa ke us ke Tarz-e-Amal mein Adam ( علیہ السلام )  ki Tanqees-o-Tahqeer aur un par Takhr-o-Ta,lli ka izhaar hai, Hukum-e-Illahi  ki mukhalafat hai jab ke Adam ( علیہ السلام )  ka naam le kar sajdah karne ka hukum diya gaya tha. Phir is ne jo uzar paish kya, Woh bhi bekar balkay “Uzar-e-Gunah badtar  az gunah” ka aaina daar hai. Allah taala ne surah Bani Israel mein is ka tazkara yun farmaya hai:

 

وَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ قَالَ ءَاَسْجُدُ لِمَنْ خَلَقْتَ طِيْنًا  61۝ۚ قَالَ اَرَءَيْتَكَ هٰذَا الَّذِيْ كَرَّمْتَ عَلَيَّ ۡ لَىِٕنْ اَخَّرْتَنِ اِلٰى يَوْمِ الْقِيٰمَةِ لَاَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهٗٓ اِلَّا قَلِيْلًا  62؀ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَمَنْ تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ فَاِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَاۗؤُكُمْ جَزَاۗءً مَّوْفُوْرًا 63؀ وَاسْتَفْزِزْ مَنِ اسْـتَـطَعْتَ مِنْهُمْ بِصَوْتِكَ وَاَجْلِبْ عَلَيْهِمْ بِخَيْلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكْهُمْ فِي الْاَمْوَالِ وَالْاَوْلَادِ وَعِدْهُمْ ۭ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطٰنُ اِلَّا غُرُوْرًا 64؀ اِنَّ عِبَادِيْ لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطٰنٌ ۭ وَكَفٰى بِرَبِّكَ وَكِيْلًا  65؀

 

Aur jab hum ne farishton se kaha ke Adam ko sajdah karo to sab ne sajdah kiya magar Iblees ne nah kya. kehnay laga: Bhala mein aisay shakhs ko sajda karoon jisay to ne matti se peda kya hai, (phir az Raah-e-Tanz ) kehnay laga: Dekh to yahi woh hai jisay tu ne mujh par fazeelat di hai. Agar to mujh ko qayamat ke din tak ki mohlat day to mein thoday se shakhson ke siwa is ki (tamam ) aulaad ki jad kat’taa rahoon ga. Allah taala ne farmaya: ( yahan se ) chala ja. Jo shakhs un mein se teri pairwi kere ga to tum sab ki saza jahannum hai ( aur woh ) poori saza ( hai ) aur tu un mein se jis ko behka sakay apni aawaz se bahkata reh aur un par apne sawaron aur piyadoon ko chadha kar lata reh aur un ke maal aur aulaad mein shareek hota reh aur un se waday karta reh. Aur Shaitan un se jo waday karta hai sab dhoka hai. Jo mere ( mukhlis ) bande hain un par tera kuch zor nahi. Aur ( ae paighambar! ) tumhara parwar-digaar karsaaz kaafi hai.” ( Bani Israeel: 17/61-65)

 

Iblees ki insaan dushmani:

 

Allah taala ne bani noo insaan ko Iblees ki dushmani par mutanabbah kya aur is ke Anjaam-e-Bad se daraya, Jaisa keh irshad baari taala hai:

 

وَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ اَمْرِ رَبِّهٖ  ۭ اَفَتَتَّخِذُوْنَهٗ وَذُرِّيَّتَهٗٓ اَوْلِيَاۗءَ مِنْ دُوْنِيْ

 

Aur jab hum ne farishton ko hukum diya keh Adam ko sajdah karo to sab ne sajdah kiya magar Iblees ( ne nah kya ) woh Jinnat  mein se tha to apne parwar-digaar ke hukum se bahir ho gaya. Kya tum is ko aur is ki aulad ko mere siwa dost banatay ho?” (Al Kahf: 18/50 )

Yani woh jaan boojh kar Allah ki ita,at se nikal gaya aur us ne takabbur ki bina par Allah ke hukum ki tameel se inkaar kya. Yeh us ki napak fitrat thi, Jis ne usay dhoka diya kyunkeh woh aag se paida kiya gaya hai.

Hazrat Aisha ( رضی اللہ عنھا ) se riwayat hai keh Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Farishtay noor se paida kiye gaye hain, Jin aag ke sholay se paida kiye gaye aur Adam ( علیہ السلام ) us cheez ( matti ) se paida kiye gaye, Jo tumhe bata di gayi hai. (Sahih Muslim, Al zuhd, Baab Fi Ahadees-e-Mutafarriqah, Hadith: 2996)

Hazrat Hasan Basri ( رحمہ اللہ ) ne farmaya: “Iblees aik lahaza bhar bhi farishta nahi raha. ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 3/93,Tafseer Surah Al Kahf, Ayat: 50)

Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas( رضی اللہ عنہ) kehte hain: “Iblees zameen ke un farishton mein se tha jinhein jin kaha jata tha aur Ilm-o-Ibadat mein un sab se badh kar tha aur us ka naam Azazeel tha. (Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 1/81, Tafseer Surah Al Baqrah, Ayat: 34)

 

Iblees ka Ailaan-e-Jung:

 

Surah A,raf mein Irshad Baari taala hai:

 

قَالَ فَبِمَآ اَغْوَيْتَنِيْ لَاَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيْمَ      16؀ۙ ثُمَّ لَاٰتِيَنَّهُمْ مِّنْۢ بَيْنِ اَيْدِيْهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ اَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَنْ شَمَاۗىِٕلِهِمْ ۭ وَلَا تَجِدُ اَكْثَرَهُمْ شٰكِرِيْنَ    17؀

 

“( phir ) Shaitan ne kaha ke mujhe to tu ne mal,oon kya hi hai. Mein bhi tairay seedhay rastay par un (ko gumraah karne ) ke liye bhethon ga phir un ke agay se aur peechay se aur dayin se aur bayin se ( gharz har taraf se ) aon ga aur un ki raah maroo ga ) aur tu un mein se aksar ko shukar guzaar nahi paye ga. (Al A,raf: 7/16-17 )

 

Yani ae Allah! Chunkay tu ne mujhe gumraah kya hai, Is liye mein bhi inhen gumraah karne ke liye har jagah ghaat laga kar bhethon ga aur (inhen gumraah karne ke liye) har taraf se aon ga. Khush naseeb wahi hai jo is ki mukhalifat kere aur sara sar bad naseeb woh hai jo is ki baat maan le.

 

Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaya: “Shaitan insaan ke har rastay par (gumraah karne ke liye) betha howa hai. ( Masnad-e-Ahmad: 3/483)

 

Iblees ki jala watni:

 

Jab Iblees ne Hukum-e-Illahi ki tameel se inkaar kiya to Allah taala ne usay taa qayamat laanti aur mardood qarar day kar nikal jane ka hukum day diya aur is ka Maqam-o-Martabah bhi chean liya.

Allah taala ne Iblees se farmaya: فَاهْبِطْ مِنْهَا ( Al A,raf: 7/13) “is ( jannat ) se utar jao!”  aur اخْرُجْ مِنْهَا  ( Al A,raf: 7/18 ) “is se nikal ja”. Is se maloom hota hai ke woh Aasman  par tha, Wahan se usay neechay utar jane ka hukum diya gaya aur us Maqam-o-Martaba se bhi mahroom kar diya gaya jo usay ibadat ki wajah se aur Ita,at-o-Ibadat  mein farishton se mushaba ho jane ki wajah se haasil howa tha. Is ke takabbur, Hasad aur nafarmani ki wajah se is se yeh martaba salab kar ke usay Zillat-o-Lannat ke sath Zameen par pheink diya gaya.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (رضی اللہ عنھا ) se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaya: “Jab Adam ka beta sajda ki aayat tilawat karta hai, Phir sajdah karta hai to Shaitan aik taraf ho kar ronay lagta hai aur kehta hai: Haye afsos! Ibn-e-Adam ko sajdah karne ka hukum howa to us ne sajdah kar liya, Is liye usay jannat miley gi. Mujhe sajdah karne ka hukum mila tha, Mein ne nafarmani ki to mujhe jahannum miley gi. ( Sahih Muslim: Al Iman, Baab-o-Bayan-e-Itlaq-e-Ism-al-Kufr Ala Man Tarak Al Salah, Hadith: 81, Masnad-e-Ahmad: 2/443)

 

Adam aur Hawwa (علیھما السلام  ) Dukhool-e-Jannat se Khurooj tak

 

Irshad baari taala hai:

 

وَيٰٓاٰدَمُ اسْكُنْ اَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ فَكُلَا مِنْ حَيْثُ شِـئْتُمَا وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُوْنَا مِنَ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ     19؀ فَوَسْوَسَ لَهُمَا الشَّيْطٰنُ لِيُبْدِيَ لَهُمَا مَا وٗرِيَ عَنْهُمَا مِنْ سَوْاٰتِهِمَا وَقَالَ مَا نَهٰىكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ اِلَّآ اَنْ تَكُوْنَا مَلَكَيْنِ اَوْ تَكُوْنَا مِنَ الْخٰلِدِيْنَ     20؀ وَقَاسَمَهُمَآ اِنِّىْ لَكُمَا لَمِنَ النّٰصِحِيْنَ    21۝ۙ فَدَلّٰىهُمَا بِغُرُوْرٍ ۚ فَلَمَّا ذَاقَا الشَّجَرَةَ بَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْاٰتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفٰنِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَّرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ  ۭوَنَادٰىهُمَا رَبُّهُمَآ اَلَمْ اَنْهَكُمَا عَنْ تِلْكُمَا الشَّجَرَةِ وَاَقُلْ لَّكُمَآ اِنَّ الشَّيْطٰنَ لَكُمَا عَدُوٌّ مُّبِيْنٌ    22؀ قَالَا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَآ اَنْفُسَنَا    ۫وَاِنْ لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُوْنَنَّ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ   23؀ قَالَ اهْبِطُوْا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ ۚ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْاَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَّمَتَاعٌ اِلٰي حِيْنٍ   24؀ قَالَ فِيْهَا تَحْيَوْنَ وَفِيْهَا تَمُوْتُوْنَ وَمِنْهَا تُخْرَجُوْنَ    25؀ۧ

 

 “Aur ( hum ne ) Adam ( se kaha ke ) tum aur tumhari biwi bahisht mein raho kaho aur jahan se chaho ( aur jo chaho ) nosh jaan karo magar is darakht ke paas nah jana warna gunah gaar ho jao ge. So Shaitan dono ko behkanay laga taakeh un ki satar ki cheezain ( sharam gahain ) jo un se posheeda theen khol day. Aur kehnay laga ke tum ko tumahray parwar-digaar ne is darakht se sirf is liye mana kya hai keh tum farishtay nah ban jao ya hamesha jeetay nah raho aur un se qasam kha kar kaha ke mein to tumhara kher khuwa hoon. Gharz ( mardood ne ) dhoka day kar un ko ( ma,siat ki taraf khench hi liya. Jab unhon ne us darakht ke phal ) ko kha liya to un ki satar ki cheezain khul gayeen aur woh bahisht ke ( darakhton ke ) pattay ( toad toad kar ) apne uopar chipkanay ( satar chupanay) lagey. Tab un ke parwar-digaar ne un ko pukara keh kya mein ne tum ko is darakht ( ke paas jane ) se mana nahi kya tha aur jata nahi diya tha ke Shaitan tumhara khullam khula dushman hai. Dono arz karne lagey keh parwar-digaar! Hum ne apni jaanun par zulm kya aur agar tu hamein nahi bakhshay ga aur hum par reham nahi kere ga to hum tabah ho jayen gain. ( Allah ne farmaya: ( tum sab bahisht se ) utar jao ( ab se ) tum aik dosray ke dushman ho aur tumahray liye aik waqt ( khaas ) tak zameen par thikana aur ( zindagi ka ) samaan ( kar diya gaya ) hai. ( yani ) farmaya ke is mein tumhara jeena hoga aur usi mein marna aur isi mein se ( qayamat ko zindah kar ke ) nikalay jao ge. ( Al A,raf: 7/19-25)

 

Mazeed Irshad-e-Baari Taala hai:

 

وَقُلْنَا يٰٓاٰدَمُ اسْكُنْ اَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَكُلَامِنْهَا رَغَدًا حَيْثُ شِـئْتُمَـا       ۠  وَلَا تَـقْرَبَا ھٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُوْنَا مِنَ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ   35؀

 

“Aur hum ne kaha ke Ae Aadam! Tum aur tumhari biwi bahisht mein raho aur jahan se chaho be rok toak khao ( piyo ) lekin is darakht ke paas nah jana. Warna tum zaalmon mein ( daakhil ) ho jao ge. ( Al Baqarah: 2/35 )

 

Jannat mein jis darakht ke qareeb jane se roka gaya tha us ke mutaliq Allah taala ne farmaya:

 

وَلَا تَـقْرَبَا ھٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ

 

“Is darakht ke qareeb nah jana.”

 

Yeh darkhat kon sat ha? Is bare mein Mufassireen ki mukhtalif aara hain:

 

Baaz Ulamaa ke nazdeek who angoor ki bail thi. Yahood ki ray mein who gandum thi. Wahab Bin Munabbah ( رحمہ اللہ) ne farmaya: “Us ka dana makhan se naram aur shehad se zayada meetha tha”  Abu Malik ( رحمہ اللہ) ne farmaya: “Woh khajoor ka darakht tha”. Mujahid ( رحمہ اللہ) ki ray hai keh woh Injeer ka darakht tha Abul Aaliya ( رحمہ اللہ) ne farmaya: “Yeh koi aesa darakht tha keh is ko khane se qazaye hajat ki zaroorat paish aati thi aur jannat ki Zameen mein qazaye hajat munasib nahi” (Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 1/82-83, Tafseer Surah Al Baqarah, Ayat: 35)

Yeh ikhtilaf mamooli hai. Allah Taala ne us darakht ka tayyun nahi farmaya. Agar us ke tayyun mein koi hikmat hoti to Allah Taala mutayyn tour par bayan farma deta lihaza is mein raye zani se ijtinab behtar hai.

Is masle mein bhi ikhtilaf hai keh Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko jis Jannat mein thehraya gaya tha, Kiya woh Aasman wali Jannat hai ya woh Zameen mein koi bagh tha?

Aksar Ulamaa ki raye ye hai keh yeh Jannat Aasman mein hai aur us ka naam “Jannat-ul-Ma,wa”  ya “ Jannat-ul-Khuld” hai. Quran Majeed ki aayat aur AHadith Nabwiyah ke alfaz ka zahiri mufhoom is ski ta,eed karta hai. Jaisey irshad hai:

 

وَقُلْنَا يٰٓاٰدَمُ اسْكُنْ اَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ

 

“Hum ne kaha: Ae Adam! Tu aur teri biwi Jannat mein raho” ( Al Baqarah: 2/35)

 

Is ayat mein (الْجَنَّةَ) ka ال umoom ka maani nahi deta bal keh Ahd-e-Zahni ( yaani mukhatib ko pehle se maloom cheez ki taraf ishara) ke liye hai. Is surat mein is se murad wahi Jannat ho sakti hai jo shareeat ne batayi hai yaani “Jannat-ul-Ma,wa” Jaisey Adam aur Moosa ( علیھما السلام ) ke darmiyan baat cheet ke doran mein Moosa ( علیہ السلام) ne farmaya: “Aap ne apne aap ko aur hum sab ko Jannat se kiyu niklwa diya?” ( Sahih Bukhari, Tafseer,  Baab قولہ فلا یخرجنکما من الجنۃ فتشقی  Hadith: 4738, Sahih Muslim, Al Qadr, Baab-o-Hujaj-e-Aadam Wa Moosa  صلی اللہ علیھما وسلم, Hadith: 265 )

Aik dosri Hadith mein Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم   ) ne farmaya: Allah Taala logo ko jama farmaye ga. Jab Jannat momino ke qareeb layi jaye gi to woh uth khade hongy. Woh Adam ( علیہ السلام) ki khidmat mein hazir ho kar arz karain ge: Abba Jaan! Hamare liye Jannat ( ka darwaza) khulwa dijiye. Woh  farmay gain: Tumhain Jannat se tumhare walid ki galti he ne niklwaya tha.”  ( Sahih Muslim, Al Iman, Baab-o-adna Ahl-e-Al Jannati Manzilatan Fiha, Hadith: 195)

Is Hadith mein bazahir aik qawi dalil mujood hai keh woh Jannat-ul-Ma`waa hi thi, Jis sey Hazrat Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko nikala gaya. Taham is istidlal par tanqid ki gunjaish mujood hai.

Dosre Ulamaa kiram ( رحم اللہ علیھم ) farmate hain keh jis Jannat mein Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko rakha gaya tha, Woh (جنۃ الخلد   ) “hamesha ki zindagi wali Jannat” nahi thi. Kiyu keh unhain aik darkht ka phal khane se baaz rehne ka mukallaf kiya gaya tha, Woh us Jannat mein sote bhi thay aur us se nikal bhi diye gaye thay  neez us Jannat  mein un ke pass Iblees aaya. In ummor se maloom hota hai keh woh Jannat-ul-Ma,wa nahi thi. Is qoul ki ta,eed mein mojodah Torat ke bayan ko bhi paish kiya jata hai.

 

Khulasa kalam ye hai keh woh Jannat jis mein Adam-o-Hawwa ( علیھما السلام ) rahe, Us ke bare mein do aara hain:

 

  • Woh Jannat-ul-Khuld hai.
  • Woh koi aur Jannat thi, Jo Allah Taala ne un ke liye tayyar ki aur us mein un ki azmaish howi. Woh Jannat-ul-Khuld nahi is liye keh Jannat-ul-Khuld Dar-ul-Imtihan nahi, Dar-ul-Jaza hai.

 

Dosre qoul ke qa,eeleen mein phr ikhtekaf hai:

 

  • Aik qoul yeh hai ke woh Jannat Aasman mein thi, Kiyu keh Allah Taala ne unhain us se neche utara.
  • Dosra qoul yeh hai keh woh Zameen mein thi . kiyu keh Allah Taala ne azmaish ke tour par unhain aik khas darkht se mana farmaya tha, Dosre darkht ke phalon se nahi. Aur yeh waqea Iblees ko Sajdah ka hukum diye jane ke baad ka hai. (واللہ اعلم ) dosre qoul waloon ki taraf se aik sawal uthaya gaya hai, Jis ka jawab dene ki zaroorat hai. Woh kehte hain:

 

“ Yaqeeni baat hai keh jab Iblees ne Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko Sajdah karne se inkar kiya to Allah Taala ne use Jannat se nikal jane ka hukum de diya aur yeh hukum “ Qanooni Hukum” ki hesiyat nahi rakhta tha, Jis ki tameel bhi mumkin hoti hai aur Adam-e-Tameel bhi. balkeh yeh “Tanfeezi Hukum” tha. Jis ki Adam tameel aur us se sar taabi mumkin nahi. Is liye farmaya: قَالَ اخْرُجْ مِنْهَا مَذْءُوْمًا مَّدْحُوْرًا   “nikal ja yahan se Zaleel-o-Khuwar ho kar” ( Al A,raf: 7/18)  aur farmaya:  قَالَ فَاهْبِطْ مِنْهَا فَمَا يَكُوْنُ لَكَ اَنْ تَتَكَبَّرَ فِيْهَا “ is se utar ja, Tujhe koi haq nahi keh is mein reh kar takabbur kare” (Al A,raf:13/7) aur farmaya: قَالَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْهَا فَاِنَّكَ رَجِيْمٌ “ so is se nikal ja, Kiyu keh tu mardood hai” ( Al Saad: 38/77) in ayaat mein  مِنْهَا “ is se” se murad Jannat ya Aasman ya darja hai. Jo matlab bhi liya jaye, Behr haal woh is jaga mein mojod nahi reh sakta, Jis se nikal diya gaya aur door kar diya gaya hai. Woh nah wahan reh sakta hai nah us ka wahan se guzar ho sakta hai.

Woh yeh bhi kehte hain: Quran Majeed ki aayat ka zahir mafhoom yeh hai keh Iblees ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) ke dil mein waswasa dala aur unhain mukhatib kar ke kaha: هَلْ اَدُلُّكَ عَلٰي شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَّا يَبْلٰى   “bhala mein tum ko ( aesa) darkht bataoon ( jo)hamesha ki zindagi ka ( samara de) aur aesi badshahat keh kabhi zail nah ho” (taha:120/20)

Aur kaha: مَا نَهٰىكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ اِلَّآ اَنْ تَكُوْنَا مَلَكَيْنِ اَوْ تَكُوْنَا مِنَ الْخٰلِدِيْنَ     20؀ وَقَاسَمَهُمَآ اِنِّىْ لَكُمَا لَمِنَ النّٰصِحِيْنَ    21۝ۙ فَدَلّٰىهُمَا بِغُرُوْرٍ “Tum ko tumhare parwar-digaar ne is darakht se sirf is liye mana kiya hai ke tum farishtay nah ban jao ya hamesha jeetay nah raho aur un se qasam kha kar kaha keh mein to tumhara kher khuwa hoon. Gharz ( mardood ne ) dhoka de kar un ko masiyat ki taraf khench hi liya.” ( Al A’raf: 7/20-22) in ayaat se maloom hota hai ke woh un ki jannat mein un ke sath mojood tha.

Is ka jawab yeh diya gaya hai keh ain mumkin hai woh Jannat mein se guzarte howe un se mila ho, Is ke liye zaroori nahi ke woh bhi Jannat mein thehra howa aur yeh bhi ho sakta hai ke us ne Jannat ke darwazay par khaday ho kar ya Aasman ke neechay se Adam-o-Hawwa ( علیھما السلام ) ke dil mein yeh waswasa dala ho. (واللہ اعلم  )

 

Adam  aur Hawwa ( علیھما السلام ) ke khilaaf Shaitan ki chaal:

 

Shaitan ne Hazrat Adam (علیھم السلام  ) se dushmani ka amli muzahara karte howe unhen Jannat se nikalwa diya nihayat makar se unhen gumraah kya aur apne Rabb ki nafarmani par amaada kiya. Jis ki saza mein Adam (علیھم السلام  ) ko Jannat aur us ki nematon se mahroom aur dukhoon ki jagah Zameen mein abad hona pada.

Allah Taala ne farmaya: فَاَزَلَّهُمَا الشَّيْطٰنُ عَنْهَا  “Shaitan ne unhen us se behka diya”. yani Jannat se  فَاَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيْهِ     ۠  “phir unhen us se nikaal diya jis mein woh thay”. (Al Baqarah: 2/36 )

Yani Nemat, Raahat aur suroor se nikaal kar mehnat, Mushaqqat aur museebat wali duniya mein pohancha diya. Woh is tarah ke us ne un ke dilon msin waswasa dala aur is ke acha honay ka ahsas dilaya. Jaisay ke Allah taala ka irshad hai:

 

فَوَسْوَسَ لَهُمَا الشَّيْطٰنُ لِيُبْدِيَ لَهُمَا مَا وٗرِيَ عَنْهُمَا مِنْ سَوْاٰتِهِمَا وَقَالَ مَا نَهٰىكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ اِلَّآ اَنْ تَكُوْنَا مَلَكَيْنِ اَوْ تَكُوْنَا مِنَ الْخٰلِدِيْنَ     20؀

 

To Shaitan dono ko behkane laga takeh un ke satar ki chezain jo un se posheeda then khol de aur kehne laga ke tum ko tumhare parwardigaar ne us darakht se sirf is liye mana kiya hai keh tum farishte nah ban jao ya hamesha jeete nah raho”  (Al A,raf: 7/20)

Yani us ne kaha: Allah Taala ne tumhain us se sirf is liye mana kiya hai ke tum farishte na ban jao ya hamesha rehne wale nah ban jao. Yani agar tum use kha lo ge to aese ban jao ge aur unhain yaqeen dilane ke liye qasme khayeen jessa ke Irshad Baari Taala hai:  وَقَاسَمَهُمَآ اِنِّىْ لَكُمَا لَمِنَ النّٰصِحِيْنَ    21۝ۙ  “Us ne unhain qasme kha kar kaha: mein yaqeenan tumhara khair khuwah hoon” ( Al Ar’raf: 7/21)

 

Aik aur ayat mein Irshad hai:

 

فَوَسْوَسَ اِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطٰنُ قَالَ يٰٓاٰدَمُ هَلْ اَدُلُّكَ عَلٰي شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَّا يَبْلٰى

 

 “To Shaitan ne us ke dil mein waswasa dala ( aur)  kaha ke Adam! Bhala mein tum ko ( aesa) darakht bataon ( jo) hamesha ki zindagi  ka ( samara de) aur aesi badshahat ke kabhi zail nah ho”  ( Taha: 20/120)

Yeh jo us ne kaha: Mein aap ko aik aesa darakht bataon ga, Jis ko khane ke nateeje mein aap un mojodah nehmato mein hamesha rehne ke mustahiq ho jayain gain aur aap ko aesi hukumat hasil ho jaye gi jo kabhi tabah hogi nah khatam hogi, Yeh baat mahaz dhoke, Fareb aur jhoot par mabni thi.

Mumkin hai yeh wahi darakht ho jis ka zikr Hazrat Abu Hurairah (رضی اللہ عنہ ) ki us Hadith mein hai, Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Jannat mein aik darakht hai, Jis ke saye mein aik sawar so saal tak chalta rahe to use tay na kar sake”  (Masnad-e-Ahmad: 2/469)

 

Farman-e-Ilahi hai:

 

فَدَلّٰىهُمَا بِغُرُوْرٍ ۚ فَلَمَّا ذَاقَا الشَّجَرَةَ بَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْاٰتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفٰنِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَّرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ  ۭوَنَادٰىهُمَا رَبُّهُمَآ اَلَمْ اَنْهَكُمَا عَنْ تِلْكُمَا الشَّجَرَةِ وَاَقُلْ لَّكُمَآ اِنَّ الشَّيْطٰنَ لَكُمَا عَدُوٌّ مُّبِيْنٌ    22؀

 

“Pss ( mardood ne) dhoka de kar un ko ( masiyat ki tarf) khench hi liya Jab unhon ne us darakht (ke phal) ko kha liya to un ke satar ki chezain khul gayi aur woh behshit ke ( darakhton ke) patte (tod tod kar) apne upar chipkane ( aur satar chupane) lage.( A,raf:22/7)

 

Isi ki babat mazeed farmaya:

 

فَاَكَلَا مِنْهَا فَبَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْاٰتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفٰنِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَّرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ

 

“So dono ne us darakht ka phal kha liya to un par un ki sharam gahain zahir ho gayi aur woh apne ( badnon) par behshit ke patte chipkane lage” ( Taha:20/121)

Us ma,mnooa darakht ka phal Adam (علیہ السلام ) se pehle Hawwa ( علیھا السلام) ne khaya aur unhain bhi us ke khane ki targheeb di.( واللہ اعلم ) 

Mumkin hai Sahih Bukhari ki is Hadith mein usi tarf ishara ho. Nabi (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “agar Bani Israel nah hote to ghosht kabhi kharab nah hota, Agar Hawwa nah hoteen to koi aurat apne khawwand ki khayanat nah karti” ( Sahih Bukhari,  AHadith-ul-Ambiya, Baab-o-Khalq-e-Aadam Wa Zurriatuho, Hadith: 3330 )

Aahl-e-Kitab ke paas mojod Tourat mein hai keh jis ne Hazrat Hawwa ( علیھا السلام) ko us darakht ka phal khane ki targheeb di, Woh saanp  tha. Woh buht khoobsoorat aur bhut bada tha. Hawwa (علیھا السلام ) ne saanp ke kehne par phal kha liya aur Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko bhi khilaya.  Us mein Shaitan ka zikr nahi ( dekhiye: Kitab paidaish, Baab 3, fiqra: 1 ta 7)  Us wqt un ki aankhain khul gayi aur unhain maloom ho gaya keh woh nange hain, Chunacha unhon ne Injeer ke patte jod kar the band banaye. ( Mojodah Bible mein hai. “ aur Khuda wand ne Adam aur us ki biwi ke waste chamde k kurte bana kar un ko pehnaye”  [paidaish: 3/21] )  us mein yeh bayan hai keh woh dono be libas thay. Wahab Bin Munabbah ( رحمہ اللہ) ne aese hi farmaya hai keh un ka libas noor tha, Jis ne pardah ke aazaa ko chupaya howa tha. ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/215, Tafseer Surah Al A’raf, ayat: 22)

Mojoodah Toraat mein zikar kardah yeh baat ghalat hai, Jis mein tahreef howi hai aur tarjuma karne mein bhi ghalti howi hai. Kisi kalaam ko aik zubaan se doosri zubaan mein muntaqil karna har aik ke liye mumkin nahi hota. Khusoosan jo shakhs doosri zubaan se achi tarah waaqif nah ho aur apni zubaan mein likhi kitaab ko bhi mukammal tor par nah samajh sakta ho. Isi wajah se Toraat ke tarjuma mein bohat si lafzi aur manwi ghalatiyan waqay ho gayi hain. Quran Azeem ne wazih kiya hai keh un ke jism par libaas mojood tha. Irshad Rabbani hai: يَنْزِعُ عَنْهُمَا لِبَاسَهُمَا لِيُرِيَهُمَا سَوْاٰتِهِمَا   “ Aur un se un ke kapday utarwa diye taakeh un ke satar un ko khol kar dikha day. ( Al A,raf: 27/7) is liye yahi baat sahih hai.

Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas (  رضی اللہ عنہ) kehte hain وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفٰنِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَّرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ “ Woh bahisht ke (darakhton ke ) pattay ( toad toad kar ) apne uopar chipkanay ( aur satar chhupanay lagey. Yani Injeer ke patton se, Yeh maana Ahal-e-Kitaab se makhooz hai. Jab keh Ayat-e-Qurani mein yeh takhsees nahi.

 

Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام )  ka Jannat se Khurooj:

 

Irshad Baari Taala hai:

 

وَلَقَدْ عَهِدْنَآ اِلٰٓى اٰدَمَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَنَسِيَ وَلَمْ نَجِدْ لَهٗ عَزْمًا ١١٥؀ۧوَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ اَبٰى ١١٦؁فَقُلْنَا يٰٓاٰدَمُ اِنَّ ھٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقٰي ١١٧؁اِنَّ لَكَ اَلَّا تَجُوْعَ فِيْهَا وَلَا تَعْرٰى ١١٨؀ۙوَاَنَّكَ لَا تَظْمَؤُا فِيْهَا وَلَا تَضْحٰي ١١٩؁فَوَسْوَسَ اِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطٰنُ قَالَ يٰٓاٰدَمُ هَلْ اَدُلُّكَ عَلٰي شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَّا يَبْلٰى ١٢٠؁فَاَكَلَا مِنْهَا فَبَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْاٰتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفٰنِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَّرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ وَعَصٰٓى اٰدَمُ رَبَّهٗ فَغَوٰى ١٢١؀ډثُمَّ اجْتَبٰىهُ رَبُّهٗ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ وَهَدٰى ١٢٢؁قَالَ اهْبِطَا مِنْهَا جَمِيْعًۢا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ  ۚ فَاِمَّا يَاْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِّنِّيْ هُدًى ڏ فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقٰي ١٢٣؁وَمَنْ اَعْرَضَ عَنْ ذِكْرِيْ فَاِنَّ لَهٗ مَعِيْشَةً ضَنْكًا وَّنَحْشُرُهٗ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ اَعْمٰى ١٢٤؁قَالَ رَبِّ لِمَ حَشَرْتَنِيْٓ اَعْمٰي وَقَدْ كُنْتُ بَصِيْرًا ١٢٥؁قَالَ كَذٰلِكَ اَتَتْكَ اٰيٰتُنَا فَنَسِيْتَهَا  ۚ وَكَذٰلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تُنْسٰى ١٢٦؁

 

Aur hum ne pehle Adam se ahad liya tha magar who ( use) bhool gaye aur hum ne un mein Sabar-o-Sabat nah dekha, Aur jab hum ne farishton se kaha keh Adam ke aagy Sajdah karo to sab sajde mein gir pade magar Iblees ne inkar kiya. Hum ne farmaya keh Adam, Yeh tumhara aur tumhari biwi ka dushman hai to yeh kahin tum dono ko bahisht se nah nikalwa day phir tum takleef mein pad jao. Yahan tum ko yeh ( asaish ) hogi ke nah bhukay raho nah nangy aur yeh ke nah piyase raho aur nah dhoop khao. To Shaitan ne un ke dil mein waswasa dala ( aur ) kaha ke Adam! Bhala mein tum ko ( aisa ) darakht bataon ( jo ) hamesha ki zindagi ka Samrah day aur (aisi) badshahat ke kabhi zael nah ho. So dono ne is darakht ka phal kha liya to un par un ki sharam gahain zahir hogai aur woh apne ( badnon ) par bahisht ke pattay chipkanay lagey aur Adam ne apne parwar-digaar ke hukum ke khilaaf kiya to ( woh apne matloob se ) be raah ho gaye phir un ke parwar-digaar ne un ko nawaza to un par meharbani se tawajjah farmai aur seedhi raah batayi. Farmaya keh tum dono yahan se ikatthay neechay utar jao. Tum mein se baaz baaz ke dushman (hoon ge ) phir agar meri taraf se tumahray paas hidaayat aaye to jo shakhs meri hidaayat ki pairwi kare ga woh nah gumraah hoga aur nah takleef mein pade ga aur jo meri naseehat se mun phairay ga is ki zindagi tung ho jaye gi aur qayamat ko hum usay andha kar ke uthayen gain. Woh kahe ga ke mere parwar-digaar! To ne mujhe andha kar ke kyun uthaya, Mein to dekhta bhalta tha? Allah farmaiye ga ke aisa hi chahiye tha. Tairay paas hamari ayatain ayen to tu ne un ko bhula diya, Isi tarah aaj tujhe bhula diya jaye ga. ( Taha: 20/115/126)

 

Dosray maqam par yun farmaya:

 

اهْبِطُوْا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ ۚ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْاَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَّمَتَاعٌ اِلٰي حِيْنٍ

 

“( Tum sab behisht se ) utar jao (ab se) tum aik dosre ke dushman ho aur tumhare liye aik waqt (khas) tak Zameen par thekana aur ( Zindagi ka) saman ( kar diya gaya)  hai” (Al A’raf: 7/24)

Yeh irshad Adam, Hawwa ( علیھما السلام ) aur Iblees ko mukhatib kar ke farmaya gaya. Aik qoul ke mutabiq saanp bhi us mein shamil tha. Unhain hukum de diya gaya keh Jannat se nikal jayain, Jabkeh woh aik dosre ke dushman aur mukhalif rahain ge.

Is waqea mein saanp ke zikar ki taeed mein woh Hadith paish ki ja sakti keh Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaya: “Jab se in ( saanpon) se hamari jang shuru howi hai, Hum ne in se kabhi sulah nahi ki. Aur jis ne dar ki waja se koi saanp  chod diya woh hum mein se nahi”  ( Sunan Abi dawood, Al Adab, Baab Fi Qatl-al-Hayyat, Hadith: 5248)

 

Surah Taha mein unhi ki babat farmaya:

 

اهْبِطَا مِنْهَا جَمِيْعًۢا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ 

 

Tum dono yahan se ikatthe neche utar jao! Tum mein se baaz, Baaz ke dushman hoon ge” (Taha: 20/123)

 

“Dono” se murad Adam  ( علیہ السلام) aur Iblees hain.  Hawwa (علیھا السلام  ) Adam ( علیہ السلام) ke ta,be ho kar is hukum ke mukhatib hain.

 

Ulamaa kiram ka is maslah mein bhi ikhtilaf hai keh Adam ( علیہ السلام) Jannat mein kitna arsa rahe.

 

Hazrat Abu Hurairah ( رضی اللہ عنہ)   bayan farmatay hain keh Nabi kareem (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko jummay ke din paida kiya gaya aur isi din unhen jannat mein daakhil kya gaya aur isi din nikala gaya . ( Sahih Muslim, Al jumma, Baab Fazal-e-Yoam-al-Jumma, Hadith: 854)


Agar mazkoorah baala Hadith ka yeh matlab liya jaye ke jis din un ko paida kiya gaya, Usi din unhen nikala gaya aur yeh samjha jaye keh Jannat ke aik din se murad mojooda dinon jaisi muddat hai to nateeja yeh hoga ke woh duniya ke din jaisay aik din ka kuch hisa thehray. Lekin yeh raye Mahal-e-Nazar hai. Agar yeh kaha jaye ke un ki takhleeq aur din howi aur Jannat se kisi aur din niklay ya yeh kaha jaye ke din se murad 6 hazaar saal ki muddat hai jaisay Ibn-e-Abbas (رِضی اللہ عنہ ), Mujahid aur Zahhak (رحم اللہ علیھم ) se marwi hai aur ‫ Ibn-e- Jareer  (  رحمہ اللہ)  ne isi ko tarjeeh di hai to is ka nateeja yeh hoga ke woh Jannat mein taweel arsa thehray.

Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas (  رضی اللہ عنہ) se marwi hai ke Adam  ( علیہ السلام )  ko Makkah Mukarma aur Taif ke darmiyan “Dahna” Nami maqam par utaara gaya. Hazrat Hasan Basri (  رحمہ اللہ) farmatay hain: Adam  ( علیہ السلام )  ko Hind mein utaara gaya, Hawwa  (علیھا السلام  )  ko jaddah mein, Iblees ko Basrah se chand mil door Dastmiyan Nami jagah mein aur saanp ko Asfahan mein utaara gaya. Jabkay Hazrat Ibn-e-Umar  ( رضی اللہ عنہ )  farmatay hain: “Adam  ( علیہ السلام )  ko Safa pahadi aur Hawwa  علیھا السلام    ko marwa pahadi par utaara gaya.

Hazrat Abu Moosa Ashri se riwayat hai unhon ne farmaya: “Jab Allah Taala ne Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ko Jannat se zameen par utaara to aap ko har cheez banana sikhaya aur Jannat ke kuch phal ataa farmaiye. Tumahray yeh ( zameeni ) phal, Jannat ke phalon mein se hain. Farq yeh hai ke in mein tabdeeli aati hai ( kharab bhi ho jatay hain ) aur un mein tabdeeli nahi aati. (Moosannaf Abd ul Razaq wa Al Mustadrak lil Hakim 2/543, Hadith: 3996 )

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas ( رضی اللہ عنہ) se riwayat hai ke Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ne zameen par sab se pehlay jo khana khaya woh yeh tha ke Jibreel ( علیہ السلام ) un ke paas gandum ke saat danay laaye. Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya: Yeh kya hai? Jibreel ( علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya: Yeh usi darakht ka phal hai jis se aap ko mana kya gaya tha aur aap ne kha liya tha. Unhon ne farmaya: Mein is ka kya karoon? Farmaya: Usay zameen mein bo dijiye. In mein se har aik danay ka wazan (mojooda daur ke ) aik laakh daano se zayada tha. Woh ugg aaye. ( waqt anay par )  inhen kaata, Gaaha, Bhus se danay alag kiye gaye, Phir unhen peesa aur goondha, Phir us ( aatay ) ki roti pakai, Phir khayi. Is tarah unhen bohat mehnat aur mushaqqat ke baad khana mila. Is Aayat-e-Mubarakah mein isi ki taraf ishara hai:

 

فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقٰي

 

Aisa hargiz nahi hona chahiye ke woh ( Shaitan ) tumhe Jannat se nikalwa day, Phir tumhain sakht mushaqqat bardasht karni pade” . (Taha: 117/20)

 

Hazrat Adam  ( علیہ السلام ) ki tobah:

 

Allah Taala ne jab unhen Jannat aur Raahat-o-Sukoon wali jagah se nikaal kar mushaqqat aur mehnat wali zindagi muhayya ki to unhen apni ghalti ka ahsas howa aur woh Allah ki taraf mutwajjah howe jis ka zikar Allah Taala ne Quran Majeed mein yun farmaya hai:

 

اَلَمْ اَنْهَكُمَا عَنْ تِلْكُمَا الشَّجَرَةِ وَاَقُلْ لَّكُمَآ اِنَّ الشَّيْطٰنَ لَكُمَا عَدُوٌّ مُّبِيْنٌ    22؀قَالَا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَآ اَنْفُسَنَا    ۫وَاِنْ لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُوْنَنَّ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ   23؀

 

Kya mein ne tum ko is darakht ( ke paas jane ) se mana nahi kiya tha aur jata nahi diya tha keh Shaitan tumhara khullam khula dushman hai. Dono arz karne lagey ke parwar-digaar! Hum ne apni jaanun par zulm kiya aur agar tu hamein nahi bakhshay ga aur hum par reham nahi kare ga to hum tabah ho jayen ge.” (Al A’raf: 7/23 )

 

Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ne yeh kalimaat Allah Taala se hi sikhe thay jaisa ke Quran Majeed mein is ki wazahat hai:

 

فَتَلَـقّيٰٓ اٰدَمُ مِنْ رَّبِّهٖ كَلِمٰتٍ

 

Phir Adam ne apne parwar-digaar se kuch kalmaat sekhe. ( Al Baqarah: 2/35) In alfaaz mein apni ghalti ka aitraaf hai Allah ki taraf tawajjah hai is ke samnay Ijaz-o-Niaz aur tazallul ka izhaar hai aur is mushkil ghadi mein Allah Taala ki taraf mohtaji ka iqraar hai. Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ki aulaad mein se jis shakhs ko yeh raaz samajh mein agaya, Us ki duniya bhi sanwar jaye gi aur akhirat bhi.


Aulaad-e-Adam (
علیہ السلام ) aur Qisa Habeel-o-Qabeel

 

Allah Taala ne Hazrat Adam aur Hawwa ( علیھما السلام) ko kaseer aulad ata farmayi surah Nisa mein us waqe ko bayan karte howe farmaya:

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوْا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِيْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِّنْ نَّفْسٍ وَّاحِدَةٍ وَّخَلَقَ مِنْھَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيْرًا وَّنِسَاۗءً  ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ الَّذِيْ تَسَاۗءَلُوْنَ بِهٖ وَالْاَرْحَامَ ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيْبًا     Ǻ۝

 

Logo! Apne parwardigaar se daro jis ne tum ko aik jaan se paida kiya aur usi se us ka joda banaya phr un dono se kasrat se Mard-o-Aurat ( paida kar ke roye zameen par) phela diye aur Allah se daro jis ke naam ko tum apni Hajat barari ka zareea banate ho qata rehmi ( se bacho)  kuch shak nahi ke Allah tumhe dekh raha hai “ ( An Nisa: 1/4)

 

Neez Farmaya:

 

وَاِذْ اَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْۢ بَنِيْٓ اٰدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُوْرِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَاَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلٰٓي اَنْفُسِهِمْ ۚ اَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ  ۭ قَالُوْا بَلٰي ڔ شَهِدْنَا

 

“Aur jab tumhare Parwar digaar ne Bani Adam se yani un ki pethon se un ki aulad nikali to un se khud un ke muqabile mein iqrar kara liya ( yani un se pocha ke) kiya mein tumhara Parwar digaar nahi hoon? Woh kehne lage: Kiyu nahi hum gawah hain ( keh tu hamara Parwar digaar hai) “ ( Al A’raf: 7/172)

 

Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab (رضی اللہ عنہ ) se mazkoorah ayat ke mutaliq pocha gaya to unhon ne farmaya: Meri mojodgi mein Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) se is ke mutaliq sawal kiya gaya tha to Aap ne farmaya: “Allah Taala ne Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko paida farmaya phir un ki pusht par dayan hath phera aur un ki aulad nikali aur farmaya: Mein ne inhain Jannat ke liye paida kiya hai aur yeh Jannatiyun wale amal karain ge. Phir un ki pusht par ( dobara) hath phera aur ( mazeed)  aulad zahir farmayi aur irshad farmaya: Mein ne inhain Jahannam ke liye paida kiya hai aur yeh Jahannumiyun wale amal karain ge.” Aik admi ne kaha: Allah ke Rasool ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) tab amal kis liye hai? Allah ke Rasool (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Jab Allah Taala kisi bande ko Jannat ke liye paida fermata hai to use Jannatiyun wale amal ki toufeeq deta hai aur woh shaks un ki waja se Jannat mein dakhil ho jata hai aur Allah Taala jab kisi bande ko Jahannam ke liye paida karta hai to use Jahannumiyun wale aamal mein mashgool kar deta hai aur woh shaks un ki waja se Jahannam mein dakhil ho jata hai.” ( Sunan Abi dawood, Al sunnah, Baad Fi Al Qadar, Hadith: 4703, Jami Tirmizi, Tafseer-ul-Quran, Baab Wa Min Sorat-al-Aaraf, Hadith: 3075, Sahih Ibn-e-Hibban: 8/14)

Jamhoor Ulamaa yeh raye rakhte hain keh Adam ( علیہ السلام) ki aulad se wada liya gaya tha, Unhon ne us Hadith se bhi istadlal kiya hai jo Hazrat Anas Bin Malik ( رضی اللہ عنہ) se marwi hai keh Nabi (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Qayamat ke din aik Jahannami se kaha jaye ga keh agar tere paas pori dunya ka Maal-o-Dolat ho to kiya tu fidya ke tour par woh sab de de ga? Who kahe ga : “Haan!” Allah Taala Farmaye ga keh mein ne tujh se is se aasan cheez ka mutalaba kiya tha. Jab tu Adam (علیہ السلام  ) ki pusht mein tha, Us waqt mein ne tujh se aik wada liya tha keh tu mere sath shirk nahi kare ga laikn tu ne phir bhi shirk karne par he israr kiya.”  ( Sahih Bukhari, Al Riqaq, Baab-o-Sifat-al-Jannati Wal Nar, Hadith: 6557, Sahih Muslim, Sifat-ul-Munafiqeen, Baab-o-Talab-al-Kafir Al Fidaa Bimil-e-Al Arz Zahaban, Hadith: 2805, Masnad-e-Ahmad: 3/129 )

Mazkoorah bala ayat ki Tafseer karte howe Hazrat Ubai Bin Kaab ( رضی اللہ عنہ ) ne farmaya: “Allah Taala ne us din un sab ko jama kiya jo Adam ( علیہ السلام ) ki pusht se qayamat tak paida hone wale thay. Un ko paida kar ke aur un ki sooratain bana kar unhain bolne ki taqat di. Woh bolne lage to un se Ahad-o-Peman liya aur unhain khud un par gawah thehraya. Farmaya: “Kiya mein tumhara Rabb nahi?” Unhon ne kaha: “Zaroor hai”. Allah Taala ne farmaya: “Mein tum par satoon Aasmanoon aur satoon Zameenoon ko gawah banata hoon aur tum par tumhare baap Adam ko gawah banata hoon, Qayamat ke din yeh nah kehna: Hamein is ka ilm nah tha. Yaad rakho mere siwa koi mabood nahi aur mere siwa koi malik nahi, Mere sath shirk nah karna, Mein tumhare paas Rasool bhejoon ga jo tumhain mera Aahd-o-Peman yaad dila kar tumhain ( us ki khilaf warzi ki saza se) daraye ge aur mein tum par apni kitab nazil karoon ga.” Unhon ne kaha: “Hum gawahi dete hain keh tu hamara Rabb aur hamara Mabood hai, Tere siwa hamara koi Rabb ya Mabood nahi.” Chunacha us din unhon ne Tameel-e-Ahkam ka iqrar kiya.

Allah ne un ke baap Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko buland kiya, Us ne un sab ko dekha, To un mein Ameer, Gareeb, Khubsoorat aur bad soorat afrad nazar aaye. Unhon ne arz ki: “ Ya Rabb! Kash! Tu in sab ko barabar kar deta.” Allah Taala ne farmaya: “Mein chahta hoon keh mera shukr kiya jaye.”

 

Adam ( علیہ السلام) ko un mein Paigambar bhi nazar aaye jo roshan chiragon ki tarah munawwar thay. Un se Risalat-o-Nabowat ka aik khas wada bhi liya gaya. Isi dosre meesaq ke bare mein Allah Taala ne farmaya:

 

وَاِذْ اَخَذْنَا مِنَ النَّـبِيّٖنَ مِيْثَاقَهُمْ وَمِنْكَ وَمِنْ نُّوْحٍ وَّاِبْرٰهِيْمَ وَمُوْسٰى وَعِيْسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ ۠ وَاَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِّيْثَاقًا غَلِيْظًا 

 

“Aur jab hum ne Paigamberon se ahad liya aur tum se aur Nooh aur Ibrahim aur Moosa aur Maryam ke bête Eesa se aur ahad bhi un se pakka liya.” ( Al Ahzab: 7/33)

 

Aur Irshad Bari Taala hai:

 

فَاَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّيْنِ حَنِيْفًا   ۭ فِطْرَتَ اللّٰهِ الَّتِيْ فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا   ۭ لَا تَبْدِيْلَ لِخَلْقِ اللّٰهِ

 

“To tum aik tarf  ke ho kar deen ( Allah ke raste) par seedha mun kiye chale jao ( aur) Allah ki fitrat ko jis par us ne logo ko paida kiya hai (ikhtiyar  kiye raho) Allah ki banai howi (fitrat) mein Tagayyur-o-Tabadul nahi ho sakta.” ( Al Rum: 30/30)

 

Isi ki tarf ishara karte howe farmaya:

 

ھٰذَا نَذِيْرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الْاُوْلٰى

 

Yeh (Muhammad) bhi agle dar sunane walon mein se aik dar sunane wala hai.” (Al Najm: 53/56)

 

Aur mazeed farmaya:

 

وَمَا وَجَدْنَا لِاَكْثَرِهِمْ مِّنْ عَهْدٍ ۚ وَاِنْ وَّجَدْنَآ اَكْثَرَهُمْ لَفٰسِقِيْنَ    ١٠٢؁

 

“Aur hum ne un mein se aksaron mein ( ahad ka nibah) nahi dekha aur un mein aksaron ko (dekha to) fasiq hi dekha.”  (Al A’raf: 7/102) (Ibn-e-Abi Hatim: 5/1615, Hadith: 8537 Ibn-e-Jareer At Tabri: 6/154, Hadith: 11928, Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer : 2/274, Tafseer Surah Al A’raf ayat: 174, Al Mustadrak Lil Hakim:  323/2)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Jab Allah taala ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) ko paida farmaya, To aap ki pusht par haath phera. Tab qayamat tak paida honay wali har jaan aap ki pusht se zahir hogayi. Allah ne har aik ki aankhon ke darmiyan noor ki aik chamak rakh di. Phir unhen adam (علیہ السلام) ko dekhaya. Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne kaha ya Rabb! Yeh kon hain? Allah Taala ne farmaya: Yeh teri aulaad hai. Aap ko un mein aik aadmi nazar aaya, Jis ki peshani ki chamak aap ko bohat achi lagi. Farmaya! Ya Rabb! Yeh kon hai? Allah Taala ne farmaya: Yeh teri aulaad mein aakhri zamane ki qomon mein se aik aadmi hai, Jis ka naam dawood (علیہ السلام) hoga. Farmaya: Ya Rabb! Tu ne is ki Umar kitni muqarrar ki hai? Allah Taala ne farmaya: “Saath saal” Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya: Ya Rabb! Isay meri Umar mein se chalees saal ataa farma day. Jab Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki Umar mukammal howi to mout ka farishta aa gaya. Unhon ne farmaya: Kya meri Umar mein se chalees saal baqi nahi? Us ne kaha: Kya woh aap ne apne bête dawood (علیہ السلام ) ko nahi de diye? Aap (علیہ السلام ) ne inkaar kya, To aap ki aulaad mein bhi inkaar ki aadat rahi. Adam (علیہ السلام ) bhool gaye, Aap ki aulad bhi bhoolnay wali howi. Adam (علیہ السلام ) se ghalti howi, Aap ki aulad bhi ghalatiyan karne wali howi. (Jami Tirmizi Tafseer-ul-Quran Baab-o-Min surah Al A’raf, Hadith: 3076 )

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas (رضی اللہ عنہ ) se riwayat hai keh Nabi (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: Allah Taala ne Aulaad-e-Adam (علیہ السلام) se Noman yani Arfat ke maqam par ahad liya. Allah Taala ne un ki tamam aulad ko jo us ne paida ki hai, Un ki pusht se nikala. Unhen apne samnay chyontyon ki tarah bekhair diya. Phir un se Barah-e-Raast kalaam karte howe farmaya: “Kiya mein tumhara Rabb nahi hoon? Unhon ne kaha: Yaqeenan hai, Hum gawahi dete hain. (Allah Taala ne farmaya:) mubada tum qayamat ke din kaho: Hamein to is ka ilm hi nah tha. Ya kaho: Hamaray baap dada ne shirk kiya tha aur hum to unhi ki aulaad thay (is liye un ki raah par chal pade) kya tu hamein jhutay logon ke aamaal ki wajah se tabah kar day ga? ( Masnad-e-Ahmad: 1/272, Al Mustadrak Lil Hakim:  544/2, Hadith: 4000 Kanz-ul-Ummal: 6/127, Hadith: 15124 )

 

Kya Adam-o-Hawwa ( علیھما السلام )  ke haan Jannat mein aulaad howi thi ya nahi? Is mein ikhtilaaf hai:

 

  • Aik qoul yeh hai keh un ki sab aulad Zameen hi par paida howi.
  • Dosray qoul ke mutabiq un ke kuch bachay Jannat mein bhi paida howe thay, Jin mein Qabeel aur un ki behan bhi shamil thay.( واللہ اعلم)

 

Tareekh-e-Tabri mein hai ke un ke haan har baar aik ladka aur aik ladki paida hotay thay aur unhen yeh hukum tha ke har ladke ki shadi, Dosray ladke ke sath paida honay wali ladki se karen aur dosray ki shadi pehlay ke sath paida honay wali ladki se karen. (Tareekh Al Tabari: 1/92) yani us ladki se shadi karna jaaiz nah tha, Jo ladke ke sath paida howi ho.

 

Qabeel aur Habeel ka waqea:

 

Allah Taala ne quran Majeed mein farmaya hai:

 

وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَاَ ابْنَيْ اٰدَمَ بِالْحَقِّ  ۘاِذْ قَرَّبَا قُرْبَانًا فَتُقُبِّلَ مِنْ اَحَدِهِمَا وَلَمْ يُتَقَبَّلْ مِنَ الْاٰخَرِ ۭ قَالَ لَاَقْتُلَنَّكَ  ۭ قَالَ اِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللّٰهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِيْنَ     27؀لَىِٕنْۢ بَسَطْتَّ اِلَيَّ يَدَكَ لِتَقْتُلَنِيْ مَآ اَنَا بِبَاسِطٍ يَّدِيَ اِلَيْكَ لِاَقْتُلَكَ ۚ اِنِّىْٓ اَخَافُ اللّٰهَ رَبَّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ     28؀اِنِّىْٓ اُرِيْدُ اَنْ تَبُوْۗاَ بِاِثْمِيْ وَاِثْمِكَ فَتَكُوْنَ مِنْ اَصْحٰبِ النَّارِ ۚ وَذٰلِكَ جَزٰۗؤُ ا الظّٰلِمِيْنَ     29؀ۚفَطَوَّعَتْ لَهٗ نَفْسُهٗ قَتْلَ اَخِيْهِ فَقَتَلَهٗ فَاَصْبَحَ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ     30؀فَبَعَثَ اللّٰهُ غُرَابًا يَّبْحَثُ فِي الْاَرْضِ لِيُرِيَهٗ كَيْفَ يُوَارِيْ سَوْءَةَ اَخِيْهِ  ۭ قَالَ يٰوَيْلَتٰٓى اَعَجَزْتُ اَنْ اَكُوْنَ مِثْلَ هٰذَا الْغُرَابِ فَاُوَارِيَ سَوْءَةَ اَخِيْ ۚ فَاَصْبَحَ مِنَ النّٰدِمِيْنَ      31۝ٺ

 

“Aur ( ae Mohammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم!) un ko Adam ke do beton (Habeel aur Qabeel) ke halaat theek theek padh kar suna do keh jab un dono ne (Allah ki janab mein) kuch niyazain chadhayen to aik ki niaz to qubool hogayi aur dosray ki qubool nah howi ( tab Qabeel, Habeel se ) kehnay laga keh mein tujhe qatal kardoon ga. Us ne kaha keh Allah parhaiz garon hi ki (niaz) qubool farmaya karta hai. Aur agar tu mujhe qatal karne ke liye mujh par haath chalaye ga to mein tujh ko qatal karne ke liye tujh par haath nahi chlaon ga, Mujhe to Allah Rabb-ul-Aalmeen se dar lagta hai. Mein chahta hoon keh tu mere gunah mein bhi makhoz ho aur apne gunah mein bhi, Phir ( Zumra ) Ahal-e-Dozakh mein ho, Aur zaalmon ki yahi saza hai. Magar is ke nafs ne is ko bhai ke qatal hi ki targheeb di to us ne use qatal kar diya aur khasara uthanay walon mein ho gaya. Ab Allah ne aik kawa bheja jo zameen ko kurednay laga taakeh use dikhaye keh apne bhai ki laash ko kaisay chupaye. Kehnay laga: Hay Afsos! Mujh se itna bhi nah ho saka keh is kaway ke barabar hota keh apne bhai ki laash chupa deta, Phir woh pasheman howa.” ( Al Maidah: 5/27-31)

 

Yahan par hum Ulamaa-e-Salf ke irshadat ka khulasa bayan karen gain:

 

Mutaddid sahaba kiram (رضی اللہ عنھم ) se riwayat hai ke Adam (علیہ السلام ) har ladke ki shadi kisi dosray ladke ke sath paida honay wali ladki se karte thay. Habeel ne Qabeel ki behan se nikah karne ka iradah kiya. Aur Qabeel ki behan zayada khush shakal thi, Chunancha Qabeel ne chaha ke is ki shadi Habeel ki bajaye khud is se ho jaye. Adam ( علیہ السلام) ne ise hukum diya ke Habeel ko is se nikah karne de. Us ne inkaar kar diya to Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne dono ko qurbani karne ka hukum diya. Habeel bhaid bakriyan palta tha, Us ne aik mota taaza janwar qurbaan kiya. Qabeel ne apni khaiti mein se nikammi fasal ka aik ghatta qurbani ke tor par paish kiya. Aasman se aag utri, Us ne Habeel ki qurbani ko kha liya lekin Qabeel ki qurbani ko chod diya. Usay gussa aa gaya. Us ne kaha: “Mein zaroor tujhe qatal kar dun ga taakeh tu meri behan se shadi nah kar sakay. Habeel ne kaha: Allah Taala parhaiz garon se (qurbani ) qubool farmata hai. ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/43-44, Tafseer Surah Maidah, ayat: 27)

Abu Jafar (  رحمہ اللہ) walay ne farmaya keh jab woh dono qurbani day rahay thay to Adam (علیہ السلام ) bhi mojood thay. Unhon ne dekha ke Habeel ki qurbani qubool hogayi hai, Qabeel ki nahi howi. Tab Qabeel ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) se kaha: Is ki qurbani is liye qubool howi hai ke aap ne is ke haq mein dua ki thi aur aap ne mere haq mein dua nahi ki. Is ke baad us ne tanhai mein Habeel ko dhamki di.

Aik raat Habeel ko janwar charatay howe (wapas anay mein der ho gayi. Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne is ke bhai Qabeel ko bheja ke maloom kare use kyun der howi hai. Woh gaya to usay Habeel mil gaya. Us ne kaha: Teri qurbani qubool ho gayi hai, Meri nahi howi. Us ne kaha: Allah Taala Ahal-e-Taqwa se (qurbani) qubool farmata hai. Is par Qabeel ko gussa aa gaya. Us ke paas lohay ki koi cheez thi .us ne woh maar kar Habeel ko qatal kar diya. ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer 2/44,  Tafseer Surah Maidah, Ayat 27-30)

Baaz Ulamaa ne farmaya: Habeel so raha tha, Qabeel ne aik bada phathar us ke sar par maar kar us ka sar kuchal diya. Baaz Ulamaa farmatay hain: Balkay us ne zoor se us ka gala ghontaa aur darindon ki tarah usay danoton se kaata, Jis se woh faut ho gaya. ( واللہ اعلم) ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/47 , Tafseer Surah Maidah, Ayat: 27-30)

 

Allah Taala ne farmaya keh jab Qabeel ne Habeel ko qatal ki dhamki di to Habeel ne kaha:

 

لَىِٕنْۢ بَسَطْتَّ اِلَيَّ يَدَكَ لِتَقْتُلَنِيْ مَآ اَنَا بِبَاسِطٍ يَّدِيَ اِلَيْكَ لِاَقْتُلَكَ ۚ اِنِّىْٓ اَخَافُ اللّٰهَ رَبَّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ     28؀

 

“Agar to qatal karne ke liye mujh par haath chalaye ga to mein tujh ko qatal karne ke liye tujh par haath nahi chlaon ga, Mujhe to Allah Rabb-ul-Aalmeen se dar lagta hai.” ( Al Maidah: 5/28)

Is se us ke achay akhlaq, Khuda khofi aur Khashyat-e-Ilahi ka izhaar hota hai. Aur is se us ka taqwa bhi zahir hota hai keh bhai ne jo ziyadti karne ka iradah kiya tha, Us ne badlay mein waisi buraiee karne se parhaiz kiya.

Isi liye Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Jab do Moosalman talwarain le kar ( ladnay ke liye ) aik dosray ke samnay atay hain ( phir jung karte hain ) to qaatil aur maqtool dono jahannumi hotay hain.” Sahaba (رضی اللہ عنھم  ) ne arz ki: “Allah ke Rasool ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  )! yeh to qaatil hai ( is liye saza ka mustahiq hai ) maqtool ka kya maamla hai ( keh is mazloom ko bhi saza mili )?” Aap ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: Is ki bhi shadeed khwahish thi keh apne saathi ko qatal kar de.” (Sahih Bukhari, Al Fitan, Baab-o-Iza altaqa-al-Musliman Bisaifaihima, Hadith:7083, Sahih Muslim, Al Fitn, Baab-o-Iza Tawajha-al-Muslimani Bisaifaihima, Hadith: 2888)

 

Habeel ne mazeed kaha:

 

اِنِّىْٓ اُرِيْدُ اَنْ تَبُوْۗاَ بِاِثْمِيْ وَاِثْمِكَ فَتَكُوْنَ مِنْ اَصْحٰبِ النَّارِ ۚ وَذٰلِكَ جَزٰۗؤُ ا الظّٰلِمِيْنَ     29؀ۚ

 

Mein chahta hoon keh tu mere gunah mein bhi makhoz ho aur apne gunah mein bhi. Phir (Zumra ) Ahal-e-Dozakh mein ho aur zaalimon ki yahi saza hai.”

Yani mein tujh se ladai nahi karna chahta, Halaank mein tujh se zayada qawi aur mazboot hoon, Bawajood yekeh tu ne aik galat kaam ka pukhta iradah kar liya hai. Mein chahta hoon keh tu ne pehlay jo gunah kiye howe hain un ke sath mere qatal ka gunah bhi tairay sar ho. Hazrat Mujahid, Sudi, Ibn-e-jareer aur deegar Ulamaa ( رحم اللہ علیھم)  ne is ki yahi tashreeh ki hai.( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer 2/46, Tafseer Surah Al Maidah, Ayat: 27-30)

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Amar ( رضی اللہ عنہ) se riwayat hai unhon ne farmaya: “Qasam hai Allah ki! Un dono mein se maqtool zayada taaqatwar tha. Lekin us ne dosray ki taraf haath nahi badhaya taakeh gunah ka murtakib nah ho jaye.” ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/44-45, Tafseer Surah Al Maidah, Ayat: 27 )

Is ka yeh matlab nahi ke qatal karne se maqtool ke saaray gunah qaatil ke Namah-e-Aamaal mein muntaqil ho jatay hain. Jaisay keh baaz logon ne galat fahmi se yeh samjha hai. Ibn-e-Jareer( رحمہ اللہ) ne farmaya hai keh is qoul yani maqtool ke saaray gunah ……. ke ghalat honay par ijma hai. (Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/47, Tafseer Surah Al Maidah, Ayat: 27-30)

Lekin qayamat ke din baaz afraad ke sath yeh Soorat-e-Hhaal paish aa skati hai keh qaatil ki saari naikiyan day kar maqtool ka poora haq ada nah ho, Is liye maqtool ke itnay gunah qaatil ki taraf muntaqil ho jayen, Jin se hisaab barabar ho jaye. Jaisay ke dosray mazalim ke baray mein sahih ahadith mein mazkoor hai (Sahih Bukhari, Al Mazalim, Baab-o-Man Kanat Laho Mazlimatun…. , Hadith: 2449) aur qatal bohat baday mazalim mein shaamil hai. (واللہ اعلم)

Hazrat Usman ( رضی اللہ عنہ) ke khilaaf  baghaawat ki gayi, To is fitnah ke ayyaam mein Hazrat Saad Bin Abi Waqas (رضی اللہ عنہ ) ne farmaya tha: “Mein gawahi deta hoon keh Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya hai: Aik fitnah barpaa ho ga. Us ke douran mein bethnay wala, Khaday honay walay se behtar hoga, Khada honay wala chalne walay se behtar hoga aur chalne wala dodnay walay se behtar hoga.” Hazrat Saad (رضی اللہ عنہ  )  ne farmaya: Allah ke Rasool ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)! Yeh farmaiye ke agar koi mujhe qatal karne ke liye mere ghar mein ghus aaye to kya karoon? Nabi (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)  ne farmaya: “Adam ke betay ( Habeel ) ki tarah ban jana” ( Sahih Muslim, Al Fitan, Baab-o-Nuzool-al-Fitan Kamawaq-al-Qatar, Hadith: 2886, Sunan Abi Dawood, Al Fitan Wal Malahim, Baab-o-Al Nahi An-al-Sayi Fil Fitnati, Hadith: 4256-4257 Jami Tirmizi, Al Fitan, Baab-o-Maa Jaa Annaho Takon Fitatun……, Hadith: 2194, Musnad-e-Ahmad: 1/185)

Yahi Hadith Hazrat Huzaifah Bin Yuman (رضی اللہ عنہ ) se bhi marwi hai. Us mein yeh alfaaz hain: “Adam (علیہ السلام ) ke behtar betay ki tarah ban jana” Sunan Arabaa mein yeh Hadith Hazrat Abu Zar (رضی اللہ عنہ ) ki riwayat se mojood hai. (Sunan Abi Dawood, AL Fitan Wal Malahim, Baab-o-Al Nahi An-al-Sayi Fil Fitnati, Hadith: 4259 Sunan Ibn-e-Majah, Al Fitan, Baab-o-AL Tasabbuti Fil Fitan, Hadith: 3961)

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Masood (رضی اللہ عنہ ) se marwi hai keh Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)  ne farmaya: “Jo insaan bhi zulamaan qatal hota hai, Us ke ( qatal ke ) gunah ka aik hisa Adam ( علیہ السلام) ke pehlay betay ko bhi milta hai kyun kay woh pehla shakhs hai jis ne qatal ka tareeqa shuru kya”  ( Musnad-e-Ahmad: 1/383, Sahih Bukhari, Ahadith-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Khalq-e-Aadam Wa Zurriatuho, Hadith: 3335, Sahih Muslim, Baab-ul-Qisamati wal Muharibeen, Baab-o-Bayan-e-Ism-e-Man Sanna-al-Qatal, Hadith: 1677)

 

Qabeel ko saza:

 

Hazrat Mujahid (رحمہ اللہ ) farmatay hain: “Jis din Qabeel ne apne bhai ko qatal kiya, Usi din usay saza mil gayi, Chunancha us ki pindli us ki Raan se chipak gayi. Us ko yeh saza bhi di gayi keh Sooraj jis taraf hota, Qabeel ka chehra usi taraf rehta. Is tarah usay doosron ke liye Ibrat bana diya gaya aur usay jaldi saza mil gayi kyunkeh us ne gunah ka irtikaab kiya tha, Sarkashi ki thi aur apne sage bhai se hasad kiya tha.” ( Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 2/48, Tafseer Surah Al Maidah, Ayat: 33)

Aik Hadith mein aya hai keh Rasoolullah ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  ) ne farmaya: “Zulm  aur qata rehmi se badh kar koi gunah is laiq nahi keh Allah Taala us ki saza dunya mein bhi de aur aakhrat ka azaab bhi us ke murtakib ke liye mahfooz rakhe.” ( Jami Tirmizi, Sifat-ul-Qiyamat, Baab Fi Izan-al-Waeed Alal Baghi wa Qateeat-al-Rahim, Hadith: 2511, Sunan Ibn-e-Majah, Al Zuhd, Baab Al Baghi, Hadith: 4211)

Ahal-e-Kitaab ke paas jo kitaab hai aur jisay woh Toraat qarar dete hain us mein likha hai keh Allah azzawajal ne us ki saza moakkhar kar ke usay mohlat di aur woh Adan ke mashriq mein “Nood” ke ilaqay mein ja basa. Woh usay “Qaneen” kehte hain. Us ka aik beta “Khanookh” howa. Aur “Khanookh” se “Undar” aur “Undar” se “Mahaweel”, “Mahaweel” se  “Matusheel” aur “Matuasheel” se “lamak” paida howa. Us ne do aurton se shadi ki: Aik ka naam “Adda” aur doosri ka naam “Silla”tha “Adda” ke haan aik beta “Ibil” paida howa. Sab se pehlay us ne khaimon mein rahaish ikhtiyar ki aur maal jama kiya. Us ke haan “Noble” bhi paida howa us ne sab se pehle ben aur bansuri bajayi.

“Silla” ke haan aik beta piada howa, Us ka naam “Toublaqeen”tha. Sab se pehle us ne Tanba aur Lohe ki chezain banai aur us k haan aik beti howi jis ka naam “Na,maa” tha.

Us mein yeh bhi mazkoor hai keh Adam (علیہ السلام ) apni zaoja ke paas gaye to un ke haan aik beta paida howa. Hawwa ( علیھا السلام) ne us ka naam “Shees” rakha aur farmaya: “Allah ne mujhe “Habeel” ka nai,m-ul-Badal diya hai Jisey “Qabeel”ne qatal kar diya tha” . Shees ka aik beta “Anoosh” tha.

Ahal-e-Kitab kehte hain: Jab “Shees” ki wiladat howi to Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki umar aik so tees (130) saal thi aap us ke baad aath so (800) saal zinda rahe. Jab “Shees” ke haan “Anosh” ki paidaish howi to un ki umar aik so pensath (165) saal thi. Woh us k baad aath so saat saal zinda rahe aur un ke haan “Anoosh” ke ilawa aur bête aur betiyan bhi howi.

“Anoosh” ki umar nawe (90) saal thi, Jab us ka beta “Qeenaan” paida howa. Who us ke baad aath so pandira (815) saal zinda raha aur us ke haan bête aur betiyan paida howi. Jab “Qeenaan” satar (70) saal ka tha to us ka beta “ Mehlayeel” paida howa. Who us ke baad aath so chalees (840) saal zinda raha aur us ke haan bête aur betiyan howi jab “Mehlayeel” ki umar pensath (65) saal ki howi to us ke haan “Yard” paida howa. Woh us ke baad aath so (800) saal zinda raha aur us ke haan bete aur betiyan howi. Jab Yard ki umar aik so basath (162) saal howi to un ka beta “Khanookh” paida howa. Woh us ke baad aath so (800) saal zinda raha aur us ke bete aur betiyan howi. Jab “Khanookh” pensath (65) saal ka howa to us ka beta “Matushalakh” paida howa. Woh us ke baad aath so (800) saal zinda raha aur us ke bete aur betiyan howi. Jab Matushalakh aik so satasi (187) saal ka howa to us ke haan “Lamik” paida howa. Woh us ke baad saat so biyasi (782) saal zinda raha aur us ke bete aur betiyan howi. Jab Lamik aik so biyasi (182) saal ka howa to us ke haan “Nooh (علیہ السلام )” ki wiladat howi Nooh (علیہ السلام ) ki wiladat ke baad Lamik paanch so pechanawe (595) saal mazeed zinda raha aur us ke bete aur betiyan howi. Jab Nooh (علیہ السلام) ki umar paanch so (500) saal howi to un ke bete, Haam, Saam, Yafis paida howe. Mazkoorah bala tafseelat Bible ke bayanat ka khulasa hai.

In bayanat ke bare mein ye kehna mushkil hai keh yeh Aasman se nazil karda wahi mein se (baghair tabdeeli ke) mahfooz hain. Aksar Ulamaa kiram ne un par tanqeed ki hai. Maloom hota hai keh Ahal-e-Kitab ke baaz Ulamaa ne tafseer ke tour par yeh tafseelat asal kitab mein apni tarf se shamil kar di hain. Un mein buht si galatiyan bhi hain, Jaisey keh hum aindah unhain un ke maqam par zikr karain gain. ( In Sha Allah)

Imam Ibn-e-Jareer (رحمہ اللہ ) ne apni tareekh ki kitab mein kisi ka yeh qoul zikr kiya hai keh Adam (علیہ السلام ) aur Hawwa (علیھا السلام ) ke haan do do kar ke chalees bache paida howe. Aik qoul ke mutabiq aik so bees  jode paida howe. Har baar aik ladke aur aik ladki ki wiladat hoti thi. Us ke baad insano ki taadad mein buht zayada izafa hota gaya aur woh Zameen mein bikhar gaye aur door door tak abaad ho gay. Jese Allah Taala ne farmaya:

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوْا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِيْ خَلَقَكُمْ مِّنْ نَّفْسٍ وَّاحِدَةٍ وَّخَلَقَ مِنْھَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيْرًا وَّنِسَاۗءً  ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ الَّذِيْ تَسَاۗءَلُوْنَ بِهٖ وَالْاَرْحَامَ ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيْبًا     Ǻ۝

 

“Logo! Apne Parwardigaar se daro jis ne tum ko aik shaks se paida kiya (yani awal) us se us ka joda banaya, Phir un dono se kasrat se Mard-o-Aurat (paida kar ke roye zameen par) phela diye.” (Al Nisa: 1/4)

Mourrikheen farmate hain keh Adam ( علیہ السلام) ke fot hone tak un ki aulad aur aulad ki aulad wagera ki taadad  char lakh afraad tak pohnch chuki thi (واللہ اعلم  )

Sahiheen ki jis Hadith mein Safar-e-Mai,raj ka zikar hai, Us mein bayan hai keh Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) pehle Aasman mein Adam ( علیہ السلام) se mile. To unhon ne farmaya: “Nek Nabi aur Nek Bete ko Khush Aamdeed” Adam (علیہ السلام ) ke dayain tarf bhi buht se afraad thay aur bayain tarf bhi buht se afraad thay. Aap jab dayain tarf dekhte to (khush ho kar) hans padte aur bayain tarf nazar uthate to ro padte. ( Nabi ne farmaya) mein ne kaha: “Jibrael! Yeh kiya mamla hai?” Unhon ne farmaya: “Yeh Adam ( علیہ السلام) hain aur yeh un ki aulad ki roohain hain. Jab woh dayain tarf Jannati roohoon ko dekhte hain to muskra dete hain aur jab bayain tarf  Jahanami roohoon ko dekhte hain to ro padte hain. ( Sahih Bukhari, Ahadith-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Zikr-e-Idrees علیہ السلام….. Hadith: 3342 sahih Muslim, Al Iman, Baab-ul-Israa Birasoo Alla صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم….. Hadith: 163)

Is Hadith mein yeh bhi hai keh Rasoolullah (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ne farmaya: “Mein Yusuf (علیہ السلام) ke paas se guzra, To mein ne dekha keh unhain aadha Husun-o-Jamal ata howa hai” Is ki wazahat baaz Ulamaa ne is tarah ki hai keh unhain Adam (علیہ السلام) se aadha husun mila tha aur yeh baat sahi maloom hoti hai kiyu keh (علیہ السلام  ) ko Allah Taala ne apne Dast-e-Mubarak se takhleeq farmaya aur un mein rooh dali. Allah Taala ( Is aehtemam ke sath) jise paida kare, Woh behtreen aur khoobsoorat he ho sakta hai.

Al Bidaya wal Nihayah mein Imam Ibn-e-Kaseer aik riwayat bayan karte hain keh Allah Taala ne jab Jannat paida farmayi to farishton ne kaha: Hamare Malik! Yeh hamare liye khas kar de kiyukeh tu ne Bani Adam ke liye dunya paida ki hai. Woh us mein khate peete hain. Allah Taala ne farmaya: “Meri Izzat-o-Jalal ki qasam! Yeh nahi ho sakta keh jise mein ne apne hath se paida kiya, Us ki nek aulad ko un ( farishton) ke barabar kar doon, Jinhain mein ne [Kun] kaha aur woh wajood mein aagaye. (Al Bidaya wa Al Nihayah: 1/91)

 

Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki wafat aur bete Shees (علیہ السلام) ko wasiyat:

 

“Shees” ka matlab hai “ Allah ka diya howa tohfa” Adam (علیہ السلام) ne un ka yeh naam is liye rakha tha keh Habeel ke qatal ho jane ke baad Allah ne unhain Shees ata farmaya.

Mohammad Bin Ishaq ( رحمہ اللہ) ne farmaya: Jab Adam (علیہ السلام) ki wafat ka waqt aaya to aap ne apne bete “Shees” ke haq mein wasiyat ki. Unhain raat aur din ke auqaat aur un auqaat mein ada ki jane wali ibadaat ki taleem di aur unhain bataya keh aik tufaan aane wala hai.

Kehte hain keh aaj kal jitne insaan mojood hain, Un ka nasab Shees (علیہ السلام)  tak pohnchta hai. Adam (علیہ السلام) ke dosre beton ki aulad khatam ho chuki hai. (  واللہ اعلم)

Jab Adam (علیہ السلام) fot howe, Us din jumma tha. Farishte Allah ke paas se Jannat ki khushboo aur Jannat ka kafan le kar aaye aur un ke bete aur khaleefa Shees (علیہ السلام) se tazeeyat ki.

Hazrat Ubai Bin Kaab (رضی اللہ عنہ ) se riwayat hai, Unhon ne farmaya: jab Adam (علیہ السلام) ki wafaat ka waqt qareeb aaya, Unhon ne apne beton se farmaya: “Beto! Mera Jannat ke phal khane ko ji chahta hai.” Woh talash ke liye nikal khade howe. Unhain samne se farishte aate mile, Jin ke paas Adam (علیہ السلام) ka kafan aur khushboo thi aur un ke paas kulhade, Kasiyan aur tokriyan bhi then. Unhon ne kaha: “Adam ke beto! Tumhain kis cheez ki talash hai?” ya kaha: “tum kiya chahte ho aur kahan ja rahe ho?” Unhon ne kaha: “Hamare walid sahib beemar hain aur Jannat ke mewoon ki khuwahish rakhte hain.” Farishton ne kaha: “Wapis chale jao! Tumhare walid to fout hone wale hain.” Farishte jab ( Adam علیہ السلام ki rooh qabz karne ke liye) aaye to Hawwa (علیھا السلام ) ne unhain dekh kar pehchan liya. Woh Adam (علیہ السلام) se chimat gayeen. Adam (علیہ السلام ) ne farmaya: “Mujh se alag ho jao, (pehle bhi) mujhe tumhare zareeye se he museebat pohnchi thi. Mujhe mere Rabb farishton ke sath rehne do.” Farishton ne un ki rooh qabz ki, Ghusul diya, Kafan pehnaya, Khushboo lagai, Aap ki qabar khodi aur Lahd tayyar ki. Phir unhon ne Adam (علیہ السلام) ki janaza namaz ada ki, Phir unhain qabar mein rakh kar uppar se matti daal di. Phir unhon ne kaha: “Adam ke beto! Tumhare liye yahi tareeqa hai.” ( Musnad-e-Ahmad: 5/135 موقوفا  علی ابن کعب رضی اللہ عنہ   )

Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام ) kahan dafan howe? Is mein ikhtilaf hai. Mash,hoor hai keh unhain Hindustan (ke paas Sirilanka) mein us pahaad ke qareeb dafan kiya gaya jahan unhain Jannat se utara gaya tha. Aik qoul yeh hai keh Makkah mukarma mein Jabal-e-Abi Qabees par dafan kiya gaya. Yeh bhi kehte hain keh Hazrat Nooh (علیہ السلام ) ne tufaan ke moqe par un ki aur Hazrat Hawwa ( علیھا السلام) ki mayaton ko aik taboot mein daal kar kashti mein rakh liya tha. Phir ( tufaan khatam hone ke baad) unhain Bait-ul-Muqaddas mein dafan kar diya. (Tareekh Tabri: 1/105)

Aap ki umar ke bare mein bhi ikhtilaf  hai. Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas aur Abu Hurairah ( رضی اللہ عنھم) ki riwayat se marfoo Hadith hai keh Loah-e-Mahfooz mein un ki umar hazaar saal likhi howi thi. (Masnad-e-Ahmad: 1/252, Sahih Ibn-e-Hibbaan (Ibn-e-Balbaan) 14/41, Hadith: 6167) Us ke muqable mein toraat ke us bayan ko ikhtiyar nahi kiya ja sakta keh woh no so tees (930) saal zinda rahe. Ahal-e-Kitab ka yeh bayan na Qabil-e-Qabool hai kiyukeh yeh us sahih bayan ke khilaf  hai jo Masoom Nabi ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) se hum tak Qabil-e-Aitimad tareeqe se pohncha hai.

Wese un ke qoul aur Hadith mein mutabaqat bhi paida ki ja sakti hai. Toraat ka bayan, Agar galati aur tabdeeli se mahfooz reh gaya ho to us ka matlab hoga keh Adam (علیہ السلام ) Jannat se Zameen par aane ke baad  930 shamsi saal zinda rahe. Qamri hisab se yeh muddat hazaar saal ho jaye gi.

Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام) ki wafaat ke baad un ke bete Shees (علیہ السلام) ne un ke kaam (Rushd-o-Hidayat aur tableeg) ki zimme dari uthayi. Jab un ki wafat ka waqt qarib aaya, To unhon ney apney bety “Anoosh” key haq mein wasiat ki. Chunacah unhon ney yeh zimma dari uthai. Un ke baad un ke bete “Qeenan” phir un ke bete “Mehlayeel” ne yeh mansab sanbhala. Un ke bare mein Ahal-e-Faris ka kehna hai keh woh haft aqleem ke badshah thay. Sab se pehle unhon ne darakht kate, Shehr basaye aur bade bade qile tameer kiye. Woh kehte hain keh Babul aur Soos (Iran) ke shehr unhon ne tameer kiye. Unhon ne Iblees ke lashkaron ko shikast de kar zameen ke door daraz ilaqon aur pahadon ki ghatiyun mein muntashir kar diya. Unhon ne buht se sarkash jin aur bhoot qatal kiye. Un ka aik buht bada taaj tha. Woh logo se khitab farmate thay. Un ki hukumat chalees saal qaim rahi.

Un ki wafaat par un ke bete “Yard” ne un ka mansab sanbhala. Unhon ne apni wafaat ke waqt apne bete “Khanookh” ke haq mein wasiyat ki. Mash,hoor qoul ke mutabiq unhi ko “Idrees علیہ السلام” kaha jata hai.

 

Nataij-o-Fawaid…. Ibratain-o-Hikmatain

 

Insaan ki Izzat-o-Takreem:

 

Insaan ko mukhtalif keede makodoon ya bandar ki irtiqai shakal qarar dene wale kam aqal mustashriqeen Islam ke chand jaise munawwar chehre ko dhundlane ki koshish karte howe kehte hain: “Islam ne ibtida hi se insaani Qadr-o-Manzilat ka aatraaf nahi kiya jab keh Quran insaani asal ko Haqeer-o-Zaleel girdanta hai.”

Quran Hakeem mein bayan kiye gaye Hazrat Adam (  علیہ السلام) kay qisse se us ilzam ki zabardast tardeed hoti hai kiyukeh Islam ne Bani Adam ko jo Aala-o-Arfa maqam diya hai woh dosra koi bhi mazhab, Deen ya falsafa use dene se qasir hai. Quran Majeed Insan ko us ki asal takhleeq matti aur nutfay ki taraf tawajjah dilate hai takeh woh apni asal ko yaad rakhe aur apni hudood se tajawaz kar kay apne Malik-o-Raziq ka naafarmaan aur naashukra naa bane. Us ki nematoon ka shukr guzar rahe aur Ghuroor-o-Takabbur mein mubtala ho kar Kufr-o-Sarkashi ka murtakib nah ho.

Allah Taala ne pehle Adam (  علیہ السلام) ko apne Mubarak hathon se takhleeq farmaya, Apni rooh un mein phoonki, Phir unhain tamam Uloom-o-Maarif ataa kar kay farishton par un ki bartari ka izhar farmaya aur aakhir mein farishton se unhain Sajdah karwa kay un kay Fazal-o-Sharf par muhar tasdeeq sabat kar di. Quran Majeed kay mandarjah zail irshaadaat par ghour karne wale  ko insaani Izz-o-Sharf  bakhoobi maloom ho jata hai:

 

وَعَلَّمَ اٰدَمَ الْاَسْمَاۗءَ كُلَّهَا

 

Aur Allah Taala ne Adam ko tamam naam sikhaye.” (Al Baqarah: 2/31)

 

فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ    29؀

 

“To jab mein use poora bana chukoon aur us mein apni rooh phoonk doon to tum sab us kay liye sajde mein gir padna.”  ( Al Hijr: 15/29)

 

Adam (  علیہ السلام) ki aulaad ki Izzat-o-Takreem ka tazkarah karte howe farmaya:

 

وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِيْٓ اٰدَمَ وَحَمَلْنٰهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنٰهُمْ مِّنَ الطَّيِّبٰتِ وَفَضَّلْنٰهُمْ عَلٰي كَثِيْرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيْلًا

 

Yaqeenan hum ne Aulaad-e-Adam ko badi izzat di aur unhain khushki aur tari ki sawariyaan dein aur unhain pakeeza roziyaan dein aur apni buht si makhlooq par unhain fazeelat ataa farmayi.” (Bani Israeel: 17/70)

 

Aulaad-e-Adam kay is sharf mein tamam aulaad shamil hai, Khawah woh Moosalmaan ho ya kafir, Ameer ho ya gareeb, Kaali ho ya gori, Taraqqi yafta ho ya taraqqi pazeer, Muzakkar ya mu,anas. Dour-e-Jadeed ki khalayi taskheer, Samandaron par insaani hukmuraani, Hawaon par tasalut, Pahadon kay seene chaak kar kay ma,daniyaat ka husool, Sahraaon ki siyaal doulat par qabza, Samandar ki tahoon mein Zarooriyaat-e-Insaani tak rasayi aur jadeed Tahzeeb-o-Tamaddun kay shaahkaar namoone nah sirf Azmat-e-Insaani, Us ski Izzat-o-Sharf  aur deegar makhlooqaat par us kay galbay aur sutoot kay gawah hain balkeh mandarjah baala Farameen-e-Ilaahi ki sachai kay mun bolte saboot bhi hain.

 

Takabbur ka Anjaam-e-Bad:

 

Adam (  علیہ السلام) kay is ibrat angaiz qise say yeh haqeeqat bilkul ayaan ho jaati hai keh Ghuroor-o-Takabbur ka sar hamesha neecha hota hai. Iblees ka aik muqaam tha magar jab woh Farmaan-e-Rabbani kay samne sar tasleem kham karne say inkaar karta hai aur Takabbur-o-Ghuroor ki mukhtalif heela baziyaan karta hai tou is qabeeh jurum ki padaash mein hamesha hamesha kay liye La,een-o-Mardood qaraar pata hai. Allah Taala ki rahmat say mahroomi aur us kay daaimi azaab ka haqdaar ban jaata hai. Kiyukeh kibar woh sifat hai jo Pawardegaar-e-Aalam kay siwa kisi ko zaiba nahi. Rasoolullah (  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) farmate hain: “Allah Taala fermata hai: Izzat mera teh band hai aur kibiriyaai meri chadar hai. Jo shaks in do mein se kisi ko mujh se chene ga mein use azaab mein mubtala kar doon ga.” ( Sahih Muslim, Al Birr wa Silah, Hadith: 2629)

Isi liye Allah Taala ne shaitan kay Fakhar-o-Guroor kay izhar par use lanati qaraar dete howe apne muqadas darbaar se nikal jaane ka hukum diya:

 

قَالَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْهَا فَاِنَّكَ رَجِيْمٌ      34؀ۙوَّاِنَّ عَلَيْكَ اللَّعْنَةَ اِلٰى يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِ    35؀

 

“Farmaya yahan se nikal jaa tu mardood hai aur tujh par qayamat kay din tak lanat ( barse gi.”) (Al Hijr: 15/34-35)

Takabbur ki haqiqat wazih karty hoy Mohsin-e-Insaniat farmaty hain: Takabbur haqq ko jhutlaney aur logon ko Haqir-o-Zalil samajhney ka naam hai. ( Sahi Muslim, Al Iiman, Hadith: 91)

Takabbur karna shan,ee jurum hai jis ka anjaam jahannam ki bhadakti howi aag hai. Rasool-e-Akram (  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) farmate hain: “Kiya mein tumein Jahanamiyun kay bare mein na bataon? Har Akkhad mizaj, Haram khoor mota, Guroor-o-Takabur karne wala Jahannami hai.” ( Sahih Bukhari, Al Tafseer, Hadith: 4918)

Jab keh takabbur kay baraks Ijaz-o-Inkisaar apnaane wala Allah kay han buland martabe ka hamil hai.

Allah Taala takabbur se bachaye aur tawazaa akhtiyaar karne ki toufeeq ataa farmaye. Aameen. Takabur kay mazahir mein se aik chadar ya shalwar wagera ko ghaseet kar chalna bhi hai. Yeh kitna qabeeh jurum hai, Is ki nouyat Rasool-e-Maqbool (  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) kay is farman se baa asaani maloom ki jaa sakti hai:

“ Is asnaa mein keh aik shaks apna izar ( chadar) ghaseetta chala jaa raha tha keh Allah Taala ne use zameen mein dhansa diya, Aur woh ta qayamat zameen mein dhansata chala jaye ga.” (Sahih Bukhari, Al libaas, Hadith: 5790)

Allah taala hum sab ko is jurm se bachne ki toufeeq ataa farmaye. Aameen.

 

Insaan ki rohani bulandi:

 

Quran Majeed mein Irshad Rabbani hai:

 

اِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ خَالِقٌۢ بَشَرًا مِّنْ طِيْنٍ   71؀فَاِذَا سَوَّيْتُهٗ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِيْ فَقَعُوْا لَهٗ سٰجِدِيْنَ  72؀

 

“ Jab aap kay Rabb ne farishton se farmaya kay mein matti say Insaan ko peda karne wala hoon, So Jab mein use theek thaak kar loon aur us mein apni rooh phoonk doon to tum sab us kay samne sajde mein gir padna.” ( Saad: 38/71-72)

Is Aayat-e-Kareema say wazih hota hai kay Insaani takhleeq do cheezon ka murakkab hai aik matti aur dosri rooh. Matti say us kay aaza, Gosht, Aur khoon ko banaya gaya. Dour-e-Jadeed kay science daan yeh kehte hain keh insaani jism inhi ajza par mushtamil hai jin par zameen ki matti mushtamil hai. Is maade say takhleeq ki waja say insaan mein do qism kay melaanaat paye jate hain. Khane, Peene, Pehene, Behtar Tarz-e-Zindagi, Maal-o-Jaah aur jinsi khuwahishaat ki takmeel ka rujhaan aur dosri tarf Fakhar-o-Guroor,  Takabbur, Intiqam, Qatal-o-Zarb aur eeza rasaani kay manfi rujhaanaat bhi paye jate hain.

Insaani jism mein rooh Allah Taala ka woh raaz hai jo use apne parwardigaar par Iman lane, Us ki nematon ka shukar baja lane aur us ki tarf ruju karne ki targeeb deta hai, Aur use parwardigaar kay ahkaamaat ko baja lane aur aala akhlaqiyaat jese Adal-o-Ihsan, Sachai, Amantdaari, Khair khuwahi, Sakhawat, Mohabbat-o-Mawaddaat aur Ukhuwwat ko apnane par ubharta hai. Lihaza Qurani mafhoom mein Insaani maadi aur rohaani majmoye ka naam hai jo aik tarf Allah Taala par Iman aur aala Akhlaqiyaat ko apnata hai to dosri tarf hewani khuwahishaat aur jazbaat ki tarf bhi melaan rakhta hai. Quran key is nazariy say un yahodi Khayalat-o-Nazariyaat ki tardeed hoti hai jo kehte hain kay akhlaqi qawaneen ka insaani zaat say koi talluq nah ya kehte hain keh akhlaqiyaat ka talluq insaan ki iqtisaadi, Ijtemaii aur maadi taraqqi say hai aur insaani fitrat say un ka koi talluq nahi.

 

Adam(علیہ السلام) say pehle Zameeni abaad kaar:

 

Mahreen-e-Arzeyaat, Kurrah-e-Arz par milne wali hadiyun, Khoopidiyun aur mukhtalif dhanchon par tahqeeqat karne kay baad yeh dawa karte hain keh Adam (علیہ السلام ) say pehle bhi zameen par insaan abaad thay neez un abaadiyun ki tareekh lakhon saal puraani hai. Aaiye is bare mein Quran Majeed ki rahnumaii mulahaza karte hain. Quran Majeed Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام) say pehle kay insaan ki tarf ishara karta hai. Irshad hai:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةِ اِنِّىْ جَاعِلٌ فِى الْاَرْضِ خَلِيْفَةً   

 

Aur Jab tere Rabb ne farishton se kaha keh mein zameen mein khaleefa banane wala hoon.” (Albaqarah: 2/30)

 

Khaleefatullah kay bare mein mufassireen ki do aara hain. Aik raye kay mutabiq Adam (علیہ السلام) apne say pehle insaan kay khaleefah hain. Un insaano ne zameen mein Qatal-o-Garat giri ka bazar garam kiya aur fasaadaat kiye to yeh log bil aakhir mitt gaye. Farishton ne khaleefah se usi makhlooq ka jaa nasheen samjha. Lihaza unhon ne yeh andaza lagaya keh yeh khaleefah bhi apne paish roo ki tarah zameen mein Qatal-o-Garat giri aur fasad kare ga. Is liye unhon ne arz kiya:

 

اَتَجْعَلُ فِيْهَا مَنْ يُّفْسِدُ فِيْهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاۗءَ   

 

“Kiya aese shaks ko peda kare ga jo zameen mein fasad kare ga aur khoon bahaye ga.” ( Al baqarah: 2/30)

 

Jabkeh dosri raye mein insaan Allah ka khaleefah hai jo Allah Taala kay diye howe ikhtiyaraat ko us kay ahkaamaat kay mutabiq istimal karta hai takeh dunya mein Aman-o-Sukoon peda ho. Mazkoorah dalail say yeh wazih howa keh jo baat science daan aaj sabit kar rahe hain. Quran Majeed ne sawa chodah so saal qabal he woh uqdah hal kar diya tha. Subhan Allah!

 

Shaitan, Insaan ka jaani dushman:

 

Adam (علیہ السلام) kay qise say maloom hota hai keh Shaitan, Insaan ka azli, Khula aur jaani dushman hai. Allah Taala ne insaan ko Azmat-o-Riffat ataa farmayi to yeh hasad ki aag mein jal utha. Phir jab Adam (علیہ السلام) ko sajdah na karne ki waja say Mardood-o-Lanati aur jahannami qarar paya to us ne ta qayamat muhlat talab kar li takeh Adam (علیہ السلام) ki aulad ko gumrah kar kay jahannam raseed kar sake. Allah Taala ne us ki isi dushmani ko wazih karte howe farmaya:

 

وَّلَا تَتَّبِعُوْا خُطُوٰتِ الشَّيْطٰنِ ۭ اِنَّهٗ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِيْنٌ   ١٦٨؁

 

“Aur Shaitani raah par na chalo, Woh tumhara khula dushman hai.” (Al baqarah: 2/168)

 

Insaan Allah Taala ka khaleefah hai aur us mein Allah Taala ne apni rooh phoonki hai. Yeh dono sifat insaan say aala akhlaq, Jaise Adal-o-Insaaf, Khair khuwahi, Bhalai, Sakhawat, Diyaanat, Mohabbat , Aisaar  aur narm roi ka mutalaba karte hain jabkeh insaan ka azli dushman use burai, Behayai, Bukhul, Kanjoosi, Guroor, Takabbur, Jhoot, Lalach, Hawas, Keena, Aur hasad Jaise bure akhalq apnane ki targeeb deta hai. Haq aur batil, Khair aur shar, Neki aur badi ki isi jang mein insaan ki aazmaish, Ibtila, Aur imtihan hai. Agar khair ko apnata hai to jannat us ka muqadar hai. Aur agar Shaitani Makr-o-Faraib ka shikar hota hai to us ka thekanah Shaitan kay sath jahannam ki gehraiyaan hongi. اعاذنا اللہ منھا

 

Jannat-ul-Firdous say des nikala:

 

Allah Taal ne Adam (علیہ السلام)  ko peda farmaya, Apni rooh un mein phoonki farishton say sajdah karwa kay un ki Fazeelat-o-Bartari ka izhar farmaya, Phir unhain rehne kay liye Jannat-ul-Firdous ka rehaishe banaya aur sath he Batour-e-Aazmaish sirf aik darakht say mana kar kay sari Jannat ka malik bana diya. Hasad ki aag mein jalte howe Shaitan ko yeh saari bakhshishain kante ki tarah chubh rahi theen. Lihaza us ne Adam (علیہ السلام) ka khair  khuwah ban kar unhain parwardigaar kay hukum se gumrah kar diya. Unhon ne mamnoo phal khaya to Jannat bareen ki tamam nematain foran cheen leen gayein. Makkaar dushman apni chaal mein kamyaab ho gaya aur Adam (علیہ السلام) Sharmindah-o-Nadim howe. Un ki toba qubool howi, Taham Jannat say nikaal kar zameen par basa diye gaye.

 

Shaitani taleemat:

 

Adam (علیہ السلام) kay mubarak qisse say maloom hota hai keh Shaitan azal say insaan ka dushman hai jo abad tak rahe ga. Insaan ko gumrah kar kay jahannam raseed karna us ka awwaleen maqsad hai. Aaiye dekhte hain keh yeh kin hathkandon aur chalon say insaan ko barbaad karta hai aur us ki konsi muhlik taleemaat hain jo dunya aur aakhirat mein insaan ki ruswai ka bais banti hain. Allah Taala ne us key shar aur fitne say bachne ki talaqeen karte howe farmaya:

 

يٰبَنِيْٓ اٰدَمَ لَا يَفْتِنَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطٰنُ كَمَآ اَخْرَجَ اَبَوَيْكُمْ مِّنَ الْجَنَّةِ

 

“Ae Aulad-e-Adam! Shaitan tum ko kisi kharabi mein na daal day jaisa keh us ne tumhare maan baap ko Jannat se bahir kar diya!.” (Al A’raf: 7/27)

 

Shaitan insaan ko har bure kaam, Behayai aur Allah Taala ki na farmaani par uksata hai, Jaisa keh irshad hai:

 

اِنَّمَا يَاْمُرُكُمْ بِالسُّوْۗءِ وَالْفَحْشَاۗءِ وَاَنْ تَقُوْلُوْا عَلَي اللّٰهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُوْنَ    ١٦٩؁

 

“Woh tumhain sirf burai, Behayai, Aur Allah Taala par un baton kay kehne ka hokum deta hai jin ka tumhain ilm nahi.” ( Al baqarah: 2/169)

Qatal-o-Garat, Fasadaat, Nafrat-o-Adawat, Buguz-o-Hasad ka hukum dena aur Ittifaq-o-Ittihad ko khatam kar kay Intishar-o-Iftiraaq ka  phelana Shaitan ka mahboob mashgala hai. Allah Taala ne us ki isi khaslat say khabardar karte howe farmaya:

 

اِنَّ الشَّيْطٰنَ يَنْزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۭ اِنَّ الشَّيْطٰنَ كَانَ لِلْاِنْسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِيْنًا  53؀

 

Bila shuba Shaitan aaps mein fasaad dalwata hai, Be shak Shaitan insaan ka khula dushman hai.” (Bani israeel: 17/53)

 

Woh insaan ko Sadqa-o-Khairat, Ahsaan, Bhalaai, Neki ki raah mein kharch karne say rokta hai keh us say maal kam ho jaye ga.

 

Is tarah insaan ko bukhul, Hawas, Kanjoosi, aur Zulum-o-Sitam ki taleem deta hai keh us say maal bhadta hai:

 

اَلشَّيْطٰنُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَاْمُرُكُمْ بِالْفَحْشَاۗءِ

 

“Shaitan tumhain faqeeri say dhamkata hai aur behayai ka hukum deta hai .”( Al baqarah: 2/268)

 

Woh sharab, Joye, Aur qabar parasti say logo kay Aqaid-o-Amaal mein bigaad peda karta hai un mein bahmi nafrat ko farogh deta hai. Aur Allah Taala ki ibadat say rok deta hai.

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَاالَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْاَنْصَابُ وَالْاَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطٰنِ فَاجْتَنِبُوْهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُوْنَ    90؀اِنَّمَا يُرِيْدُ الشَّيْطٰنُ اَنْ يُّوْقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاۗءَ فِي الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللّٰهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلٰوةِ   ۚ فَهَلْ اَنْتُمْ مُّنْتَهُوْنَ    91 ؀

 

Ae Iman walo! Baat yahi hai keh sharab aur juwa aur thaan wagerah aur panse kay teer yeh sab gandi batain hain. Shaitani kaam hain, In sey bilkul alag thalag raho takeh tum falah yaab ho aur Shaitan yun chahta hai keh sharab aur juye kay zareey say tumhare darmiyan adawat aur buguz waqe kara day aur Allah Taala ki yaad say aur namaz say tum ko baaz rakhe so ab bhi baaz ajao.” ( Al maida: 15/91)

Shaitan insaan ko libas say mahroom kar kay be sharmi aur be hayai ko farogh deta hai. Aaj dunya mein shawat parasti ka jo selaab aaya howa hai aur insaaniyat jis sharmindigi say do chaar hai woh Shaitani chaal kay intihai kamyab hone ka mun bolta saboot hai. Irshad Baari hai:

 

يٰبَنِيْٓ اٰدَمَ لَا يَفْتِنَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطٰنُ كَمَآ اَخْرَجَ اَبَوَيْكُمْ مِّنَ الْجَنَّةِ يَنْزِعُ عَنْهُمَا لِبَاسَهُمَا لِيُرِيَهُمَا سَوْاٰتِهِمَا  ۭاِنَّهٗ يَرٰىكُمْ هُوَ وَقَبِيْلُهٗ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا تَرَوْنَهُمْ 

 

Ae aulad Adam! Shaitan tum ko kisi kharabi mein nah daal day jaisa keh us ne tumhare maan baap ko Jannat se bahir kara diya, Un ka libaas bhi utarwa diya ta keh woh un ko un ki sharam gahain dekhaye aur woh aur us ka lashkar tum ko aese toar par dekhta hai tum unhain nahi dekhte ho.”( Al A,raf: 7/21)

 

Iblees, Abu ul Shayateen:

 

Iblees tamam Shaitanon ka baap tha Iblees jinon mein say tha, Apni sarkashi, Takabbur aur hasad ki waja say us ki alag pehchan bani. Irshad Baari Taala hai.

 

اِلَّآ اِبْلِيْسَ ۭ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ اَمْرِ رَبِّهٖ 

 

“Siwaye Iblees kay, Yeh jinon mein say tha us ne apne parwardigaar ki na farmaani ki.” (Al kahaf: 18/50)

 

Jin zee aqal makhlooq hain. Insaano ki tarah jin bhi shareeat kay paband hain. Chunkeh yeh aag say peda kiye gaye hain aur un kay maadi jism nahi hain is liye hum inhain dekh nahi sakte jab keh woh dekhte hain. Jaisa keh Farman-e-Baari Taala hai:

 

اِنَّهٗ يَرٰىكُمْ هُوَ وَقَبِيْلُهٗ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا تَرَوْنَهُمْ 

 

“Woh aur us ka lashkar tum ko aese toar par dekhte hain tum un ko nahi dekhte ho.”( Al A,raf: 7/27)

 

Jinon ki takhleeq kay bare mein Irshad-e-Baari Taala hai:

 

وَالْجَاۗنَّ خَلَقْنٰهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ مِنْ نَّارِ السَّمُوْمِ   27؀

 

“Aur is say pehle jinnat ko hum ne lu wali aag say peda kiya.” ( Al hijr: 15/27)

 

Jino mein bhi Nek-o-Bad hain. Nek jin sharee,at kay paband aur nek kamon mein sabqat le jane ki koshish karte hain jabkeh shareer Shaitan kay cheele hain aur dosron ko gumrah karne mein mashgool rehte hain. Jaisa keh Jino ki zubani Irshad-e-Rabbani hai.

 

وَّاَنَّا مِنَّا الصّٰلِحُوْنَ وَمِنَّا دُوْنَ ذٰلِكَ   ۭ كُنَّا طَرَاۗىِٕقَ قِدَدًا   11۝ۙ

 

“Aur yeh keh (be shak) baaz to hum mein neko kaar hain aur baaz us kay baraks bhi hain. Hum mukhtalif tareeqon say bate howe thay.”( Al jinn: 72/11)

 

Neez Irshad farmaya:

 

وَّاَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُوْنَ وَمِنَّا الْقٰسِطُوْنَ   ۭ فَمَنْ اَسْلَمَ فَاُولٰۗىِٕكَ تَحَرَّوْا رَشَدًا   14؀ وَاَمَّا الْقٰسِطُوْنَ فَكَانُوْا لِجَهَنَّمَ حَطَبًا   15؀ۙ

 

“Haan hum mein baaz to muslaman hain aur baaz be insaaf hain. Pas jo farmanbardar ho gaye unhon ne to raah rast ka qasad kiya, Aur jo zalim hain woh jahannam ka eindhan ban gaye .”( Al jinn: 72/14-15)

 

Insaaniyat ka pehla qatal:

 

Hasad woh qabeeh aur shanee gunah hai jis kay zari,ye say Allah Taala ki pehli naafar maani ki gayi. Iblees ne hasad karte howe Adam (علیہ السلام ) ko tasleem karne se inkar kiya aur Hukum-e-Ilahi ko Pass-e-Pusht dalte howe Adam (علیہ السلام  )  ko Sajdah karne se inkar kar diya jis ki jaza mein woh aur us ki perwi karne wale Azaab-e-Ilahi kay mustahiq thehray. Hasad hi woh jurum tha jis kay zari,ye say zameen mein Allah Taala ki pehli nafarmaani ki gayi yaani Habeel ka qatal.

Habeel Adam (علیہ السلام ) ki aulad mein aik nek fitrat, Khair aur bhalai say Mohubbat karne wala, Allah Taala ka mut,ee aur us  kay ahkaamaat baja lane wala aur us ki raah mein umdah aur tayyab maal kharch karne wala fard tha. Jabkeh dosri tarf Qabeel tha jo kanjoos, Bakheel, Shaitani raah par chalne wala aur maal ki mohubbat mein girftaar shaks tha. Dono ne Allah ki raza kay liye qurbani ki. Habeel ne umdah maal qurban kiya Jabkeh Qabeel ne intihai ghatiya maal qurbani mein paish kiya. Allah Taala pakeeza aur umdah maal qubool karta hai lihaza Habeel ki qurbani qubool hogayi aur Qabeel ki mustarad.

Qabeel ko bhai ki yeh Qadr-o-Manzilat pasand na aai aur us ny hasad mein aakar bhai ko qatal kar dia. Is tarah Kurrah-e-Arz par pahla qatal waqi hoa jo hasad ka natijah tha aur Qabeel insaniat ka pahla qatil bana aur ta qayamat by gunah qatal hony walon key gunah mein barabar ka sharik hoa. Is sey maloom hoa keh hasad sey hamisha bachna cahiy kionkeh yeh sar Chasmah-e-Gunah hai.!!!

 

Taubah, Qurb-e-Ilahi kay husool ka ahm zari,ya:

 

Jab say Shaitan ne Adam (علیہ السلام ) aur un ki aulad kay sath jang ka ailan kiya hai, Us waqt say neki aur badi, Khair aur shar, Bhalai aur burai kay darmiyan kashmakash jari hai. Shaitan apne lao lashkar kay sath raat din Bani Adam ko gumrah karne, Unhain apne Rabb ka nafarmaan banana, Burai mein mulawwis karne, Neki say door aur baddi mein mubtala karne kay liye sar garam hai. Adam (علیہ السلام) kay qissy say Bani Adam ko un mushkilaat ka hal muyassar aata hai, Un kay jaani dushman kay kaar garwaar sehat yaab hone ka anmol nuskha mila hai. Shaitan ki chand lamhe ki khushi kay baad use Zaleel-o-Khuwaar karne ka mazboot tareen hathyar naseeb hota hai. Woh ilaj aur hathiyar wahi hai jo un kay walid mohtaram Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام)  ne ikhtiyar kiya tha aur woh hai Taubah-o-Istighfar.

Jis tarah Adam-o-Hawwa (  علیھما السلام) Shaitani makar ka shikaar howe, Usi tarah un ki aulad bhi Shaitan kay faraib mein aa sakti hai. Lihaza unhain bhi ilaj is tarah karna chahiye jis tarah un kay waldain ne kiya tha, Woh rote howe aur gir gidaate howe apne Rabb ki tarf mutawajja howe:

 

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَآ اَنْفُسَنَا    ۫وَاِنْ لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُوْنَنَّ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ   23؀

 

Ae hamare Rabb! Hum ne apna bada nuqsan kiya, Aur agar tu hamari magfirat nah kare ga aur hum par rehm nah kare ga to waqai hum nuqsan pane walon mein say ho jayain ge.” ( Al A,raf: 7/21)

Lihaza Ae Muslim! Agar Shaitan ka waar tujh par kamyab ho jaye, Tu apne Rabb ki na farmaani kar bethy aur Inaam-e-Rabbani se mahroom ho jaye, To tere liye Qurb-e-Ilahi kay husool, Gunaho ki bakhshish, Rabb ki raza aur in,aamaat kay husool kay liye taubah ka darwaza khula hai. Tu apni zindagi mein kisi bhi waqt us darwaze se dakhil ho kar apni siyah kariyun ko nekiyun mein tabdeel kara sakta hai..

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qisas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

 

 

Prophet Adam (علیہ السلام)

Informing the Angels About Adam(علیہ السلام)

Allah the Almighty revealed:

“Remember when your Lord said to the angels: ‘Verily, I am going to place mankind generations after generations on earth.’ They said: ‘Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, while we glorify You with praises and thanks (exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.’ Allah said: ‘I know that which you do not know.’

Allah taught Adam all the names of everything, then He showed them to the angels and said: “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.” They (angels) said: “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.”

He said: “O Adam! Inform them of their names,” and when he had informed them of their names, He said: “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been hiding?”

Remember when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourself before Adam” They prostrated except Iblis, he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers(disobedient to Allah).”

We said: “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will but come not near this tree or you both will be of the Zalimeen (wrongdoers).” Then the Satan made them slip therefrom (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said: “Get you down all with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.”

Then Adam received from his Lord Words. His Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the most Merciful.

We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve. But those who disbelieve and belie Our Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, and signs and revelations, etc) such are the dwellers of the Fire, they shall abide therein forever.” (Chapter 2:30-39, Qur’an).

Almighty Allah also revealed:

“And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being), then We told the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”, and they prostrated, except Iblis, he refused to be those who prostrate. Allah said: “What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not postrate when I commanded you?”

Iblis said: “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire and him You created from clay.”

Allah said: “O Iblis get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.”

Iblis said: “Allow me respite till the Day they are raised up (Day of Resurrection).”

Allah said: “You are of those allowed respite.”

Iblis said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (they will not be dutiful to You).”

Allah said: “Get out from Paradise, disgraced and expelled. Whoever of them (mankind) will follow you, then surely I will fill Hell with you all.” “And O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in Paradise, and eat thereof as you both wish, but approach not this tree otherwise you both will be of the Zalimeen (unjust and wrongdoers).”

“Then Satan whispered suggestions to them both in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts before, he said:” Your Lord did not forbid you this tree save you should become angels or become of the immortals.” Satan swore by Allah to them both saying: “Verily I am one of the sincere well wishers for you both.”

So he misled them with deception. Then when they tasted of the tree, that which was hidden from them of their shame (private parts) became manifest to them and they began to stick together the leaves of Paradise over themselves (in order to cover their shame). Their Lord called out to them saying “Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you, Verily Satan is an open enemy unto you?”
They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.” Allah said: “Get down one of you an enemy to the other (i.e. Adam, Eve, and Satan etc). On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment, for a time.” He said: “therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought out (resurrected).”

(Chapter 7:11-25 Qur’an).

We imagine when Allah the Almighty decided to create Adam: He addressed His angels and told them to prostrate before him. He did not mean to ask their opinion or take their advice, for He is above that. Allah the Exalted told them that He was going to create a vicegerent on the earth who would have children and grandchildren who would corrupt the earth and shed each other’s blood. That is why the angels said to Allah the Almighty: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood!”

(Chapter 2:30 Quran).

There are old traditions about the angels before the creation of Adam. According to Ibn Qatadah, it was said that the angels were informed about the creation of Adam and his progency by the jinn who lived before Adam. Abdullah Ibn Umar said that the jinn had existed for about 2000 years before Adam and then shed blood. Therefore Allah sent on them an army of angels that drove them out to the depths of the seas.

Ibn Abi Hatim narrated from Ali jafar Al Baqer that the angels were informed that man would cause wickedness and shed blood on earth. It was also said that they knew that no one would be created on earth who would not be wicked and shed blood. Whether or not these traditions are correct, the angels did understand that Allah would create a vicegerent on earth. Allah the Almighty announced that HE was going to create a human being out of clay, that HE would mold him and blow His spirit into him and then the angels should prostrate before him.

Abi Musa al Sha’arai narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “Allah created Adam from a handful of dust taken from different lands, so the children of Adam have been created according to the composition of the land. Therefore from mankind we have white, red, black and yellow ones; we have good and evil, ease and sorrow, and what comes in between them.” (Sahih al Bukhari).

Ibn Masud and other companions of the Prophet (PBUH) said that Allah the Almighty sent Gabriel onto the earth to said that Allah the Almighty sent Gabriel onto the earth to get Him clay therefrom. The earth said: “I seek refuge in Allah from your decreasing my quantity or disfiguring me.” So Gabriel returned and did not take anything. He said: “My Lord, the land sought refuge in You and it granted.”

So Allah sent Michael for the same purpose, and the land sought refuge with Allah and it was granted. So he went back and said to Allah what Gabriel has said before him. Then Allah sent the Angel of Death, and the land sought refuge in Allah, the angel said: “I also seek refuge with Allah from returning without carrying out His command.” So he took clay from the face of the earth and mixed it. He did not take from one particular place, but rather he took white, red, and black clay from different places.

The Angel of Death ascended with it, Allah soaked the clay till it became sticky. Then Allah said to the angels:

“Truly, I am going to create man from clay. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” (Chapter 38:71-72 Quran).
So Allah shaped Adam into a human being, but he remained a figure of clay for fourty years. The angels went past him. They were seized with fear by what they saw, and Iblis felt fear most. He used to pass by the figure of Adam, buffeting it, which would make a sound like pottery. Allah told us:
“He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.” (Chapter 55:Quran).

When the time drew near to breathe the spirit into Adam, as Allah decreed, He commanded the angels: “When I breathe My spirit into him prostrate before him.” Allah breathed His spirit into Adam and when it reached his head Adam sneezed. The angels said: “Say all praise belongs to Allah.” Adam repeated: “All praise belongs to Allah.” Allah said to him: “Your Lord has grantedyou mercy.” When the spirit reached his eyes, Adam looked at the fruits of Paradise. When it reached his abdomen Adam felt an appetite for food. He jumped hurriedly before the spirit could reach his legs, so that he could eat from the fruits of Paradise. Allah, therefore, said:

“Man is created of haste. (Chapter 21:37 Quran).

And then:

“The angels prostrated themselves all of them together. Except Iblis, he refused to be among the prostrators. (Ch 15:31-32 Quran).

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Allah created Adam from dust after He mixed the clay and left him for some time until it became sticky mud, after which Allah shaped him. After that Allah left him till it became like potter’s clay. Iblis used to go past him saying ‘You have been created for a great purpose.’ After that Allah breathed His spirit into him. The first thing into which the spirit passed was his eye and then his nose. He sneezed. Allah said: “May your Lord have mercy upon you, O Adam! Go to those angels and see what they would say.’ So Adam went and greeted them. they replied saying: “Peace be upon you and the mercy and blessings of Allah.” Allah said: “O Adam! This is your greeting and that of your offspring.” (Sahih al Bukhari).

Adam’s Progeny Accept Allah

Allah the Almighty revealed:

Remember when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves saying: ‘Am I not your Lord?’ They said: ‘Yes! We testify’ lest you should say on the Day of Resurrectio:. ‘Verily we have been unaware of this’. Or lest you should say: ‘It was only our father aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allah and we were merely their descendants after them; will you then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practiced al batil (polytheism) and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah?’ Thus do We explain the Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations etc) in detail so that they may turn unto the truth“. (Ch 7:172-174 Quran).

Adam’s progeny declared: “Our Lord, we bear witness that You are our Lord; we have no other Lord but Allah. Allah raised their father Adam, and he looked at them and saw those of them who were rich and those who were poor, and those who had good forms and those who did not. Adam said: “O Allah! I wish You to make Your servants equal.” Allah replied “I love being thanked.”
Adam saw among the prophets like lamps among his progeny.

The Prophet’s Covenant

Almighty Allah declared:
“Remember when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (o Muhammad), and
from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus son of Mary. We took from them a strong covenant.

(Ch 33:7 Quran).

In another verse Allah the Exalted commanded:

So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifan (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in khalqillah (the Religion of Allah–Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most men know not. (Ch 30:30 Quran).

Another version of the story relates that Allah took a handful of the dust of the earth and mixed into it the colors, white, black, yellow and red. That is the reason why men are born different colors. When Allah mixed the dust with water, it turned into potter’s clay that makes a sound. It was fermented and had a smell. Iblis passed by, wondering what was going to be made of that clay. From the clay Allah created Adam. he molded his form with His own hands and blew His spirit into him. Adam’s body quivered as life was imbued into it.
Then We drowned the other (disbelievers and polytheists, etc.). (Ch 37:82 Quran).

Similarity between Adam and Jesus (PBUT)

Allah the Almighty declared:

Verily the likeness of Jesus, in Allah’s Sight is the likeness of Adam, He created him from the dust then He said to him “Be!” –and he was. (Ch 3:59 Quran).

The Meaning of the Angel’s Prostration

Adam opened his eyes and saw all the angels prostrating before him except one being who was standing at a distance Adam did not know what kind of creature it was that did not prostrate before him nor did he know its name. Iblis was standing with the angels so as to be included in the command given to them but he was not one of them. He was a jinn, and as such he was supposed to be inferior to the angels. What is clear is that this prostration was to show respect and did not mean that the angels were worshipping Adam. Prostrating in worship is done only for Allah..
Almighty Allah recounted the story of Iblis’s refusal to prostate before Adam:

Remember when your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. So when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him then fall you down prostrating
yourselves unto him’. So the angels prostrated themselves all of them together, except Iblis, he refused to be among the prostrators. Allah said: ‘O Iblis! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators?’ Iblis said: ‘I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.’ Allah said: ‘Then get out from here for verily you are Rajim (an outcast or cursed one). Verily the curse shall be upon you till Day of Recompense (Day of Resurrection)‘”.

(Ch 15:28-35 Quran).

In another surah Almighty Allah recounted it thus:

Surely We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being), then We told the angels: ‘Prostrate to Adam and they prostrated except Iblis he refused to be of those who prostrate“. Allah said: “What prevented you Iblis that you did not prostrate when I commanded you?” Iblis said: ‘I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire and him You created from clay.’
Allah said: ‘Get down from this Paradise, it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.’ Iblis said: ‘Allow me respite till the Day of Resurrection).’ Allah said: ‘You are of those allowed respite.’ (Ch 7:11-15 Quran).

Ibn Jarir reported that Muhammad Ibn sirin said that the first one to reach a conclusion by reasoning was Iblis and that the sun and moon were not worshiped except through this method. This means that Iblis tried to compare himself to Adam. He believed that he was more honorable than Adam. Therefore he abstained from prostrating even though Allah had commanded him to do so, just as He had commanded the angels. If an analogy is made we see that Iblis is vain. For indeed clay is better than fire because in it can be found the qualities of calmness, clemency, perseverance and growth; whereas in fire can be found heedlessness, insignificance, haste, and incineration.

Iblis tried in vain to justify his refusal:

Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?” Iblis said: “See? those whom You have honored above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few! (Ch 17:62 Quran).

Adam was following what was happening around him and had feelings of love, awe, and astonishment. Deep love of Allah,Who had created and glorified him and Who had made His angels prostrate before him. Awe of the Creator’s wrath when He excluded Iblis from His mercy. Adam was surprised by this creature, Iblis who abhorred him without even knowing him and who imagined himself better than Adam without having proved that he was worthier. What a strange creature Iblis was, and how strange was his excuse for not prostrating! He imagined that fire is better than clay, but how did he get such an idea? Such knowledge is exclusive to Allah Who created fire and clay and Who knows which is the better of the two. From the dialogue Adam realized that Iblis was a creature characterized by cunning and ingratitude. He then knew that Iblis was his eternal enemy. He was greatly astonished at Iblis’s audacity and Allah’s tolerance. Immediately after his creation Adam witnessed the large amount of freedom that Allah gives to His commissioned creatures.

Allah knew that Iblis was not going to obey Him in prostrating before Adam. Allah could have totally annihilated him or turned him into a handful of dust or stifled the refusal in his mouth. Yet, Allah gives His commissioned creatures absolute freedom even to the extent that they can refuse Allah the Almighty’s commands. He grants them the freedom of denial, disobedience, and even disagreement with Him. His kingdom will not diminish if the disbelievers do not believe in Him nor will it be extended if many people believe in Him. On the contrary, the disbelievers will lose, and the believers will gain but Allah is above all of that.

There were many traditions about Iblis at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Ibn Masud, Ibn Abbas and a group of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that Iblis had been the head of the angels in the worldly heavens. Ibn Abbas said in one narration that his name had been Azazil and in another narration he said it had been Al Harith. Ibn Abbas also said that Iblis was a jinn and that they had once been the keepers of Paradise, with Iblis the most honorable and the most learned and the most pious of them. Another tradition says that he had been one of the famous four possessors of wings (angels), before Allah transformed him into the accursed Satan.

Allah Almighty recounts Iblis’s disobedience in another surah:

Remember when your Lord said to the angels: ‘Truly I am going to create man from clay. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.’ So the angels prostrated themselves all of them; except Iblis, he was proud and was one of the disbelievers.
Allah said: “The truth is, and the truth I say, that I will fill Hell with you and those of them (mankind) that follow you together. (Ch 38:71-85 Quran).

The Reason for Adam’s Creation

After this lesson about freedom Adam learned another lesson, one about knowledge. Adam realized that Iblis was the symbol of evil in the universe and that the angels were the symbol of good. However he did not yet know anything about himself. Then Allah made him perceive his true identity and the reason for his creation, and the secret of his glorification.
Allah the Exalted said: “He taught Adam all the names of everything. (Ch 2:31 Quran).

Teaching Adam

Almighty Allah granted Adam the power to know the natures of all things and to summarize them by names; that is a bird, that is a star, that is a tree, etc Allah implanted in Adam an insatiable need for and love of knowledge and a desire to bequeath knowledge to his children. This was the reason for his creation and the secret of his glorification. After Adam had learned the names of all things, along with their properties and uses, Allah presented them to the angels and said:

Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.”(Ch 2:31 Quran)

The angels admitted their inability: 

Glory be to You, we have knowledge except what You have taught us. Verily it is You the All Knower, the All Wise. (Ch 2:32)

Allah Almighty then turned to Adam:

O Adam! Inform them of their names,” and when he had informed them of their names, He said: ‘Did I not tell you that I know the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been hiding?‘” (Ch 2:33).

Allah wanted the angels to know that He knew of their astonishment when He had told them about the creation of Adam and that He also knew of their confusion which they had not revealed, as well as what Iblis had concealed of his disobedience and ingratitude.
The angels realized that Adam was the creature who knew what they did not know and that his capacity to learn was his noblest quality. His knowledge included knowledge of the Creator which we call faith or Islam, as well as the knowledge he would need to inhabit and master the earth. All kinds of worldly knowledge which are included in this.

Adam knew the names of everything. Sometimes he talked to the angels, but they were preoccupied with worshipping Almighty Allah. Therefore Adam, felt lonely. One day he slept and when he awoke he found near his head, a woman gazing at his face with beautiful tender eyes. The angels asked him her name he replied: “Eve (Hawa).” (means living things). They asked: “Why did you call her Eve?” Adam said: “Because she was created of me and I am a living being.”

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.
Nabiyo Ki Zindagi – Part 1/06 || Arshad Basheer Madani
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