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02. HAZRAT IDRIS ( علیہ السلام ) [Prophet Enoch]

 Hazrat Idrees (علیہ السلام)

 

Naam-o-Nasab, Jaye Paidaish Aur Quran Majeed Mein Aap Ka Tazkirah

 

Hazrat Idrees (علیہ السلام) Misar kay Shehr “Minfees” yaani “Manaf” mein peda howe. Log unhain “Harmas-ul-Haramisah” kehte thay. Yeh suryani zuban ka aik lafz hai. Harmoos ka maana hai “Tujruba kaar mazboot raye wala” baaz Ahl-e-Ilm ka khayal hai keh aap Babul shehr mein peda howe,  Phir hijrat kar kay Misar pohnchy.

Ilm-e-Ansaab kay aksar ulma kay mutabiq Hazrat Idrees (علیہ السلام) Nabi (  صلی الله علیہ وسلم)  kay silsila nasab mein shamil hain. Adam aur shees (علیہ السلام) kay baad sab say pehle inhain nubuwwat ka sharf hasil howa.

 

Hazrat Idrees (علیہ السلام) ka naam Quran Majeed mein do maqaam par aaya hai. Irshad Baari Taala hai:

 

وَاِسْمٰعِيْلَ وَاِدْرِيْسَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ ۭ كُلٌّ مِّنَ الصّٰبِرِيْنَ 85؀ښوَاَدْخَلْنٰهُمْ فِيْ رَحْمَتِنَا  ۭ اِنَّهُمْ مِّنَ الصّٰلِحِيْنَ 86؀

 

“Aur (Ae Nabi!) Ismaeel, Idrees aur Zul Kifil ka zikr kijiye. Yeh sab sabir log thay. Hum ne unhain apni rahmat mein dakhil farmaya, Bila shubah yeh nek log thay.” (Al Anbiya: 21/85-86)

 

Aur dosre maqaam par Allah Taala ne unn ki babat yun farmaya:

 

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتٰبِ اِدْرِيْسَ ۡ اِنَّهٗ كَانَ صِدِّيْقًا نَّبِيًّا 56؀ڎوَّرَفَعْنٰهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا 57؁

 

“Is muqaddas kitab (Quran Majeed ) mein Idrees ka zikr kijiye. Bila shubah woh bhi nihayat sachy Nabi thay aur hum ne unko unchi jaga utha liya tha.” (Maryam: 19/56-57)

 

Is Ayat-e-Mubaraka mein Allah Taala ne Idrees (علیہ السلام) ki tareef karte howe unhain Nabi aur raast baaz qarar diya hai.

 

Allah Taala kay farman: وَّرَفَعْنٰهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا   “Aur hum ne un ko unchi jaga utha liya tha”. Wazahat sahiheen mein mazkoor me’raaj ki ahadith say hoti hai jis mein bayan howa hai keh chothy aasman par un say Rasoolullah (صلی الله علیہ وسلم) ki mulaqaat howi thi.” (Sahih Bukhari Al Salah Baab-o-Kaifa Furazat-e-Al Salato Fil Israa, Hadith: 349, Sahih Muslim Al Iman Baab-ul-Isra Bi Rasool Allah…., Hadith: 164)

Imam Ibn-e-Jareer (رحمہ اللہ) ne Hilal Bin Yusaaf se bayan kiya hai, Unhonn ne farmaya: “Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھ ) ne meri mojodigi mein Ka’ab Ahbaar say farmaya:  Idrees (علیہ السلام) kay bare mein Allah kay is farman وَّرَفَعْنٰهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا  ka kiya matlab hai? “Aur hum ne un ko unchi jaga utha liya tha.”

Ka’ab ne farmaya: “Allah Taala ne Idress  (علیہ السلام) ki tarf wahi nazil farmayi: “Mein aap kay aa’maal mein rozana tamam Bani Adam kay aa’maal kay barabar izafa kar doon ga.

Is say galiban un kay zamane kay tamam insaano kay aa’maal kay barabar sawab murad hai. Un kay dil mein khuwahish peda howi keh un ki nekiyun mein buht izafa ho jaye. Un kay paas un ka aik dost farishta aaya. Unhon ne us say kaha: “Mere bare mein mout kay farishty say baat kijiye takeh (mjhe zayada mohlat mile aur) Mein zayada nekiyaan kar sakoon. Farishty ne unhain apne paron mein chupa liya aur unhain le kar Aasman par chala gaya. Chothy Aasman par ueey Malak-ul-Mout upar say aate howe mile. Us ne Malak-ul-Mout say is bare mein baat ki jo Idrees (علیہ السلام) ne kahi thi. Malak-ul-Mout ne farmaya: Idrees (علیہ السلام) hain kahan? Us ne kaha woh meri peeth par hain. Malak-ul-Mout ne kaha: “Ta’jub hai! Mjhe bheja gaya tha aur hukum howa tha: “Idrees (علیہ السلام) ki rooh chothy Aasman par qabz karo” Mein (dil mein) keh raha tha: “woh to zameen par hain, Mein un ki rooh chothy par kese qabz karoon?” Chunancha unhon ne wahan un ki rooh qabz ki. Allah Taala kay is irshad mein isi taraf isharah hai: وَّرَفَعْنٰهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا   “Hum ne use aik buland maqaam par uthaya”. Tafseer Tibiri: 9/121, Tafseer Surah Maryam Ayat: 56)

 

Doran-e-Me’raj Nabi ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) aur Idrees ( علیہ السلام ) ki mulaqat:

 

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ood aur Abdullah Bin Abbas ( رضی اللہ عنھما ) say marwi keh Ilyas aur Idrees (علیہ السلام ) aik hi shaksiyat kay do naam hain. (Sahih Bukhari, Ahadith-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-وان الیاس لمن المرسلین۔۔۔۔۔۔الخ,  Qabl-al-Hadith: 3342) Is ski taeed mein Hazrat Anas (رضی اللہ عنھا ) say marwi me’raj ki Hadith pesh ki jati hai jiss mein mazkoor hai keh jab Nabi (  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) un kay paas say guzre unhon ne Aap ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) ka istiqbal karte howe farmaya tha: “Naik bhai aur naik Nabi ko khush aamdeed” Jabkeh Hazrat Adam aur Hazrat Ibrahim  (علیھما السلام ) ne farmaya tha: “Naik nabi aur naik bete ko khush aamdeed”  ( Sahih Bukhari, Ahadith-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Zikr Idrees  علیہ السلام.الخ, Hadith: 3342) Agar Idrees (علیہ السلام ) aap kay ajdaad mein say hote to woh un dono ki tarah aap ko ( beta) kehte.

Laikn yeh istidlal aesa nahi, Jis ka jawab nah diya ja sake kiyu keh ho sakta hai keh Rawi  ko alfaz achi tarah yaad nah rahy hoon aur yeh bhi ho sakta hai keh Kasar-e-Nafsi karte howe khud ko baap ki bajaye  bhai kaha ho. Adam (علیہ السلام) to tamam insaano kay baap hain is liye un ka Nabi ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) ko beta kehna hi munasib tha aur Ibrahim ( علیہ السلام) Allah kay Khaleel hain, Jo Uol-ul-Azam pagambaron mein Nabi Akram ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)  kay baad  sab say buland martaba rakhte hain. In sab Hazraat par Durood-o-Salam nazil ho.

 

Qalam kay Mojid

 

Imam Ibn-e-Ishaq (رحمہ اللہ  ) ne zikr kiya hai kay Idrees (علیہ السلام ) hi ne sab say pehly Qalam sey likha. Un ki pedaish kay waqt Adam (علیہ السلام ) zinda thay aur Adam (علیہ السلام)  ki wafat kay waqt un ki umar teen so aath (308) saal thi.  (Al Bidaya wal Nihaya: 1/92)

 

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qisas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

 

 

Prophet Idris (Enoch)

Prophet Idris (Enoch)

Allah has praised Enoch, describing him as being a prophet and truthful:

 “Mention in the Book (Quran) Idris (Enoch). Verily! He was a man of truth (and) a prophet. We raised him to a high station”. (Ch 19:56-57 Quran).

Birth and Teachings

Enoch was born and raised in Babylon following the teachings and religion of Prophet Adam (pbuh) and his son Seth (pbuh). Enoch was the 5th generation of the Prophet Adam. He called the people back to his forefathers religion, but only a few listened to him, while the majority turned away.

Prophet Enoch and his followers left Babylon for Egypt. There he carried on his mission, calling people to what is just and fair, teaching them certain prayers and instructing them to fast on certain days and to give a portion of their wealth to the poor.

The Wise Sayings of Prophet Enoch

He was the first of the Children of Adam to be given prophethood after Adam and Seth (peace upon them). It is reported that he was the 1st to invent the basic form of writing. Some of his wise sayings are:

“Happy is he who looks at his own deeds and appoints them as pleaders to his Lord.”

“None can show better gratitude for Allah’s favors than he who shares them with others.”

“Do not envy people for what they have as they will only enjoy it for a short while.”

“He who indulges in excess will not benefit from it.”

“The real joy of life is to have wisdom.”

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.
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