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17. GHAM KA SAAL [The year of sorrow]

NABI KAREEM(ﷺ ) PAR MUSEEBATEIN

10 NABVI:

Ab wo darrey se nikalkar apne gharon mein ae. Kuch hi din guzre the keh Aap(ﷺ ) ke pyare chacha Abi Talib wafat pae- Abhi is gham ko chand hi roz hue the Hazrat(ﷺ ) ki Gham gisaar biwi Hazrat Khadijah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) ne bhi inteqal kiya- ye zamana Aap(ﷺ ) par bohat sakht guzra- Aap(ﷺ ) ki yehi do(2) mosan aur gham gisaar the- Dono aik hi saat ke andar agay peche chal basse.

Quraish ke zalimon ko Abi Talib ke Ro’ab wa daab aur Hazrat Khadijah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) ke khaatir se ab tak khud Rasool Allah(ﷺ ) par hath uthaane ki hemat nahi hui thi. In dono ke uthjaane par maidan khali hogaya- Ab wo khud Muhammad( ﷺ) ke sath Be-adbi se pesh aane lage.

     Aik dafa Aap(ﷺ ) raah mein jaarahe the keh kisi zalim ne Sar mubarak par khaak daldi, Aap(ﷺ ) usi tarha ghar ae, Apki sahebzaadi pani lekar aeen sar mubarak ko dhooti jaaten theen aur baap ki ye surat dekhkar roti jaati theen- Aap(ﷺ ) ne farmaaya: Baap ki jaan! Ro nahi, khuda tere baap ko yu na chordega.

       Aik dafa Aap(ﷺ ) kaaba ke sahain mein namaz parhrahe the- Quraish ke sardar Jalsah jamae baithe the- Namaz parhte dekhkar kahene lage keh koi ount ki oujhari lakar uski gardan par rakhden- chunacha aik shareer ne ye kaam kiya, is bojh se apki peet dabgae – kisi ne Hazrat( ) ki Sahibzadi Fatima(رضی اللہ عنہا ) se jaakar iski khabr ki, wo aaeen tou kisi tarha us ghandaghi ko hatakar dur kiya.

    Aik dafa aik shareer ne Aap(ﷺ ) ki gardan mein chadar ka phanda dalkar chaha keh ghala ghont de. Hazrat Abu Bakr( رضی اللہ عنہ) dor kar Aap(ﷺ ) ko bachaliya aur usse kaha keh kiya aik shakhs ki jaan sirf itni baat par lena chahate ho keh wo kaheta hai mera parwardigaar Allah hai.

TAIF KA SAFAR:

 

Makkah se chalees(40) mil ke fasle par Taif ka sarsabz aur shadaab sheher tha- Aap(ﷺ ) ne makkah ke logon ki ye halat dekhkar ye tae kiya keh taif jaen aur wahan ke Raeeson ko Islam ka paiyam bataen. Aap(ﷺ ) zaid bin harees(رضی اللہ عنہ ) ko sath lekar taif gae aur wahan ke raeeson ko Deen-e-Haq ki dawat di magar afsoos keh unme se aik ne bhi isko qubool nahi kiya aur usi par bas nahi kiya balkeh bazar ke shareeron ko ubhaar diya keh wo Aap(ﷺ ) ko daq kare- Wo raste ke dono tarf khare hogae aur jab Aap udhar se guzarne lage tou Aap ke paou par pathar barsaye jisse apke paou lahu lahan hogae- Aap(ﷺ ) dard ke maare kahin baith jaate tou wo bazo thaam kar utha dete- Shareef phir pathar marte aur galiya dete- Aap(ﷺ ) thak kar phir baith jaate- Akhir Aapne aik bagh mein panha li, ye kesi bekasi ka waqt tha. Us waqt Khuda ka Aap ko aik farishta nazar ata jisne aapko khuda ka paighaam sunaya keh Ya Rasool(ﷺ )! Agar ap kahen tou taif walon par paharon ko de maara jae keh wo kuchal kar rahe jaen? Aap(ﷺ ) ne ummat par maherban hokar arz kiya keh Ae Allah aisa na kar, shayed ke inki nasal se tera koi manne wala peda ho.

QABILON MEIN DAURA: 

 

Taif ke na kaam safar ne Aap(ﷺ ) ke mazboot irade par koi asr nahi kiya- Ab Aap(ﷺ ) ne qasd kiya keh aik aik qabileh mein phirkar Khuda ka paiyaam sunaen- iske liye Makkah mein Hajj ka Qudrati mouqa’ moujud tha- Us zamane mein Arab ke goshe goshe se log aate aur kae kae din thairte- Makkah ke aas pas maile bhi lagte the aur yahan bhi admiyon ka jamaou hota tha- Aap(ﷺ ) ne un majmoo’n mein aik aik qabileh mein phir phir kar wa’az kahena aur Qur’an ki aayaten sunana shuru kiye- iska ye asr hua keh pore mulk mein Islam ki awaaz phail gae.

REFERENCE:
BOOK: “RAHEMAT-E-ALAM”
BY ALLAMAH SAYYED SULEMAN NADWI(رحمه الله)
9 :-Seerat E Nabwee ﷺ Bait-e-Uqba Oola Aur Isra’ Wa Me’raj By Shk maqsood Ul Hassan Faizi Hafidhahullah.

The year of sorrow

ABU TALIB DIES:

A few months after the boycott ended, Abu Talib fell ill. Abu Talib’s illness worsened,and he died.

Khadeejah(رضی اللہ عنہا )  dies:

 

Two months and three days after the death of Abu Talib, the Prophet’s wife Khadeejah passed away. She was the Prophet’s trusted advisor and loyal companion, and was known by the title “Mother of the believers.”

Sorrow after sorrow:

 

After the deaths of Abu Talib and Khadeejah, the Makkan pagans became bold and would often insult and ridicule the Prophet in public. Now that the Prophet had lost his two greatest supporters, small acts of unkindness stung him more than ever as he grieved over his bereavement.

 Once, a man from the Quraysh threw dust on the Prophet’s head. One of the Prophet’s daughters washed away the dirt, weeping bitterly at her father’s suffering. Trying to console her, the Prophet said, “Dear daughter! Do not cry, for Allah will protect your father.” Later he admitted that it was only after Abu Talib’s death that the insults of the Quraysh began to prick him.

More persecution for the Prophet:

 

One enemy was vanquished. Others remained to plague the Prophet . Uqba bin Abi Mu’ayt, who had placed the camel intestines on the Prophet’s back, once saw the Prophet praying and waited for him to palce his forehead on the ground. He then placed his foot on the Prophet’s neck and pressed down with all his weight until finally the Prophet’s eyes bulged.

The next day the same group of people assembled at the Ka’bah and began talking about the Prophet . A few moments later the Prophet appeared and they all rushed towards him in rabid anger. Pulling on his clothes, they asked, “Are you the one who orders us to stop worshipping the gods of our forefathers?” The Prophet was not intimmidated. “Yes, I am.”

The mob surrounded him on all sides and some began pushing him and shoving him from side to side, while others shouted insults. Uqba bin Abi Mu’ayt caught hold of a cloth hanging from around his neck and began choking the Prophet . Abu Bakr heard the commotion and ran to defend him. He seized Uqba by his shoulders and pulled him off the Prophet . Abu Bakr tore each man away from the Prophet, crying: “Woe to you! Would you kill a man simply because he says that Allah is his Lord?”

Now the mob turned on Abu Bakr and let the Prophet go. Abu Bakr paid a great price for rescuing the Prophet . The mob beat him violently, and his face was so battered that his nose was indistinguishable from his face. The people from Banu Taym wrapped him up and took him to his house. They were sure that he would not live to see the next day.

The Prophet journeys to Ta’if

 

 Soon the Prophet felt that it was time to take the message of Islam to neighbouring tribes. He made his way on foot to Ta’if, about thrity miles east of Makkah, travelling with his former slave, Zayd bin Haritha .

 Along the way to Ta’if, the Prophet invited each tribe he encountered to embrace Islam. Finally, he reached Ta’if and met three brothers, all chieftains of the Thaqif tribe. He invited them to Islam and asked them to help him spread his message, but they responded with hostility.

 The Prophet left the chieftains and looked for others to talk with about Islam. For the next few days he continued his search to find anyone who would open his heart to Allah’s word, but no one was interested. Each cheiftain he met proved arrogant and unfriendly when he explained his mission and requested help. Instead of accepting his call to Islam, they asked him to leave Ta’if and return from whence he came. They even stirred up children, slaves and the whole rabble against him. As the Prophet made his way out of the township, a rag tag band ran after him, abusing him and throwing stones at him until even his feet dripped with blood.

Zayd tried to protect the Prophet from their blows, and in doing so suffered several cuts on his head. The Prophet and Zayd escaped and sought refuge three miles away in an orchard belonging to Utbah and Sheba, the sons of Rabi’a.

There the Prophet sat down in the shade of a wall covered with grapevines and prayed to Allah in a supplication known as Du’aa Al-Mustad’afeen (the Prayer of the Oppressed): 

“O Allah! I complain to You of my weakness and humiliation before the people. You are the Most Merciful, the Lord of the weak and my Lord too. To whom have you entrusted me? To one who does not care for me? Or have you appointed my enemiy as master of my affairs? So long as You are not angry with me, I care not. Your favour is abundant for me. I seek refuge in the light of Your Face, by which all darkness is dispelled and every affair of this world and the next is set right, lest Your anger or Your displeasure descend upon me. I desire Your pleasure and satisfaction. There is no power and no might except in You.” 

The Prophet then recited some verses from the Quran referring to the Prophet Yunus (Jonah). Addas was so impressed that he accepted the Prophet’s call to Islam. The Prophet resumed his journey back to Makkah, and dejection set in. At Qarn Al-Manazil, a cloud bearing the angel Jibreel appeared before the Prophet . With him was another angel. “Allah has sent you the angel of the mountains,” Jibreel said, “He is at your command.” The angel of the mountain said. “O Muhammad , I am here to do as you say. The choice is yours: I can crush the people of Ta’if between the two hills, if that is your wish.” The Prophet , however, was not looking for revenge. “No. I hope Allah will bring forth from their loins people who will worship Allah alone without associating any partners with Him.” Jibreel’s visit lifted the Prophet’s spirits. He no longer felt forsaken, and a heavy weight was removed from his heart. 

The Prophet was praying the Fajr prayer when a band of jinn (spirits, from which the English word “gene” is derived) heard him reciting the Qur’an. They listened with great interest, and when the Prophet finished, they returned to their companions and warned them of a great chastisement for those who disbelieved in the Prophet’s message. Although they did not come into contact with the Prophet directly, the jinn who had listened to the Prophet that morning embraced islam. The Prophet only became aware of what had happened when Allah revealed the story in the Qur’an in two different chapters, Surah Al-Ahqaf and Surah Al-Jinn.

 A few days later the Prophet left Nakhlah and headed toward Makkah. As he drew near Makkah, he began to make preparations, for he did not want to enter Makkah defenseless as he had done in Ta’af. He paused at Hira and sent a man to Akhtas bin Shariq to ask for protection. Akhtas, however, apologised and pointed out that since he was and ally of the Quraysh, he could not protect the Prophet. The Prophet then sent the same message to Suhayl bin Amr.

Even Suhayl refused to extend protection to the Prophet because he belonged to Banu Amir bin Luayy, which had also declared the Prophet an enemy. The Prophet then sent his message to Mut’im bin Adiy. Mut’im’s grandfather, Naufal, was the brother of Hashim bin Abud Manaf, one of the Prophet’s ancestors, and the clan of Abu Manaf was one of the most revered branches of the Quraysh.

Mut’im respecting the ties that bound him to the Prophet , agreed to protect his kinsman. He and his sons armed themselves and then sent for the Prophet . The Prophet went directly to the Ka’bah and circumambulated it, performed a short prayer, and then went home. During the entire time Mut’im bin Adiy and his sons kept watch. Mit’im then announced that he had extended protection to Muhammad .

REFERENCE:
BOOK: WHEN THE MOON SPLIT FINAL.
Compiled by Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri
Edited and Translated by Tabassum Siraj – Michael Richardson Badr Azimabadi

آپﷺ پر مصیبتیں 

قریش کے ظالموں کو ابوطالب کے رعب وداب اور حضرت خدیجہ رضی اللہ عنہا کے خاطر سے اب تک خود رسولﷺ پر ہاتھ اُٹھانے کی ہمت نہیں ہوئی تھی. ان دونوں کے اُٹھ جانے پر میدان خالی ہو گیا. اب وہ خود رسولﷺ کے ساتھ بے ادبی سے پیش آنے لگے. ایک دفعہ آپﷺ راہ میں جا رہے تھے کہ کسی ظالم نے سر مبارک پر خاک ڈال دی. آپﷺ اسی طرح گھر آئے. آپﷺ کی صاحبزادی پانی لے کر آئیں سرمبارک کو دھوتی جاتیں تھیں اور باپ کی یہ صورت دیکھ کر روتی جاتی تھیں. آپﷺ نے فرمایا: باپ کی جان! رو نہیں ، اللہ تیرے باپ کو یوں نا چھوڑے گا.
ایک دفعہ آپﷺ کعبہ کے صحن میں نماز پڑھ رہے تھے. قریش کے سردار جلسہ جمائے بیٹھے تھے. نماز پڑھتے دیکھ کر کہنے لگے کوئی اونٹ کی اوجھڑی لا کر اس کی گردن پر رکھ دے. چنانچہ ایک شریر نے یہ کام کیا. اس بوجھ سے آپکی پیٹھ دب گئی. کسی نے حضرتﷺ کی صاحبزادی فاطمہ رضی اللہ عنہا سے جا کر اس کی خبر کی، وہ آئیں تو کسی طرح اس گندگی کو ہٹا کر دُورکیا.
ایک دفعہ ایک شریر نے آپﷺ کی گردن میں چادر کا پھندا ڈال کر چاہاکہ گلا

گھونٹ دے. حضرت ابو بکر رضی اللہ عنہ نے دوڑ کر آپ کو بچا لیااور اس سے کہا کہ کیا ایک شخص کی جان صرف اتنی بات پر لینا چاہتے ہو کہ وہ کہتا ہے کہ میرا پروردگار الـلَّـه ہے.

طائف کا سفر :

مکہ سے چالیس میل کے فاصلے پر طائف کا سر سبز اور شاداب شہر تھا. آپﷺ نے مکہ کے لوگوں کی یہ حالت دیکھ کر یہ طے کیا کہ طائف جائیں اور وہاں کے رئیسوں کواسلام کا پیام بنائیں. آپﷺ زید بن حارثہ رضی اللہ عنہ کو ساتھ لے کر طائف لے کر گئے. اور وہاں کے رئیسوں کو دینِ حق کی دعوت دی مگر افسوس کہ ان میں سےایک نے بھی اِسے قبول نہیں کیااور اِسی پر ہی بس نہیں کیا بلکہ بازار کے شریروں کو اُبھار دیا کہ وہ آپکو دق کریں. وہ راستے کے دونوں طرف کھڑے ہو گئے اور جب آپ اِدھر سے گُزرنے لگے توآپﷺ کے پاؤں پر پتھر برسائے جس سے آپﷺ کے پاؤں لہولہان ہو گئے. آپﷺ درد کے مارے کہیں بیٹھ جاتے تو وہ بازو تھام کر اُٹھا دیتے. شریر پھر پتھر مارتے اور گالیاں دیتے. آپﷺ تھک کر پھر بیٹھ جاتے. آخر آپ نے ایک باغ میں پناہ لی. یہ کیسی بے کسی کا وقت تھا. اس وقت آپﷺ کو خدا کا ایک فرشتہ نظر آتا ہے جس نے آپکو خدا کا پیغام سُنایا کہ یا رسول اللہ ﷺ! اگر آپ کہیں توطائف والوں پر پہاڑوں کو دے مارا جائےکہ وہ کُچل کر رہ جائیں؟ آپ نے اُمت پر مہربان ہو کر عرض کی کہ الله! ایسانہ کر، شاید کہ ان کی نسل سے کوئی تیرا ماننے والا پیدا ہو.

قبیلوں میں دورہ :

طائف کے ناکام سفر نے آپﷺ کے مضبوط ارادے پر کوئی اثر نہیں کیا. اب آپﷺ نے قصد کیا کہ ایک ایک قبیلے میں پِھر کر اللہ کا پیام سُنائیں. اسے کے لیے مکہ میں حج کا قدرتی موقع موجود تھا. اس زمانے میں عرب کے گوشے گوشے سے لوگ آتے اور کئ کئ دن ٹھہرتے. مکہ کے آس پاس میلے بھی لگتے تھے اور یہاں بھی آدمیوں کا جماؤ ہوتا تھا. آنحضرتﷺ نے ان مجمعوں میں ایک ایک قبیلے میں پھرپھر کر وعظ کہنا اور قرآن کی آیتیں سنانا شروع کیں. اِسکا یہ اثر ہوا کہ پورے ملک میں اسلام کی آواز پھیل گئی.

حواله:
كتاب: “رحمتِ عَالم”
تاليف: “علاّ مه سيد سليمان ندوى”
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