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41. AZWAJ AUR OULAD [Prophet’s (ﷺ ) Family]



Nabi kareem(ﷺ ) ki sabse pehli biwi

Hazrat Khadijah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) theen-

Unki waffat ke ba’ad Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq(رضی اللہ عنہ ) ki sahibzadi

aur Zam’iya ki larki Hazrat Sauda (رضی اللہ عنہا ) se nikah kiya-


Iske ba’ad dusri biwiya nikaah mein ae jinke naam ye hain:


Hazrat Zainab(رضی اللہ عنہا ) Ummul masakeen.

Hazrat Umme Salmah(رضی اللہ عنہا )

Hazrat Zainab binte jahash(رضی اللہ عنہا )

Hazrat Juweria(رضی اللہ عنہا )

Hazrat Habeeba bin Abu Sufyan(رضی اللہ عنہا )

Hazrat Hafsah binte Umar bin khatab(رضی اللہ عنہا )

Hazrat Maimoona binte Harees( رضی اللہ عنہا)

Hazrat Safiya(رضی اللہ عنہا )

In mein Hazrat Zainab ummul masakeen ke Alawah aur sab biwiyan Aap(ﷺ ) ki waffat ke waqt zindah thern aur Aap(ﷺ ) ke ba’ad Apne deeni aur ilmi faiz o batakat se duniya ko maala maal karti rahi- Aap(ﷺ ) ki aik biwi aur theen jo kaneez theen aur Misr se ae thi aur Mariya qibtiya(رضی اللہ عنہا ) kehelati thin- Ye sab saari ummat ki maaen thin isliye Ummahatul momineen kahi jaati hain- Allah Ta’aala ki razaa inke sath ho.




Nabi Kareem(ﷺ ) ki saari aulaadein Sirf pehli biwi Hazrat Khadijah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) se hui- Akhri biwi Hazrat Mariya (رضی اللہ عنہا ) se aik sahibzada Hazrat Ibrahim(رضی اللہ عنہ ) peda huay they jo bachpan hi mein waffat pagae.

    Hazrat Khadijah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) se teen sahibrzaade Hazrat Qasim, Hazrat Tahir(رضی اللہ عنہ ), aur Hazrat Tayab(رضی اللہ عنہ ) hue the- Unho ne bhi bachpan hi mein waffat pae- Baaqi aur Chaar(4) sahibzaadiya huen aur Sabne Islam ka zamana paya- Sabse barhi Hazrat Zainab(رضی اللہ عنہا ) jinka nikah Abu Al Aas(رضی اللہ عنہ ) se hua tha, Unho ne 8 hijri mein Amamah(رضی اللہ عنہا ) naami aik bachi chorkar waffat pae- Manjli Beti ka Naam Hazrat Ruqaiya(رضی اللہ عنہا ) tha jo Islam ke ba’ad Hazrat Usmaan bin Afwaan(رضی اللہ عنہ ) ke nikah mein aeen aur medina aakar 2 hijri mein inteqal kiya- Tesri sahibzaadi ka naam Umme Kulsum tha- Hazrat Ruqaiya(رضی اللہ عنہا ) ke inteqal ke ba’ad unse Hazrat Usmaan(رضی اللہ عنہ ) ne nikah kiya aur 9 hijri mein waffat pae- Choti Sahibzadi jo Nabi(ﷺ ) ko sabse ziyada pyari thi Hazrat Fatima Zehra(رضی اللہ عنہا ) theen jinse Hazrat Ali Martaza(رضی اللہ عنہ ) ne shadi ki aur unse 2 Sahibzadey Hazrat Hasan( رضی اللہ عنہ) aur Hazrat Imaam Hussain(رضی اللہ عنہ ) peda hue.





Mothers of the believers


The Prophet (ﷺ ) had either eleven or twelve wives, of whom nine were alive when he passed away. A short account of each of the Mothers of the believers is given below:


Khadeejah bint Khulwaylid (رضی اللہ عنہا)


The Prophet (ﷺ ) married her when he was twenty-five years old. She bore all the Prophet’s (ﷺ ) children except Ibraheem (رضی اللہ عنہ ), and was the Prophet’s only wife while she lived. She died at the age of 65, in the month of Ramadan, ten years after the Prophet (ﷺ ) began his mission, and was buried in Hajoon.


Saudah bint Zam’a (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was previously married to her cousin Sakran bin Amr. The couple embraced Islam and migrated to Abyssinia. On their return to Makkah, Sakran died. The Prophet (ﷺ ) married Saudah in Shawwal, one month after Khadeejah (رضی اللہ عنہا) died. She died in Shawwal, 54 A.H.


Aishah Siddeeqah bint Abu Bakr Siddeeq (رضی اللہ عنہا)


The Prophet (ﷺ ) married her in Shawwal, a year after marrying Saudah. Aishah was the only virgin the Prophet(ﷺ ) married and was regarded as the best loved of all the Prophet’s wives. She was the most learned female Muslim jurist in history. She passed away on Ramadan 17, 57 A.H., and was buried in Baqi.


Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was married to Khunays bin Hadhayfah, who died from a wound incurred in the Battle of Badr. The Prophet (ﷺ )  married her in Sha’ban, 3 A.H., after she came out of mourning. She died in Madinah in Sha’ban, 45 A.H., at the age of 60, and was buried in Baqi.


Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was the widow of Ubaydah bin Harith (رضی اللہ عنہ ) who was martyred in the Battle of Badr. According to some others she was married to Abdullah bin Jahsh (رضی اللہ عنہ )  , who was martyred in the Battle of Uhud. The Prophet (ﷺ )  married her in 4 A.H. In the Days of Ignorance, she was known as “Umm Al-Masaakeen” (Mother if the destitute) for her compassion toward the poor. She died in Rabi’ Al-Akhir, 4 A.H., eight months after her marriage to the Prophet(ﷺ ). The Prophet (ﷺ )  led her funeral prayer and buried her in Baqi.


 Umm Salamah, or Hind bint Abu Umayyah (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was married to Abu Salamah (رضی اللہ عنہ ) . She bore several children while married to him, but he died in Jamad Al-Akhir, 4, A.H. She was a great jurist and one of the wisest women of her time. She died in 59 A.H. at the age of 84 (other sources date her death in 62 A.H.). She was buried in Baqi.


Zaynab bint Jahsh bin Riqab (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was the daughter of the Prophet’s aunt Umayma bint Abdul Muttalib. She was initially married to Zayd bin Haritha, but the couple had problems, and Zayd divorced her. Zayd had been adopted by the Prophet (ﷺ ), and according to ancient Arab customs, it was unlawful for a man to marry the former wife of an adopted son. Allah ordered the Prophet (ﷺ ) to marry Zaynab to show that this ancient Arab custom had been abolished. The marriage took place in Dhul Qa’dah, 5 A.H. (other sources date the marriage in 4 A.H.). She died in 20 A.H., at the age of 53 and was the first to die among the Prophet’s surviving wives. Umar (رضی اللہ عنہ ) led the funeral prayer, and she was buried in Baqi.


Juwayriyah bint Al-Harith (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was brought as a prisoner from the Battle of Banu AlMustaliq in Sha’ban, in the year 5 or 6 A.H. and was given to Thabit bin Qays. He decided to set her free in return for a certain amount. The Prophet (ﷺ ) paid Thabit the amount he requested, freed her and married her. Having seen this, the Muslims set free one hundred families of the Banu Al-Mustaliq saying that they were in-laws of the Prophet (ﷺ ) . Thus, she proved herself a blessing for her people. She died in Rabi’ Al-Awwal, 56, A.H., at the age of 65.


Umm Habeebah, or Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She came to be known as “Umm Habeebah” (the mother of Habeebah) because of her daughter, Habeebah. As the daughter of the Prophet’s fierce enemy, Abu Sufyan bin Harb, she made many sacrifices for her faith and migrated to Abyssinia along with her husband, Ubaydullah bin Jahsh. Ubaydullah later converted to Christianity and died, but Umm Habeebah remained steadfast in faith. When the Prophet (ﷺ ) sent his envoy, Amr bin Umayya Damri, to the king of Abyssinia, he also sent a proposal to the widowed Umm Habeebah. The king married her to the Prophet (ﷺ ) paying her 400 dinars in dowry, and sent her to the Prophet (ﷺ ) under the escort of Shurahbeel bin Hasnah. After the Prophet (ﷺ ) returned from Khaybar, he married Umm Habeebah in Safar or Rabi’ Al-Awwal, 7 A.H. She died in either 42 or 44 A.H.


Safiyah bint Huyayy bin Akhtab (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was the daughter of the chieftain of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir and a descendant of the Prophet Haroon (Aaron). She was taken captive in Khaybar and given to the Prophet (ﷺ ) because of her status. The Prophet (ﷺ ) asked her to accept Islam and she did so. He then set her free and married her in 7 A.H. on the eve of the conquest of Khaybar. Her death is variously dated around 36, 50 and 52 A.H. She too was buried in Baqi.


Maymoona bint Harith Hilaliya (رضی اللہ عنہا)


She was the sister of Abbas’ wife, Umm Al-Fadl Lababa AlKubra bint Harith Hilaliya. The Prophet (ﷺ ) married her in Dhul Qa’dah, 7 A.H. She came to the Prophet (ﷺ ) as his bride at Sarf, nine miles outside Makkah. She also died at Sarf in 38, 61 or 62 A.H. and was buried there. Her grave site is known even today.

There is no question that these eleven women were married to the Prophet (ﷺ ) . However, some scholars have disagreed over the status of Rayhana bint Zayd, some saying she became the Prophet’s wife in Muharram, 6 A.H. She belonged to the Banu Nadir and was the wife of a man from the Banu Quraydha. She was captured in the battle against Banu Quraydha, and the Prophet (ﷺ ) chose her for himself. It is also said that the Prophet (ﷺ ) did not set her free and kept her as a maid. She passed away upon the Prophet’s return from his Farewell pilgrimage, and the Prophet (ﷺ ) buried her at Baqi.

The Prophet (ﷺ ) also had a maid named Mariya Qibtiya (Mary the Copt), who was presented to him by the Maqauqis. She bore the Prophet (ﷺ ) a son named Ibraheem. She died in 15 or 16 A.H. and was buried in Baqi.

The Prophet’s children

All the Prophet’s offspring, with the exception of Ibraheem (رضی اللہ عنہ ), were born to Khadeejah (رضی اللہ عنہا) . Below is a brief account of the Prophet’s children.


Qasim  (رضی اللہ عنہ )

He was the eldest son of the Prophet (ﷺ ) and thus the Prophet (ﷺ ) was called “Abdul Qasim” (the father of Qasim). He died when he was about two years old.


Zaynab (رضی اللہ عنہا)

She was the eldest daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ ) . She was born after Qasim, and was married to Abdul Aas bin Rabi’a, the son of her aunt Hala bint Khuwaylid. Zaynab had a son named Ali and a daughter, Umama, whom the Prophet (ﷺ ) would place in his lap during prayer. Zaynab (رضی اللہ عنہا)died in the earlier part of 8 A.H., in Madinah.


Umm Kulthoom (رضی اللہ عنہا)

After the death of Ruqayyah (رضی اللہ عنہا), the Prophet (ﷺ ) returned from Badr and gave Umm Khulthoom (رضی اللہ عنہا)to Uthman bin Affan (رضی اللہ عنہ ) in marriage. She had no children, and died in 9 A.H. and was buried in Baqi.


Fatimah (رضی اللہ عنہا)

The youngest daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ ), she was married to Ali bin Abi Talib (رضی اللہ عنہ )  after the Battle of Badr. She gave birth to two sons, Hasan and Husayn (رضی اللہ عنہ ), and two daughters, Zaynab and Umm Khulthoom (رضی اللہ عنہا). Fatimah (رضی اللہ عنہا) died six months after the death of the Prophet (ﷺ ).

All five children mentioned above were born before the Prophet (ﷺ ) was appointed Allah’s messenger.


Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنہ )

There is some difference of opinion whether Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنہ ) was born before or after the advent of Islam. He was the last of the Prophet’s sons born to Khadeejah (رضی اللہ عنہا), and died during childhood.


Ibraheem (رضی اللہ عنہ )

Ibraheem  (رضی اللہ عنہ ) was born in Madinah in Jamad Al-Awwal or Jamal Al-Akhir, 9 A.H. His mother was the Prophet’s maid, Mariya Qibtiya. On the day of his death, Shawwal 29, 10 A.H., a solar eclipse occurred in Madinah. The people believed that the eclipse was to commemorate Ibraheem’s death, but the Prophet (ﷺ ) informed them that astronomical events were not affected by human affairs. Ibraheem was sixteen or eighteen months old when he died, and was buried in Baqi, and the Prophet (ﷺ ) said, “He will be nursed by one of the maids in Paradise.”


Compiled by Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri
Edited and Translated by Tabassum Siraj – Michael Richardson Badr Azimabadi





آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی سب سے پہلی بیوی حضرتِ خدیجہ ر ضی اللہ عنہا تھیںان کی وفات کے بعد حضرت ابو بکر صدیق رضي الله عنه کی صاحبزادی حضرت عائشہ صدیقہ رضي الله عنه اور زمعہ کی لڑکی حضرتِ سودہ رضي الله عنه سے نکاح کیااس کے بعد دوسری بیویاں نکاح میں آئیں جن کے نام یہ ہیں:

حضرتِ زینب ام المساکین_ حضرتِ ام سلمہ ۔حضرتِ زینب بنت جحش حضرتِ جویریہ حضرتِ حبیبہ بنت ابو سفیان حضرتِ حفصہ بنت عمر بن خطاب حضرتِ میمونہ بنت حارث حضرتِ صفیہ رضي الله عنهن ان میں حضرتِ زینب رضي الله عنها ام المساکین کے علاوہ اور سب بیویاں آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے وفات وقت زندہ تھیں اور آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے بعد اپنے دینی اور علمی فیض و برکت سے دنیا کو مالا مال کرتی رہیں آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی ایک بیوی اور تھیں جو کنیز تھیں اور مصر سے آئیں تھیں اور ماریہ قبطیہ رضی اللہ عنہ کہلاتی تھیں یہ سب ساری امت کی مائیں تھیں اسلئے اُمہات المومنات کہیں جاتی ہیں۔۔اللہ تعالیٰ کی رضا اُنکے ساتھ ہو_


اولاد :


آپ صل اللہ علیہ وسلم کی ساری اولادیں صرف پہلی بیوی حضرتِ خدیجہ رضي اللَّه تعالى عنهاسے ہوئیں_ آخری بیوی حضرتِ ماریہ رضی اللہ عنہا سے ایک صاحبزادہ حضرتِ ابراہیم پیدا ہوئے تھے جو بچپن ہی

میں وفات پا گئے _ حضرت خدیجہ رضي اللَّه تعالى عنها سے تین صاحبزادے حضرتِ قاسم حضرتِ طاہر اور حضرتِ طیّب رضي اللَّه تعالى عنهم ہوئے تھے_
اُنہوں نے بھی بچپن ہی میں وفات پائی _ باقی اور چار صاحبزادیاں ہوئیں_ اور سب نے اسلام کا زما نہ پایا _ سب سے بڑی حضرتِ زینب رضی اللہ عنہا جن کا نکاح ابو العاص سے ہوا تھا انھوں نے ۸ ہجری میں امامہ رضی اللہ عنہا نامی ایک بچی چھوڑ کر وفات پائی
منجھلی کا نام حضرتِ رقیہ رضي اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا تھا جو اسلام کے بعد حضرتِ عثمان رضی اللہ عنہ کے نکاح میں آئیں اور مدینہ آکر ۲ ہجری میں انتقال کیا تیسری صاحبزادی کا نام ام کلثوم رضي اللہ عنہا تھا حضرتِ رقیہ کے انتقال کے بعد حضرتِ عثمان رضی اللہ عنہ نے نکاح کیا ۹ ہجری میں وفات پاگئ چھوٹی صاحبزادی جو حضرت کو سب سے ذیادہ پیاری تھیں حضرتِ فاطمہ زہرا رضي اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا تھیں جن سے حضرتِ علی مرتضیٰ نے شادی کی اور۔ ان سے دو صاحبزادے حضرتِ حسین اور حضرتِ حسن رضي اللہ تعالیٰ عنہما پیدا ہوئے_


كتاب: “رحمتِ عَالم”
تاليف: “علاّ مه سيد سليمان ندوى”



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