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43. RIYAKAARI (DIKHLAWA) [Showing Off]

RIYAKAARI [DIKHLAWA]

 
Riyakaari ka ma’ana: 

“Lughat” mein kisi ghair ko dikhlane ke liye kisi cheez ka izhar karna.

“Shar’a” mein ghair ke liye ita’at ka is tarah se izhar karna taake wo logon ko dikhae aur log uski tareef karen.

RIYAKAARI KA HUKM:

(i) Agar riyakaari m’amuli darje ki ho tou aisa karna shirk-e-Asghar hai.

(ii) Agar tamam a’maal ya uska aksar hissa riyakaari par mushtamil hai tou ye shirk-e-Akbar hai- Mumin aisa hargiz nahi karsakta; isliye keh aisa karna munafiqeen ki khaslat hai.

 
RIYAKAARI KE KHATRAT: 

[1]

Riyakaari shirk-e-Asghar hai- Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaaya: “Sab se khatarnaak cheez jis se mein tumhare bare mein darta hoon wo shirk-e-Asghar hai-” Aap صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم se poocha gaya: “shirk-e-Asghar kiya hai?”. Tou farmaaya: “Riya”

[Rawah Ahmad]

2. Agar is gunaah ka murtakib tauba ke baghair margaya tou uski bakhshish nahi hogi- Irshad-e-Ilaahi hai: 

﴿اِنَّ اللّٰہَ لَا یَغْفِرُ اَنْ یُّشْرَکَ بِہٖ وَ یَغْفِرُ مَا دُوْنَ ذٰلِکَ لِمَنْ یَّشَآئُ﴾

“Yaqeenan Allah Ta’aala Apne saath shirk kiye jaane ko nahi bakhshta aur uske sivae jise chaahe baksh deta hai.”

[Surah Nisa: 04:116]

Ye waeed Shirk-e-Akbar aur Shirk-e-Asghar donon ke liye aam hai.

 
3. Wo aml tabah hojata hai jis mein riyakaari pae jae: Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaaya: 

((قال اللّٰه تعالیٰ: اَنَا اَغْنَی الشُّرَکَآئِ عَنِ الشِّرْکِ مَنْ عَمِلَ عَمَلاً اَشْرَکَ مَعِیَ فِیْہِ غَیْرِیْ تَرَکْتُہٗ وَ شِرْکَہٗ۔))

“Allah Ta’aala farmaate hain keh mein tamam shirkat walon se ziada beparwah hoon shirk hai- jo shakhs koi aisa kaam kare jis mein Mere saath kisi ghair ko shareek kare tou Mein use aur uske shirk ko chhor deta hoon.”

[Muslim]

4. Riyakaari ka khatra masih dajjal ke khatreh se barhkar hai- Muhammad Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaaya: 

((اَلَآ اُخْبِرُکُمْ بِمَا ہُوَ اَخْوَفُ عَلَیْکُمْ عِنْدِیْ مِنَ الْمَسِیْحِ الدَّجَّالِ؟۔ قَالُوْا: بَلٰی یَا رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہ صلی اللّٰه علیہ وسلم! قَالَ: الشِّرْکُ الْخَفِیُّ، یَقُوْمُ الرَّجُلُ فَیُصَلِّیْ فَیُزَیِّنُ صَلٰوتَہٗ لِمَا یَرٰی مِنْ نَّظرِرَجُلٍ۔))

“Kiya main tumhen wo baat na bataon jiska khouf mujhe tumpar masih dajjal se bhi ziada hai?”. Sahaabah akraam (رضی اللّٰہ عنہم) ne arz ki keh: “Haan! ya Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) zarur batayye”- Aap (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ne farmaaya keh: “wo shirk e khafi hai- wo is tarah keh koi shakhs namaz ke lye khara ho, phir apni namaz ko mehz dikhlawe ke liye umda tareeqe se ada kare.”

[Ahmad]

Riyakaari har lehaz se qabil-e-mazammat hai aur is se nekiyan barbad hojati hain- farmaan-e-Ilaahi hai: 

﴿فَمَنْ کَانَ یَرْجُوْا لِقَآئَ رَبِّہٖ فَلْیَعْمَلْ عَمَلاً صَالِحًا وَّ لَا یُشْرِکْ بِعِبَادَۃِ رَبِّہٖٓ اَحَدًا﴾

“Pus jo koi apne Rab ki mulaqaat ka umeedwar ho, use chahye keh naik aml kare aur bandagi mein apne Rab ke saath kisi ko shareek na kare.”

[Surah Kahf: 11]

Sahih Ibne khuzaimah mein Mehmood bin labaid se riwayat hai wo kehte hain: aik dafa Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) hamare paas tashreef lae aur farmaane lagay keh: “Ae Logo! shirk e khafee se bacho” . Sahaabah akraam (رضی اللّٰہ عنہم) ne arz ki: xYa Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم)! Shirk e khafee kiya hai?”. Aap (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ne jawab diya: “Shirk e khafee ye hai keh insaan namaz parhne lage tou dusron ke liye namaz ko acchi tarah ada kare.”

Is shirk ko khafee isliye kaha gaya hai keh insaan logon ko ye yaqeen dilane ki koshish karta hai keh uska ye aml khalis Allah ke liye hai lekin waqiah ye hai keh bibatin wo ghair Allah ke liye anjaam deraha hai, kyun keh wo namaz isliye theek ada kar raha hai keh use log dekh rahe hain.

Shadad bin ous (رضی اللّٰہ عنہ) farmaate hain keh:  “Rasool Allah (صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم) ke muqadas tareen daur mein ham riyakaari ko shirk-e-Asghar samjha karte the.”

[Ibn Jarir fi tahzeeb]

REFERENCE:
KITAAB “TAWHEED MUYASSAR” / ASAAN TAWHEED
BY: “ABDULLAH BIN AHMAD AL HAWAIL”
40 / 50 Sharah Kitaab Al Tawheed Class 12 Part 05

SHOWING OFF

Allah, Exalted be He, says: 

“Say, ‘I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.’ ”

(Qur’an: Al-Kahf: 110)

Since showing off violates the prerequisites of monotheism and renders one’s good deeds null and void, the author intends, in this chapter, to admonish Muslims against it.

In this verse, Allah, Exalted be He, commands His Prophet (PBUH) to inform people that he is an ordinary man just like them, not possessed of any of the attributes of Lordship or Divinity. Rather the Prophet Muhammad’s mission was to convey to people what Allah revealed to him. The most significant of the revelation inspired to him is that Allah is the only One deserving of worship, and that one is prohibited to associate anyone with Him in worship. People will inevitably return to Allah on the Day of Resurrection. Therefore, whoever hopes for salvation on that day, must persevere in doing good deeds which are in accordance with the S hari’ah and solely devoted to Allah.

This verse implies a command from Allah to His servant to be sincere in his worship to Allah. Sincerity in one’s worship entails avoiding showing off which is an act of polytheism.

• The essence of religion is to dedicate one’s worship only to Allah. 

• Showing off in worship is a kind of polytheism. 

• The polytheists commit polytheism with regard to the matters of worship. 

• People are prohibited to worship others along with Allah, whether idols, prophets, righteous people or any others.

1. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

 “Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, said, ‘I am the One Who never be in need of a partner. If anyone does anything in which he associates anyone else with Me, I shall abandon him to the one whom he associates with Me.”1

(Related by Muslim)

 Associates anyone else with Me: Intending to direct one’s work for deities other than Allah. 

 I shall abandon him to the one whom he associates with Me: Allah will not accept his work, and will abandon him to his false deity.

This is a qudsi (Divine) hadith as the Prophet (PBUH) conveys the Words of Allah, Almighty and Ever-Majestic be He. The Prophet (PBUH) narrates that Allah rejects any work intended for others besides Him through showing off or the like. Indeed, Allah accepts only the work devoted entirely to Him.

This hadith indicates that Allah rejects any work intended for showing off or is impaired by any other act of polytheism.

❖ Muslims are warned not to approach any act of polytheism as it causes the work to be rejected by Allah

. ❖ The obligation of having one’s work sincerely dedicated to Allah, and purely free of any type of polytheism

 ❖ This hadith proves that Allah is the Self-Sufficient. 

❖ It also provides a proof that Allah is possessed of speech.

  1. Abu Sa’id (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, ‘Shall I tell you what I fear for you more than AntichristV They (the Companions) said, ‘Yes, O Messenger o f Allah!’ He said, ‘(It is) the hidden polytheism, that is, a person stands in prayer and on seeing someone looking at him, he tries to beautify his prayer.”2
(Related by Ahmad)

• Antichrist: The one who will cause the greatest fitnah (trial) a short time before the Day of Resurrection. 

• Hidden polytheism: The modifier ‘hidden is inserted before the word ‘polytheism’ as one’s work appears to be devoted to Allah though it is intended for deities other than Him.

 • Beautify his prayer: To make it longer and perform it perfectly.

While the Companions were talking about the fitnah (trial) of the Antichrist expressing their fears from that event, the Prophet (PBUH) joined them. Commenting on the topic under discussion, he (PBUH) informed them that there was a matter he feared for them more than the Antichrist; namely ascribing partners to Allah when making one’s intention which is invisible to people. Then he (PBUH) explained that this type of polytheism is represented in one’s interest in attracting people’s admiration by beautifying one’s work, which is supposedly intended for the sake of Allah.

This hadith implies an explanation of the act of showing off and an admonition against approaching it.

• The hadith shows the Prophet’s pity for his nation and his concern to advise them.

❖ Showing off is more dangerous to the righteous people than thefitnah (trial) of Antichrist. Muslims are to be cautious of falling into showing off or any other kind of polytheism.

 Endnotes 1 Muslim (2985), Ahmad (2/301,435), Ibn Majah (4202), and Ibn Khuzaymah (938). 2 Ibn Mijah (4204) and Ahmad in Al-Musnad (3/30)
 
REFERENCE:
 “CONCISE COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF TAWHID”
 BY SHAYKH DR. SALIH AL FAWZAN Hafizullah.

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