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10. Naikiyon mein Jaldi kare[Hastening to do Good Deeds]

10ـ باب المبادرة إلى الخيرات وحث من توجه لخير على الإقبال عليه بالجد من غير تردد. 

 10. NAKIYON KI TARAF JALDI KARNE AUR TAALIB KHER KO IS BAAT PAR AMAADA KARNE KA BAYAN KE WOH NEKI KO BAGHAIR KISI TARADDUD KE TAWAJAH AUR MEHNAT KE SATH IKHTIYAR KERE

قال الله تعالى: (فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ) (البقرة: 148) 

وقال تعالى: (وَسَارِعُوا إِلَى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ) (آل عمران: 133) .

Allah taala ne farmaya : “ nakiyon ki taraf jaldi karo! ”

aur farmaya : “ aur jaldi karo apne rab ki mughfirat aur jannat ki taraf jis ki choraai asmano aur zameen ke barabar hai jo par hs garon ke liye tayyar ki gayi hai. ”

واما الأحاديث:

is mauzo se mutaliqa ahadees darj zail hain :

87 ـ فالأول: عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: (بادروا بالأعمال فتناً كقطع الليل المظلم، يصبح الرجل مؤمناً ويمسي كافراً، ويمسي مؤمناً ويصبح كافراً، يبيع دينه بعرض من الدنيا) رواه مسلم.

(87)_ Hazrat Abu Huraira (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” ( naik ) aamaal karne mein jaldi kar lo aissy fitnoon ke anay se pehlay jo shab tareek ke mukhtalif tukdon ki terhan ( yakke baad deegray ) runuma hon ge. subah ko aadmi momin ho ga aur shaam ko kafir. shaam ko momin hoga to subah ko kafir. woh ( is terhan ke ) apne deen ko duniya ke mamooli samaan ke aiwz beich day ga. ( Muslim )

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih Muslim, al-Imaan, baab al hasi alal mubadarat bil aamal qabla tazahir al-fitan, Hadees no 118

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1-  Is mein khabar di gayi hai ke qayamat ke qareeb pay dar pay fitnon ka zahuur hoga. fitnoon ki kasrat ki wajah se logon ki nazron mein deen wa Imaan ki koi hesiyat baqi nahi rahay gi duniya haasil karne ki daud lagi ho gi hatta ke dunewi mafadaat ke liye apne deen o imaan ka soda karne mein bhi koi tamil nahi hoga, balkay subah o shaam un ke roop badleen ge. chunanchay un behropiyoon ki aaj kasrat hai jo subah Kuchh hotay hain, shaam ko kuchh. kisi ko deen-o-imaan par istiqamat naseeb nahi ila masha Allah. aisay halaat mein ahal imaan ko istiqamat ki aur bilaa takheer aamaal Saleha bajaa laane ki Talqeen ki gayi hai. 

2- Neki ka mauqa muyassar atay hi usay kar guzarna chahiye, tamil ki soorat mein shetan terhan terhan ke khayalat peda kar ke us se daur karne ki koshish mein kamyaab ho jata hai. 

3-  Allah ki masiat aur gunah bohat bada fitnah hai. Rasool Akram ﷺ ne is se panah mangi hai kyunkay masiatoon ka dildada insaan daar-e-aakhirat se ghaafil ho jata hai umoor kher mein Lait o Laal se kaam laita rehta hai taa ankey mout usay daboch layti hai aur usay nidamat aur Taubah ki bhi toufeeq nahi millti .


88 ـ الثاني: عن أبي سروعة ـ بكسر السين المهملة وفتحها ـ عقبة بن الحارث رضي الله عنه قال: صليت وراء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بالمدينة العصر، فسلم ثم قام مسرعاً فتخطى رقاب الناس إلى بعض حجر نسائه، ففزع الناس من سرعته، فخرج عليهم، فرأى أنهم قد عجبوا من سرعته، قال: (ذكرت شيئاً من تبر عندنا، فكرهت أن يحبسني، فأمرت بقسمته) رواه البخاري. 
وفي رواية له: (كنت خلفت في البيت تبرا ً من الصدقة؛ فكرهت أن أبيته) . 
(التبر) قطع ذهب أو فضة.

( 88 ) Hazrat Abu Sarwah ( seen ki zair aur zabar ke sath ) Uqbah bin Haris (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) bayan karte hain ke main ne Nabi Kareem ( ﷺ ) ke peechay Madeeney mein asar ki namaz padhi. aap ne salam phera aur nihayat taizi se uth khaday hue aur logon ki gardanein phlangte huye apni biwion mein se kisi ke hujray ki taraf tashreef le gaye. log aap ki is taiz raftari se ghabra gaye. ( thodi der ke baad ) aap wapas tashreef laaye to aap ne dekha ke log aap ki is taiz raftari par taajjub kar rahay hain. aap ne farmaya :” mujhe yaad aaya ke hamaray paas ghar mein sonay ya chandi ki dali ka kuchh hissa hai mujhe yeh baat achhi nahi lagi ke yeh ( dali ) mujhe ( Allah ki yaad se ) rok de is liye main ne ( jaldi jaldi ja kar ) us ko taqseem karne ka hukum diya. ( Bukhari ) 

aur Bukhari hi ki aik aur riwayat mein hai :” main peechay ghar mein sadqy ki aik dali chode aaya tha to main ne usay raat ko apne ghar rakhna pasand nahi kiya. 

“ التبر : 

sonay ya chandi ka tukda .

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih ul-Bukhari, al azaan baab man salla bin naas fazakar hajat fatakh’tahm, Hadees : 851

Waz Zakat, baab man ahabba taajeel al-sadaqat min yaumiha, Hadees:1430

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Insaan ko apne paas aisi cheez nahi rakhni chahiye jis ki wajah se us ki tawajah Allah se hatt kar us ki taraf ho jaye. 

3- Aam halaat mein logon ki gardanein phalang kar aana jana agar chay na pasandeeda hai lekin khaas halaat mein jab ke koi zaroorat us ki “Daiee” ho, aisa karna jaaiz hai. 

2- Is se Nabi (ﷺ) ki duniya se be raghbati aur jald az jald neki karne ke jazbay ka bhi andaza hota hai, neez yeh maloom huwa ke Zakat aur sadqat ki raqam foran mustahiqeen tak pahunchana zaroori hai. 

4_ Kisi zaroori kaam ke liye farz namaz ke baad ke azkar ko moakhar kiya ja sakta hai. 

5-  Imam ya khateeb ke khilaaf mamool kaam se log mutajib hon to us ka sabab bayan kar dena chahiye taa ke shubhat peda nah hon. 

6- Is se yeh bhi maloom huwa ke Rasool Akram ﷺ ap  ki aadat mubarikah yeh thi ke farz namaz ke salam ke foran baad sunnatain waghera nahi padhte thay balkay apni jagah par tashreef rakhtay hue azkar karte thay. 

RAVI HADEES :

[ HAZRAT UQBAH BIN HARIS ABU SARWAH (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ]: Uqbah bin Haris bn Aamir bin Nofal Makki. kuniat un ki Abu Sarwah “seen” ke kasrah ya fatah aur wao ke Fatah ke sath. mashhoor o Maroof Sahabi hain. fatah Makkah ke mauqa par Musalman hue. 50 hijri ke baad tak zindah rahay .


 89 ـ الثالث: عن جابر ـ رضي الله عنه ـ قال: قال رجل للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم أحد: أرأيت إن قتلت فأين أنا؟ قال: (في الجنة) فألقى تمرات كن في يده، ثم قاتل حتى قتل. متفق عليه.

( 89 )_ Hazrat Jabir (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai ke Uhod walay din aik aadmi ne Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) se kaha : yeh batlaaiyyeh! agar main mara jaoon ( shaheed ho jaoon ) to main kahan jaoon ga. aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” jannat mein to us ne apne haath mein mojood khajooren pheink den, phir ( nihayat be jigaree se lada hatta ke shaheed ho gaya. ( Bukhari wa Muslim ) 

TAKHREEJ:

Sahih ul-Bukhari, al-maghazi, bab ghazwat uhud Hadees ,4046, wa Sahih Muslim ,al imaarati, bab subut aljanat lilshaheed , Hadees 1899

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Is mein sahaba karaam (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ) ke shoq-e-shahadat aur shahadat ka badla jannat honay ka bayan hai, neez yeh ke jo koi Sidq-e-Dil se shahadat ka taalib hota hai Allah taala usay zaroor is Sharf-wa-fazl se Sarfraz farmata hai. 

2- Rasool Akram ( ﷺ ) wahi ellahi ke baghair nahi boltay thay. aap ( ﷺ ) ka apne sahabi ko jannat ki basharat deen wahi ellahi ki bunyaad par tha aur aap ( ﷺ ) ka moujza tha. Is se aap ( ﷺ ) ke aalam-ul-gheib honay ka istadlaal sara sar jahalat hai, phir is liye bhi ke Aala-ye-kalimatullah ke liye ladnay wala shaheed ho jaye to woh janati hai. lekin hamaray liye jaaiz nahi hai ke kisi mutayyan shakhs par janati honay ka hatmi hukum laga yin balkay yun kehna chahiye ke falan In sha Allah janati hai. 

3- Imaan-o-yaqeen jis qader pukhta ho, neki karna utnahi ziyada aasaan hoti hai aur badi se badi cheez bhi aade nahi askati .


90 ـ الرابع: عن أبي هريرة ـ رضي الله عنه ـ قال: جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: يا رسول الله، أي الصدقة أعظم أجراً؟ قال: ((أن تصدق وأنت صحيح شحيح، تخشى الفقر، وتأمل الغنى، ولا تمهل حتى إذا بلغت الحلقوم، قلت: لفلان كذا، ولفلان كذا، وقد كان لفلان كذا). متفق عليه. 
(الحلقوم) : مجرى النفس. و (المريء) : مجرى الطعام والشراب.

(90) _ Hazrat Abu Huraira (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai ke aik aadmi Nabi Kareem ( ﷺ ) ke paas aaya aur sawal kiya : aye Allah ke Rasool! kon sa sadqa ajar ke aitbaar se bada hai? aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” tera us waqt sadqa karna jab ke to sahih ( tandrost o tawana ho maal ki hiras dil mein ho ( kharch karne se tujhe fiqr ka andesha aur ( apne paas jama rakhnay se ) taunagri ki umeed ho. aur to sadqa karne mein takheer nah kar yahan tak ke jab rooh galye tak pahonch jaye to to kahe : falan ke liye itna falan ke liye itna jab ke woh falan ( waris ) ka ho chuka. ( Bukhari wa Muslim )

 حلقوم : 

saans ki guzargah. 

المریء : 

khanay peenay ki guzargah .

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih ul-Bukhari, al Zakat, baab fazlu sadqat shahih al Sahih Hadees: 1419

Wa Muslim, al Zakat baab bayan an Afzal al sadqat al Sahih al shahih, Hadees: 1032

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Sahih sadqa wohi hai jo insaan sehat ki haalat mein kere. mout ke assaar shuru honay ke baad ke sadqy ki Allah ke haan khaas ahmiyat nahi, ilawa azeen us waqt insaan aik tihai maal se ziyada sadqa kar hi nahi sakta kyunkay us waqt maal warison ka haq ban jata hai jisay Allah ki raah mein bhi kharch nahi kiya ja sakta. isi liye Allah ne had muqarrar farma di hai ke marz-ul-maut mein koi apna maal waqf ya sadqa karna chahay to woh aik tahai ⅓ maal se ziyada nahi kar sakta.

2- Is mein is amar ki targheeb hai ke insaan ko neki ke kamon bilkhushoos sadqa-o-khairaat mein taa kher nahi balkay ujlat se kaam lena chahiye. is ka yeh matlab nahi ke mazkoorah baala soorat ke ilawa koi soorat baais fazeelat nahi. faqar, hirs aur sehat ki qaid laganay ka maqsad yeh hai ke aisay halaat mein amuman sadqa karna nihayat mushkil hota hai aur sirf neki ka jazba rakhnay walay hi sadqa kar satke hain warna khushaal ka sadqa jisay faqar ka dar nah ho, bhi basa auqaat bohat baday ajar ka baais hota hai. basa auqaat sayil mohtaji ki nawiyat bhi sadqy ki fazeelat ko badha deti hai. Allah taala ne Qur’an Majeed mein Imaan walon ki aik khoobi yeh bhi bayan farmai hai ke woh tangi aur asayish har do sooraton mein kharch karte hain .


91 ـ الخامس: عن أنس رضى الله عنه، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أخذ سيفاً يوم أحد فقال: (من يأخذ مني هذا؟ فبسطوا أيديهم، كل إنسان منهم يقول: أنا أنا. قال: (فمن يأخذه بحقه؟) فأحجم القوم، فقال أبو دجانة رضي الله عنه: أنا آخذه بحقه، فأخذه ففلق به هام المشركين. رواه مسلم. 
اسم أبي دجانة: سماك بن خرشة. قوله: (أحجم القوم) أي توقفوا. و (فلق به) : أي شق، (هام المشركين) : أي رؤوسهم.

[ 91 ] Hazrat Anas (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai ke Uhod walay din Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne aik talwar pakdi aur farmaya : ” yeh talwar mujhe se kon le ga? sahaba ne apne haath daraaz kiye un mein se har aik ki zabaan par tha : main main. aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya : kon hai jo isay is ke haq ke sath le ga? yeh sun kar sab log peechay hatt gaye aur tawaquf kiya. Abu Dujana (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) agay badhay aur kaha : main isay is ke haq ke sath lon ga, chunanchay unhon ne talwar aap se le li aur is se Mushrikon ki khopdhyan phadhin. ( Muslim )

Abu Dujana ka naam Simak bin Khardha hai. 

أحْجم الْقوْم :

ka matlab hai : unhon ne tawaquf kiya.

 فلق :

 phada cheera. 

هام المشركين :

Mushrikon ke sir, ya khopdhiyan. 

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih Muslim, fazayil Sahaba, baab, min fazayil Abi Dujana Simak bin Kharshah(رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ), Hadees 2470

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Is mein hazrat Abu Dujana (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ki bahaduri aur fazeelat ka bayan hai taham is se yeh na samjha jaye ke deegar Sahaba (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ) ne us waqt buzdali dikhayi balkay un ka tawaquf is andaishay ki wajah se tha ke kahin is ke haq ki adaigi mein kotahi nah ho jaye warna is se qabal jab Nabi ( ﷺ ) ne ghair mashroot taur par talwar lainay ka elaan farmaya to har Sahabi usay lainay ke liye lapka. zahir baat hai talwar lainay ka maqsad is se jehaad karna hi tha nah ke kuchh aur. is jazbay mein koi Sahabi bhi peechay nahi raha. musabiqat elal khairat achha jzbah hai, taham insaan ko wohi zimma daari uthani chahiye jisay nibhanay ka woh ahal ho. 

RAVI HADEES :

[ HAZRAT ABU DUJANA SIMAK BIN KHARSHAH(رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ]: Simak bin awus bin Kharshah bin lozan Ansari Saaidi. un ki kuniat Abu Dujana hai aur yeh apni kuniat hi se mashhoor hain. Badar o Uhod aur tamam ghazwaat mein Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ke sath shareek rahay. Uhod ke din Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne apni talwar uthai aur farmaya ke kon is ka haq ada kere ga. saari qoum khamosh Abu Dujana ne woh talwar li aur us ke sath Mushrikeen-o-Kufar ki khopdhiyan phaad den. yeh sir par surkh patti bandh kar maidan qitaal mein utartay thay. yeh buzurag ora ka Bar Sahaba mein se hain. jang Yamama walay din sakht marqe ke baad shaheed hue.


92 ـ السادس: عن الزبير بن عدي قال: أتينا أنس بن مالك ـ رضي الله عنه ـ فشكونا إليه ما نلقى من الحجاج. فقال: (اصبروا فإنه لا يأتي عليكم زمان إلا والذي بعده شر منه حتى تلقوا ربكم) سمعته من نبيكم صلى الله عليه وسلم. رواه البخاري 

92- Hazrat Zubair bin Adi bayan karte hain ke ham Hazrat Anas bin Maalik (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ke paas aaye aur un se Hajjaj ke is zulm-o-sitam ki shikayat ki jis se ham do chaar thay. to unhon ne ( Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ka farmaan sunaate hue ) kaha : is par sabr karo! is liye ke ab jo bhi waqt aaye ga woh pehlay se badter hi ho ga, yahan tak ke tum apne Rab se ja milo.” ( phir farmaya : ) main ne yeh baat tumhare Nabi ( ﷺ ) se suni hai. ( Bukhari )

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih ul-Bukhari, al fitan baab la yati Zaman illa, al lazi baadahu shar minhu Hadees : 7068

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Is mein paish goi hai ke halaat din badin kharab se kharab tar aur isi hisaab se hukmaran bhi zalim aur bad se badter hon ge. aisay halaat mein hukmraanon ko un ke haal par chode kar har shakhs apni islaah kere aur apni akhirat sanwarnay ki fikar kere aur hukmraanon ki taraf se zulm-o-sitam ka irtikaab ho to usay bardasht kere aur sabr se kaam le. hukmaran jab tak wazeh kufar ka irtikaab nah karen us waqt tak un ke khilaaf baghaawat durust nahi. ahalus sunnah wal jamaat ka yahi aqeedah hai. agar woh zulm wa sitam karen to us par sabr karte hue apne faraiz ada karte rehna chahiye. Hajjaj bin Yousuf nihayat safaak aur zalim tha lekin bahar haal Musalman tha is liye syedna Anas (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ)ne sabr aur bardasht karne ki naseehat ki. 

RAVI HADEES :

HAZRAT ZUBAIR BIN ADI (رحمہ الله) : Zubair bin Adi kofi. un ki kuniat Abu Adi hai. Tabai hain. shehar Al-rayi ke qaazi thay. Anas bin Maalik, Maaroor bin Suweid, aur Abu Waile waghera se riwayat karte hain. Ahmed bin Hanbal, Ibn Moueen aur Ajli ne un ki toseeq ki hai yani un ko Siqqha qarar diya hai. Imam Bukhari(رحمہ الله) farmatay hain : Zubair bin Adi 131 hijri ko ree” mein faut hue .


93- السابع: عن أبي هريرة ـ رضي الله عنه ـ أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: (بادروا بالأعمال سبعاً: هل تنتظرون إلا فقراً منسياً، أو غنى مطغياً، أو مرضاً مفسداً، أو هرماً مفنداً، أو موتاً مجهزاً، أو الدجال فشر غائب ينتظر، أو الساعة، فالساعة أدهى وأمر) . 
رواه الترمذي وقال: حديث حسن.

( 93 ) Hazrat Abu Huraira(رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” saat cheezon se pehlay ( naik ) aamaal mein jaldi karo. kiya tumhen aisay faqar ka intzaar hai jo bhula dainay wala hai. ya aisi taunagri ka jo tumhen had se tajawaz kar dainay wala bananay wali hai. ya aisi bemari ka jo bigaad dainay wali hai. ya aisay budhapay ka jo aqal o hosh ko zayil kar dainay wala hai. ya aisi maut ka jo nihayat taizi se apna kaam tamam kar dainay wali hai. ( yani achanak aa jaye ) ya Dajjal ka jo har us gayab buraiee se badter hai jis ka intzaar kiya jaye. ya qayamat ka chunanchay qayamat to bohat hi holnaak aur nihayat talkh tar hai. ( isay Tirmizi ne riwayat kiya hai aur kaha hai yeh hadees hasan hai. ) 

TAKHREEJ:

Zaeef _ Jamie Tirmizi, Al zuhud,…….. Baab maa jaa fil mabadarat bil amal, Hadees: 2303.

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Yeh riwayat zaeef hai, taham is mauzo se mutaliq aik riwayat Imam Haakim ne zikar ki hai jo sahih hai. Hazrat Ibn Abbas (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا)se riwayat hai ke Rasool Akram ( ﷺ ) ne aik aadmi ko naseehat karte hue farmaya :

((اغْتَنِمْ خَمْسًا قبلَ خَمْسٍ: شبابَكَ قبلَ هَرَمِكَ، وصِحَّتَكَ قبلَ سَقَمِكَ، وغِناءكَ قبلَ فَقْرِكَ، وفَراغَكَ قبلَ شُغلِكَ، وحياتَكَ قبلَ موتِكَ))؛ 

paanch cheezon ko paanch cheezon ( ke anay ) se pehlay ghanemat samjhoo : Jawani ko budhapay se pehlay pehlay, Sehat ko bimaari se pehlay pehlay taunagri ko faqeeri se pehlay pehlay faraghat ko masrufiyat se pehlay pehlay aur zindagi ko maut se pehlay pehlay ghanemat samjhoo” 

(At targheeb wat targheeb:4/251)

2- Mawanie ( rukawat ban’nay wali cheezon ) se pehlay insaan ko naik aamaal ke zariye se apni aakhirat sanwaar leni chahiye kahin aisa nah ho ke mazkoorah Mawanie mein se koi Maney insaan ko la-haq ho jaye aur Aamaal-e-Saleha se woh mahroom hi reh jaye. 

3- Insaan ki yeh kamzoree hai ke woh nematon ke hotay hue un ki qader nahi karta aur nah un se kama huqqa faida uthata hai. un ki ahmiyat ka andaza un ke chhin jane ke baad hota hai aur phir insaan sambhalny ki koshish karta hai lekin us waqt pani sar se guzar chuka hota hai .


94 ـ الثامن: عنه أن رسول صلى الله عليه وسلم قال يوم خيبر: (لأعطين هذه الراية رجلاً يحب الله ورسوله، يفتح الله على يديه) قال عمر رضي الله عنه: ما أحببت الإمارة إلا يؤمئذ، فتساورت لها رجاء أن أدعى لها، فدعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم علي بن أبي طالب ـ رضي الله عنه، فأعطاه إياها، وقال: (امش ولا تلتفت حتى يفتح الله عليك) فسار على رضي الله عنه شيئاً، ثم وقف ولم يلتفت؛ فصرخ: يا رسول الله، على ماذا أقاتل الناس؟ قال: (قاتلهم حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله، وأن محمداً رسول الله، فإذا فعلوا ذلك فقد منعوا منك دماءهم وأموالهم إلا بحقها وحسابهم على الله). رواه مسلم.
(فتساورت) هو بالسين المهملة: أي وثبت متطلعاً.
 

( 94 ) Hazrat Abu Huraira (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ)se riwayat hai Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne Khyber walay din farmaya : “ main yeh jhanda aisay shakhs ko dun ga jo Allah aur us  ke Rasool se mohabbat rakhta hai, Allah taala us ke hathon par fatah ataa farmaiye ga. Hazrat Umar bin khataab (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ne farmaya : main ne bhi imarat ki khwahish nahi ki, lekin us roz yeh khwahish ki ( taa ke yeh aizaz jo Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne bayan farmaya hai, mujhe haasil ho jaye). chunanchay main is ke liye uth uth kar buland hota is umeed par ke ( shayad ) mujhe ( is jang ki) imarat ( qayadat ) di jaye. ( Ravi hadees bayan karte hain : ) chunanchay Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne Hazrat Ali bin Abi Taalib (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ko talab farmaya aur woh jhanda un ko ataa farma diya aur farmaya :” ( jhanda le kar ) chal aur kisi ki taraf tawajah nah karna, yahan tak ke Allah tujhe fatah se hamkenar farma day.” Hazrat Ali (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) kuchh chlye phir thehr gaye aur kisi taraf tawajah nahi ki aur ba aawaz buland kaha : aye Allah ke Rasool main kis cheez par logon se jehaad karoon? Nabi ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya : un se jehaad kar! yahan tak ke woh is baat ki gawahi den ke Allah ke siwa koi mabood nahi aur yeh ke Mohammad  ( ﷺ ) Allah ke Rasool hain. jab woh aisa kar len to bilashuba unhon ne tujh se apni jaanen aur apne maal mehfooz kar liye, Albata jaan o maal ke haq ke sath ( un ka muwakhiza ho sakta hai yani woh kisi Musalman ko na jaaiz qatal kar den to qisaas mein un ko qatal karna aur kisi ka maal ghasab kiya ho ya Zakat ada nah ki ho to woh maal un se wusool karna zaroori hai. zabaan se islam ki shahadat dainay par un ke khoon aur amwal mehfooz ho jayen gaye taham agar woh dil se Musalman nahi hue to ) un ka hisaab Allah ke zimmay hai ( yani qayamat walay din Allah taala khud hi un se hisaab le le ga ). ( Muslim ) 

فتساورت :

” seen” ke sath. main Nabi ﷺ ki taraf jhankte hue uth uth kar daikhta .

 

TAKHREEJ :

Sahih Muslim fazayil Sahabat, baab min fazayil Ali bin Taalib(رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) Hadees: 2405

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

1- Is mein Hazrat Ali (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ke khaas Shurf-wa-fazl ka bayan hai. 

2- Nabi ﷺ ke mujizay ka zikar hai ke aap ne pehlay hi fatah Khyber ki ittila di aur aap ki khabar ke mutabiq woh fatah ho gaya.

 3- Zahiri halaat ke mutabiq ahkaam islam ka ijra ho ga chunanchay jo zabaan se islam ka izhaar kere ga usay Musalman hi samjha jaye ga, is ke batin ka maamla Allah ke supurd ho ga, Albata qatal na-haq ke irtikaab par qisasan aur irtdaad par had-dan qatal kiya jaye ga. 

4- Jehaad Aala-ye-kalimatullah ke liye hota hai ke log to tauheed Rabbani ka iqraar kar len jehaad ka mafhuum qatal o ghaarat hargiz nahi hai jaisa ke islam dushman bawar karate hain. jehaad qiyam aman ke liye kiya jata hai nah ke aman ko subu taa khar karne ke liye. Rasool Akram ﷺ ka syedna Ali (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ko maqsad jehaad bayan karna islam ke aman pasand honay ki wazeh Daleel hai. yehi wajah hai ke islam poori duniya mein phehla lekin maqtuleen ki tadaad chand hazaar se ziyada thi .

 

REFERENCE:
BOOK: Riyaz us Saliheen(Urdu)
Taleef: Imam Nawawi Rahimahullah.
Urdu Tarjumah aur Fawaid: Hafiz Salah Uddin Yusuf.

 

 

Chapter 10

Hastening to do Good Deeds

Allah, the Exalted, says:

 

“So hasten towards all that is good”. (2:148)

 

“And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Rubb, and for Jannah as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqun (the pious)”. (3:133)


  1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Be prompt in doing good deeds (before you are overtaken) by turbulence which would be like a part of the dark night. A man would be a believer in the morning and turn to disbelief in the evening, or he would be a believer in the evening and turn disbeliever in the morning, and would sell his Faith for worldly goods.”
[Muslim].

 

Commentary:  This Hadith tells that the Day of  Resurrection will be preceded by a long chain of calamities. Because of the rush of these calamities, religion and Faith will loose their value in people. There will be a race for wealth, so much so that people would not hesitate to compromise their religion and Faith to acquire wealth. People will rapidly change their faces. This is what actually happening. In this situation true believers are exhorted to adhere strictly to Faith and perform noble deeds without delay.


  1. `Uqbah bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Once I performed the ‘Asr prayer in Al-Madinah behind the Prophet (PBUH). He (PBUH) got up quickly after finishing the prayer with Taslim, and stepping over the people, went to one of the rooms of his wives. The people were startled at his haste, and when he came out and saw their astonishment at his urgency he said, “I recalled that there was left with me some gold which was meant for charity; I did not like to keep it any longer, so I gave orders that it should be distributed”.
[Al-Bukhari].

 

    In another narration, Messenger of Allah said, “I had left some gold for Sadaqah in the house, and did not wish to keep it overnight”.

 

Commentary:

  1. A person should not keep such a thing because of which his attention is diverted from Allah (SWT) towards that thing.
  1. Although it is undesirable to jump over the neck of people in ordinary circumstances but it is permissible when special conditions warrant it.

  1. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man, said to the Prophet (PBUH) during the battle of Uhud: “Tell me where I shall be if I am killed”. When he (PBUH) replied that he would be in Jannah, the man threw away some dates which he had in his hand and fought until he was killed.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

Commentary:  This Hadith mentions the passion of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) for Jihad and its reward which is Jannah. It also says that if a person heartily desires martyrdom, Allah certainly grants him this distinction and honour.


  1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: There came a man to the Prophet (PBUH) and said, “O Messenger of Allah, which charity is the most rewardable?” He (PBUH) said, “That you should give charity (in a state when you are) healthy and stingy and fear poverty, hoping to become rich (charity in such a state of health and mind is the best). And you must not defer (charity to such a length) that you are about to die and would be saying: ‘This is for so-and-so, and this for so-and-so.’ Lo! It has already come into (the possession of) so-and-so”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

Commentary:  Charity in the real sense is that which a person gives when he is healthy. If a person gives charity when he is facing death, it does not have much value before Allah. Moreover, in that condition he cannot give more than one-third of his property in charity because then it becomes the property of his successors, which cannot be spent even in the way of Allah. For this reason Allah has prescribed a limit in this respect, according to which if a person going through a mortal disease wants to give his property in charity or donate it for some charitable purpose, he cannot spend more than one-third of it on this account. This injunction is an inducement for people to hurry in doing good deeds, especially in the matter of alms and charity. In fact, he should do it without delay.


  1. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) took up a sword on the day of the battle of Uhud and said, “Who will take this sword from me?” Everyone stretched forth his hand saying: “I will take it; I will take it”. He (the Prophet (PBUH)) said, “Who will take it with its full responsibility (i.e., to use it to fight Allah’s enemies with it)?” The Companions hesitated. Abu Dujanah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “I shall take it;” and with it he cracked the skulls of the pagans.
[Muslim].

 

Commentary:  This Hadith mentions the chivalry and distinction of Abu Dujanah (May Allah be pleased with him) but it should not be taken to mean that other Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) showed cowardice on that occasion. The latter had in fact hesitated to get the honour and reward attached with the Prophet’s sword. It is evident from the fact that when the Prophet (PBUH) offered it without any condition everyone stretched his hand to take it.


  1. Az-Zubair bin `Adi said: We went to Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) and complained to him of suffering at the hands of Al-Hajjaj. He replied: “Show endurance, for no time will come but will be followed by one worse (than the present one) till you meet your Rubb. I heard this from your Prophet (PBUH)”.
[Al-Bukhari].

 

Commentary:  This Hadith contains the prediction that with the passage of time, conditions will become from bad to worse with the result that rulers would become more and more cruel. In such circumstances, the remedy suggested here is that rather than making any effort to reform the rulers, one should try to reform oneself and worry to make one’s own life in the Hereafter, and endure patiently the tyrannies perpetrated by the rulers.


  1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Hasten to do good deeds before you are overtaken by one of the seven afflictions.” Then (giving a warning) he said, “Are you waiting for such poverty which will make you unmindful of devotion; or prosperity which will make you corrupt, or disease as will disable you, or such senility as will make you mentally unstable, or sudden death, or Ad-Dajjal who is the worst expected absent, or the Hour, and the Hour will be most grievous and most bitter”.
[At-Tirmidhi].

 

Commentary:  The purpose of this Hadith is that before overcoming of the obstructions, one should do one’s best to improve his Hereafter by means of good deeds lest one is deprived of good deeds by some obstruction.


  1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: On the day of the battle of Khaibar, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I shall hand over this banner to one who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah will give us victory through him.” `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “I had never longed for leadership but that day I expected that I might be called for. However, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) called `Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) and handed the banner to him and said, “Go forth and do not turn around till Allah bestows victory upon you”. (On hearing this) `Ali proceeded a little and then halted and without turning around inquired in a loud voice: “O Messenger of Allah, for what shall I fight them?” He (PBUH) replied, “Go on fighting till they affirm that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they admit that, their lives and their properties will be secured, subject to their obligations according to Islam, and they will be answerable to Allah”.
[Muslim].

 

Commentary:

  1. This Hadith refers to prominence, special distinction and greatness of `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him).
  1. It mentions the miracle of the Prophet (PBUH) in the form of his prophecy about the conquest of Khaibar which came true.
  1. Islamic sanctions would be applied on the apparent conduct of the people. Thus, a person who would announce his acceptance of Islam, will be considered a Muslim. What is hidden in his heart will be left to Allah. He will, however, be punished with retaliation (Qisas) in case of unjust murder and execution for apostasy.
 REFERENCE:
BOOK: Riyadh ul Saaliheen
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