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07. Baap ki waraasat.

*Baap ki waraasat*

 

Maiyat key baap ki teen haaltain hain :

 

*Pehli haalat*

 

Baap bator -e- asbah waaris ho ga jab maiyat ki koi aulaad ( beta, beti, pota ya poti ) mojood nah ho. agar baap akela hi waaris hai to woh saari jaedaad le ga. aur agar is key hamrah koi aur sahib -e- farz hai to is ka hissa dainay ke baad jo baqi bachay ga woh baap ka hoga .

 

*Misaal*

 

Aik aadmi faut ho gaya aur apni biwi aur baap ko zindah chodha

 

*Hal*

 

Biwi (1/4) le gi aur baqi baap ko bator -e- asbah miley ga. asal masla ( 4 ) hai. biwi ko (1) hissa mila aur baqi (3) baap bator -e- asbah le ga .

 

4

1 biwi 1/4

3 baap Ain (ع)


*Doosri haalat*


Baap ko jaedaad ka ( 1/6 ) miley ga, yani woh sahib -ul-farz ki hesiyat se waaris hoga. jab maiyat ka beta ya pota mojood ho .

 

*Misaal*

Aik aadmi faut ho gaya. Us ne apna baap aur beta zindah chodha

 

*Hal*

 

Baap (1/6) le ga aur beta bator -e- asbah waaris hai. asal masla ( 6 ) hai. baap ko ( 1 ) hissa mila aur baqi ( 5 ) beta le ga

 

6

1 Baap 1/6

5 Beta Ain (ع)


*Teesri haalat*


Baap do hisson ka mustahiq hoga pehlay ( 1/6 ) farzan phir asbah ban kar baqi le ga. jab maiyat ki beti ya poti mojood ho. lekin beta aur pota mojood nah ho. Ashaab -ul- furooz key hisson ke baad agar koi hissa baqi nah bacha to woh sirf ( 1/ 6 ) ka waaris hoga .

 

*Misaal#1*

 

Aik aadmi faut ho gaya. apna baap aur beti ko zindah chodha .

 

*Hal*

 

Beti ko ( 1/2 ) miley ga. baap ko pehlay ( 1/6 ) aur phir jo baqi bacha usay bator -e- asbah le ga. asal masla ( 6 ) hai beti ko ( 3 ). baap ko aik hissa (1) farzan aur phir baqi (2) bator -e- asbah le ga is terhan baap ko kul (3) milein ge

 

6

3 Beti 1/2

1+2 Baap 1/6 Ain (ع)


*Misaal#2*

 

Aik aurat faut hui. Us ne apni maa, do betiyan aur baap zindah chodha .

 

*Hal*

 

Maa ko ( 1/6 ) do baityon ko ( 2/3 ) miley ga baap pehlay ( 1/6 ) bator -e- sahib -e- farz aur baqi bator -e- asbah le ga. asal masla ( 6 ) hai maa ko (1) do baityon ko (4) baap ko (1) hissa dainay key baad asal masla mein se kuch baqi nahi bacha is liye usay mazeed kuch nahi miley ga .

 

6

1 Maa 1 /6

4 do betiyaan 2/3

0+1 Baap 1/6


*Baap ki waraasat ki teenu haalton ki Daleel :*


Qoulihi taala :

 

ولابویْه لكل واحدٍ منْهما السدس مما ترک إنْ کان له ولد فإنْ لمْ یكن له ولد و ورثه أبوه فلامه الثلْث )

 

( Surat -ul- Nisaa 174 )

 

lafz “wald” se muraad beta, beti, pota aur poti hai. un ki mojoodgi mein baap ko as-sudus

( 1 / 6 ) miley ga. aur un ki adam mojoodgi mein agar waaris maa aur baap hi hon to maa ko as-sulus ( 1/3 ) miley ga. lekin aayat -e- mubarikah mein baap key hissay ka zikar nahi hai jis se yeh saabit hota hai ke woh bator -e- asbah baqi jo as-sulusain ( 2/3 ) hai, le ga. isi terhan agar baap key hamrah sirf beti ya poti ho to baap apna hissa as-sudus ( 1/6 ) lainay key baad jo baqi bachay ga woh bator -e- asbah le ga. kyunkay wohi betay ki adam mojoodgi mein maiyat key qareeb tareen muzakkar asbah hai ,

 

Jaisa keh hadees shareef mein aaya hai:-

 

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْحِقُوا الْفَرَائِضَ بِأهْلِهَا فَمَا بَقِيَ فَهُوَ لَأُولى رَجُلٍ ذكر

 

“waraasat haq daaron tak day do baqi jo bachay to qareeb tareen mard ke liye hai“

 

(Rawaah-ul- Bukhaari wa muslim)

 

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Islam Ka Qanoon-e-Warasaat”
By Salah Uddin Haider Lakhwi.

 

 

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