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14. HAZRAT DHUL-KIFL ( علیہ السلام )

Hazrat Zul Kifil (علیہ السلام )

 

Quran Majeed mein aap ka tazkirah

 

Allah Ta’ala ne surah Anbiya mein Hazrat Ayyob (علیہ السلام ) ka waqea bayan karne kay baad farmaya:

 

وَاِسْمٰعِيْلَ وَاِدْرِيْسَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ ۭ كُلٌّ مِّنَ الصّٰبِرِيْنَ 85؀ښوَاَدْخَلْنٰهُمْ فِيْ رَحْمَتِنَا  ۭ اِنَّهُمْ مِّنَ الصّٰلِحِيْنَ 86؀

 

“Aur (Ae Nabi!) Ismaeel aur Idrees aur Zul Kifil (ko bhi yaad karo) yeh sab sabar karne wale thay aur ham ne un ko apni rahmat mein dakhil kiya. Bilashuba woh sab nekukaar thay.” (Al Anbiya: 21/85-86)

 

Surah Saad mein bhi Hazrat Ayyob (علیہ السلام ) kay waqea kay baad irshad hai:

 

وَاذْكُرْ عِبٰدَنَآ اِبْرٰهِيْمَ وَاِسْحٰقَ وَيَعْقُوْبَ اُولِي الْاَيْدِيْ وَالْاَبْصَارِ 45 ؀اِنَّآ اَخْلَصْنٰهُمْ بِخَالِصَةٍ ذِكْرَى الدَّارِ 46؀ۚوَاِنَّهُمْ عِنْدَنَا لَمِنَ الْمُصْطَفَيْنَ الْاَخْيَارِ 47؀ۭوَاذْكُرْ اِسْمٰعِيْلَ وَالْيَسَعَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ ۭ وَكُلٌّ مِّنَ الْاَخْيَارِ 48؀ۭ

 

“Aur hamare bando Ibrahim aur Ishaq aur Yaqoob ko yaad karo jo quwwat aur baseerat wale thay. Ham ne un ko aik (siffat) khas (aakhrat kay) ghar ki yaad say mamtaaz kiya tha aur woh hamare nazdeek muntakhab aur nek logon mein say thay. Aur Ismaeel aur Al Yasa aur Zul Kifil ko yaad karo, Woh sab nek logon mein say thay.” (Saad: 38/45-48)

Quran Majeed mein Anbiya-e-Kiraam kay sath aur tareefi kalimaat kay sath aap ka zikr karne say maloom hota hai keh Zul Kifil Nabi thay aur yahi mashoor thay. Baaz ulama ka kehna hai keh aap Nabi nahi thay balkeh aik nek aadmi aur insaaf pasand haakim thay. Allamaa Ibn-e-Jareer (رحمہ اللہ) ne is masla mein tawaqquf farmaya hai aur kisi pehlu ko tarjeeh nahi di.

Hazrat Mujahid ( رحمہ اللہ) say riwayat hai, Unhon ne farmaya: “Aap Nabi nahi thay, Balkeh nek aadmi thay. Aap ne apni qoum ki rahnumayi ki aur un mein insaaf karne ki zimma daari uthayi thi, Isi liye woh Zul Kifil (zimma daari uthane wale) kay naam say mashoor howe.”

Hazrat Mujahid (رحمہ اللہ) say riwayat hai, Unhon ne bayan kiya hai keh jab Hazrat Yasa (رحمہ اللہ) bodhe hogaye to aap ne farmaya: “Kitna acha ho keh mein apna aik naib muqarrar kar doon,jo meri zindagi mein un par hukoomat kare, Taakeh mein dekh loon keh woh kese kaam karta hai. (agar munasib maloom ho to usay apni wafaat kay baad kay liye apna naib muqarrar kar doon,”) Aap ne logon ko jama kar kay farmaya: “Jo shaks meri taraf say aaid karda teen zimma dariyaan qubool kare ga, Mein usay apna khaleefa muqarrar karoon ga. Woh kaam yeh hain keh din ko roza rakhe, Raat ko qiyaam kare aur ghusa nah kare.”

Aik aadmi, Jo dekhne mein bilkul mamooli sa lagta tha, Utha aur bola, “Mein (zimma dariyaan qubool karta hoon.”) Farmaya: “To din ko roza rakha kare ga, Raat ko qiyaam kiya kare ga aur ghusay mein nahi aaye ga?” Us ne kaha: “Ji haan!” Us din aap ne usay wapis kar diya (aur apna khaleefa naamzad nahi kiya) Dosre din aap ne phir yahi ailaan farmaya. Sab log khamosh rahe. Usi aadmi ne uth kar kaha: “Mein.” Aap ne usay apna khaleefa muqarrar kar diya.

Iblees shetanoo say kehta tha: “Is shaks ko qubool karo.” Lekin sab shetan usay gumraah karne mein aur us say wada kay baraks koi kaam karane mein naa kaam hogaye.

Iblees ne kaha: “Mujhe is (Zul Kafil) say nibatne do.” Who aik intihayi bodha faqeer ban kar aap kay paas us waqt aaya jab aap dopehar kay waqt aaram karne kay liye let gaye thay. Aap din raat mein sirf aik baar us waqt soya karte thay. Us ne darwaza khatkhataya. Aap ne farmaya: “Kon hai?” Us ne kaha: “Aik mazloom zaeef boodha hoon.” AAap ne uth kar darwaza khol diya aur woh apni kahani sunane laga. Us ne kaha: “Mera apni qoum kay logon say jhagda chal raha hai. Unhon ne mujh par zulm kiya aur yeh kiya aur yeh kiya……” Who baat ko tol deta chala gaya hatta keh qailoolay ka waqt guzar gaya aur adalat mein jaane ka waqt ho gaya. Aap ne (bodhe say) farmaya: “Jab mein adalat mein bethoon ga to tujhe tera haq dilwa doon ga.”

Aap adalat mein aa kar apne maqaam par beth gaye. Aap ne idhar udhar dekha magar bodha kahin nazar nah aaya. Agle din bhi aap logon kay muqadmaat sunte aur faisle karte rahe aur us bodhe ka intizaar karte rahe lekin woh nazar nah aaya. Jab aap wapis aakar bistar par qailoolay kay liye lete, To woh aa kar darwaza khatkhatane laga. Aap ne farmaya: “Kon hai?” Us ne kaha: “Wahi mazloom zaeef bodha hoon.” Aap ne darwaza khola aur kaha: “ Mein ne tujhe kaha nahi tha keh jab mein adalat mein bethoon ga to mere paas aana?” Us ne kaha: “Woh bade khabees log hain, Unhain jab pata chala keh aap adalat mein tashreef le gaye hain to mujhe kehne lage: Ham tujhe tera haq de dain ge. Jab aap ne adalat barkhast ki, Woh mukar gaye.” Aap ne farmaya: “Ab chala jaa jab mein adalat mein jaaon ga, Tab aa jaana.”

Is tarah aap us din bhi qailoola nah kar sake. Aap adalat mein gaye aur us ka intizaar karte rahe. Lekin woh nazar nah aaya. Aap kay liye neend par qabu pana mushkil ho gaya to aap ne ghar waloon say kaha: “Mujhe sakht neend aa rahi hai. Tum kisi ko darwaze kay qareeb nah aane dena, Mein zara so loon.”

Us waqt woh bodha aagaya. Darwaze par mojood aadmi ne kaha: “Pechay raho, Pechay raho.” Us ne kaha: “Mein kal bhi un ki khidmat mein haazir howa tha aur apna masla pesh kiya tha.” Aadmi ne kaha: “Hargiz nahi! Qasam hai Allah ki! Aap ka hukum hai keh ham kisi ko qareeb nah aane dain.”

Jab us ne dekha keh is tarah aap tak pohnchna mushkil hai to idhar udhar dekha. Usay kamre mein aik roshan daan nazar aaya. Woh upper chadh kar us mein say kamre mein dakhil ho gaya aur andar say darwaza khatkhatane laga. Aap ki aankh khul gayi to (darbaan ko) aawaz di. “Ae fulaan! Kiya mein ne tujhe hukum nahi diya tha (keh usay kuch arsay kay liye rok lena.”)

Us ne kaha: “Yeh shaks meri taraf say nahi aaya, Aap hi dekhain keh kidhar say aaya hai?” Aap ne uth kar darwaza dekha to woh andar ki taraf say isi tarah band tha jis tarah aap ne band kiya tha, Us kay bawjood bodha kamre mein mojood tha. Tab aap ne pehchan liya aur farmaya: “Kiya tu Allah ka dushman (shetaan) hai?” Us ne kaha: “Haan! Aap ne meri har koshish na kaam bana di thi. Is liye mein ne aap ko ghussa mein laane kay liye yeh sab kiya.”

Isi waja say Allah Ta’ala ne aap ka naam “Zul Kifil” rakha. Kiyu keh aap ne aik zimma daari uthayi aur usay nibha kar dikhaya.

Hazrat Abu Musa Ash’ari (رضی اللہ عنہ) ne minbar par khade ho kar yeh irshad farmaya: “Zul Kifil Nabi nahi thay, Lekin aik nek aadmi thay jo rozana so namazain padha karte thay.” (ghaliban do so rakaat nafil padhna muraad hai. Wallahu A’lam)

Zul Kifil ne us (Yasa) say wada kiya keh us ki wafaat kay baad woh yeh silsila jaari rakhain ge chunancha aap rozana so namazain padha karte thay. Isi liye aap ka naam “ Zul Kifil” (zimma daari uthane aur nibhane wale) mashhoor ho gaya.” (Tafseer Ibn-e-Jareer Al Tabri: 10/98) Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer: 5/319, Tafseer surah Anbiya, Ayat: 85)

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qasas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

 

 

Prophet Dhul-Kifl

 

Is he a Prophet?

Allah the Almighty declared:

Remember lshmael and Idris and Dhul Kifl, all were from among those who observe patience.”

(Ch 21:85-86)

Immediately following Job’s story in the Qur’an, Almighty Allah also directed:

“Remember Our slaves, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (ali) owners of strength in worshipping Us) and also of religious understanding. Verily, We did choose them by granting them (a good thing ) the remembrance of the home (in the Hereafter and they used to make the people remember it and also they used to invite the people to obey Allah and to do good deeds for the Hereafter). And they are in Our Sight, verily of the chosen and the best! Remember Ishmael, Elisha, and Dhul Kifi all are among the best. “

(Ch 38:45-48)

It is obvious from his being mentioned and praised in the Glorious Quran along with those other prophets that Dhul – Kifl was also a prophet.

 However, some of the Quranic commentators assumed that he was not a prophet but that righteous and strictly just.

The meaning of Dhul Kifl

 Ibn Jarir narrated that he was not a prophet but he was a righteous man. He supported his people to suffice their needs and administered justice among them. That is why he was called Dhul- Kifl. (Dhul- Kifl literally means “possessor of, or giving, a double requital or portion”.)

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.
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