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18. HAZRAT SHA’YA BIN AMSIYYA  (علیہ السلام) [PROPHET ISAIAH]

Hazrat Sha’ya Bin Amsiyya  (علیہ السلام)

 

Imam Muhammad bin Ishaq (رحمہ اللہ) kehte hain keh aap ka zamana Hazrat Zakriya aur Hazrat Yahya  (علیھم السلام) say pahle ka hai. Aap ne Hazrat Eesa  (علیہ السلام) aur Hazrat Mohammad  (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) ki bai’sat ki khushkhabri di thi. Aap ke zamane mein Bait-ul-Muqaddas kay ilaqay mein Hazqia Bani Israil ka badshah tha.  woh Hazrat Sha’ya (علیہ السلام)  ki hidayat par poori tarhan amal karta tha. Us waqt Bani Israil ke halaat digargon thay. Badshah kay paon mein phoda nikal aaya jab ke Babul ka badshah Sakha raib chay laakh ki fouj kay sath Bait-ul-Muqaddas ki taraf paish qadmi kar raha tha. Log bohat pareshan thay. Badshah ne Hazrat Sha’ya (علیہ السلام) say poocha: “Allah Ta’ala ne aap ki taraf Sakha raib ki foujon kay baray mein kaya wahi naazil farmayi hai? Aap ne farmaya: “ Abhi koi wahi nazzil nahi howi.  Aakhir wahi naazil howi keh Hazqia badshah say keh dejiye keh kisi ko apna qaim maqaam naamzad kar day kyun keh is ki mout ka waqt qareeb hai. Jab aap ne badshah ko Allah ka yeh paigham diya to badshah qibla rukh ho kar namaz, Dua aur giryaa zaari mein mashgool ho gaya. Us ne ikhlaas, Tawkkul aur sabar ka daman pakda aur dua ki: Ya Allah! Aey sab malikon kay maalik! Sab ma’bodon kay ma’bood! Ya Rehman! Ya Raheem! Aey woh zaat jo neend aur ongh say paak hai! Mere aamaal par aur Bani Israil mein insaaf kay sath hukoomat karne par nazar farma! Yeh sab teri tufeq say howa. Tu yeh baat mujh say zayada jaanta hai. Mera Zaahir-o-Baatin tere liye hai.  

“Allah Ta’ala ne us ki dua qubool ki, Rahmat farmayi aur Hazrat Sha’ya (علیہ السلام) ki taraf wahi naazil farmayi keh usay khush khabri de dain keh Allah ne us ki giryaa zaari par raham farmaya aur is ki mout ko pandrah saal kay liye mokhar farma diya hai aur usay us kay dushman Sakha raib say nijaat de di hai. Junhi Sha’ya (علیہ السلام) ne usay yeh khushkhabri sunayi, Us ki bemari door hogayi, Tamam Gham-o-Fikar door ho gaye. Woh Allah kay aagay sajdah raiz ho gaya. Us ne sajda mein yeh alfaaz kahe: “Ya Allah tu hi jisay chahta hai hukoomat deta hai aur jis say chahta hai chean leta hai. Tu jisay chahta hai izzat deta hai. To zaahir aur posheeda say bakhabar hai. Tu hi Awwal-o-Aakhir hai.  Tu hi Zaahir-o-Baatin hai. Tu hi reham farmata hai aur lachaaron ki dua qubool karta hai. “

 Jab us ne sajdah say sar uthaya to Allah T’ala ne Sha’ya  (علیہ السلام) ki taraf wahi naazil farmayi keh badshah ko hukum dain keh woh Injeer ka pani nikaal kar apne zakham par lagaye, Usay Shifa haasil ho jaye gi. Us ne is hidaayat kay mutabiq amal kiya to usay Shifa hogayi.

Allah Ta’ala ne Sakha raib kay lashkar par mout Musallat kar di. Chunancha woh sab halaak ho gaye. Sirf Sakha raib aur us kay paanch saathi baqi bachay jin mein say aik Bakht-e-Nasar tha.  Bani Israil kay badshah ne sipahi bhaij kar unhain girftar kar liya. Un ki gardanoon mein toq daal kar shehr mein ghamaya, Isi tarah sattar din unhain zaleel kaya. Un logon ko rozana jaw ki do do rotiyaan di jaati thi. Phir unhain jail mein daal diya. Sha’ya (علیہ السلام)  ne wahi kay mutabiq badshah say kaha keh inhen un kay watan bhaij de taakeh woh apni Qoum ko jaa kar batayain keh un par kaya guzri. Jab woh apne watan puhanche to Sakha raib ne apni Qoum ko jama kar kay tamam Soorat-e-Haal bayan ki. Us kay kahinoon aur sahiroon ne kaha: “Ham ne aap ko un kay Rabb ki aur un kay Nabiyun ki shaan batayi thi lekin aap ne hamari baat nah maani. is Ummat ko Allah ki madad haasil hai,  Koi un ka muqaabila nahi kar sakta. Is waqea kay saat saal baad Sakha raib mar gaya. Imam Ibn-e-Ishaq  (رحمہ اللہ) kehte hain: Jab Bani Israil ka badshah Hazqia mar gaya to un kay halaat kharab ho gaye aur un mein buraiyan zayada phail gayeen.  Allah Ta’ala ne Sha’ya (علیہ السلام) ko wahi ki to aap ne apni Qoum ko Waaz-o-Naseehat ki aur Allah kay azaab say daraya. Junhi aap ne waaz khatam kya, Woh log aap par hamla aawar ho gaye aur aap ko shaheed karne ka iradah kar liya. Aap bhaag gaye. Aap aik darakht kay paas puhanche to woh phatt gaya, Aap us kay andar daakhil ho gaye. Shetan ne jaldi say kapde ka kinara pakad liya. Jab darakht kay phatay howe hissay ne mil kar Nabi ko chupaya to kapde ka woh kinara bahar reh gaya. Logon ne dekha to foran aara le aaye aur darakht ko cheer diya. Is kay sath Hazrat Sha’ya (علیہ السلام)  ka jism mubarak bhi do tukde ho gaya aur aap shaheed ho gaye.  اِنَّا لِلّٰهِ وَاِنَّـآ اِلَيۡهِ رٰجِعُوۡنَؕ

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qasas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

 

Prophet Shia (Isaiah)

Isaiah and Hezekiah

Among the prophets between David and Zakariah is Isaiah (pbuh), Ibn Amoz (Amisiah). According to Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq, Isaiah (pbuh) appeared before Zakariah (pbuh) and Yahya (John the Baptist) (pbuh). He is among those who prophesied about Isa (Jesus) (pbuh) and Muhammad (pbuh). The king during his time was called Hezekiah (Hazkia). He listened and was obedient to Isaiah in what he advised him to do and prohibit for the good of the state. Affairs took momentum among the Israelites. The king became sick with an infected foot. While he was sick, King Sennacherib (Sinharib) of Babylon advanced towards Jerusalem with sixty thousand men.

 Allah Grants More Life to Hezekiah

The people were greatly terrified. The King asked Isaiah: “What did Allah reveal to you regarding Sennacherib and his army?” He replied: “He has not yet revealed anything to me.” Then the revelation came down for King Hezekiah to appoint a successor, as he wished, because his end was at hand. When Isaiah told him this, the king turned to the qibla (the direction faced in prayer); he prayed, glorified Allah, invoked Him, and wept. Weeping and invoking Allah the All-Powerful and majestic with a sincere heart, trust and patience, he said: “O Lord of lords, and God of gods! O, Benevolent and Merciful One Whom neither sleep nor nodding can overpower, remember me for my deeds and my just judgment over the children of Israel; and all that was from You, and You know it better than I do, my open acts and my secrets are with You.”

Allah answered his prayers had compassion on him. He revealed to Isaiah to tell him the glad tidings that He had compassion for his weeping and would extend his life for a further fifteen years and save him from the enemy, Sennacherib. When Isaiah told this to Hezekiah, his disease was healed. Evil and sadness departed, and he fell prostrate, saying: “O Lord, it is You Who grants kingship to whomsoever You wish and dethrones whomsoever You wish and elevates whomsoever You wish and degrades whomsoever You wish, Knower of the unseen and the evident. And lo! You are the First and the Last; the Manifest and the Perceived; You grant mercy and answer the prayers of the troubled ones.”

When he raised his head, Allah revealed to Isaiah to command the king to extract the water of the fig and apply it to his sore, and he would be whole and cured. He did so and was cured.

Allah Destroys Hezekiah’s Enemies

Then Allah sent death upon the army of Sennacherib. In the morning they were all corpses, except Sennacherib and five of his companions, among them Nebuchadnezzar (Bukhtanasar). The king of Israel immediately sent for them, put them in shackles and displayed them in the land for seventy days to spite and insult them. Every day each of them was fed a loaf of barley bread; after seventy days he confined them in prison.

Allah then revealed to Isaiah that the king should send them back to their country so that they might warn their people what would happen to them. When they returned, Sennacherib gathered his people and told them what had happened to them. The priests and magicians said to him; “We told you about their Lord and their prophets, but you did not listen to us. It is a nation which, with their God, nobody can overcome.” So, Sennacherib was afraid of Allah. He died seven years later.

Israel After Hezekiah’s Death

Ibn Ishaaq also reported that when King Hezekiah of Israel died, the Israelites’ condition deteriorated; there was political confusion, and their wickedness increased. Isaiah preached to them what Allah revealed to him, directing them to righteousness and warning them of Allah’s severe punishment. His preaching made him their enemy and they decided to kill him, so he escaped from them.

 Isaiah’s Death

Ibn Ishaaq also reported an Israelite interpolation which said that when Isaiah was passing by a tree, it opened, and he entered therein; but Satan saw him and held onto the loop of his garment so that it stuck out. When they saw it, they brought a saw and sawed the tree, and him with it. Indeed, from Allah we come and to him we return.

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.
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