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32. HAZRAT ISA IBN MARYAM ( علیہ السلام ) [Prophet Jesus]

 Hazrat Isa Ibn-e-Maryam علیہ السلام

 

Quraan Majeed Mein Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام Ka Tazkara-e-Khair

 

Allah T’aala ne soorah Aal-e-Imran ki ibtidaai aayaat mein Esaiyon ke aqeede ki tardeed farmai. Allah T’aala ki la’anat un par barse, Woh yeh aqeedah rakhte hein keh Isa علیہ السلام Allah ke bete hein. Allah T’aala ki shan is se, Jo kuch woh kehte hein, Bahut Buland-o-Bala hai. In aayaat mein Allah T’aala ne bayan farmaya hai keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام bhi us ke bandon mein se aik bande hain jinhein Allah T’aala ne paida kiya aur un ki Shakal-o-Soorat banai, Unhein bagher bap ke paida farmaya jaise Hazrat Aadam علیہ السلام ko bagher maan bap ke kun (کن )keh kar paida farmaya. Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ke halaat bhi bayan farmaye hain. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ اصْطَفٰٓي اٰدَمَ وَنُوْحًا وَّاٰلَ اِبْرٰهِيْمَ وَاٰلَ عِمْرٰنَ عَلَي الْعٰلَمِيْنَ 33 ؀ۙذُرِّيَّةًۢ بَعْضُهَا مِنْۢ  بَعْضٍ ۭ وَاللّٰهُ سَمِيْعٌ عَلِيْمٌ    34؀ۚاِذْ قَالَتِ امْرَاَتُ عِمْرٰنَ رَبِّ اِنِّىْ نَذَرْتُ لَكَ مَا فِيْ بَطْنِىْ مُحَرَّرًا فَتَقَبَّلْ مِنِّىْ ۚ اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ  35؀فَلَمَّا وَضَعَتْهَا قَالَتْ رَبِّ اِنِّىْ وَضَعْتُهَآ اُنْثٰى ۭ وَاللّٰهُ اَعْلَمُ بِمَا وَضَعَتْ ۭ وَلَيْسَ الذَّكَرُ كَالْاُنْثٰى ۚ وَاِنِّىْ سَمَّيْتُهَا مَرْيَمَ وَاِنِّىْٓ اُعِيْذُھَابِكَ وَذُرِّيَّتَهَا مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمِ  36؀فَتَقَبَّلَهَا رَبُّهَا بِقَبُوْلٍ حَسَنٍ وَّاَنْۢبَتَهَا نَبَاتًا حَسَـنًا  ۙ وَّكَفَّلَهَا زَكَرِيَّا  ڝ كُلَّمَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا زَكَرِيَّا الْمِحْرَابَ  ۙ وَجَدَ عِنْدَھَا رِزْقًا  ۚ قَالَ يٰمَرْيَـمُ اَنّٰى لَكِ ھٰذَا  ۭ قَالَتْ ھُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللّٰهِ  ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَرْزُقُ مَنْ يَّشَاۗءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ   37؀

 

“Allah T’aala ne Aadam aur Nooh aur Khandan-e-Ibrahim aur Khandan-e-Imran ko tamam jahanon mein muntakhab farmaya tha. Un mein se ba’az ba’az ki aulad thay aur Allah sun’ne wala, Jan’ne wala hai. (Woh waqat yad karo) jab Imran ki biwi ne kaha Aye Parwardigaar! Jo (bacha) mere pait mein hai mein us ko teri nazar karti hon. Usay duniya ke kamon se aazad rakhon gi so (usay) meri taraf se qabol farma. Beshak Tu sun’ne wala (aur) jan’ne wala hai. Jab un ke han bacha paida huwa to kehne lagien keh Parwardigaar! Mein ne to ladki janam di hai aur jo kuch un ke han paida huwa tha, Allah ko khoob ma’aloom tha aur (nazar ke liye) ladka (mozoon tha keh woh) ladki ki tarah (na tawan) nahin hota aur mein ne is ka nam Maryam rakha hai aur mein is ko aur is ki aulad ko shetan mardood se teri panah mein deti hon to Parwardigaar ne us ko pasandeedagi ke sath qabool farmaya aur usay achi tarah parwarish kiya aur Zakriya ko us ka kafeel banaya. Zakriya jab kabhi ibaadat gah mein us ke pas jate to us ke pas khane pate. (Yeh kefiyat dekh kar aik din Maryam se) pochane lage keh Maryam! Yeh khana tumhare pas kahan se aata hai? Woh bolien! Allah ke han se (aata hai.) Beshak Allah jise chahta hai be hissab rizaq deta hai.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/33-37) 

In aayaat mein Allah T’aala ne bayan farmaya hai keh us ne Aadam علیہ السلام aur un ki aulad mein se Paband-e-Shari’at aur ita’at guzaar afraad ko muntakhab aur mumtaz farmaya hai. Un mein se Aal-e-Ibrahim ko khas sharaf hasil hai, Jin mein Aal-e-Ismail bhi shamil hein. Is ke ba’ad Aal-e-Ibrahim ke aik pak baz gharane ka sharaf bayan farmaya hai. Woh Hazrat Imran ka gharana hai jo Maryam علیہا السلام ke walid thay. Hazrat Imran apne zamane ke bahut naik aur ibadat guzar aadmi thay. Maryam ki walida mohtarma “Hannah Bint-e-Faqood” bhi ibaadat guzar khatoon thien. Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ki behan “Ishya’a” ke shohar thay. Ba’az Ulama’a ne Ishya’a ko Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ki khala aur Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ko khaloo qarar diya hai. (واللہ اعلم) 

Imam Muhammad Bin Is’haq رحمہ اللہ aur deegar Ulama’a ne bayan farmaya hai keh Hazrat maryam علیہا السلام ki walida ke han aulad nahin hoti thi. Aik din unhon ne aik parinde ko dekha jo apne bache ko choga de raha tha. Usay dekh kar un ke dil mein aulad ki shadeed khawahish paida hui aur unhon ne nazar maan li keh agar Allah ne aulad di to usay Bait-ul-Maqdas ki khidmat ke liye waqaf kar dein gi. 

Ulama’a farmate hein: Yeh nazar mante hi unhein mahana ayyaam shuru ho gaye. Jab woh pak huien to un ke shohar ne un se muqarbat ki. Jis ke natije mein woh umeed se ho gaien. Jab bachi (Maryam علیہ السلام) ko jana to kehne lagien: رَبِّ اِنِّىْ وَضَعْتُهَآ اُنْثٰى ۭ وَاللّٰهُ اَعْلَمُ بِمَا وَضَعَتْ ۭ وَلَيْسَ الذَّكَرُ كَالْاُنْثٰى “Parwardigaar! Mein ne to ladki janam di hai. Allah T’aala ko khoob ma’aloom hai keh us ne kaya janam diya, aur ladka ladki jaisa nahin.” Aap ko umeed thi keh ladka ho ga. Jab ladki paida hui to mayoosi se kaha: Yeh to ladki hai, Masjid ki khidmat nahin kar sake gi aur meri nazar poori nahin ho gi. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: وَاِنِّىْ سَمَّيْتُهَا مَرْيَمَ “Mein ne us k nam Maryam rakha hai.” se ma’aloom hota hai keh bache ka nam pedaish ke din bhi rakha ja sakta hai. Jaisa keh Sahiheen mein Hazrat Anas رضی اللہ عنہ ka waqia marwi hai keh un ke bhai ko Nabi  -e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki khidmat mein le jaya gaya to Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne bache ko ghuti di aur “Abdullah” nam rakh diya. (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Al-Aqeeqa, Baab-o-Tasmiyat-e-Al Maoloodi Ghadat Yooladu……., Hadees: 5470. Wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Aadaab, Baab-o-Istihbab-e-Tahneek-e-Al Mauloodi…….., Hadees: 2144.) 

Hazrat Samrah رضی اللہ عنہ se riwaayat hai keh Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Har ladka apne aqeeqe ke iwaz girwi rakha huwa hota hai. Satwen din janwar zibah kiya jaye aur bache ka nam rakha jaye aur sar ke bal utare jaein. (Musnad-e-Ahmed: 5/8 , wa Sunan Abi Dawohod, Al-Zahaya, Baab Fil Aqeeqati, Hadees: 2837.) 

Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ki walida ne farmaya: اِنِّىْٓ اُعِيْذُھَابِكَ وَذُرِّيَّتَهَا مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمِ   “Mein usaye aur us ki aulad ko shetan mardood se Teri panah mein deti hon.” Un ki yeh dua qabool hui aur nazar bhi qabool ho gai. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ se riwaayat hai keh Nabi   صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Har bache ko pedaish ke waqat shetan choota hai, Woh shetan ke choone ki wajah se cheekhane lagta hai, Siwaye Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام aur un ke bete (Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام) ke. Is ke ba’ad Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ ne farmaya: “Chaho to yeh aayat padh lo: اِنِّىْٓ اُعِيْذُھَابِكَ وَذُرِّيَّتَهَا مِنَ الشَّيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمِ   “Mein isay aur is ki aulad ko shetan mardood se teri panah mein deti hon.”(Musnad-e-Ahmed: 2/275.)


Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام Ki Kafaalat Mein


Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام qoam ke sardar aur qaaid ki beti thien magar woh Aap ki pedaish ke waqat foat ho chuke thay. Deegar Muazizeen-e-Qoam mein se har aik ki khawahish thi keh apne sardar ki beti ki parwarish ka sharaf usay mile, Lihaza qur’aa andazi ki gai to yeh sharaf Hazrat Zakriya ke hissy mein aaya. 

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

فَتَقَبَّلَهَا رَبُّهَا بِقَبُوْلٍ حَسَنٍ وَّاَنْۢبَتَهَا نَبَاتًا حَسَـنًا  ۙ وَّكَفَّلَهَا زَكَرِيَّا   

 

“Pas usay us ke Parwardigaar ne achi tarah qabool kar farmaya aur usay behtareen parwarish di. Us ki kher khabar lene wala Zakriya ko banaya.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/37) 

Bahut se mufassireen ne farmaya hai keh jab Aap peda huien, Aap ki walida ne Aap ko kapde mein lapeta aur masjid ki taraf tashreef le gaien. Jo ibadat guzar wahazn mojood thay, Maryam ko un ke hawale kar diya. Woh un ke imam aur mutaqi aadmi ki beti thien, Is liye un mein se har aik ne usay apne pas rakhne ki khawahish zahir ki. Zayada sahih bat yeh ma’aloom hoti hai keh Maryam ki walida ne Hazrat Maryam ko Khuddam-e-Masjid ke hawale us waqat kiya jab unki dodh pilane ki umar guzar gai aur itni umar ho gai keh un ki parwarish ki zimadari kisi aur ko sonpna munasib ho. 

Jab Aap ko Khuddam-e-Masjid ke hawale kiya gaya to un mein ikhtilaf peda ho gaya keh Aap ki sarparasti kon kare ga. Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام un ke Nabi   thay aur Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ki zoja mohtarma Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ki behan ya khala thien. Isi liye aap ne chaha keh yeh sharaf un ko hasil ho. Dosre khuddaam bhi yahi khawahish rakhte thay, Is liye unhon ne qur’aa dalne ki tajweez paish ki, Chunancheh qur’aa andazi hui to qur’aa Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام hi ke nam nikla kiyoun keh khala maan ke maqam par hoti hai. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: وَّكَفَّلَهَا زَكَرِيَّا   “Aur Zakriya us ke kafeel huaye.” Kiyoun keh qur’aa un ke nam nikla tha. Jaisa keh dosre maqam par irshad hai:

 

ذٰلِكَ مِنْ اَنْۢبَاۗءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوْحِيْهِ اِلَيْكَ  ۭ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ اِذْ يُلْقُوْنَ اَقْلَامَھُمْ اَيُّھُمْ يَكْفُلُ مَرْيَمَ  ۠وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ اِذْ يَخْتَصِمُوْنَ  44؀

 

“(Aye Muhammad!) yeh batein Akhbar-e-Ghaib mein se hein jo ham tumhare pas bhejte hein aur jab woh log apne qalam (ba’tor qur’aa) dal rahe thay keh Maryam ka kafeel kon bane ga to tum un ke pas nahin thay aur na us waqat hi un ke pas thay jab keh woh aapas mein jhagad rahe thay.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/44) 

Is ki tafseel yeh hai keh un mein se har aik ne apna apna ma’aroof qalam utha kar aik khas jagah rakh diya. Phir aik na baligh bache se kaha keh in mein se aik qalam uthaye. Us ne jo qalam uthaya woh Zakriya علیہ السلام ka tha. Sab ne kaha: Ham dobara qur’aa andazi karen gay aur is ka tareeqa yeh ho ga keh sab logon ke qalam behte darya mein dale jaein, Jis ka qalam pani ke bahao ke khilaf ulte rukh behne lage ga, Woh Maryam ki kafaalat kare. Jab qalam dale gaye to Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ka qalam ulte rukh behne laga. Unhon ne kaha: Teesri bar qur’aa dalna chahiye. Jis ka qalam pani ke bahao ke rukh chale, Woh jeete ga aur jis ka ulte rukh chale ga woh hare ga. Is dafa’a bhi qalam ulte rukh behne lage aur Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ka qalam pani mein seedhe rukh behta raha, Chunancheh Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام hi Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ke sarparast tasleem kiye gaye. Yeh un ka shara’i haq bhi tha aur qur’aa se bhi unhi ka haq sabit huwa. (Tafseer Ibn-e-Kaseer, Soorah Aal-e-Imran, Aayat: 44.) Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: 

 

ڝ كُلَّمَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا زَكَرِيَّا الْمِحْرَابَ  ۙ وَجَدَ عِنْدَھَا رِزْقًا  ۚ قَالَ يٰمَرْيَـمُ اَنّٰى لَكِ ھٰذَا  ۭ قَالَتْ ھُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللّٰهِ  ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَرْزُقُ مَنْ يَّشَاۗءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ   37؀

 

“Jab kabhi Zakriya un ke hujre mein jate, Un ke pas rozi rakhi hui pate, Woh pochte: Aye Maryam! Yeh rozi tumhare pas kahan se aai? Woh jawab detien: Yeh Allah ke pas se hai. Beshak Allah T’aala jise chahe, Be hissab rozi de.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/37) Mufassireen farmate hein: Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ne Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ke liye masjid mein aik munasib jagah muqarrar kar di thi jahan un ke siwa koi nahin jata tha. Aap wahan ibadat mein mashghool rehtien aur apni bari par masjid ki khidmat ke zaroori faraaiz anjam detien. Aap rat din ibadat mein mashghool rehti thien, Hatta keh Aap ki ibadat Bani Israil mein Zarab-ul-Masal ban gai. Aap ki shareefana aadaat aur umda sifaat mash’hoor ho gaien, Yahan tak keh kefiyat yeh ho gai keh jab Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام un ke hujre mein tashreef le jate, Unhein wahan be Moosam phal nazar aate, Ya’ani Moosam sarma mein garmiyon ke mewe aur Moosam garma mein sardiyon ke phal mojood hote. Aap pochte: يٰمَرْيَـمُ اَنّٰى لَكِ ھٰذَا   “Maryam! yeh rozi tumhare pas kahan se aai?” Woh jawab detien: ھُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللّٰهِ  ۭ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَرْزُقُ مَنْ يَّشَاۗءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ” Yeh Allah ke pas se hai. Beshak Allah jise chahe be hissab rozi de.” 

Yeh ajooba dekh kar Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ke dil mein bete ki khawahish paida ho gai, Halankeh Aap bahut boodhe ho chuke thay. Tab Aap ne farmaya: رَبِّ ھَبْ لِيْ مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً  ۚ اِنَّكَ سَمِيْعُ الدُّعَاۗءِ   ” Aye mere Rab! Mujhe Apne pas se pakiza aulad ata farma! Beshak Tu dua ka sun’ne wala hai.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/38) 

Ba’az Ulama’a ke ba’qoal Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام ne yoon dua ki thi: “Aye Maryam ko be Moosam phal ata karne wale! Muje bhi be Moosam aulad ata farma de.” Phir woh sab hua jo ham pehle un ke halaat mein bayan kar chuke hein.


Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام Ki Khawateen-e-Aalam Par Sarfarazi


Allah T’aala ne Hazrat Maryam ko pak kar ke Apna barguzeeda bana liya aur unhein aurton mein se muntakhab farma kar Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام  ki khushkhabri de di jo aaindah Bani Israil ke Rasool aur rahnuma ban’ne wale thay. 

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ يٰمَرْيَمُ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ اصْطَفٰىكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفٰىكِ عَلٰي نِسَاۗءِ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ   42؀ يٰمَرْيَمُ اقْنُتِىْ لِرَبِّكِ وَاسْجُدِيْ وَارْكَعِيْ مَعَ الرّٰكِعِيْنَ  43 ؀ ذٰلِكَ مِنْ اَنْۢبَاۗءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوْحِيْهِ اِلَيْكَ  ۭ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ اِذْ يُلْقُوْنَ اَقْلَامَھُمْ اَيُّھُمْ يَكْفُلُ مَرْيَمَ  ۠وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ اِذْ يَخْتَصِمُوْنَ  44؀ اِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ يٰمَرْيَمُ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِّنْهُ   ڰ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيْحُ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيْهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْاٰخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِيْنَ   45؀ۙ وَيُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا وَّمِنَ الصّٰلِحِيْنَ   46؀ قَالَتْ رَبِّ اَنّٰى يَكُوْنُ لِيْ وَلَدٌ وَّلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِىْ بَشَرٌ ۭقَالَ كَذٰلِكِ اللّٰهُ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاۗءُ   ۭ اِذَا قَضٰٓى اَمْرًا فَاِنَّمَا يَقُوْلُ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ  47؀ وَيُعَلِّمُهُ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرٰىةَ وَالْاِنْجِيْلَ  48؀ۚ وَرَسُوْلًا اِلٰى بَنِىْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ ڏ اَنِّىْ قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِاٰيَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ ۙ اَنِّىْٓ اَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِّنَ الطِّيْنِ كَهَيْــــَٔــةِ الطَّيْرِ فَاَنْفُخُ فِيْهِ فَيَكُوْنُ طَيْرًۢ ا بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُبْرِئُ الْاَكْمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ وَاُحْىِ الْمَوْتٰى بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَاْكُلُوْنَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُوْنَ ۙفِيْ بُيُوْتِكُمْ ۭ اِنَّ فِيْ ذٰلِكَ لَاٰيَةً لَّكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِيْنَ   49؀ۚ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرٰىةِ وَلِاُحِلَّ لَكُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِيْ حُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَجِئْتُكُمْ بِاٰيَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ   ۣ فَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ وَاَطِيْعُوْنِ  50؀ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوْهُ   ۭھٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيْمٌ    51؀

 

“Aur Jab farishton ne (Maryam se) kaha keh Maryam! Allah ne tum ko burguzeedah kiya hai aur pak banaya hai aur jahan ki aurton mein muntakhab kiya hai. Maryam! Apne Parwardigaar ki farmanbardari karna aur sajdah karna aur rakoo’a karne walon ke sath rakoo’a karna. (Aye Muhammad! ) Yeh batein Akhbar-e-Ghaib se hein jo ham tumhare pas bhejte hein aur jab woh log apne qalam (Ba’tor-e-Qur’aa) dal rahe thay keh Maryam ka kafeel kon bane? To tum un ke pas nahin thay aur na us waqat hi un ke pas thay jab woh aapas mein jhagad rahe thay (woh waqat bhi yad karne ke laaiq hai) jab farishton ne Maryam se kaha keh aye Maryam! Allah tum ko apni taraf se aik faiz ki basharat deta hai jis ka nam Maseeh (aur mash’hoor) Isa Ibn-e-Maryam ho ga (aur jo) duniya aur aakhirat mein ba aabroo aur (Allah ke) khason mein se ho ga aur maan ki goad mein aur badi umar ka ho kar (donon halton mein) logon se kalam kare ga aur nekookaron mein se ho ga. Maryam ne kaha keh Parwardigaar! Mere han bacha kaise ho ga keh kisi insan ne mujhe hath to lagaya nahin? Farmaya keh Allah isi tarah jo chahta hai paida karta hai. Jab woh koi kam karna chahta hai to irshad farma deta hai keh ho ja to woh ho jata hai. Aur woh unhein likhna (padhna) aur danai aur Taurat aur Injeel sikhaye ga aur (Isa) Bani Israel ki taraf se paighamber (ho kar aayen gay aur kahen gay) keh mein tumhare pas tumhare Parwardigar ki taraf se nishani le kar aya hon. Woh yeh keh tumhare samne mitti ki moorat ba shakal parinda banata hon phir us mein phoonk marta hon to woh Allah ke hukam se (sach much) parinda ban jata hai aur andhe aur kodhi ko tandrust karta hoon aur Allah ke hukam se murde mein jaan daal deta hoon aur jo kuch tum kha kar aate ho aur jo apne gharon mein jama’a rakhte ho, Sub tum ko bata deta hoon. Agar tum Sahib-e-Iman ho to in baaton mein tumhare liye (Allah ki qudrat ki) nishani hai aur mujh se pehle jo Taurat (nazil hui) thi us ki tasdeeq bhi karta hoon aur (mein) is liye bhi (aaya) hoon keh ba’az cheezein jo tum par haram thien unko tumhare liye halal kar doon aur mein to tumhare Parwardigar ki taraf se nishani le kar aaya hoon, Lihaza Allah se daro aur mera kaha mano! Kuch shak nhi keh Allah hi mera aur tumhara parwardigar hai, So usi ki ibadat kro, Yahi seedha rasta hai.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/42-51) 

In aayaat mein Allah T’aala ne bayan farmaya hai keh farishton ne Hazrat Maryam ko khush khabri di keh Allah T’aala ne unhein apne zamane ki tamam auraton mein buland maqam ata farmaya hai aur unhein is sharf ke liye muntakhab farma liya hai keh un ke zariye se Allah T’aala bagher baap ke bacha paida krne ki qudrat ka izhaar farmaye ga. Is ke ilawa ye khush khabri bhi di k paida hone wala bacha aik mu’azzaz Nabi   ho ga. Woh logon se apne gehware mein batein kare ga. Woh bachpan mein bhi logon ko tuheed ki da’awat de ga aur udedh umer mein bhi. Is se sabit huwa keh Aap udedh umar ko pohanchein gay aur us umar mein bhi logon ko tuheed ki taraf bulaein gay. Hazrat Maryam ko hukam diya gaya keh ba’kasrat ibadat aur Rukoo-o-Sujood mein mashghool rahein takeh is izzat afzaai ki mustahiq sabit hon aur is naimat ka shukar ada ho. Is hukam ki ta’amil mein ap buhat taweel qiyam kiya karti thien. Allah T’aala un par aur un ke waliden par rahmat nazil farmaye. 

Farishton ne kaha: يٰمَرْيَمُ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ اصْطَفٰىكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفٰىكِ عَلٰي نِسَاۗءِ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ “Aye Maryam! Allah T’aala ne tujhe barguzida kar liya aur tujhe paak kar diya aur sare jahan ki auraton mein se tera intikhab kar liya.” Is se murad us zamane ki auraton par fazilat bhi ho sakti hai aur har zamane ki tamam khawateen par afzaliyat bhi murad ho sakti hai kiyounke ba’az hazraat ke nazdeek Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ko nubuwwat ka maqam hasil tha. In Ulama’a ke nazdeek Hazrat Ish’aq ki walida Hazrat Sarah علیہا السلام aur Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ki walida bhi Nabi   thien kiyounkeh un se farishton ne kalam kiya tha aur Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ki walida ke liye Quran-e-Majeed mein “Wahi” ka lafz warid hai. Is soorat mein aayat ka yeh mafhoom bhi liya ja sakta hai ke Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام un khawateen se bhi Afzal hein. Taham Imam Abul Hassan Ash’ari رحمہ اللہ ke mutabiq Sunnat-o-Jama’at ke aksar Ulama’a-e-Kiraam ka mu’aqaf yeh hai ke nubuwwat ka mansab mardon ke liye khaas hai aur auraton mein se koi Maqam-e-Nubuwwat par faaiz nhi hui, Lihaza Aayat-e-Mubarka ka matlab yeh ho ga keh Allah Ta’ala ne Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ko Maqam-e-Siddiqiyat ki hamil khawateen mein sab se buland maqam ata farmaya. 

Hazrat Anas رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Chaar khawateen tamam jahanon ki auraton se afzal hein: Maryam علیہ السلام Bint-e-Imran, Firon ki biwi Asiya, Khadija bint-e-Khuweelid aur Fatima Bint-e-Rasool صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  (Musnad-e-Ahmad: 2/368)

Hazrat Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا se riwayat hai keh unhon ne Hazrat Fatima رضی اللہ عنہا ne farmaya: “Jab Aap ne jhuk kar Nabi  -e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki baat suni thi to Aap kiyoun ro padi thien aur phir kiyoun hans di thien?” Hazrat Fatima رضی اللہ نہما ne farmaya: “Nabi -e-Kareem ne farmaya tha keh Aap صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم isi bimari mein wafat paa jaen gay. Is par mujhe rona aa gaya, Phir mein jhuki to Aap صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya keh ghar keh afraad mein sab se pehly mein (foat ho kar) Aap se ja miloon gi aur yeh bataya keh mein Maryam Bint-e-Imran علیہ السلام ke siwa tamam Khawateen-e-Jannat ki sardar hon gi tab mein hans di.” (Sahi Al Bukhari, Al Istizaan, Baab-o-Man Naja bain Yad-e-Al Naas….Hadith: 6286-6285, Wa Sahi Muslim, Fazail-ul-Sahabah, Baab-o-Min Fazail-e-Fatimah….Hadith: 2450) 

Is se maloom huwa keh mazkoora bala char khawateen mein se Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام aur Hazrat Fatima رضی اللہ عنہ ka darja zayada hai. 

Hazrat Abu Moosa رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Mardon mein to bohat se afraad kamil huaye, Auraton mein sirf Firon ki biwi Asiya aur Maryam Bint-e-Imran kamil huin. Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا doosri auraton se is tarah afzal hai jis tarah sareed dusry tamam khanon se afzal hota hai.” (Sahi Al Bukhari, Fazail-o-Ashab-e-Al Nabi   صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, Baab-o-Fazl-e-Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا, Hadith: 3769) 

Kamal se murad ghalibn apne apne daur mein kamal ka husool hai kiyoun keh in donon khawateen ne hony waly Nabi yon ki parwarish ki. Hazrat Asiya علیہ السلام ne Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ki parwarish ki. Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki parwarish ki. Is ka yeh matlab nahin keh is ummat mein koi khatoon kamal ke us darje ko nahin pohanch sakti. Hazrat Khadija aur Fatima رضی اللہ عنہا ba kamal hein. 

Hazrat Khadija رضی اللہ عنہ ne Nabi -e-Kareem ki khidmat mein be’asat ke pehle pandra saal aur be’asat ke ba’ad das saal guzare. Apni tamam daulat Allah ki rah mein qurban kar di aur mushkilat ke daur mein Aap ki Dil-joi farmai. 

Hazrat Fatima رضی اللہ عنہا ko apni behnon par yeh fazilat hasil hai keh unhein Nabi  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki wafat ka sadma bardasht karna pada jab keh Aap ki doosri behnein Nabi  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki zindagi mein foat ho chuki thien. 

Hazrat Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا ko yeh sharaf hasil hai keh Aap ko Nabi -e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki muhabbat mein se wafir hissa mila tha. Aap ke siwa koi Umm-ul-Momineen kanwari hone ki halat mein Nabi  ke nikah mein nhi aaien. Jab munafiqon ne Aap ki izzat par angusht numai ki to Allah T’aala ne Quraan Majeed mein Aap ki bariyat farmai. Aap Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki rehlat ke ba’ad taqribn pachaas saal zinda rahien. Is dauran mein Aap رضی اللہ عنہا Quraan-o-Sunnat ki tableegh mein mashghool rahien, Mushkil shara’i masaail mein Aap fatwohn ke zariye se ummat ki rahnumai farmati rahien aur ikhtilaf paida hone ki soorat mein sulah karwati rahien. Is liye ba’az Ulamaa-e-Kiraam ne Umm-ul-Momineen Hazrat Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا ko Umm-ul-Momineen Hazrat Khadija رضی اللہ عنہا samet tamam Ummahat-ul-Momineen رضی اللہ عنہا se afzal qarar diya hai, Taham Hazrat Khadija رضی اللہ عنہا aur Hazrat Ayesha رضی اللہ عنہا ko aik dosre se behtar qarar dene ke masla mein khmoshi hi behtar hai.


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ki Mo’ajizana Wiladat


Allah T’aala ne Apni kamal qudrat se Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko bagher bap ke peda farmaya jaisa keh Hazrat Aadam علیہ السلام ko bagher maan bap ke aur Hazrat Hawa علیہا السلام ko bagher maan ke peda farmaya. Allah T’aala ne is Muhayyir-ul-Uqool waqia ko Soorah-e-Maryam mein tafseel se bayan farmaya hai. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

وَاذْكُرْ فِى الْكِتٰبِ مَرْيَمَ  ۘاِذِ انْتَبَذَتْ مِنْ اَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا 16۝ۙ فَاتَّخَذَتْ مِنْ دُوْنِهِمْ حِجَابًا    ڨ فَاَرْسَلْنَآ اِلَيْهَا رُوْحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَرًا سَوِيًّا 17؀ قَالَتْ اِنِّىْٓ اَعُوْذُ بِالرَّحْمٰنِ مِنْكَ اِنْ كُنْتَ تَقِيًّا  18؀ قَالَ اِنَّمَآ اَنَا رَسُوْلُ رَبِّكِ ڰ لِاَهَبَ لَكِ غُلٰمًا زَكِيًّا  19؁ قَالَتْ اَنّٰى يَكُوْنُ لِيْ غُلٰمٌ وَّلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِيْ بَشَرٌ وَّلَمْ اَكُ بَغِيًّا 20؀ قَالَ كَذٰلِكِ ۚ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ ۚ وَلِنَجْعَلَهٗٓ اٰيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا  ۚ وَكَانَ اَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا 2١؁ فَـحَمَلَتْهُ فَانْتَبَذَتْ بِهٖ مَكَانًا قَصِيًّا 22؀ فَاَجَاۗءَهَا الْمَخَاضُ اِلٰى جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ  ۚ قَالَتْ يٰلَيْتَنِيْ مِتُّ قَبْلَ ھٰذَا وَكُنْتُ نَسْيًا مَّنْسِيًّا  23؀ فَنَادٰىهَا مِنْ تَحْتِهَآ اَلَّا تَحْزَنِيْ قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا 24؀ وَهُزِّيْٓ اِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسٰقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا 25؀ۡ فَكُلِيْ وَاشْرَبِيْ وَقَرِّيْ عَيْنًا  ۚ فَاِمَّا تَرَيِنَّ مِنَ الْبَشَرِ اَحَدًا  ۙ فَقُوْلِيْٓ اِنِّىْ نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ اُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ اِنْسِـيًّا 26؀ۚ فَاَتَتْ بِهٖ قَوْمَهَا تَحْمِلُهٗ  ۭ قَالُوْا يٰمَرْيَمُ لَقَدْ جِئْتِ شَـيْـــــًٔـا فَرِيًّا 27؀ يٰٓاُخْتَ هٰرُوْنَ مَا كَانَ اَبُوْكِ امْرَاَ سَوْءٍ وَّمَا كَانَتْ اُمُّكِ بَغِيًّا 28؀ڻ فَاَشَارَتْ اِلَيْهِ ۭ قَالُوْا كَيْفَ نُكَلِّمُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الْمَهْدِ صَبِيًّا 29؁ قَالَ اِنِّىْ عَبْدُ اللّٰهِ ڜ اٰتٰىنِيَ الْكِتٰبَ وَجَعَلَنِيْ نَبِيًّا 30؀ۙ وَّجَعَلَنِيْ مُبٰرَكًا اَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُ  ۠‎وَاَوْصٰىنِيْ بِالصَّلٰوةِ وَالزَّكٰوةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا 31؀ډ وَځ ا بِوَالِدَتِيْ  ۡ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِيْ جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا 32؁ وَالسَّلٰمُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُّ وَيَوْمَ اَمُوْتُ وَيَوْمَ اُبْعَثُ حَيًّا 33؀ وَالسَّلٰمُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُّ وَيَوْمَ اَمُوْتُ وَيَوْمَ اُبْعَثُ حَيًّا 33؀ مَا كَانَ لِلّٰهِ اَنْ يَّــتَّخِذَ مِنْ وَّلَدٍ  ۙ سُبْحٰــنَهٗ  ۭ اِذَا قَضٰٓى اَمْرًا فَاِنَّمَا يَقُوْلُ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ 35؀ۭ وَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوْهُ  ۭھٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيْمٌ 36؁ فَاخْتَلَفَ الْاَحْزَابُ مِنْۢ بَيْنِهِمْ  ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّـلَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْ مَّشْهَدِ يَوْمٍ عَظِيْمٍ 37؀

 

 “Aur Kitab (Quraan) mein Maryam ka bhi zikar karo jab woh apne ghar walon se alag ho kar mashriq ki taraf chali gaien to unhon ne un ki taraf se parda kar liya (us waqat) ham ne un ki taraf Apna farishta bheja to woh un ke samne theek aadmi (ki shakal) ban gaya. Maryam bolien keh agar tum parhezgaar ho to mein tum se Allah ki panah mangti hon. Unhon ne kaha keh mein to tumhare Parwardigaar ki taraf se bheja huwa (farishta) hon (aur is liye aaya hon) keh tumhein pakiza ladka don. Maryam ne kaha keh mere han ladka kaise ho ga? Mjhe kisi bashar ne chuwa tak nahin hai aur mein badkaar bhi nahin hon. (Farishte ne) kaha keh yoonhi (ho ga) Tumhare Parwardigaar ne farmaya keh yeh mere liye aasan hai aur (mein isi tareeq se peda karon ga) takeh us ko logon ke liye Apni taraf se nishani aur (zariya) rahmat (aur meharbani) banaon aur yeh kam muqarrar ho chuka hai. So woh us (bache) ke sath haamla ho gaien aur usay le kar aik door jagah chali gaien, Phir Dard-e-Zah un ko khajoor ke tane ki taraf le aaya. Kehne lagien: Kash! Mein is se pehle mar chuki hoti aur bhooli bisri ho gai hoti. Us waqat un ke niche ki janib se farishte ne un ko aawaz di keh ghamnaak na ho. Tumhare Parwardigaar ne tumhare niche aik chashma jari kar diya hai aur khajoor ke tane ko pakad kar apni taraf hilao, Tum par taza khajooren jhad paden gi. To khao aur piyo aur aankhein thandi karo, Agar tum kisi aadmi ko dekho to kehna keh Mein ne Allah ke liye roze ki mannat mani hai, Lihaza aaj mein kisi aadmi se hargiz kalam na karon gi. Phir woh us bache ko utha kar apni qoam ke pas le aaien. Woh kehne lage keh maryam! Yeh to tu ne bura kam kiya hai. Aye Haroon ki behan! Na to tera bap bad atwaar aadmi tha aur na teri maan hi bad kardaar thi. Tab to Maryam ne us ladke ki taraf ishara kiya. Woh bole keh ham is se kaise bat karen kiyoun keh yeh to goad ka bacha hai. Bache ne kaha keh mein Allah ka banda hon. Us ne mujhe Kitab di hai aur Nabi banaya hai aur mein jahan hon (aur jis hal mein hon) mujhe Sahib-e-Barkat kiya hai aur jab tak zinda rahon mujh ko namaz aur zakaat ka hukam farmaya hai aur mujhe apni maan ke sath naik sulook karne wala (banaya hai) aur Sarkash-o-Bad bakhat nahin banaya aur jis din mein paida huwa aur jis din mein maron ga aur jis din zinda kar ke uthaya jaon ga mujh par Salam-(o-Rahmat) hai. Yeh Maryam ke bete Isa hein. (Aur yeh) sachi bat hai jis mein log shak karte hein. Allah ko sazawar nahin keh Allah kisi ko beta banaye, Woh pak hai. Jis cheez ka irada karta hai to us se yahi kehta hai keh ho ja to woh ho jati hai aur beshak Allah hi mera aur tumhara Parwardigaar hai! So usi ki ibadat karo! yahi sidha rasta hai. Phir (Ahal-e-Kitab ke) firqon ne ba’ham ikhtilaf kiya. So jo log kafir huaye hein un ke liye bade din (qayamat ke roz) hazir hone se kharabi hai.” (Maryam: 19/16-37) 

 

Neez farmaya:

 

وَالَّتِيْٓ اَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِيْهَا مِنْ رُّوْحِنَا وَجَعَلْنٰهَا وَابْنَهَآ اٰيَةً لِّـلْعٰلَمِيْنَ 91؀

 

“Aur (us) Maryam ko (bhi yad karo) jis ne apni iffat ko mahfooz rakha. To ham ne un mein apni rooh phonk di aur un ko aur un ke bete ko Ahal-e-Aalam ke liye nishani bana diya.” (Al-Anbiya’a: 21/91) 

 

Jaise keh pehle bayan ho chuka hai, Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ko un ki walida mohtarma ne Bait-ul-Maqdas ki khidmat ke liye waqaf kar diya tha. Aap ke sarparasat Hazrat Zakriya علیہ السلام thay jo Allah ke Nabi thay. Unhon ne Aap ke liye aik hujra makhsoos kar diya tha keh wahan Allah ki ibadat mein mahghool rahen. Aap ne itni mehnat aur shoq se Allah ki ibadat ki keh us daur mein is ki misal nahin milti, Chunancheh Allah T’aala ne Aap par Apna khas fazal kiya aur be Moosam phal ata farmaye. 

Farishton ne Aap ko Allah ki muntakhab bandi hone ki basharat di. Neez yeh bhi basharat di keh Allah T’aala Aap ko aik beta ata farmaye ga jo intihai pakbaz, Mu’azzaz, Balkeh aik mohtaram Nabi ho ga, Jise mo’ajizaat diye jaen gay. Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ko is khushkhabri par bahut t’ajub huwa kiyoun keh woh shadi shuda bhi na thien aur badkari se bhi Mubarra-o-Munazza thien. Farishte ne unhein farmaya keh Allah T’aala har cheez par Qadir hai. Woh jab koi kam karne ka fesla kar le to Us ka “کن” (Kun) kehna kafi hota hai. Woh kam bagher asbaab ke bhi ho jata hai. 

Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام ne Allah ki raza pe sar tasleem kham kar diya. Unhein maloom tha keh yeh un ke liye badi aazmaish ka ba’is ho ga. Log haqiqat se na waqif hone ki wajah se Zuban-e-Ta’an daraaz karen gay kiyoun keh aam log zahir ko dekhte hein, Ghor-o-Fikar se kam nahin lete. Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام siraf zaroori kam ke liye maslan pani waghera lene ke liye masjid se nikalti thien ya mahana uzar ke ayyaam masjid se bahir guzarti thien. Aik din woh kisi kam ke liye masjid se nikleen aur “ghar ke logon se alehda ho kar aik mashriqi makan mein aaien” Phir masjid Aqsa ke mashriq ki taraf tashreef le gaien. Us waqat Allah T’aala ne un ke pas Jibraeel علیہ السلام ko bhej diya. Pas woh un ke samne poora aadmi ban kar zahir huwa. Jab unhon ne farishte ko dekha to usay insan samajh kar boleen: اِنِّىْٓ اَعُوْذُ بِالرَّحْمٰنِ مِنْكَ اِنْ كُنْتَ تَقِيًّا   “Mein tujh se Rahman ki panah mangti hon agar tu Allah se darne wala hai.” Jibraeel علیہ السلام ne unhein tasalli dete huaye wazih kiya keh woh insan nahin balkeh unhein Allah ne yeh khushkhabri dene ke liye bheja hai keh Aap ko aik pakbaz beta milne wala hai. Unhon ne ta’ajub se kaha: اَنّٰى يَكُوْنُ لِيْ غُلٰمٌ وَّلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِيْ بَشَرٌ وَّلَمْ اَكُ بَغِيًّا  ” Bhala mere han bacha kaise ho sakta hai? Mujhe to kisi insan ka hath tak nahin laga aur na hi mein badkaar hon?” 

Farishte ne jawab diya keh yeh to Allah ka hukam hai, Jo poora ho kar rahe ga. Tere Parwardigaar ka irshad hai keh yeh mujh par bahut aasan Hai. Ya’ani Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki takhleeq us ki Qudrat-e-Kamila ka izhar hai.Woh Asbab-o-Ilal ka mohtaj nahin. Us ne Hazrat Aadam علیہ السلام ko paida kiya, Jin ki pedaish mein na kisi marad ka hissa tha na aurat ka. Usi ne Hazrat Hawwa علیہا السلام ko siraf marad se paida kiya. Us ne baqi sabko marad aur aurat se paida kiya hai. Wahi Hazrat Isa علیہا السلام ko siraf maan se bagher bap ke paida kare ga. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: وَلِنَجْعَلَهٗٓ اٰيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا   “Ham to usay logon ke liye aik nishan bana den gay aur Apni khas rahmat.” Woh jawani aur budhape mein Allah ki taraf bulane wala ho ga. وَكَانَ اَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا ” Yeh to aik taye shuda bat hai,” 

Mut’adid Ulamaa-e-Kiraam ne farmaya hai keh Jibraeel علیہ السلام ne Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلم ke gireban mein phoonk mari. Yahi phoonk Aap ke batan mein pohanch kar bache ki wiladat ka sabab ban gai. Ba’az Ulamaa-e-Kiraam farmate hein keh Jibraeel علیہ اسلام ne Aap ke munh mein phoonk mari thi. Lekin pehla qoal zayada sahih hai kiyoun keh Quraan Majeed mein hai:

 

وَمَرْيَمَ ابْنَتَ عِمْرٰنَ الَّتِيْٓ اَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِيْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِنَا

 

“Aur Maryam Bint-e-Imran, Jis ne apni namoos ki hifazat ki, Phir hamne apni taraf se us mein aik jan phoonk di.” (Al-Tahreem: 66/12) 

 

Aap Batan-e-Maadar mein kitna arsa rahe? Ba’zahar yahi bat durust maloom hoti hai keh jis tarah aurton ki haalat hoti hai, Usi tarah Hazrat Maryam ki kefiyat hui, Ya’ani taqribn no maah ki muddat is hal mein guzri. Ba’az kehte hein keh Hamal-o-Wilaadat ka sara moamila aanan faanan taye ho gaya. Ba’az logon ne no ghante ki muddat bayan ki hai. Woh is Farman-e-Ilahi se istidlaal karte hein: فَـحَمَلَتْهُ فَانْتَبَذَتْ بِهٖ مَكَانًا قَصِيًّا 22؀ فَاَجَاۗءَهَا الْمَخَاضُ اِلٰى جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ  ” Pas woh hamal se hogaien aur isi wajah se woh yaksoo ho kar aik door ki jagah chali gaien. Phir Dard-e-Zah unhein aik khajoor ke tane ke niche le aaya.” (Maryam: 9/22,23) Taham yeh isitidlaal mazbot nahin balkeh yeh mamool ke mutabiq hamal aur wiladat ka moamila tha. 

Hazrat Maryam علیہا لسلام ke umeed se hone ki khabar har jagah phel gai jis se Aap ko aur Aap ke khandan ko bahut pareshani ka samna karna pada. Ba’az bad kirdaar logon ne Aap ko Yousuf Najjar ke sath mut’him kar diya. Woh bhi aik naik aadmi tha jo Bait-ul-Maqdas mein ibadat mein mashghool tha. Chunancheh Maryam علیہا السلام un sab se alag ho kar aik door daraz maqam par tashreef le gaien. Ba’az riwayaat ke mutabiq Aap “Bait-e-Laham” ki basti mein chali gaien. Ba’ad mein usi maqam par kisi badshah ne aik Azeem-ul-Shan imarat tameer kar di. 

“Phir Dard-e-Zah usay aik khajoor ke tane ke qareeb le aaya. Aur be sakhta zuban se nikla: يٰلَيْتَنِيْ مِتُّ قَبْلَ ھٰذَا وَكُنْتُ نَسْيًا مَّنْسِيًّا   “Kash! Mein is se pehle hi mar gai hoti aur (logon ki yad se bhi) bhooli bisri ho jati.” (Maryam: 19/23) Aap do guna taklif mein mubtila thien. Jismani tor par wiladat ke darad se do char thien aur zehni tor par mustaqbil key tafakkurat mein ghiri hui thien. Aap ko yaqeen tha keh log Aap ki baton par aitbar nahin karen gay balkeh ilzam tarashi aur Ta’an-o-Tashnee ki bochad kar den gay. Aap aik muqaddas gharane se talluq rakhti thien aur khud bhi ibadat ke liye khulwat nasheen thien aur Zuhad-o-Riyazat mein mumtaz thien. Log Aap ke bare mein har qisam ki bad gumani ka izhar karein gay, Yeh khadsha Aap ke liye Sohan-e-Rooh bana huwa tha. Is liye Aap ki zuban par moat ki khawahish ke alfaz aa gaye. 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: فَنَادٰىهَا مِنْ تَحْتِهَآ اَلَّا تَحْزَنِيْ قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا  “Us ne usay niche se aawaz di keh aazardah khatir na ho, Tere Rab ne tere paon tale aik chashma jari kar diya hai.” (Maryam: 19/24) Yeh aawaz kis ne di? Bahut se Ulamaa-e-Tafseer ne farmaya hai keh yeh Jibraeel علیہ السلام thy jinhon ne aawaz di. Albatta ba’az Ulamaa-e-Kiraam ne farmaya hai keh yeh aawaz khud Isa علیہ السلام ne di thi. (Tafseer Al Tabri: 9/86 Tafseer Soorah Maryam, Aayat: 24.) Phir Aap se kaha gaya: فَكُلِيْ وَاشْرَبِيْ وَقَرِّيْ عَيْنًا   “Chain se kha pi aur aankhen thandi rakh” Jis darakhat ke tane ko hilane se Aap ko taza khajooren milne ki khushkhabri di gai thi woh khushak tana tha ya phal daar darakhat? Maloom hota hai keh woh darakhat to khajoor hi ka tha lekin us par phal nahin thay kiyoun keh Aap ki wiladat Moosam-e-Sarma mein hui thi aur us waqat khajoor par phal nahin lagte. Is liye Allah ne ahsan ke tor par farmaya: وَهُزِّيْٓ اِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسٰقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا  “Khajoor ke tane ko apni taraf hila, Yeh tere samne Tar-o-Taza paki khajooren gira de ga.” (Maryam: 19/25) 

Phir usi aawaz dene wale ne kaha: “Agar tujhe koi insan nazar aa jaye to (ishare se) keh dena: {اِنِّىْ نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ اُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ اِنْسِـيًّا  “Mein ne Allah Rahman ke nam ka roza maan rakha hai. Mein Aaj kisi shakhas se bat na karon gi.” (Maryam: 19/26) Un ki shariat mein Tark-e-Kalam ke sath roza rakhna jaaiz tha. Hamari shariat mein (chup ka roza) rakhna mana’a hai. (Sunan Abi Dawood, Al-Iman, Baab-ul-Nazar Fil Maasiyati, Hadees: 3300 wa Musnad-e-Ahmed: 4/168.) 

Ulamaa-e-Kiraam ne Ahal-e-Kitab se naqal kiya hai keh Maryam علیہا السلام kai din tak nazar na aaien. Log Aapki talashh mein nikle. 

Jab milien to un ki goad mein bacha tha. Woh heran reh gay aur bole: يٰمَرْيَمُ لَقَدْ جِئْتِ شَـيْـــــًٔـا فَرِيًّا  ‏ ” Mayam! Tu ne badi buri harkat ki. Lekin yeh bat sahih maloom nahin hoti. Allah T’aala ne farmaya: فَاَتَتْ بِهٖ قَوْمَهَا تَحْمِلُهٗ  ‌ؕ ” Woh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلامko uthaye huaye apni qoam ke pas aaien.” Is se maloom hota hai keh woh khud hi tashreef laai thien. Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas رضی اللہ عنہ farmate hein: Aap nifaas ke chalees din ki muddat mukammal karne ke ba’ad wapis aai thien. 

Unhon ne kaha: يٰٓاُخْتَ هٰرُوْنَ  “Aye Haroon ki behan!” Saeed Bin Jubair رحمہ اللہ farmate hein: Haroon us zamane ke aik ibada guzar wali thay. Maryam bhi usi ki tarah bahut ibadat karti thien. Is liye logon ne Aap ko us se tashbeeh dete huaye Haroon ki behan kaha diya. Ba’az kehte hein keh is ka matlab yeh hai keh Tum Allah ke Nabi Haroon علیہ السلام ki tarah ibadat guzar ho. 

Muhammad Ka’ab Qurzi رحمہ اللہ ne Aap علیہ السلام ko Moosa aur Haroon علیہا السلام ki sagi behan qarar de diya hai, Yeh un ki ghalti hai kiyoun keh Hazrat Moosa aur Isa علیہ السلام ke darmiyan kai sadiyon ka fasla hai. 

Hazrat Mugheerah Bin Sho’abah se riwaayat hai, Unhon ne farmaya: “Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne mujhe Najran bheja. Wahan ke logon ne mujh se kaha: Tum log jo Quraan padhte ho: يٰٓاُخْتَ هٰرُوْنَ ” Aye Haroon ki behan!” Moosa علیہ السلام to Isa علیہ السلام se bahut muddat pehle guzre hein? (Phir yeh kaise ho sakta hai?) Woh farmate hein: Mein ne safar kar ke (Madinah pohanch kar) Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se yeh bat bayan ki. Aap ne farmaya: Tu ne unhein kiyoun na bataya keh woh log apne Anbiya-o-Auliya’a ke nam par nam rakh liya karte thay?” (Sunan Abi Dawood, Al-Iman, Baab-ul-Nazar Fil Maasiyati, Hadees: 3300 wa Musnad-e-Ahmed: 4/168) 

Is hadees se maloom hota hai keh Maryam ka aik bhai Haroon bhi tha jo deen dari, Neki aur ibadat mein mash’hoor tha. Is liye unhon ne kaha: مَا كَانَ اَبُوْكِ امْرَاَ سَوْءٍ وَّمَا كَانَتْ اُمُّكِ بَغِيًّا  “Na to tera bap bura aadmi tha, Na teri maan bad kaar aurat thi.” (Maryam: 19/8) Ya’ani tera bhai bhi naik tha, Tere maan bap bhi naik thaye, Phir tujh se yeh ghalti kaise ho gai? 

Jab Soorat-e-Hal nazuk ho gai aur Allah ke siwa kahin se madad ki tawaqa’a na rahi to Maryam ne apne bache ki taraf ishara kiya keh isi se poch lo, Yeh khud hi haqiqat ka izhar kare ga. Sab kehne lag: كَيْفَ نُكَلِّمُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الْمَهْدِ صَبِيًّا  “Lo bhala ham goad ke bache se kaise baten karein.” (Maryam: 19/29) 

Jab Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko uthaye huaye apni qoam ke pas tashreef laaien, Qoam ke liye yeh tasleem karna na mumkin ho gaya keh bagher bap ke bhi bacha paida ho sakta hai. Us waqat Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne qoam se mo’ajizana khitab kiya. 

Woh Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام se behas kar rahe thay aur soch rahe thay keh woh ham se mazaq kar rahi hein. Achanak bacha mo’ajizana tor par bol utha: 

 

اِنِّىْ عَبْدُ اللّٰهِ ڜ اٰتٰىنِيَ الْكِتٰبَ وَجَعَلَنِيْ نَبِيًّا 30؀ۙ وَّجَعَلَنِيْ مُبٰرَكًا اَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُ  ۠‎وَاَوْصٰىنِيْ بِالصَّلٰوةِ وَالزَّكٰوةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا 31؀ډ وَځ ا بِوَالِدَتِيْ  ۡ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِيْ جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا 32؁ وَالسَّلٰمُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُّ وَيَوْمَ اَمُوْتُ وَيَوْمَ اُبْعَثُ حَيًّا 33؀

 

 “Mein Allah ka banda hon. Us ne mujhe Kitab ata farmai aur mujhe Apna peghambar banaya hai aur us ne mujhe ba’barkat kiya hai jahan bhi mein rahon aur us ne mujhe namaz aur zakaat ka hukam diya hai jab tak mein zinda rahon aur us ne mujhe apni walida ka khidmat guzaar banaya hai aur mujhe sarkash aur bad bakhat nahin kiya aur mujh par meri pedaish ke din, Meri moat ke din aur jis din mein dobara zinda khada kiya jaon ga, Salam hi salam hai.” (Maryam: 19/30-33) 

Yeh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki zindgi ka pehla kalam hai. Aap ne sab se pehli jo bat kahi woh yeh thi keh اِنِّىْ عَبْدُ اللّٰهِ “Mein Allah ka banda hon” Aap ne na Allah ka beta hone ka da’awa kiya na Allah ka shareek. Is se Esaiyon ke is aqeede ki nafi hoti hai keh Hazrat Isa aur un ki walida bhi khuda thay. Is ke ba’ad Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne is ilzam ki tardeed ki jo Aap ki walida mohtarma par lagaya ja raha tha aur jis ki wajah se khud Aap ko na jaaiz bacha qarar diya ja raha tha. Aap ne wazih kiya keh Aap ko Allah ne Kitab-o-Hikmat ata farmai hai aur jise yeh sharaf hasil ho, Us ki wiladat gher sharai tareeqe se nahin ho sakti. Allah T’aala ne is bohtan ki tardeed karte huaye farmaya: وَّبِكُفْرِهِمْ وَقَوْلِهِمْ عَلٰي مَرْيَمَ بُهْتَانًا عَظِيْمًا      “Aur un ke kufar ke ba’is aur Maryam par buhat bada bohtan bandhne ke ba’is (Allah ne un ke dilon par mohar laga di.”) (Al-Nisa’a: 4/156) 


Esaiyon Ko Da’awat-e-Mubahilah: 


Allah T’aala ne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki wiladat ka sahih waqia bayan farmaya aur bataya keh sahih aur sacha waqia isi tarah hai. Is ke ba’ad yahoodiyon ke gustakhana aqaaid aur Esaiyon ke gumrahi par mabni aqaaid ki tardeed farmai. Irshad-e-Rabbani hai:

 

ذٰلِكَ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ  ۚ قَوْلَ الْحَــقِّ الَّذِيْ فِيْهِ يَمْتَرُوْنَ 34؁ مَا كَانَ لِلّٰهِ اَنْ يَّــتَّخِذَ مِنْ وَّلَدٍ  ۙ سُبْحٰــنَهٗ  ۭ اِذَا قَضٰٓى اَمْرًا فَاِنَّمَا يَقُوْلُ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ 35؀ۭ

 

“Yeh hein Isa Ibn-e-Maryam aur yeh hai woh haq bat jis mein log Shak-o-Shubah mein mubtala hein. Allah ki shan ke laaiq nahin keh us ki aulad ho. Woh to bilkul Pak Zaat hai. Woh to jab kisi kam ke sar anjam dene ka irada karta hai to us se kehta hai ho ja, Woh usi waqat ho jata hai.” (Maryam: 19/34,35) 

 

Quran Majeed mein dosre maqamaat par bhi pori takeed ke sath yahi bat bayan farmai gai hai, Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

ذٰلِكَ نَتْلُوْهُ عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الْاٰيٰتِ وَالذِّكْرِ الْحَكِيْمِ 58؀ اِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيْسٰى عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ كَمَثَلِ اٰدَمَ ۭخَلَقَهٗ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ   59؀ اَلْحَقُّ مِنْ رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُنْ مِّنَ الْمُمْتَرِيْنَ   60؀ فَمَنْ حَاۗجَّكَ فِيْهِ مِنْۢ بَعْدِ مَا جَاۗءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ اَبْنَاۗءَنَا وَاَبْنَاۗءَكُمْ وَنِسَاۗءَنَا وَنِسَاۗءَكُمْ وَاَنْفُسَنَا وَاَنْفُسَكُمْ  ۣ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَّعْنَتَ اللّٰهِ عَلَي الْكٰذِبِيْنَ    61؀ اِنَّ ھٰذَا لَھُوَ الْقَصَصُ الْحَقُّ ۚ وَمَا مِنْ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ  ۭ وَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَھُوَ الْعَزِيْزُ الْحَكِيْمُ   62؀ فَاِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ عَلِيْمٌۢ بِالْمُفْسِدِيْنَ   63؀ۧ

 

 (Aye Muhammad!) Yeh ham tum ko (Allah ki) aayten aur hikmat bhari nasihaten padh padh kar sunate hein. Isa ka hal Allah ke nazdeek Aadam jaisa hai keh us ne (pehle) mitti se us ka qalib banaya. Phir farmaya keh (insan) ho ja to woh (insan) ho gaye. (Yeh bat) tumhare Parwardigaar ki taraf se haq hai. So tum shak karne walon mein har giz na hona. Phir agar yeh log Isa ke bare mein tum se jhagda karen aur tum ko Haqiqat-e-Hal to maloom ho hi chali hai to un se kehna keh aao, Ham apne beton aur auraton ko bulaen. Tum apne beton aur aurton ko bulao aur ham khud bhi aayen aur tum khud bhi aao phir donon fareeq (Allah se) Dua-o-Iltija karen aur jhooton par Allah ki la’anat bhejein. Yeh tamam bayanaat sahih hein aur Allah ke siwa koi Ma’abood nahin aur beshak Allah Ghalib aur Sahib-e-Hikmat hai, So agar yeh log phir jaein to Allah mufsidon ko khoob janta hai.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/58-63) 

Yeh aayaat us waqat nazil hui thien, Jab Najran ke Esaiyon ka aik wafad Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se Behas-o-Munazarah ke liye Aap ki khidmat mein hazir huwa. Yeh wafad sath afraad par mushtamil tha jin ke sarbarah teen afraad thay jin ke naam Aqib, Sayyad aur Abu Harisa Bin Alqama thay. Unhon ne Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ke bare mein Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se bat cheet shuru ki to Allah T’aala ne Soorah Aal-e-Imran ki ibtidai aayaat nazil farmaien jinmein Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ke halaat aur Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ki wiladat ka bayan hai. 

In aayaat mein Allah T’aala ne Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ko hukam diya hai keh agar woh Aap par iman na laaein aur Aap ki perwi na karen to un se mubahalah kijiye, Lekin jab unhon ne Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ka Azam-o-Irada dekha to mubahalah se baz aa gaye aur sulah ki pesh kash karne lage. Un ke sardar Aqib ne wafad ko mukhatib kar ke kaha: Aye Esaiyon ki jama’at! Tumhein khoob maloom hai keh Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Nabi aur Rasool hein. Unhon ne tumhare Nabi ke mutalliq khoob tafseeli batein bayan farmai hein. Tumhein yeh bhi achi tarah maloom hai keh jis qoam ne bhi kisi Nabi se mubahalah kiya hai woh Neesat-o-Nabood ho gai, Lihaza agar tum bhi mubahalah karo gay to tabah ho jao gay. Is liye agar tum apne hi Deen-o-Aqaaid par qaaim rehna chahte ho to Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se ijazat le kar apne watan loat jao. Unhon ne sardar ki bat maan li aur Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se ijazat le li keh woh jizyah de kar apne deen par qaaim rehna chahte hein. Aap صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne jizyah ki wasooli ke liye un ke sath Hazrat Abu Ubaida Bin Jarrah رضی اللہ عنہ ko rawana farmaya. 

Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ke bare mein yahoodi qoam teen hisson mein taqseem ho gai. Kuch log to iman lane ki ba’jaye kufar par ade rahe. Unhon ne Aap aur Aap ki walida mohtarma par na’zeba ilzam tarashi ki aur kuch yahoodi Aap par iman lane ka da’wa kar ke ghuluw mein mubtala ho gaye aur Aap ko Allah qarar diya aur aik firqa ne Aap ko Allah ka beta tasleem kiya. Sahih iman rakhne walon ne Aap ko Allah ka banda aur Rasool tasleem kiya. Nijat ke mustahiq yahi log hein.

Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: Jo shakhas yeh gawahi de keh akele Allah ke siwa koi Ma’abood-e-Bar haq nahin, Us ka koi shareek nahin aur Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Allah ke bande aur us ke Rasool hein aur Isa علیہ السلام Allah ke bande aur us ke Rasool hein aur Allah ka kalimah hein jo us ne Maryam ki taraf bheja aur us k taraf aane wali aik rooh hein aur Jannat bhi aik haqiqat hai aur jahannam bhi aik haqiqat hai, Allah T’aala us (momin) ko Jannat mein dakhil kar de ga, Us ke amal jitne bhi hon (agar thodi nekiyan hon gi tab bhi iman k barkat se nijat mil jaye gi.”) (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya’a, Baab-o-Qaolihi Talaa یاھل الکتاب…….., Hadees: 3435)


Aqeeda-e-Taslees Ki Tardeed


Isaai Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah T’aala ka beta qarar dete hein.نعوذ باللہ. Is tarah woh kaainat ke teen khudaon ka aqeeda rakhte hein. Allah T’aala ne un ke is batil aqeede ki bharpoor tardeed farmai hai. Allah T’aala ne Soorah Maryam ke aakhir mein farmaya:

 

وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمٰنُ وَلَدًا 88؀ۭ لَقَدْ جِئْتُمْ شَـيْــــــًٔـا اِدًّا 89؀ۙ تَكَادُ السَّمٰوٰتُ يَــتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْهُ وَتَنْشَقُّ الْاَرْضُ وَتَخِرُّ الْجِبَالُ هَدًّا 90۝ۙ اَنْ دَعَوْا لِلرَّحْمٰنِ وَلَدًا 91۝ۚ وَمَا يَنْۢبَغِيْ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ اَنْ يَّـتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا 92۝ۭ اِنْ كُلُّ مَنْ فِي السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ اِلَّآ اٰتِي الرَّحْمٰنِ عَبْدًا 93؀ۭ لَقَدْ اَحْصٰىهُمْ وَعَدَّهُمْ عَدًّا 94؀ۭ وَكُلُّهُمْ اٰتِيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ فَرْدًا 95؁

 

“Aur kehte hein keh Allah beta rakhta hai. (Aisa kehne walo yeh to) tum buri bat zuban par laaye ho. Qareeb hai keh is (iftara) se aasman phat paden aur zameen shaq ho jaye aur pahad para para ho kar gir padein keh Allah ke liye beta tajweez kiya hai aur Allah ke laaiq nahin keh kisi ko beta banaye. Woh tamam jo aasmanon aur zameen mein hein, Sab Allah ke roo ba’roo bande ho kar aayen gay. Us ne un (sab) ko (Apne ilm se) gher rakha hai aur (aik aik ko) shamar kar rakha hai aur sab qayamat ke din usi ke samne akele akele hazir hon gay.” (Maryam: 19/88-95) 

In aayaat mein bayan hai keh aulad hona Allah ke shan nahin kiyounkh har cheez us ki makhloo aur us ke Dasat-e-Qudrat ke tahat hai. Is liye aulad ka aqeeda rakhna itna bada juram hai keh is ki wajah se aasman phat pade, Zameen tehas nehas ho jaye, Pahad reza reza ho jayen to bilkul munasib ho ga. Jaise dosre maqam par farmaya:

 

وَجَعَلُوْا لِلّٰهِ شُرَكَاۗءَ الْجِنَّ وَخَلَقَهُمْ وَخَرَقُوْا لَهٗ بَنِيْنَ وَبَنٰتٍۢ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۭسُبْحٰنَهٗ وَتَعٰلٰى عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ    ١٠٠؀ۧ بَدِيْعُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ ۭ اَنّٰى يَكُوْنُ لَهٗ وَلَدٌ وَّلَمْ تَكُنْ لَّهٗ صَاحِبَةٌ  ۭ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ ۚ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيْمٌ      ١٠١؀ ذٰلِكُمُ اللّٰهُ رَبُّكُمْ ۚ لَآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ ۚ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَاعْبُدُوْهُ  ۚ وَهُوَ عَلٰي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَّكِيْلٌ   ١٠٢؀ لَا تُدْرِكُهُ الْاَبْصَارُ ۡ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْاَبْصَارَ  ۚ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيْفُ الْخَبِيْرُ    ١٠٣؁

 

“Aur un logon ne jinon ko Allah ka shareek thehraya, Halankeh un ko usi ne paida kiya, Aur be samjhe us ke liye bete aur betiyan la khadi kien. Woh un baton se pak hai jo us ki nisbat bayan karte hein. Aur (us ki shan) un se buland hai. (Wahi) aasmanon aur zameen ka paida karne wala (hai) us ke aulad kahan se ho jabkeh us ki biwi hi nahin aur usi ne har cheez ko paida kiya hai aur woh har cheez se ba’khabar hai. Yahi (usaf rakhne wala) Allah tumhara Parwardigaar hai, Us ke siwa koi Ma’abood nahin. (Wahi) har cheez ka paida karne wala (hai) lihaza usi ki ibadat karo aur woh har cheez ka nigran hai. (Woh aisa hai keh) nigahen us ka idraak nahin kar saktien aur woh nigahon ka idraak kar sakta hai aur woh bhed jan’ne wala khabardaar hai.” (Al-An’aam: 6/100-103)


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Allah Ka Kalima Aur Us Ki Taraf Se Aik Rooh Thay


Soorah Nisa’a mein Allah T’aala ne Esaaiyon ke jhoote da’awohn ki tardeed kar ke bayan farmaya keh khud sakhta aqeede tarash kar ghuluw ka shikar na hon aur Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ki tareef mein jaaiz had se aage na badhen. Chunancheh Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

يٰٓاَهْلَ الْكِتٰبِ لَا تَغْلُوْا فِيْ دِيْنِكُمْ وَلَا تَقُوْلُوْا عَلَي اللّٰهِ اِلَّا الْحَقَّ ۭاِنَّمَا الْمَسِيْحُ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ وَكَلِمَتُهٗ ۚ اَلْقٰىهَآ اِلٰي مَرْيَمَ وَرُوْحٌ مِّنْهُ  ۡ فَاٰمِنُوْا بِاللّٰهِ وَرُسُلِهٖ  ڟ وَلَا تَقُوْلُوْا ثَلٰثَةٌ  ۭاِنْتَھُوْا خَيْرًا لَّكُمْ ۭاِنَّمَا اللّٰهُ اِلٰهٌ وَّاحِدٌ ۭسُبْحٰنَهٗٓ اَنْ يَّكُوْنَ لَهٗ وَلَدٌ  ۘ لَهٗ مَا فِي السَّمٰوٰتِ وَمَا فِي الْاَرْضِ ۭوَكَفٰي بِاللّٰهِ وَكِيْلًا     ١٧١؀ۧ لَنْ يَّسْتَنْكِفَ الْمَسِيْحُ اَنْ يَّكُوْنَ عَبْدًا لِّلّٰهِ وَلَا الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةُ الْمُقَرَّبُوْنَ ۭوَمَنْ يَّسْتَنْكِفْ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهٖ وَيَسْتَكْبِرْ فَسَيَحْشُرُهُمْ اِلَيْهِ جَمِيْعًا     ١٧٢؁ فَاَمَّا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ فَيُوَفِّيْهِمْ اُجُوْرَهُمْ وَيَزِيْدُهُمْ مِّنْ فَضْلِهٖ ۚ وَاَمَّا الَّذِيْنَ اسْتَنْكَفُوْا وَاسْتَكْبَرُوْا فَيُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا اَلِــيْمًا  ۥۙ وَّلَا يَجِدُوْنَ لَهُمْ مِّنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ وَلِيًّا وَّلَا نَصِيْرًا     ١٧٣؁

 

“Aye Ahal-e-Kitab apne deen (ki bat) mein had se na badho aur Allah ke bare mein haq ke siwa kuch na kaho. Maseeh (ya’ani) Maryam ke bete Isa (na Allah thay aur na Allah ke bete balkeh) Allah ke bete aur us ke Rasool (kalima’a) basharat thay jo us ne Maryam ki taraf bheja tha aur us ki taraf se aik rooh thay, Lihaza Allah aur us ke Rasoolon par iman laao aur (yeh) na kaho (keh Ilah) teen hein. (Is aitiqad se) baz aa jao keh yeh tumhare haq mein behter hai. Allah hi Ma’abood-e-Wahid hai aur is se pak hai keh us ki aulad ho. Jo kuch aasmanon aur jo kuch zameen mein hai, sab usi ka hai aur Allah hi kaarsaaz kafi hai. Maseeh علیہ السلام is bat se aar nahin rakhte keh Allah ke bande hon aur na muqarrab farishte (aar rakhte hein) aur jo shakhas Allah ka banda hone ko Mojib-e-Aar samjhe aur sarkashi kare to Allah sab ko Apne pas jama’a kar le ga. Phir jo log iman laaye aur naik a’amaal karte rahe woh un ko un ka poora badla de ga aur Apne fazal se kuch zaaid bhi inayat kare ga aur jinhon ne (banda hone se) Aar-o-Inkar aur takabbur kiya un ko woh taklif dene wala azab de ga aur yeh log Allah ke siwa apna haami aur madadgaar na paayen gay.” (Al-Nisa’a: 14/71-73) 

Lihaza zaroori hai keh Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ko Allah ka banda aur Rasool aur un ki walida ko Allah ki naik aur paakbaaz bandi tasleem kiya jaye. [رُوۡح اللّٰه ] “Allah ki rooh” se maqsood mahaz un ke buland Maqam-o-Sharaf ka bayan hai. Jaise بیت اللہ “Allah ka ghar” aur [نا قتہ اللہ ] “Allah ki uontani” Kehte waqat siraf Maqam-o-Martaba aur sharaf ke izhar ke liye Allah ki taraf mansoob kiya jata hai. Isi tarah “روح اللہ” ka matlab “Allah ki paida ki hui aik muddas aur mohtaram rooh hai.”


Ibniyat-e-Ilahi Ke Aqeedah Ki Quraani Tardeed


Esaiyon ke ilawa Yahoodi aur Mushrikeen-e-Arab bhi yeh galat aqeeda rakhte thay keh Allah T’aala ki aulad hai. Irshad-e-Rabbani hai:

 

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُوْدُ عُزَيْرُۨ ابْنُ اللّٰهِ وَقَالَتِ النَّصٰرَى الْمَسِيْحُ ابْنُ اللّٰهِ  ۭ ذٰلِكَ قَوْلُهُمْ بِاَفْوَاهِهِمْ  ۚ يُضَاهِــــُٔـوْنَ قَوْلَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْ قَبْلُ ۭ قٰتَلَهُمُ اللّٰهُ ffاَنّٰى يُؤْفَكُوْنَ    30؀

 

“Aur yahood kehte hein keh Uzair Allah ke bete hein aur Esaai kehte hein keh Maseeh Allah ke bete hein. Yeh un ke munh ki baten hein. Pehle kafir bhi isi tarah ki baten kiya karte thay. Yeh bhi unhi ki rees karne lage hein. Allah un ko halak kare. Yeh kahan behkate phirte hein.” (Al-Tubah: 9/39) 

 

Arab ke ba’az mushrik qabaail yeh aqeeda rakhte thay keh farishte Allah ki betiyan hein jo jinon ki muazzaz khawateen se paida hui hein. Allah T’aala ne un ki tardeed karte huaye farmaya:

 

وَجَعَلُوا الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةَ الَّذِيْنَ هُمْ عِبٰدُ الرَّحْمٰنِ اِنَاثًا ۭاَشَهِدُوْا خَلْقَهُمْ ۭ سَـتُكْتَبُ شَهَادَتُهُمْ وَيُسْــَٔــلُوْنَ       19؀

 

“Aur Unhon ne farishton ko (Allah ki) betiyan muqarrar kiya, Halankeh woh bhi Allah ke bande hein. Kaya yeh un ki pedaish ke waqat hazir thay? Anqareeb un ki shahadat likh li jaye gi aur un se baaz’puras ki jaye gi.” (Al-Zukhruf: 43/19) 

 

Aur mazeed farmaya:

 

فَاسْتَفْتِهِمْ اَلِرَبِّكَ الْبَنَاتُ وَلَهُمُ الْبَنُوْنَ  ١٤٩؀ۙاَمْ خَلَقْنَا الْمَلٰۗىِٕكَةَ اِنَاثًا وَّهُمْ شٰهِدُوْنَ  ١٥٠؁اَلَآ اِنَّهُمْ مِّنْ اِفْكِهِمْ لَيَقُوْلُوْنَ  ١٥١؀ۙوَلَدَ اللّٰهُ ۙ وَاِنَّهُمْ لَكٰذِبُوْنَ  ١٥٢؁اَصْطَفَى الْبَنَاتِ عَلَي الْبَنِيْنَ  ١٥٣؀ۭمَا لَكُمْ ۣ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُوْنَ  ١٥٤؁اَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُوْنَ  ١٥٥؀ۚاَمْ لَكُمْ سُلْطٰنٌ مُّبِيْنٌ  ١٥٦؀ۙفَاْتُوْا بِكِتٰبِكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ صٰدِقِيْنَ  ١٥٧؁وَجَعَلُوْا بَيْنَهٗ وَبَيْنَ الْجِنَّةِ نَسَـبًا ۭ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمَتِ الْجِنَّةُ اِنَّهُمْ لَمُحْضَرُوْنَ  ١٥٨؀ۙسُبْحٰنَ اللّٰهِ عَمَّايَصِفُوْنَ  ١٥٩؀ۙاِلَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰهِ الْمُخْلَصِيْنَ  ١٦٠؁

 

“In se pocho to keh bhala tumhare Parwardigaar ke liye to betiyan aur un ke liye bete? Ya ham ne farishton ko auraten banaya aur woh (us waqat) mojood thay? Dekho! Yeh apni ghadi hui (bat) kehte hein keh Allah ki aulad hai. Kuch shak nahin keh yeh jhoote hein. Kaya us ne beton ki nisbat betion ko pasand kiya hai? Tum kaise log ho? Kis tarah ka fesla karte ho? Bhala tum ghor kiyoun nahin karte? Ya tumhare pas koi sareeh daleel hai? Agar tum sache ho to apni Kitab paish karo aur unhon ne Allah mein aur jinon mein rishta muqarrar kiya, Halankeh jinnaat jante hein keh woh (Allah ke samne) hazir kiye jayen gay. Yeh jo kuch bayan karte heir, Allah us se pak hai magar Allah ke Bandigaan-e-Khalis (Mubtala-e-Azab nahin hon gay.”) (Al-Saffaat: 39/149-60) 

 

Aik aur maqam par farmaya:

 

وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمٰنُ وَلَـدًا سُبْحٰنَهٗ  ۭ بَلْ عِبَادٌ مُّكْرَمُوْنَ 26؀ۙلَا يَسْبِقُوْنَهٗ بِالْقَوْلِ وَهُمْ بِاَمْرِهٖ يَعْمَلُوْنَ 27؀يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ اَيْدِيْهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يَشْفَعُوْنَ ۙ اِلَّا لِمَنِ ارْتَضٰى وَهُمْ مِّنْ خَشْيَتِهٖ مُشْفِقُوْنَ  28؀وَمَنْ يَّقُلْ مِنْهُمْ اِنِّىْٓ اِلٰهٌ مِّنْ دُوْنِهٖ فَذٰلِكَ نَجْزِيْهِ جَهَنَّمَ  ۭ كَذٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الظّٰلِمِيْنَ 29؀ۧ

 

“Aur kehte hein keh Allah beta rakhta hai. Woh pak hai (Us ke na beta hai na beti) balkeh (jin ko yeh log us ke bete aur betiyan samajhte hein) wohus ke izzat wale bande hein. Us ke aage badh kar nahin bol sakte aur usi ke hukam par amal karte hein. Jo kuch un ke aage ho chuka hai aur jo piche hoga woh sab se waqif hai aur woh (Us ke pas kisi ki) sifarish nahin kar sakte magar us shakhas ki jis se Allah khush ho aur woh us ki heebat se darte rehte hein aur jo shakhas un mein se yeh kahe keh Allah ke siwa mein Ma’abood hoon to ham us ko dozakh ki saza dein gay aur zalimon ko ham aisi hi saza diya karte hein.” (Al-Anbiya’a: 21/26-29) 


Soorah Kahaf ke shuru mein farmaya:


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِيْٓ اَنْزَلَ عَلٰي عَبْدِهِ الْكِتٰبَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ لَّهٗ عِوَجًا   Ǻ۝ڸقَـيِّمًا لِّيُنْذِرَ بَاْسًا شَدِيْدًا مِّنْ لَّدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ الَّذِيْنَ يَعْمَلُوْنَ الصّٰلِحٰتِ اَنَّ لَهُمْ اَجْرًا حَسَـنًا  Ą۝ۙمَّاكِثِيْنَ فِيْهِ اَبَدًا  Ǽ۝ۙوَّيُنْذِرَ الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوا اتَّخَذَ اللّٰهُ وَلَدًا  Ć۝ۤمَا لَهُمْ بِهٖ مِنْ عِلْمٍ وَّلَا لِاٰبَاۗىِٕهِمْ ۭ كَبُرَتْ كَلِمَةً تَخْرُجُ مِنْ اَفْوَاهِهِمْ ۭ اِنْ يَّقُوْلُوْنَ اِلَّا كَذِبًا  Ĉ۝

 

“Sab tareef Allah hi ke liye hai jis ne Apne bande (Muhammad) par (yeh) Kitab nazil ki aur is mein kisi tarah ki kajj (aur pecheedagi) na rakhi (balkeh) seedhi (aur salees utari) takeh (logon ko) sakhat azab se daraye jo us ki taraf se aane wala hai aur mominon ko jo naik amal karte hein khushkhabri sunaye keh un ke liye (un ke kamon ka) naik badla (ya’ani behishat) hai jis mein woh Abad-ul-Abad tak rahein gay aur un logon ko bhi daraye jo kehte hein keh Allah ne kisi ko beta bana liya hai. Un ko is bat ka ilm kuch bhi nahin aur na un ke bap dada hi ko tha (yeh) badi sakhat bat hai jo un ke munh se nikalti hai (aur kuch shak nahin keh) yeh jo kuch kehte hein mahaz jhoot hai” (Al-Kahaf: 18/1-5)

 

Neez irshad hai:

 

قَالُوا اتَّخَذَ اللّٰهُ وَلَدًا سُبْحٰنَهٗ  ۭ ھُوَ الْغَنِيُّ  ۭ لَهٗ مَا فِي السَّمٰوٰتِ وَمَا فِي الْاَرْضِ  ۭ اِنْ عِنْدَكُمْ مِّنْ سُلْطٰنٍۢ بِهٰذَا ۭ اَتَقُوْلُوْنَ عَلَي اللّٰهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُوْنَ       68؀قُلْ اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يَفْتَرُوْنَ عَلَي اللّٰهِ الْكَذِبَ لَا يُفْلِحُوْنَ       69؀مَتَاعٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ اِلَيْنَا مَرْجِعُھُمْ ثُمَّ نُذِيْقُھُمُ الْعَذَابَ الشَّدِيْدَ بِمَا كَانُوْا يَكْفُرُوْنَ       70؀ۧ

 

“Woh kehte hein keh Allah ne beta bana liya hai. Us ki zaat aulad se pak hai (aur) Woh be-niyaz hai. Jo kuch aasmanon aur zameen mein hai, Sab usi ka hai. (Aye iftara pardazo!) Tumhare pas is (Qoal-e-Batil) ki koi daleel nahin hai (to) tum Allah ki nisbat aisi bat kiyoun kehte ho jo jante nahin ho? Keh do keh jo log Allah par jhot bandhte hein, Falah nahin payen gay. (Un ke liye jo) faide hein duniya mein (hein) phir uhein hamari hi taraf loat kar aana hai. Us waqat ham un ko Azab-e-Shadeed (ke maze) chakhaein gay kiyoun keh woh kufar (ki baten) kiya karte thay.” (Younus: 10/68-70) 


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ki Taraf Se Apni Aluhiyat Ki Tardeed


 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوْٓا اِنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيْحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ  ۭوَقَالَ الْمَسِيْحُ يٰبَنِيْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ اعْبُدُوا اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبَّكُمْ ۭاِنَّهٗ مَنْ يُّشْرِكْ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَاْوٰىهُ النَّارُ  ۭوَمَا لِلظّٰلِمِيْنَ مِنْ اَنْصَارٍ    72؀لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوْٓا اِنَّ اللّٰهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلٰثَةٍ  ۘوَمَا مِنْ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّآ اِلٰهٌ وَّاحِدٌ ۭوَاِنْ لَّمْ يَنْتَھُوْا عَمَّا يَقُوْلُوْنَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ      73؀اَفَلَا يَتُوْبُوْنَ اِلَى اللّٰهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُوْنَهٗ  ۭوَاللّٰهُ غَفُوْرٌ رَّحِيْمٌ      74؀مَا الْمَسِيْحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اِلَّا رَسُوْلٌ ۚ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ  ۭوَاُمُّهٗ صِدِّيْقَةٌ  ۭكَانَا يَاْكُلٰنِ الطَّعَامَ  ۭاُنْظُرْ كَيْفَ نُبَيِّنُ لَهُمُ الْاٰيٰتِ ثُمَّ انْظُرْ اَنّٰى يُؤْفَكُوْنَ     75؀

 

“Woh log bila shubah kafir hein jo kehte hin keh Maryam ke bete Maseeh (Isa) ilah hein, Halankeh Maseeh yahood se kaha karte thay keh aye Bani Israil! Allah hi ki ibadat karo jo mera bhi Parwardigaar hai aur tumhara bhi (aur jan rakho keh) jo shakhas Allah ke sath shirak kare ga, Allah us par behishat ko haram kar de ga aur us ka thikana dozakh hai aur zalimon ka koi madad gaar nahin. Woh (log) bhi kafir hein jo is bat ke qaail hein keh ilah teen mein se teesra hai, Halankeh us Ma’abood-e-Yakta ke siwa koi ibadat ke laaiq nahin. Agar yeh log aise aqwal-(o-aqaaid) se baz nahin aayen gay to un mein jo kafir huaye hein, Woh taklif dene wala azab payen gay, Phir yeh kiyoun Allah ke aage tubah nahin karte aur us se gunahon ki maafi nahin mangte aur Allah to bakhashne wala meharban hai. Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam to siraf Peghamber hein. Us se pehle bhi bahut se Rasool guzar chuke thay aur un ki walida siddeeqa thien. Donon (insan thay aur) khana khate thay. Dekho! Ham un logon ke liye kaise Apni aayaten khol khol kar bayan karte hein. Phir dekho keh yeh kidhar ulte ja rahe hein?”  (Al-Maaida: 5/72-75)

In aayaat mein Allah T’aala ne is aqeede ko kufar qarar diya hai aur wazih kiya hai keh Hazrat Isa علیہ اسلام bhi aur un ki walida bhi makhlooq aur insan thay. Allah ki ibadat karne wale aur usi ki taraf bulane wale thay aur tanbeeh farmai hai keh agar woh is gustakhana aqeede se baz na aaye to unhein aakhrat mein jahannam ki saza bhugatna pade gi aur Zillat-o-Ruswai un ka muqadar ho gi. In aayaat mein taslees ke khud sakhta aqeede ki tardeed ki gai hai. Allah to aik hi zaat hai aur woh Qabil-e-Taqseem nahin. Aakhir mein tubah ki taraf tawajjah dilai gai hai keh agar woh tubah kar lein to Allah ki azeem rahmat unhein hasil ho sakti hai.

Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ki walida bhi siddeeqa ya’ani intihai sachi aur pakbaz thien. Un se koi gher shareefana harkat sarzad nahin hui. Yahood ka ilzam sarasar jhoot hai. Isi aayat se yeh bhi sabit hota hai keh Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ko nubuwwat ka mansab hasil nahin tha jaise ba’az Ulama’a ne ghalat fahmi se maoqaf ikhtiyar kiya hai. كَانَا يَاْكُلٰنِ الطَّعَامَ   “Donon maan beta khana khaya karte thay” Is se yeh sabit hota hai keh unhein dosre insanon ki tarah khana khane ki zaroorat hoti thi, Lihaza woh ilah nahin ho sakte. Un ke batil aqeede ki tardeed soorah Maaida ki aakhri aayaat se bhi hoti hai. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ اللّٰهُ يٰعِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ ءَاَنْتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُوْنِيْ وَاُمِّيَ اِلٰــهَيْنِ مِنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ ۭ قَالَ سُبْحٰنَكَ مَا يَكُوْنُ لِيْٓ اَنْ اَقُوْلَ مَا لَيْسَ لِيْ ۤ بِحَقٍّ  ڲ اِنْ كُنْتُ قُلْتُهٗ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهٗ  ۭ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِيْ نَفْسِيْ وَلَآ اَعْلَمُ مَا فِيْ نَفْسِكَ ۭاِنَّكَ اَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوْبِ    ١١٦؁ مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ اِلَّا مَآ اَمَرْتَنِيْ بِهٖٓ اَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبَّكُمْ ۚ وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيْدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيْهِمْ ۚ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِيْ كُنْتَ اَنْتَ الرَّقِيْبَ عَلَيْهِمْ  ۭواَنْتَ عَلٰي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيْدٌ    ١١٧؁ اِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَاِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ ۚ وَاِنْ تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَاِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَزِيْزُ الْحَكِيْمُ    ١١٨؁

 

“Aur (us waqat ko yad karo) jab Allah farmaye ga keh aye Isa Ibn-e-Maryam! Kaya tum ne logon se kaha tha keh Allah ke siwa mujhe aur meri walida ko ma’abood muqarrar kar lo? Woh kahen gay keh tu pak hai yeh mere laaiq na tha keh mein aisi bat kehta jis ka mujhe kuch haq nahin. Agar mein ne aisa kaha hoga to tujh ko ma’aloom hoga (kiyounkeh) jo bat mere dil mein hai tu usay janta hai aur jo tere zameer mein hai mein usay nahin janta. Beshak Tu Allam-ul-Ghuyoob (علام الغیوب) hai. Mein ne unse kuch nahin kaha siwaye is ke jis ka tu ne mujhe hukam diya, Who yeh keh  tum Allah ki ibadat karo jo mera aur tumhara sab ka Parwardigaar hai aur jab tak mein un mein raha un (ke halaaat) ki khabar rakhta raha. Jab tu ne mujhe duniya se utha liya to tu un ka nigran tha aur tu har cheez se khabardaar hai. Agar tu in ko azab de to yeh tere hi bande hein aur agar tu bakhash de to (teri meharbani hai) beshak tu ghalib (aur) hikmat wala hai.” (Al-Maaida: 5/116-118)

Qayamat ke din is sawal jawab ka maqsad Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki izzat afzaai aur un logon ke a’amaal akaarat hone ka ai’alan hai, Jinhon ne muhabbat aur aqeedat ke nam par Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki ibadat ki thi, Unhein in a’amaal par kisi sawab ki umeed nahin rakhni chahiye.

Allah T’aala jab Isa علیہ السلام se sawal karen gay to Allah ko to ma’aloom hi hoga keh Aap ne aisi koi bat nahin ki. Lekin jhooti baten ghad kar Aap ke zimme lagane walon ko Zajar-o-Tubeekh ke liye Allah T’aala farmaye ga: يٰعِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ ءَاَنْتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُوْنِيْ وَاُمِّيَ اِلٰــهَيْنِ مِنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ ۭ قَالَ سُبْحٰنَكَ مَا يَكُوْنُ لِيْٓ اَنْ اَقُوْلَ مَا لَيْسَ لِيْ ۤ بِحَقٍّ “Aye Isa Ibn-e-Maryam! Kaya tu ne un logon se keh diya tha keh Allah ke ilawa mujh ko aur meri maan ko bhi ma’abood qarar de lo? Isa (علیہ السلام) araz karen gay: “Mein tujh ko Munazzah samajhta hon keh tera koi shareek ho. Mujh ko kisi tarah zeba na tha keh mein aisi bat kehta jis ke kehne ka mujhe koi haq nahin.” Kiyoun keh yeh siraf tera haq hai keh Apni ibadat ka hukam de. اِنْ كُنْتُ قُلْتُهٗ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهٗ  ۭ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِيْ نَفْسِيْ وَلَآ اَعْلَمُ مَا فِيْ نَفْسِكَ ۭاِنَّكَ اَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوْبِ “Agar mein ne kaha hoga to tujh ko is ka ilm hai. Tu mere dil ki bat bhi janta hai aur mein tere nafas mein jo kuch hai, Us ko nahin janta. Tamam ghaib jan’ne wala tu hi hai.”

Is Andaz-e-Kalam mein Allah T’aala ka intihai Adab-o-Ahtiram malhooz rakha gaya hai. مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ اِلَّا مَآ اَمَرْتَنِيْ بِهٖٓ  “Mein ne un se aur kuch nahin kaha magar siraf wahi jo tu ne mujh se kehne ko farmaya tha.”  Aur woh yeh tha: اَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبَّكُمْ ۚ وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيْدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيْهِمْ ۚ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِيْ  “Keh tum Allah ki bandgi ikhtiyar karo jo mera bhi Rab hai aur tumhara bhi Rab hai. Mein un par gawah raha, Jab tak un mein raha phir jab tu ne mujh ko utha liya.” Ya’ani jab logon ne mujhe saleeb par chadhane aur shaheed karne ka irada kiya to tu ne mujh par rahmat farmarte huaye aasmanon par zinda utha kar un se bacha liya. Kisi aur ki soorat mujh jaisi bana di aur logon ne apna ghussa us par nikal liya. Yeh sab kuch huwa كُنْتَ اَنْتَ الرَّقِيْبَ عَلَيْهِمْ  ۭواَنْتَ عَلٰي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيْدٌ  ” To tu hi un par nigran raha aur tu har cheez ki poori khabar rakhta hai.”

Phir woh tamam moamlaat ka mukhtar Allah hi ko qarar dete huaye aur Esaiyat ka khud sakhta mazhab ikhtiyar karne walon se Izhar-e-Bara’at farmate huaye irshad farmayen gay: اِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَاِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ ۚ وَاِنْ تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَاِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَزِيْزُ الْحَكِيْمُ “Agar tu un ko saza de to yeh Tere bande hein agar tu un ko maaf farma de to tu Zabardast hai hikmat wala hai.” Aap bakhshish ko Allah ki mashiyat aur marzi par munhasir farmayen gay, Ya’ani bakhshish ho jana zaroori nahin balkeh is bat ka izhar hai keh Allah ka fesla hi nafiz hoga, Is liye Allah ki sifat Azeez aur Hakeem bayan farmayen gay, Ghafoor aur Raheem nahin farmayen gay.

Agar Allah T’aala Apne liye aulad muntakhab karna chahta to makhlooq mein se kisi ko bhi yeh maqam de sakta tha lekin beta ya beti us ke shan ke laabiq hi nahin. Is liye farmaya: 

 

لَوْ اَرَادَ اللّٰهُ اَنْ يَّتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا لَّاصْطَفٰى مِمَّا يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاۗءُ ۙ سُبْحٰنَهٗ ۭ هُوَ اللّٰهُ الْوَاحِدُ الْقَهَّارُ Ć۝

 

“Agar Allah kisi ko Apna beta ya beti banana chahta to Apni makhlooq mein se jis ko chahta intikhab kar leta. Woh pak hai. Wahi to Allah Yakta aur Qahar wala hai.” (Al-Zumar: 39/4)

 

Aur mazeed farmaya: 

 

قُلْ اِنْ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ وَلَدٌ ڰ فَاَنَا اَوَّلُ الْعٰبِدِيْنَ       81؀ سُبْحٰنَ رَبِّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ      82؀

 

“Keh do keh agar Allah ki aulad ho to mein (sab se ) pehle (us ki) ibadat karne wala hon. Yeh jo kuch bayan karte hein us se aasmanon aur zameen ka malik (aur) arash ka malik pak hai.” (Al-Zukhruf: 43/81-82)

 

Neez farmaya: 

 

وَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِيْ لَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَّلَمْ يَكُنْ لَّهٗ شَرِيْكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَّهٗ وَلِيٌّ مِّنَ الذُّلِّ وَكَبِّرْهُ تَكْبِيْرًا   ١١١۝ۧ

 

“Aur kaho keh sab ta’areef Allah hi ke liye hai jis ne na to kisi ko beta banaya hai aur na us ki badshahi mein koi shareek hai aur na is wajah se koi us ka madadgaar hai keh Woh Ajiz-o-Na tawan hai. Aur us ko bada jan kar us ki badaai bayan karte raho.” (Bani Israil: 17/111)

 

Aik aur maqam par farmaya:

 

قُلْ هُوَ اللّٰهُ اَحَدٌ    Ǻ۝ۚ اَللّٰهُ الصَّمَدُ   Ą۝ۚ لَمْ يَلِدْ ڏ وَلَمْ يُوْلَدْ   Ǽ۝ۙ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَّهٗ كُفُوًا اَحَدٌ    Ć۝ۧ

 

“Kaho keh woh Zaat pak jis ka nam Allah hai aik hai. Woh Ma’abood-e-Bar haq jo be niyaz hai, Na kisi ka bap hai aur na kisi ka beta aur koi us ka hamsar nahin.” (Ikhlas: 112/1-4)

Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Allah T’aala farmata hai: Adam ka beta mujhe gali deta hai aur usay yeh haq hasil nahin (gali yeh hai keh) woh da’awa karta hai keh meri aulad hai, Halankeh mein akela hon, Be niyaz hon, Na mujh se koi paida huwa aur na mein kisi se paida huwa aur na mera koi hamsar hai.”(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Al-Tafseer, Hadees: 4974.)

Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Koi aisa nahin jo apni toheen sun kar Allah se zayada bardashat kar sake. Log kehte hein keh us ki aulad hai, Woh phir bhi unhein rizaq deta rehta hai aur aafiyat diye rakhta hai.” (Musnad-e-Ahmed: 3954 wa Sahih Muslim, Sifat-ul-Munafiqeen, Baab Fil Kuffar, Hadees: 2804.)

 


Char Ilhami Kutab Ka Waqat-e-Nuzool


Imam Abu Zur’aah Damishqi رحمۃ اللہ farmate hein keh mujhe khabar di gai keh Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام par Taurat 6 Ramzan-ul-Mubarak ko nazil hui, Hazrat Dawood علیہ السلام par Zaboor 12 Ramzan-ul-Mubarak ko nazil hui. Yeh Taurat se char so bayasi saal ba’ad nazil hui. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام par Injeel 18 Ramzan-ul-Mubarak ko nazil hui. Yeh Zaboor se aik hazar pachas saal ba’ad nazil hui aur Nabi Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم par Quraan 24 Ramzan-ul-mubarak ko (ya’ani pachisween rat ko) nazil huwa.”

Imam Ibn-e-Jareer رحمہ اللہ farmate hein: Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام par 30 saal ki umar mein Injeel nazil hui aur jab Aap ko aasman par utha liya gaya to Aap ki umar 33 saal thi. 

 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ke Moa’ajizaat

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: 

 

اِذْ قَالَ اللّٰهُ يٰعِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ اذْكُرْ نِعْمَتِيْ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلٰي وَالِدَتِكَ  ۘ اِذْ اَيَّدْتُّكَ بِرُوْحِ الْقُدُسِ  ۣ تُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا  ۚ وَاِذْ عَلَّمْتُكَ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرٰىةَ وَالْاِنْجِيْلَ ۚ وَاِذْ تَخْلُقُ مِنَ الطِّيْنِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ بِاِذْنِيْ فَتَنْفُخُ فِيْهَا فَتَكُوْنُ طَيْرًۢا بِاِذْنِيْ وَتُبْرِئُ الْاَكْـمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ بِاِذْنِيْ  ۚ وَاِذْ تُخْرِجُ الْمَوْتٰى بِاِذْنِيْ   ۚ وَاِذْ كَفَفْتُ بَنِيْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ عَنْكَ اِذْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنٰتِ فَقَالَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْهُمْ اِنْ هٰذَآ اِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُّبِيْنٌ    ١١٠؁ وَاِذْ اَوْحَيْتُ اِلَى الْحَوَارِيّٖنَ اَنْ اٰمِنُوْا بِيْ وَبِرَسُوْلِيْ ۚ قَالُوْٓا اٰمَنَّا وَاشْهَدْ بِاَنَّنَا مُسْلِمُوْنَ    ١١١؁

 

“Jab Allah (Isa علیہ السلام se) farmaye ga keh aye Isa Ibn-e-Maryam! Mere un ahsano ko yad karo jo mein ne tum par aur tumhari walida par kiye. Jab Mein ne Rooh-ul-Qudas (ya’ani Jibreel) se tumhari madad ki. Tum jhoole mein aur jawan ho kar (aik hi tarah) logon se guftagoo karte thay. Aur jab mein ne tum ko Kitab aur danaai aur Taurat aur Injeel sikhai. Aur jab tum mere hukam se mitti ka janwar bana kar us mein phoonk maar dete thay to woh mere hukam se udne lagta tha aur maadar zaad andhe aur safed dagh wale ko mere hukam se theek kar dete thay aur murde ko mere hukam sem(zinda kar ke qabar se) nikaal khada karte thay. Aur jab mein ne Bani Israil (ke hathon) ko tum se rok diya. Jab tum un ke pas khule nishan le kar aaye to jo un mein se kafir thay kehne lage keh yeh sareeh jadu hai. Aur jab mein ne hawariyon ki taraf hukam bheja keh mujh par aur mere Paighembar par iman laao, Woh kehne lage keh (Parwardigaar) ham iman laaye, Lihaza tu shahid rehna keh ham farmanbardaar hein.” (Al-Maaida: 5/110-111)

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام par Allah ka azeem ahsan yeh tha keh Apna Peghamber banaya. Aap ko imtiyazi wasaf bhi hasil tha jo kisi aur ko hasil nahin huwa keh Aap ko walid ke bagher siraf walida mohtarma se paida kiya gaya aur phir Aap ki walida ko logon ki nazeba baton se mo’ajizana tor par mubarra sabit kiya gaya. Is liye farmaya: اِذْ اَيَّدْتُّكَ بِرُوْحِ الْقُدُسِ   “Jab mein ne tum ko Rooh-ul-Qudus se taeed di.”  Ya’ani Jibreel علیہ السلام ne Aap ki rooh Aap ki walida ki taraf bheji aur jab Aap Mansab-e-Risalat par faaiz huaye to Allah T’aala Aap ke sath raha aur kafiron se Aap ka bachao kiya. تُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا   ” Tum logon se kalam karte thay goad mein bhi aur badi umar mein bhi.”  Ya’ani Aap ne bachpan aur gehware mein bhi Allah ki taraf bulaya aur dhalti jawani ke waqat bhi Allah ki taraf bulate rahe.  وَاِذْ عَلَّمْتُكَ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرٰىةَ وَالْاِنْجِيْلَ ” Aur jab mein ne tum ko Kitab aur hikmat ki baten sikhaien aur Taurat-o-Injeel ki taleem di.”  Ba’az Ulama’a ne farmaya hai keh is se murad Taurat-o-Injeel ke alfaaz aur Ma’ani-o-Mafaheem dono ki taleem murad hai. وَاِذْ تَخْلُقُ مِنَ الطِّيْنِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ بِاِذْنِيْ  “Aur jab keh tum mere hukam se gare se aik shakal banate thay jaise parinde ki shakal hoti hai.” Ya’ani Aap Allah ke hukam se gare se parinde ki soorat banate thay. فَتَنْفُخُ فِيْهَا فَتَكُوْنُ طَيْرًۢا بِاِذْنِيْ  “Phir tum us ke ander phoonk maar dete thay aur woh parinda ban jata tha mere hukam se.”  Hukam ka lafaz dobara irshad farmaya takeh yeh shubah na ho keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko zati tor par yeh taqat hasil thi. Yeh lafaz wazih farma diya keh woh aik mo’ajiza tha. وَتُبْرِئُ الْاَكْـمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ بِاِذْنِيْ   ” Aur jab tum murdon ko nikaal khada karte thay mere hukam se.”  Ya’ani woh zinda ho kar qabron se nikal aate thay. Is lafaz mein ishara hai keh yeh waqia mut’adid bar paish aaya. وَاِذْ كَفَفْتُ بَنِيْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ عَنْكَ اِذْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنٰتِ فَقَالَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْهُمْ اِنْ هٰذَآ اِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُّبِيْنٌ “Aur jab mein ne Bani Israil ko tum se baaz rakha jab tum un ke pas daleelen le kar aaye thay, Phir un mein jo kafir thay, Unhon ne kaha tha: Yeh to khule jadu ke siwa kuch nahi.” Is se murad woh waqia hai jab dushmanon ne Aap ko sooli chadhane ka irada kiya to Allah T’aala ne Aap ko un ke darmiyan se zinda salamat utha liya aur woh Aap ka baal bhi beeka na kar sake.

 

وَاِذْ اَوْحَيْتُ اِلَى الْحَوَارِيّٖنَ اَنْ اٰمِنُوْا بِيْ وَبِرَسُوْلِيْ ۚ قَالُوْٓا اٰمَنَّا وَاشْهَدْ بِاَنَّنَا مُسْلِمُوْنَ    ١١١؁

 

“Aur jab mein ne hawariyon ko wahi ki keh tum mujh par aur mere Rasoolon par iman laao. Unhon ne kaha: Ham iman laaye aur Aap gawah rahiye keh ham poore farmanbardar hein.”

 

Wahi se murad ilham hai ya Rasool ke waste se un tak wahi pohancha kar usay qabool karne ki tufeeq dena hai. Yeh bhi Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke liye aik in’aam tha keh Ap ko mukhlis sathi muyassar aaye jo Aap ke sath mil kar logon ko tuheed ki da’awat dete thay. Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم par bhi yeh shsan huwa, Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

وَاِنْ يُّرِيْدُوْٓا اَنْ يَّخْدَعُوْكَ فَاِنَّ حَسْبَكَ اللّٰهُ   ۭهُوَ الَّذِيْٓ اَيَّدَكَ بِنَصْرِهٖ وَبِالْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ     62؀ۙ وَاَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوْبِهِمْ  ۭ لَوْ اَنْفَقْتَ مَا فِي الْاَرْضِ جَمِيْعًا مَّآ اَلَّفْتَ بَيْنَ قُلُوْبِهِمْ وَلٰكِنَّ اللّٰهَ اَلَّفَ بَيْنَهُمْ ۭاِنَّهٗ عَزِيْزٌ حَكِيْمٌ      63؀

 

“Wahi to hai jis ne tum ko Apni madad se aur Moosalmanon (ki jamiat) se taqwiyat bakhshi aur un ke dilon mein ulfat paida kar di. Agar tum duniya bhar ki dolat kharach karte, Tab bhi un ke dilon mein ulfat na paida kar sakte magar Allah hi ne un mein ulfat daal di. Beshak woh Zabardast (aur) Hikmat wala hai.” (Al-Anfaal: 8/62-63)

 

Mazeed Irshad-e-Ilahi hai:

 

وَيُعَلِّمُهُ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرٰىةَ وَالْاِنْجِيْلَ  48؀ۚ وَرَسُوْلًا اِلٰى بَنِىْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ ڏ اَنِّىْ قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِاٰيَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ ۙ اَنِّىْٓ اَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِّنَ الطِّيْنِ كَهَيْــــَٔــةِ الطَّيْرِ فَاَنْفُخُ فِيْهِ فَيَكُوْنُ طَيْرًۢ ا بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُبْرِئُ الْاَكْمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ وَاُحْىِ الْمَوْتٰى بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَاْكُلُوْنَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُوْنَ ۙفِيْ بُيُوْتِكُمْ ۭ اِنَّ فِيْ ذٰلِكَ لَاٰيَةً لَّكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِيْنَ   49؀ۚ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرٰىةِ وَلِاُحِلَّ لَكُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِيْ حُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَجِئْتُكُمْ بِاٰيَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ   ۣ فَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ وَاَطِيْعُوْنِ  50؀ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ رَبِّيْ وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوْهُ   ۭھٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيْمٌ    51؀ فَلَمَّآ اَحَسَّ عِيْسٰى مِنْھُمُ الْكُفْرَ قَالَ مَنْ اَنْصَارِيْٓ  اِلَى اللّٰهِ   ۭ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّوْنَ نَحْنُ اَنْصَارُ اللّٰهِ ۚ اٰمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ ۚ وَاشْهَدْ بِاَنَّا مُسْلِمُوْنَ   52؀ رَبَّنَآ اٰمَنَّا بِمَآ اَنْزَلْتَ وَاتَّبَعْنَا الرَّسُوْلَ فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشّٰهِدِيْنَ  53؀ وَمَكَرُوْا وَمَكَرَ اللّٰهُ   ۭ وَاللّٰهُ خَيْرُ الْمٰكِرِيْنَ  54؀ۧ

 

“Aur Woh (Isa) unhein likhna (padhna) aur danaai aur Taurat aur Injeel sikhayen gay aur Bani Israil ki taraf Paighembar (ho kar jayen gay aur kahen gay) keh mein tumhare Parwardigaar ki taraf se nishani le kar aaya hon, Woh yeh keh tumhare samne mitti ki moorat ba Shakal-e-Parinda banata hon. Phir us mein phoonk marta hon to woh Allah ke hukam se (sach much) parinda ho jata hai aur andhe aur baras ko tandrusat kar deta hon aur Allah ke hukam se murde mein jan daal deta hon aur jo kuch tum kha kar aate ho aur jo apne gharon mein mein jama’a rakhte ho sab tum ko bata deta hon. Agar tum Sahib-e-Iman ho to in baton mein tumhare liye (Allah ki qudrat ki) nishani hai. Aur mujh se pehle jo Taurat (nazil hui) thi us ki tasdeeq bhi karta hon aur (Mein) is liye bhi (aaya hon) keh ba’az cheezen jo tum par haram thien un ko tumhare liye halal kar don aur mein to tumhare Parwardigaar ki taraf se nishani le kar aaya hon, Lihaza Allah se daro aur mera kaha mano, Kuch shak nahin keh Allah hi mera aur tumhara Parwadigaar hai, So usi ki ibadat karo, Yahi sidha rasta hai. Jab Isa ne un ki taraf se na farmani (aur Niyat-e-Qatal) dekhi to kehne lage keh koi hai jo Allah ka tarafdaar aur mera madadgaar ho? Hawari bole keh ham Allah ke (tarafdaar aur aap ke) madadgaar hein. Ham Allah par iman laaye aur Aap gawah rahen keh ham farmanbardaar hein. Aye Parwardigaar! Jo (Kitab) tu ne nazil farmai hai, Ham us par iman le aaye aur tere Paighembar ke mutbe’a ho chuke. Tu ham ko manne walon mein likh rakh aur unhon ne (Qatal-e-Isa ke bare mein aik) tadbeer ki aur Allah ne bhi (Isa ko bachane ke liye) tadbeer ki aur Allah khoob tadbeer karne wala hai.”  (Aal-e-Imran: 3/48-54)


osa, Hazrat Isa علیہا السلام aur Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Ke Khas Mo’ajizaat: 


Kehte hein keh Allah T’aala ne har Nabi ko woh mo’ajiza diya jo us ke daur ke logon ki maharat se munasibat se rakhta tha. Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ke zamane mein jadu ka shohara tha aura bade bade mahir jadugar mojood thay, Chunancheh Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ko woh mo’ajiza mila, Jis se jadugar bhi shashdar reh gaye. Chunkeh woh jadu ki tamam bareekiyon se waqif thay, Lihaza woh foran samajh gaye keh Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ka mo’ajiza jadu nahin balkeh Allah ki khas inayat aur madad hai aur Aap yaqinan Rasool hain, Chunancheh woh bila tawaqquf iman le aaye.

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ka zamana Tib-o-Ilaj ke urooj ka zamana tha. Allah T’aala ne Aap ko aise mo’ajizat diye jo Mahir-e-Fun tabibon ke bas ki bat na thay. Aap ko maadar zaad nabina ko sehatyab karne ka mo’ajiza mila. Koi mahir se mahir tabeeb aur doctor qabar mein pade huaye murde ko zinda nahin kar sakta. Is se mo’ajize ki sadaqat aur us ko zahir karne wale ki qudrat ka pata chalta hai.

Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki be’asat us mahol aur zamane mein hui jis mein Fasahat-o-Balaghat ka daur daura tha. Allah T’aala ne Quraan ko mo’ajiza bana kar nazil kiya jis ke muqable mein aj tak aik bhi soorat paish karna mumkin nahin huwa.

Jab Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne logon ko Allah ka paigham pohanchaya aur Allah ki taraf bulaya to aksar logon ne Aap ki bat manne se inkar kar diya. Chand pakbaz aur naik logon ne Aap ki da’awat ko qabool kiya. Aap ki madad ki aur Aap ke paigham ko doosaron tak pohanchaya. Kuch shareer afraad aise thay jinhon ne Aap ki mukhalifat ki. Waqat ke hukamran ko ghalat itla’aat pohanchaien hatta keh Aap ko shaheed karne aur sooli dene ka faisla kar liya gaya. Allah T’aala ne Aap ko un se bacha kar uoper utha liya. Aap ki Shakal-o-Shabahat kisi aur shakhas ko de di jise unhon ne Isa samajh kar sooli latka diya. Bahut se Isai bhi is ghalat fahmi mein mubtala ho gaye keh saleeb par latkaya jane wala shakhas Maseeh hai. Lekin donon fareeq ghalti par hein. 


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ne Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Ki Aamad Ki Basharat Di

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Bani Israil ke aakhri Nabi thay. Aap ne logon ko aakhri Nabi ki be’asat ki khabar di jis par Nubuwwat ka silsila khatam hone wala tha. Aap ne Unhein Nabi علیہ السلام ka nam bhi bata diya aur Aap ki wazih alamaat bhi bayan farmaien.

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: 

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يٰبَنِيْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ اِنِّىْ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ اِلَيْكُمْ مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرٰىةِ وَمُبَشِّرًۢا بِرَسُوْلٍ يَّاْتِيْ مِنْۢ بَعْدِي اسْمُهٗٓ اَحْمَدُ ۭ فَلَمَّا جَاۗءَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنٰتِ قَالُوْا هٰذَا سِحْــرٌ مُّبِيْنٌ     Č۝ وَمَنْ اَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرٰى عَلَي اللّٰهِ الْكَذِبَ وَهُوَ يُدْعٰٓى اِلَى الْاِسْلَامِ ۭ وَاللّٰهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ     Ċ۝ۚ يُرِيْدُوْنَ لِيُطْفِــــُٔـوْا نُوْرَ اللّٰهِ بِاَفْوَاهِهِمْ ۭ وَاللّٰهُ مُتِمُّ نُوْرِهٖ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكٰفِرُوْنَ    Ď۝

 

“Aur (woh waqat bhi yad karo) jab Maryam ke bete Isa ne kaha keh aye Bani Israil! Mein tumhare pas Allah ka bheja huwa aaya hoon (aur) jo (Kitab) mujh se pehle aa chuki hai (ya’ani) Taurat us ki tasdeeq karta hoon aur aik Paighembar jo mere ba’ad aayen gay jin ka nam Ahmad ho ga un ki basharat deta hoon (phir) jab woh un logon ke pas khuli nishaniyan le kar aaye to woh kehne lage yeh to sareeh jadu hai. Aur us se bada zalim kon hai jise bulaya to Islam ki taraf jaye aur woh Allah par jhoot bandhe aur Allah zalim logon ko hidayat nahin diya karta. Yeh chahte hein keh Allah (ke charagh) ki roshni ko munh se (phoonk maar kar) bujha dein, Halankeh Allah Apni roshni poori kar ke rahe ga khawah kafir na khush hon.” (Al-Saf: 61/6-8)

 

Mazeed Irshad-e-Ilahi hai:

 

اَلَّذِيْنَ يَتَّبِعُوْنَ الرَّسُوْلَ النَّبِيَّ الْاُمِّيَّ الَّذِيْ يَجِدُوْنَهٗ مَكْتُوْبًا عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرٰىةِ وَالْاِنْجِيْلِ ۡ يَاْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوْفِ وَيَنْهٰىهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبٰتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَـبٰۗىِٕثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ اِصْرَهُمْ وَالْاَغْلٰلَ الَّتِيْ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۭفَالَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا بِهٖ وَعَزَّرُوْهُ وَنَصَرُوْهُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّوْرَ الَّذِيْٓ اُنْزِلَ مَعَهٗٓ  ۙ اُولٰۗىِٕكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَ    ١٥٧؀ۧ

 

“Aur jo (Muhammad) Rasool (Allah) ki jo Nabi Ummi hein, Perwi karte hein jin (ke usaaf) ko woh apne han Taurat aur Injeel mein likha huwa pate hein. Woh unhein naik kam ka hukam dete hein aur bure kam se rokte hein aur pak cheezon ko un ke liye halal karte hein aur na pak cheezon ko un par haram thehrate hein aur un par se bojh aur tauq jo un (ke sar) par (aur gale) mein thay utarte hein. So jo log un par iman laaye aur un ki rifaaqat ki aur unhein madad di aur jo noor un ke sath nazil huwa hai, Uski perwi ki, Wahi murad pane wale hein.” (Al-A’raaf: 7/157)

Hazrat Abu Umama رضی اللہ عنہ se riwaayat hai keh Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya:  “Mein Apne bap Hazrat Ibrahim علیہ السلام ki dua aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki basharat hoon.” (Musnad-e-Ahmed: 5/262.) 

Jab Bani Israil mein Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام mab’oos huaye to unhon ne khade ho kar wa’az farmaya aur bataya keh Bani Israil mein se Nubuwwat khatam ho chuki hai. Ab Arab se Nabi Ummi paida hoga Jo Silsila-e-Nubuwwat ko mukammal tor par khatam karne wala hoga aur us ka nam “Ahmad” hoga.

 


Nuzool-e-Maaidah


 

Allah T’aala ne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki darkhawasat par Aap ki qoam ke liye aasman se dastarkhawan nazil farmaya.

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

اِذْ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّوْنَ يٰعِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ هَلْ يَسْتَطِيْعُ رَبُّكَ اَنْ يُّنَزِّلَ عَلَيْنَا مَاۗىِٕدَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاۗءِ  ۭ قَالَ اتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِيْنَ    ١١٢؁ قَالُوْا نُرِيْدُ اَنْ نَّاْكُلَ مِنْهَا وَتَطْمَىِٕنَّ قُلُوْبُنَا وَنَعْلَمَ اَنْ قَدْ صَدَقْتَنَا وَنَكُوْنَ عَلَيْهَا مِنَ الشّٰهِدِيْنَ    ١١٣؁ قَالَ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللّٰهُمَّ رَبَّنَآ اَنْزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَاۗىِٕدَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاۗءِ تَكُوْنُ لَنَا عِيْدًا لِّاَوَّلِنَا وَاٰخِرِنَا وَاٰيَةً مِّنْكَ ۚ وَارْزُقْنَا وَاَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرّٰزِقِيْنَ    ١١٤؁ قَالَ اللّٰهُ اِنِّىْ مُنَزِّلُهَا عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ فَمَنْ يَّكْفُرْ بَعْدُ مِنْكُمْ فَاِنِّىْٓ اُعَذِّبُهٗ عَذَابًا لَّآ اُعَذِّبُهٗٓ اَحَدًا مِّنَ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ    ١١٥؀ۧ

 

“Woh waat yad ke qabil hai jab hawariyon ne araz kiya keh aye Isa Ibn-e-Maryam! Kaya Aap ka Rab aisa kar sakta hai keh ham par aasman se aik khawan nazil farma de. Aap ne kaha keh Allah se daro agar tum imandar ho. Woh bole ham yeh chahte hein keh us mein se khayen aur hamare dilon ko itminan ho jaye aur hamara yeh yaqeen aur badh jaye keh Aap ne ham se sach bola hai aur ham gawahi dene walon mein se ho jaein. Isa Ibn-e-Maryam ne dua ki keh aye Allah aye hamare Parwardigaar! Ham par aasman se khana nazil farma! Heh woh hamare liye ya,ani ham mein jo ham mein jo awwal hein aur jo ba’ad mein hein sab ke liye aik khushi ki bat ho jaye aur teri taraf se aik nishan ho jaye aur tu ham ko rizaq ata farma de aur tu sab ata karne walon se acha hai. Haq T’aala ne irshad farmaya keh mein woh khana tum logon par nazil karne wala hoon, Phir tum mein se jo shakhas is ke ba’ad na shukri kare ga to mein us ko aisi saza doon ga keh woh saza duniya jahan walon mein se kisi ko na don ga.” (Al-Maaida: 5/112-115)

Is waqia ki tafseel is tarah hai keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne hawariyon ko hukam diya keh tees roze rakhen. Unhon ne hukam ki t’ameel ki. Jab tees roze poore ho gaye to unhonne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام se darkhawasat ki keh aasman se aik dastarkhawan nazil ho takeh woh us se khaein aur unhein yeh itminan bhi hasil ho jaye keh un ki ibadat qabool ho gai hai aur ba’ad mein khushi ka yeh din un ke liye eid ke tor par muqarrar ho jaye takeh roze rakhne ke ba’ad us din khushi manaya karen aur yeh aasmani khana itna ho keh har ameer ghareeb ke liye kafi ho jaye. 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne unhein naseehat ki keh woh is mutaliba se dastbardaar ho jaein. Aap ko khatra mahsoos ho raha tha keh log is ne’amat ka sahih shukar ada nahin kar sakein gay jis par Allah ka ghazab nazil ho jaye ga, Taham logon ne israr kiya keh Allah se yeh darkhawasat zaroor karen. Un ke israr par Uon ka (sadah aur mamooli) taat pehan kar Moosalle par khade ho gaye. Sar jhuka kar aankhon se aansoo bahane lage aur intihaai Khushoo-o-khuzoo ke sath Allah se dua ki keh un ki yeh darkhawasat qabool ho jaye.

tab Allah T’aala ne aasman se dastarkhwan nazil farmaya. Log dekh rhe thay keh woh badilon ke darmiyan ahista ahista neechy aa raha hai. Woh lamha ba lamha qareeb se qareeb tar hota ja raha tha aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام duaein mang rhe thay keh uska Nuzool Rahmat-o-Barkat ka ba’is ho, Azab ka ba’is na ho. Qareeb hote hote woh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلا ke samny aa kar tik gaya. Woh rumal se dhanpa huwa tha.

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne farmaya:  [ بسم اللہ خیرالرازقین ] “Sab se behtar rizq dene wale Allah ke nam se.” Aur rumal utha diya. Dastarkhwan par saat machliyan aur saat rotiyan theen. Aik qoal ke mutabiq sirka, Anar aur dusre phal bhi thay. Us ki bohat umda khushbu thi. In tamam ashiya’a ko Allah T’aala ne (کن) keh kar paida farmaya tha.

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne hukam diya keh Khana shuru kren. Logon ne kaha: “Pehle Aap shuru krein.” Aap ne farmaya: “Is ka sawal to tum hi ne kiya tha!”  Phir bhi unhon ne shuru karne se inkar kiya. Aap ne ghareebon, Mohtajon aur ma’azooron ko hukam diya keh khana shuru kren. Un ki ta’adad aik hazar teen so ke qareeb thi. Unhon ne khaya to har aafat zada aur bimar tandrust ho gaya. Unhen dekh kar un ko afsos huwa keh ham ne kiyoun na khaya.

Ba’az hazraat bayan karte hain keh pehle dastarkhawan har roz utarta tha aur sab log ba’yak waqt us se khate thy. Un ki ta’adad saat hazar afraad tak pohanch jati thi. Kuch muddat ba’ad woh aik din chod kar aik din utarne laga. Jis tarah Salih علیہ السلام ki qoam ke log aik din chod kar doosre din moajizati uontni ka doodh peete thay. Phir Allah Ta’ala ne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko hukam diya keh use siraf ghareebon aur mohtajon ke liye makhsoos kar den. Is par bohat se log dil-bardashta ho gaye aur munafiqon ne nazeba batein kehna shuru kar deen. Tab dastarkhwan utarna bilkul band ho gaya aur Nabi علیہ السلام par tanqeed karny walon ko bandar aur khanzeer bana diya gaya.

Ba’az Ulamaa is baat ke qaail hein keh dastarkhwan nazil nahn huwa. Kiyoun keh jab Allah Ta’ala ne farmaya:فَمَنْ يَّكْفُرْ بَعْدُ مِنْكُمْ فَاِنِّىْٓ اُعَذِّبُهٗ عَذَابًا لَّآ اُعَذِّبُهٗٓ اَحَدًا مِّنَ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ      “Phir jo shakhas tum mein se is ke ba’ad haq na shanasaai kare ga to mein us ko aisi saza doon ga keh woh saza duniya jahan walon mein se kisi ko na doon ga.” Is par woh dar gaye aur mutalaba wapis le liya. Ilawa azeen Esaiyon ki Kitabon mein is waqia ka koi zikar nhi, Halanke itna aham waqia naqal hona chahiye tha. (واللہ اعلم)


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ke Chand Farmoodaat


 

Imam Sha’abi رحمہ اللہ farmate hein: Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke samne qayamat ka zikar hota to Aap ro padte. Farmate: “Ibn-e-Maryam ke liye munasib nahin keh qayamat ka zikar sun kar khamosh rahe.” Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne hawariyon se farmaya: “Jis tarah badshahon ne Hikmat-o-Danai tumhare liye chod di hai, Tum duniya un ke liye chod do!” Ap ne farmaya: “Mujh se daryaft karo! Mein naram dil hoon aur apni nazar mein chota hoon.” 

Aap ne hawariyon se farmaya: “Jo ki roti khao, Sadah pani piyo aur duniya se sahi salamat Aman-o-Amaan ke sath rukhsat ho jao! Mein tum se sach kehta hoon keh duniya ki mithas aakhirat ki talkhi hai aur duniya ki talkhi akhirat ki mithas hai. Allah ke bande aish pasand nhi hote. Mein tum se sach kehta hoon: Sab se bura woh aalim hai jo apne ilm se apni khawahish ko muqaddam rakhta hai aur chahta hai ke sab log usi jaise ban jaen.” Aap farmaty thay: “Duniya mein se guzar jao, Isay ghar na samajh lo.” 

Neez Aap ne farmaya: “Duniya ki muhabbat har gunnah ka sira hai aur (na jaiz) nazar se dil mein gunnah ki khawahish paida hoti hai.” 

Hazrat Isa ne farmaya: “Aye Adam ke kamzor bete! Tu jahan bhi ho Allah se darta reh! Duniya mein mehman ki tarah reh aur masjidon ko ghar bana le, Apni ankhon ko rona sikha, Jism ko sabar ki taleem de aur dil ko Ghaur-o-Fikr ki aadat daal, Kal ke rizq ka fikar na kar, Yeh bhi gunah hai.”


Rafa-e-Asmani Ya Saleeb Par Mout


 

Kuch yahoodiyon ki chughliyon aur sazishon se Badshah-e-Waqt Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko qatal karne par aamada huaye to Allah Ta’ala ne apne Rasool ko ba’hifazat aasman par utha liya. Jab keh yahoodi aur Isaai is batil aqeede par qaaim hein keh unhon ne apne Nabi ko sooli par chad’ha diya tha. Allah T’aala ne unke batil aqaaid ki nafi karte huaye farmaya:

 

وَمَكَرُوْا وَمَكَرَ اللّٰهُ   ۭ وَاللّٰهُ خَيْرُ الْمٰكِرِيْنَ  54؀ۧ اِذْ قَالَ اللّٰهُ يٰعِيْسٰٓى اِنِّىْ مُتَوَفِّيْكَ وَرَافِعُكَ اِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِيْنَ اتَّبَعُوْكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْٓا اِلٰى يَوْمِ الْقِيٰمَةِ  ۚثُمَّ اِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَاَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيْمَا كُنْتُمْ فِيْهِ تَخْتَلِفُوْنَ  55؀

 

“Aur woh (yahood Qatal-e-Isa ke bary mein aik) chaal chale aur Allah ne bhi (Isa ko bachane ke liye) tadbeer ki aur Allah khoob tadbeer karny wala hai. Us waqt Allah T’aala ne farmaya keh Isa mein tumhari duniya mein rehny ki muddat poori kar ke tum ko apni taraf utha loon ga aur tumhein kafiron (ki sohbat) se pak kar doon ga aur jo log tumhari perwi karein gay un ko kafiron par qayamat tak faaiq (aur ghalib) rakhun ga. Phir tum sab mere pas loat kar ao gay to jin baton mein tum ikhtilaf karte thay, Usi din tum mein unka faisla kar doon ga.” (Aal-Imran: 3/54-55)

 

Doosry muqam par farmaya:

 

فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِمْ مِّيْثَاقَهُمْ وَكُفْرِهِمْ بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ وَقَتْلِهِمُ الْاَنْۢبِيَاۗءَ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ وَّقَوْلِهِمْ قُلُوْبُنَا غُلْفٌ ۭ بَلْ طَبَعَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهَا بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلَا يُؤْمِنُوْنَ اِلَّا قَلِيْلًا     ١٥٥؀۠وَّبِكُفْرِهِمْ وَقَوْلِهِمْ عَلٰي مَرْيَمَ بُهْتَانًا عَظِيْمًا     ١٥٦؀ۙوَّقَوْلِهِمْ اِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيْحَ عِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُوْلَ اللّٰهِ ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوْهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوْهُ وَلٰكِنْ شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ ۭ وَاِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ اخْتَلَفُوْا فِيْهِ لَفِيْ شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ  ۭ مَا لَهُمْ بِهٖ مِنْ عِلْمٍ اِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوْهُ يَقِيْنًۢا   ١٥٧؀ۙبَلْ رَّفَعَهُ اللّٰهُ اِلَيْهِ ۭوَكَانَ اللّٰهُ عَزِيْزًا حَكِـيْمًا     ١٥٨؁وَاِنْ مِّنْ اَهْلِ الْكِتٰبِ اِلَّا لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهٖ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهٖ ۚ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ يَكُوْنُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيْدًا     ١٥٩؀ۚ

 

“In ke ahad tod dene aur Allah ki aayaton se kufar karny aur anbiya ko na-haq mar dalne aur yeh kehne ke sabab keh hamare dilon par parde (pade huaye) hein (Allah ne unko mardood kar diya aur un ke dilon par parde nhi hein) balkeh un ke kufar ke sabab Allah ne un par mohar laga di hai, Lihaza yeh kam hi iman late hein. Aur un ke kufar ke sabab aur Maryam par aik Bohtan-e-Azeem bandhne ke sabab aur yeh kehne ke sabab keh hamne Maryam ke bete Isa Maseeh ko jo Allah ke paighamber (kehlate) thay, Qatal kar diya hai (Allah ne unko maloon kar diya) aur unhon ne Isa ko qatal nahi kiya aur na hi unhein sooli par chadhaya balkeh unko un jaisi soorat maloom hui. Aur jo log in ke bare mein ikhtilaf karte hein woh unke haal se shak mein pade huaye hein aur siwaye Zan-o-Guman ki pairwi ke un ko is ka koi ilm nahin. Aur unhon ne Isa ko yaqeenan qatal nahin kiya balkeh Allah ne unko apni taraf utha liya aur Allah ghalib aur hikmat wala hai. Aur koi Ahal-e-Kitab nahi ho ga magar un ki moat se pehle un par iman le aaye ga aur woh qayamat ke din un par gawah hon gay.” (Al-Nisa: 4/155-159)

In aayat mein yeh bayan kiya gaya hai keh jab Hazrat Isa ke dushman yahoodiyon ne waqt ke badshah ke darbar mein Aap par jhoote ilzamat lgaye aur Aap ko sooli par chadha kar shaheed karna chaha to Allah Ta’ala ne Aap ko aasman par utha liya.

Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas رضی اللہ عنہ ne farmaya: “Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke aasman par uthaye jane ka waqia is tarah hai keh Aap ke sath ghar mein barah (12) hawari mojood thay. Aap ghar mein mojood aik chashma se ghusal farma kar unke paas tashreef laye. Aap ke sar se pani ke qatry tapak rahy thay. Aap ne farmaya tum mein aik aisa shakhs bhi hai jo mujh par iman lane ke ba’ad barah dafa inkar kare ga.”

Phir farmaya: “Tum mein se kon is baat par tayyar hai keh usay meri Shakal-o-Shabahat de di jaye aur usay meri jagah shaheed kar diya jaye, Phir woh jannat mein mere darje mein mere sath ho?” Haazreen mein se sab se kam umar nojawan ne uth kar kaha: “Mein.” Aap ne usay farmaya: “Beth ja!” Phir Aap ne haazreen se dubara yahi sawal kiya, Phir wahi naujawan utha aur kaha: “Mein.” Aap ne farmaya: “Tum hi yeh maqam haasil karo gay.”

Chunancheh uski shakal bilkul Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام jaisi ho gai aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko ghar ke aik rozan se nikal kar aasman par pohancha diya gaya. Talash karny waly yahoodi aaye to Aap ke ham shakal hawari ko pakad kar le gaye. Usay sooli par latkaya aur shaheed kar diya, Chunanchah un mein se aik aadmi ne barah dafa iman se inkar kiya.


Esaiyon Ke Teen Firqy: 


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki rifa’at ke baad Esaiyon ke teen firqe ho gaye:

Aik firqe ne kaha:  “Khud Allah Ta’ala hamary darmayan kuch arsa mojood raha, Phir aasman par chala gaya.” Yeh firqa Yaqoobia kehlata Jo Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko “Allah” qarar deta hai.

Doosry firqe ne kaha: “Hamare andar Allah ka beta kuch arsa mojood raha, Phir jab Allah ne chaha usay apni taraf utha liya.”  Ye firqa “Nastooriyah” kehlata hai. Jo Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah ka beta qarar deta hai.

Aik firqe ne kaha: “Hamary andar Allah ka banda aur uska Rasool kuch arsa mojood raha, Phir jab Allah ne chaha usay Apni taraf utha liya.”  Ye tuheed parast hazraat thay. Phir donon kafir firqy tuheed parast firqe par ghalib aa gaye aur un logon ko shaheed kar diya. Is ke ba’ad Aqeeda-e-Tuheed par mabni Deen-e-Islam mafqood raha hatta keh Allah Ta’ala ne Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ko Deen-e-Haq de kar mab’oos farma diya. (Tafseer Ibn-e-Abi Hatim: 4/1110, Hadith: 6233)

Hazrat Hassan Basri رحمہ اللہ aur Ibn-e-Is’haq رحمہ اللہ farmaty hein:  “Jis badshah ne Hazrat Maseeh علیہ السلام ko shaheed karne ka hukam jari kiya tha, Us ka naam Dawood bin Noora tha. Usne apko shaheed karne aur sooli par chadha dene ka hukam jari kiya. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Bait-ul-Muqaddas mein aik ghar keh andar thay. Unhon ne us ghar ka muhasra kar liya. Yeh Jumma aur Hafta ke darmiyan ki raat thi. Jab woh log ghar ke qareeb thay,To Aap ki Shakal-o-Shabahat ghar mein mojood aik aadmi ko de di aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko aik khidki mein se nikal ke aasman par le jaya gaya. Jab sipahi ghar mein dakhil huaye to wahan unhein woh nojawan hi nazar aya jis ki shakal Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام jaisi bana di gai thi. Unhon ne usay Isa علیہ السلام samajh kar pakad liya aur sooli par latka diya. Unhon ne mazaq udane ke liye uske sar par kaanton ka taaj bana kar rakha. Jo Isai wahan mojood na thay unhon ne yahoodiyon ka ye da’awa tasleem kar liya keh Hazrat Isa ko waqai shaheed kar diya gaya hai.

Irshaad e Baari Ta’ala hai: وَاِنْ مِّنْ اَهْلِ الْكِتٰبِ اِلَّا لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهٖ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهٖ “Ahl-e-Kitab mein se koi bhi aisa na bache ga jo Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki moat se pehly un par iman na la chuke.” Se woh zamana murad hai jab qayamat se pehle Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام doobara zameen par tashreef layen gay, Khinzeeron ko qatal krein gay, Saleeb tod dein gay, Jizia lena band kar dein gay aur Islam ke ilawa kisi aur mazhab par qaaim rehne ki ijazat nahin dein gay. 

Hazrat Wahab bin Manbbah رحمہ اللہ farmaty hein: Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام sattar hawariyon ke sath aik makan mein tashreef laaye. Dushmanon ne muhasra kar liya. Jab woh log ander dakhil huaye to Allah Ta’ala ne tamam hawariyon ki shakal Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام jaisi bana di. Unhon ne kaha: “Tum logon ne hamara mazaq udane ke liye aik si shaklein ikhtiyar ki hein. Ab ya to hamein bata do keh tum mein se Isa kon se hein, Warna ham tum sab ko qatal kar dein gay.

“Isa علیہ السلام ne apne sathiyon se farmaya: “Aaj kon jannat ka khareedar bane ga?” Aik aadmi ne kaha: “Mein.” Chunachah us ne bahir nikal kar kaha: “Mein Isa hoon.

“Unhon ne us ko pakad kar sooli diya aur shaheed kar diya, Is liye woh is ghalat fahmi mein mubtala rahe keh unhon ne Isa علیہ السلام ko shaheed kiya hai. Esaiyon ne bhi yahi samjha keh shaheed hony wala shakhs Isa hai jab keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah Ta’ala ne sahi salamat aasmanon par pohancha diya. 

Hafiz Ibn-e-Asakir رحمہ اللہ farmaty hein: “Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام is waqia ke baad paanch saal zinda raheen aur tirippan (53) saal ki umar mein foat huien.” Hazrat Hassan Basri رحمہ اللہ farmaty hein: 

“Jab Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko aasmanon par le jaya gaya us waqt Aap apni umar ke chontiswein saal mein thay.” Aur hadees mein hai: “Jannati jab jannat mein dakhil honge to un ke jism baalon se khali honge aur dadhi moonch nhi ho gi, Aankhein surmgeen hon gi, Taintees (33) saal ki umar ke honge.” (Jami-ul-Tirmazi, Sifat-ul-Jannati, Baab-o-Maa Jaa Fi Sann-e-Ahl-e-Jannati, Hadees: 2545.) 

 

Ilawa azeen Hazrat Saeed bin Musayyab رحمہ اللہ bayan karty hein: “Jab Isa علیہ السلام ko uthaya gaya, Aap ki umar taintees (33) saal thi.”


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Ke Fazaail


 

Irshad-e-Baari Ta’ala hai:

 

مَا الْمَسِيْحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اِلَّا رَسُوْلٌ ۚ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ  ۭوَاُمُّهٗ صِدِّيْقَةٌ  

 

“Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam paighamber hony ke siwa kuch bhi nahi. Is se pehly bhi bohat se paighamber ho chuke hein, Unki walida aik raast baaz aurat thien.” (Al-Maidah: 5/75) 

Maseeh ko Maseeh is liye kehte hein keh Aap us zamany ke fitnon se mahfooz rehne ke liye aur deen ki tableegh ke liye safar mein rahty thay kiyoun keh yahoodi Aap ki mukhalifat bohat shiddat se karte thay aur Aap par aur Aap ki walida par tarah tarah ki ilzam tarashi karte thay. Aik raye ke mutabiq “Maseeh” ka matlab (Mamsooh-ul-Qadamain) hai, Yani Aap ke qadam Mubarak hamwar aur brabar thay. Quran-e-Majeed mein bohat se maqamat par Aap ka Zikar-e-K ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَاٰتَيْنٰهُ الْاِنْجِيْلَ

“Un ke baad bhi ham apne Rasoolon ko pai darpai bhajty rahe aur un ke baad Isa Ibn-e-Maryam ko bheja aur unhein Injeel ata farmai.” (Al-Hadeed: 57/27) 

 

Is ke ilawa irshad hai:

 

وَاٰتَيْنَا عِيْسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنٰتِ وَاَيَّدْنٰهُ بِرُوْحِ الْقُدُسِ  

 

“Aur ham ne Isa Ibn-e-Maryam ko roshan daleelein deen aur Rooh-ul-Qudus se unki taeed karwai.” (Al-Baqara: 2/253) 

 

Sahihain mein Rasool صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ka irshad marwi hai: “Jo bacha bhi paida hota hai, Shaitan us ke pehloo mein thooka deta hai to woh rone lagta hai, Siwaye Maryam aur unke bete ke. Us ne thooka dena chaha to parde mein tahooka de diya.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Bada-ul-khulaq, Baab-o-Sift-e-Ibleesa wa junoodihi, Hadees: 3286, wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Fazaail, Baab-o-Fazail-e-Isa  علیہ السلام, Hadees: 2366.) 

Hazrat Ubada Bin Samit رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Jo shakhs yeh gawahi de keh Allah Wahdahu la shareek ke siwa koi Mabood-e-Bar Haq nahin aur Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Allah ke bande aur Rasool hain aur Isa Allah ke bande aur us ke Rasool hein aur us ka kalima hein Jo Allah ne Maryam ki taraf bheja aur Allah ki taraf se (aane wali) aik rooh hein aur jannat haq hai aur jahannum bhi haq ha, Ya’ani waqai mojood hai, Allah Ta’ala us shakhs ko jannat mein dakhil kar de ga khawah us ke amal kaise (mamooli) hi kioyun na hon. (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya-o-Baab-o-Qaolihi Talaa  یاھل الکتاب……, Hadees: 3435, wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Iman, Baab-ul-Daleeli Ala Anna Man Maata Alal Tuheedi Dakhala-al-Jannata Qataan, Hadees:28) 

Hazrat Abu-Moosa Ashari رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Jab aik admi apni laundi ki achi tarah tarbiyat kare, Usay achi taleem de, Phir usay azad kar ke us se nikah kar le to us ko do sawab milte hein aur jab aik admi Isa Ibn-e-Maryam علیہ السلام par iman laaye, Phir mujh par bhi iman laaye, Usay bhi do sawab milte hein (ya’ani dugna sawab ya do tarah ke naik a’amal ka sawab milta hai.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Qaolihi talaa  واذکر فی الکتاب مریم, Hadees: 3446 wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Iman, Baab-o-Wujoob-e-Al Iman Birasalat-e-Nabiyyina Muhammad  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم……, Hadees: 154.)

Hazrat Abu-Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Jis raat mujhe Mairaj ka sharf hasil huwa, Meri mulaqat Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام se bhi hui.” Phir Nabi-e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ka huliya bayan karte huaye farmaya: “Churere badan wale, Seedhe balon wale jaise Qabeela-e-Shanu’ah ke afraad hote hein.” Phir farmaya: “Aur Meri mulaqat Isa علیہ السلام se bhi hui.” Phir Aap ka huliya bayan karte huaye farmaya: “Darmayana qad, Surkh faam, Goya Aap abhi hammam se tashreef laye hein. Aur meri mulaqat Hazrat Ibrahim علیہ السلام se hui. Aap ki aulad mein, Aap se sab se zayada mushabahat rakhne wala Mein hoon.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Qaolihi Talaa  واذکر فی الکتاب مریم, Hadees: 3437.) 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Nabi-e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Mein ne Hazrat Isa, Hazrat Moosa aur Hazrat Ibrahim علیہم السلام ko dekha. Isa to surkh faam, Guthy huaye badan wale, Chodhe seene wale thay aur Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام gandumi rangat, Qad aawar aur seedhe baalon wale thay. Jaise Aap ka talluq [زط] “Jaat” qoam se ho.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Qaolillahi Talaa واذکر فی الکتاب مریم……., Hadees:3438.) 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh aik din Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne logon ke samne dajjal ka zikar farmaya. Aap صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Allah Ta’ala yak chasham nahi, Aur Maseeh Dajjal daeen aankh se kana hai. Us ki aankh is tarah hai jaise phoola huwa angoor ho. Aur aj raat mein ne khawab dekha keh mein Ka’aba ke pas hoon. Achanak aik gandumi rangat ka aadmi nazar aaya. Us ki gandumi rangat intihai khubsurat thi. Us ke baal kandhon tak pohanche huaye thay. Baal seedhe thay (ghunghriyale na thay) sar se pani tapak raha tha. Woh do admiyon ke kandhon par hath rakhe huaye Ka’aba Shareef ka tawaf kar raha tha. Mein ne kaha: Yeh kon hai? Bataya gaya: Yeh Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam علیہ السلام hein. 

Aap ke peechy mujhe aik aur aadmi nazar aaya, Uske baal intihai ghunghriyale thay, Daeen ankh se kana tha. Jin logon ko mein ne dekha hai, Un sab mein us ki shakal sab se zayada Ibn-e-Qutan se milti thi. Woh bhi do admiyon ke kandhon par hath rakhe Ka’aba Shareef ka tawaf kar raha tha.hai.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Al-Fitan, Baab-o-Zikr-e-Al Dajjali, Hadees: 7128, wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Iman, Baab-o-Zikr-e-Al Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam  علیہا السلام, Hadees:169.) 

Nabi-e-Kareem صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne donon Maseehon ka huliya bayan farma diya, Aik sacha hidayat dene wala Maseeh aur aik gumrahi wala Maseeh, takeh jab Allah ke Nabi Maseeh علیہ السلام nazil hon to momin unhein pehchan lein aur un par iman le aaen aur jab jhoota Maseeh (Dajjal) zahir ho to Ahal-e-Tuheed usay bhi pehchan kar us se bach saken. 

Hazrat Abu-Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Hazrat Isa Ibn-e-Maryam علیہ السلام ne aik shakhs ko chori karte dekha. Aap ne farmaya: “Tu ne chori ki hai.” Us ne kaha: “Qasam hai us zaat ki jis ke siwa koi ma’abood nahi, Mein ne chori nahin ki,” Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne farmaya: “Mein Allah par iman lata hoon aur apni aankh ko jhooti kehta hoon.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiya, Baab-o-Qaolillhai Talla  واذکر فی الکتاب مریم……, Hadees:3444, wa Sahih Muslim, Al-Fazaail, Baab-o-Fazail Isa  علیہ السلام, Hadees:2368.) 

Is se Aap ka Saleem-ul-Fitrat hona zahir hota hai. Jab us shakhs ne qasam kha li to Aap ne yaqeen kiya keh Allah ki azmat ka zikar kar ke koi shakhs jhooti qasam nahin kha sakta aur ankhon dekhi cheez par us qasam ko tarjeeh dete huaye us ka uzar qabool farma liya. 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh unhon ne Hazrat Umar رضی اللہ عنہ ko minber par (khutba ke dauran mein) ye farmate suna: Mein ne Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se yeh irshad suna: “Jis tarah Esaiyon ne Hazrat Isa (ke bary mein ghulu kar ke un) ko had se badha diya tha, Tum mere bare mein is tarah ghulu na karna. Mein to sirf aik banda hoon, Tum yahi kaho: “Allah ka banda aur uska Rasool.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Al-Anbiya, Baab-o-Qaolillahi Talla  واذکر فی الکتاب مریم……..,} Hadees: 3445, wa Musnad-e-Ahmad: 1/47.) 

Hazrat Abu-Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ se riwayat hai keh Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ne farmaya: “Tamam Anbiya-e-Kiraam aik baap ki aulad hein, Unki maaen alag alag hein aur un sab ka deen aik hai’ (jis tarah sotele bhaiyon ka baap aik hota hai, Maaen alag alag hoti hein aur un sab ka deen aik hai jo tuheed, Risalat qayamat waghaira par iman aur sach, Dayanat dari, Paak-damni, Akhalq-e-Hasna waghaira par mushtamil hai, Albatta shareeatein alag alag hein.) Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام se mera taalluq sab se zayada hai kiyoun keh mere aur Aap ke darmiyan koi Nabi nahi, Woh nazil hon ge. Tum unhein dekh ke pehchan lena. Aap darmiyana qamat aur Surkh-o-Safaid rangat rakhte hein. Baal seedhe hein. Unka sar yoon maloom hota hai jaise baalon se pani ke qatre tapakte hon, Agarcheh baalon ko pani na laga ho. Aap ke pas do chudiyan hon gi. Aap saleeb tod dein gay, Khinzeer ko qatal karein gay, Jiziyah khatm kar dein gay. Tamam mazahib ko kal-adam qarar dein gay, Chunancheh Aap ke daur mein sirf Islam baqi reh jaye ga. Allah Ta’ala Aap ke zamane mein Maseeh Dajjal ko tabah farmaye ga. Zameen par Amn-o-Aman ka daur daura ho ga hatta keh uont aur shair ikatthe charein gay, Cheete aur gaen, Bhediye aur bhedein ikatthe rahein gay. Bache saanpon se khelein ge aur aik doosre ko nuqsan nhi pohnchaen ge (na bache saanpon ko marein gay, Na saanp bachon ko dasein gay) so Aap chalees Saal zinda rahein gay, Phir foat ho jaien gay aur Moosalman Aap ki Namaz-e-Janaza ada kar ke Aap ko dafan karein gay.( Musnad-e-Ahmad: 2/406) 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Damishaq mein safed minar par nazil hon gay jabkeh fajar ki namaz ki iqamat ho chuki ho gi. Moosalmanon ka imam Aap se araz kare ga: “Ya Roohullah! aagay badh kar namaz padhaiye.” Aap farmaen gay: “Nahin, Allah T’aala ne is ummat ko yeh sharaf bakhsha hai keh yeh aik doosare ke ameer hein.” 

Aik riwayat mein hai keh Isa علیہ السلام Imam-e-Masjid se farmaein gay: “Namaz ki iqamat Aap ke liye kahi gai hai.” 

Chunanchah Aap us ki iqtida mein namaz ada farmaein gay, Phir sawar ho kar Moosalmanon ke sath Maseeh Dajjal ka t’aaqub farmaein gay hatta keh Ludd shehar [لد] Phalasteen ka aik shehar hai, Jo aaj kal yahoodiyon ke qabze mein hai. Yahan aik hawai adda bhi mojod hai.) ke darwaze par usay ja pakdein gay aur usay khud apne Dasat-e-Mubarak se qatal karein gay. 

Hazrat Salmaan رضی اللہ عنہ ne farmaya: Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام aur Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ke darmiyan cheh so saal ki muddat hai.” (Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Munaqib Al-Ansar, Baab-o-Islaam-e-Salman Al Farsi  رضی اللہ عنہ, Hadees: 3948) 


Esaiyon Mein Aqeedah-e-Taslees Kab Raaij Huwa?


 

Maseeh علیہ السلام ke aasman par tashreef le jane ke ba’ad Esaiyon mein ikhtilaf paida ho gaya. Kuch lig kehne lage: “Allah ka banda aur us ka Rasool hamare ander mojood tha jo aasman par tashreef le gaya.” Kuch ne kaha: “Woh to khud Allah tha, Jo insani shakal mein zahir huwa tha.” Kuch kehne lage: “Woh Allah ka beta tha.” 

 

Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

فَاَيَّدْنَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا عَلٰي عَدُوِّهِمْ فَاَصْبَحُوْا ظٰهِرِيْنَ

 

“Ham ne mominon ki, Un ke dushmanon ke muqable mein madad ki, Pas woh ghalib aa gay.” (As-Saff: 61/14) 

 

Maseeh علیہ السلام se teen so saal ba’ad aik badi musibat paish aai hai keh isai Ulama’a mein sakhat ikhtilaf paida ho gaye. Un ka fesla karane ke liye woh log Roomi badsah Qustunteen ki khidmat mein hazir huaye. Badshah ne un logon ka qoal pasand kiya jo Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah ka beta kehte thay aur taslees ke qaail thay. Yeh firqa Malakiyyah kehlaya (Jise aaj kal Roman Kethulak kehte hein.) 

Padri Abdullah Bin Aryoos aur us ke sathi jo Tuheed ke qaail thay aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah ka banda mante thay, Badshah ne un par sakhti ki, Chunanchah woh log janglon aur wadiyon mein bikhar gaye aur Zuhad-o-Qana’at ki zindagi ikhtiyar kar li. Yoon woh log kam hote hote na’paid ho gaye. (Jo chand afraad baqi rahe, Woh Nabi ki be’asat par Isalm mein dakhil ho gaye.)

Badshah Qustunteen (Qustunteen-e-Aazam (274-337 ء) pehla Roami hukamran tha jis ne Esaiyat qabool ki. 324 ء mein us ne Esaiyat ko roomi saltanat ka sarkari mazhab qarar diya. 330 ء mein us ne roam (Italy) ki ba’jay “Baiz-e-Nateem” ko Dar-ul-Hukoomat banaya aur us ka nam Consententiwe Polis (Qustuntuniya) rakha. Unani kaleesa usay wali (Siant) ka darja deta hai. (Oxford English Reference Dictionary).) ne Maseeh ke Maqam-e-Paidaish par Bait-e-Laham (Bait-e-Laham, Bait-ul-Maqdas se 8 kilometer junoob mein hai. Us ki aabadi 14 hazar (takhmeena 1980 ء). Is ka zikar 400 ق م ke Misri record mein bhi milta hai. 330 ء mein Qustunteen ne yahan Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki mubayyna jaye paidaish par aik girja tameer karaya (Oxford Eglish Reference Dictionary)) ka shehar aabad kiya. Uski maan Hilanah ne Kanisa Qumama (ya Kaneesa-e-Qayamah) us shakhs ki qabar par ta’meer kraya, Jise Maseeh qarar de kar Saleeb diya gaya tha. Is ke baad Esaiyon ne girjon mein tasweerein banana shuru kar deen jab keh pehle mujasime ya tasweerein banane ka rawaj nahin tha. 


Nataaij-o-Fawaaid ……… Ibraten-o-Hikmaten


 

Naik Aulad Ke Husool Ki Dua Karna: 

 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se hamein naik aulad ke husool ke liye Dua-o-Iltija karne ka tareeqa aur targheeb milti hai. Aulad ki muhabbat fitri hai. Islam ne hamare liye Hazrat Zakariya علیہ السلام ka Uswa-e-Hasna paish kiya hai. Hazrat Zakariya, Hazrat Maryam علیہا السلام ki Tarbiyat-o-Parwarish ke dauran mein un ke pas be-Moosam phal dekhte hein to un ki fitri muhabbat jag jati hai. Halankeh Aap ki umar ke khubsoorat adwar beet chuke thay aur Aap ki Zaoja-e-Mohtarma bhi boodhi ho chuki thien. Us waqat Aap apne Rab ki taraf mutwajjah huaye aur araz ki:

 

رَبِّ ھَبْ لِيْ مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً  

 

“Aye mere Parwardigaar! Mujhe Apne pas se pakeeza aulad ata farma.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/38) 

 

Aap ki dua se hamein yeh sabaq milta hai keh Dua-o-Iltija hamesha Rabb-ul-Aalameen se karni chahiye. Hamesha Naik-o-Salih aulad ki dua mangni chahiye takeh yeh aulad zindagi mein dil ka saroor aur aankhon ki thandak bane, Neez wafat ke ba’ad darjaat ki bulandi ka ba’is bane. Irshad-e-Rahmat-e-Do aalam hai: 

“Jab insan foat ho jata hai to us ke a’amaal teen tarah se jari rehte hein: Sadqa-e-Jariya se, Nafa’a bakhash ilm se aur aise naik bete jo us ke liye dua go rahe.” (Sahih Muslim, Al-Wasiyah, Baab-o-Maa Yalhaq-ul-Insaano Mina-al-Sawabi Baada Wafatihi, Hadees: 1631.) 

Hazrat Zakariya علیہ السلام ke Uswa-e-Mubarka se yeh sabaq bhi milta hai keh dua ki qabooliyat par Allah T’aala ka shukar baja lana chahiye aur zayada se zayada Tasbeeh-o-Tamheed aur Takbeer-o-Tahleel karni chahiyen. Naik aulad ke husool par Allah T’aala ke shukar ke sath sath, Aulad ki behtar tarbiyat par bhi bhar-poor tawajjah deni chahiye. 


Taqwa Ke Fawaaid-o-Samraat: 


 

Allah T’aala ne makhlooq ke darmiyan rizaq ki taqseem ka raaz Apne pas rakha hai, Lihaza jise chahta hai wafar deta hai aur jise chahta hai tangi mein mubtala karta hai. Albatta mominon ko Talash-e-Rizaq ke liye mehnat aur koshish ka hukam diya hai:

 

فَاِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلٰوةُ فَانْتَشِرُوْا فِي الْاَرْضِ وَابْتَغُوْا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللّٰهِ

 

“Phir jab namaz ho chuke to zameen mein phel jao aur Allah ka fazal talash karo.” (Al-Juma: 62/10) 

 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se hamein ma’aloom hota hai keh rizaq ke husool ke liye taqwa buniyadi aur aham sabab hai. Hazrat  Maryam علیہا السلام mehrab mein Mashghool-e-Ibadat rehti hein. Allah T’aala ka taqwa aur dar unhein wafar  naseeb hota hai, Lihaza unhein garmiyon ke phal sardiyon mein aur sardiyon ke phal garmiyon mein bhi naseeb hote hein. Yeh be-Moosam rizaq ata hona, Taqwa ke sabab tha.

 Taqwa ke Fawaaid-o-Samraat mein se wafar rizaq ata hona, Tangi ke ba’as farakhi milna aur Duniya-o-Aakhirat ki S’aadat-o-Sarfarazi bhi hai. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

وَمَنْ يَّتَّقِ اللّٰهَ يَجْعَلْ لَّهٗ مَخْرَجًا     

 

“Jo shakhas Allah se darta hai Allah us ke liye chutkare ki shakal nikal deta hai.” (Al-Talaq: 65/2)

 

Neez farmaya:

 

وَمَنْ يَّتَّقِ اللّٰهَ يَجْعَلْ لَّهٗ مِنْ اَمْرِهٖ يُسْرًا      Ć۝

 

“Aur jo shakhas Allah se dare ga Allah us ke (har) kam mein aasani kar de ga.” (Al-Talaq: 65/4)


Teesare maqam par irsdhad farmaya:


وَمَنْ يَّتَّقِ اللّٰهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَـيِّاٰتِهٖ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهٗٓ اَجْرًا      Ĉ۝

 

“Aur jo shakhas Allah se dare ga Allah us ke gunah mita de ga aur usay bada bhari ajar de ga.” (Al-Talaq: 65/5)


Allah Ke Deen Ki Nusrat-o-Himaayat:


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se yeh daras bhi milta hai keh jab kabhi Allah ke deen aur Ahal-e-Deen par mushkil waqat aa jaye to Ahal-e-Iman ko Madad-o-Taeed ke liye pukara ja sakta hai. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko dushmanon se khatra mehsoos huwa to Aap ne Ahal-e-Iman ko Madad-o-T’aawun ke liye bulate huaye kaha:

 

مَنْ اَنْصَارِيْٓ  اِلَى اللّٰهِ

 

“Allah T’aala ki rah mein meri madad karne wala kon hai?” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/52)

 

Ahal-e-Iman Aap ki pukar par labbaik kehte huaye hazir huaye aur kehne lage: 

 

نَحْنُ اَنْصَارُ اللّٰهِ ۚ اٰمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ ۚ وَاشْهَدْ بِاَنَّا مُسْلِمُوْنَ

 

“Ham Allah T’aala ki rah ke madadgaar hein. Ham Allah par iman laaye aur Aap gawah rahiye keh ham ita’at guzaar hein.” (Aal-Imran: 3/52)

 

Musalmanon ki madad, Un ki himaayat aur mushkil waqat mein un ka sath dene ka hukam dete huaye AllahT’aala ne farmaya hai: 

 

وَتَعَاوَنُوْا عَلَي الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوٰى ۠

 

“Naiki aur parhezgari mein aik doosare ki madad karte raho.” (Al-Maaida: 5/2)

 


Nabi Aakhir-ul-Zaman صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Ke Mut’alliq Basharat:


 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se aakhri Nabi Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki khushkhabri milti hai. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ne Da’awat-e-Haq ke dauran mein qoam ko Aakhir-ul-Zaman Paighembar صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ki basharat de di thi. Is tarah Isa علیہ السلام Muhammad صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ke azeem mubasshir bane jabkeh Jadd-ul-Anbiya Hazrat Ibrahim علیہ السلام, aakhri Nabi  صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ke liye dua karne wale hein. Quraan Majeed ne Hzrat Isa علیہ السلام ki khushkhabri ko in alfaaz mein bayan kiya hai:

 

وَاِذْ قَالَ عِيْسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يٰبَنِيْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ اِنِّىْ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ اِلَيْكُمْ مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرٰىةِ وَمُبَشِّرًۢا بِرَسُوْلٍ يَّاْتِيْ مِنْۢ بَعْدِي اسْمُهٗٓ اَحْمَدُ

 

“Aur jab Maryam ke bete Isa ne kaha: Aye (meri qoam) Bani Israil! Mein tum sab ki taraf Allah ka Rasool hoon, Mujh se pehle ki Kitab Taurat ki tasdeeq karne wala hoon aur apne ba’ad aane wale aik Rasool ki tumhein khushkhabri sunane wala hoon jin ka nam Ahmad hai.” (Al-Saff: 61/6)

Injeel Youhana mein yeh basharat in alfaaz mein mazkoor hai: “Lekin mein tum se sach kehta hoon keh mera jana tumhare liye faida mand hai kiyoun keh agar mein na jaon to woh madadgaar tumare pas na aaye ga.” (Baab: 16, Fiqra: 7)

Chunanchah Rahmat-e-Do aalam صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم farmate hein: “Mein apne bap Hazrat Ibrahin علیہ السلام ki dua aur Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki basharat ka misdaaq hoon.” (Tafseel ke liye dekhiye Tafseer Ahsan-ul-Bayan, Tafseer Soorat-ul-Saff, Aayat: 6)


Moajizat-e-Arb’aa:


Allah T’aala Apne Anbya-e-Kiraam ki Sadaqat-o-Amanat ko manwane aur un ki bartari ko numayan karne ke liye halaat ke mutabiq unhein moajizat se nawazta hai. Hazrat Moosa علیہ لسلام ke zamane mei jadugaron ka zor tha to un ko aisa maojiza diya gaya jis ke samne tamam jadugar aajiz aa gaye aur bil-aakhi iman le aaye. Nabi Aakhir-ul-Zaman صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ke ummati Fasahat-o-Balaghat ke mahir thay to Aap صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ko Faseeh-o-Baleegh Quraan ata farmaya gaya jis se tamam Fusha-o-Bulgha’a, Udba’a aur sho’ara’a aajiz aa gaye. Isi tarah Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke daur mein Ilm-e-Tib urooj par tha, Lihaza Aap ko moajizat diye gaye aur un se tamam Mahir-e-Tib la jawab ho gaye aur Aap ki sadaqat aur bala dasti sabit ho gai. Aap علیہ السلام ko ata hone wale moa’jizat ka tazkara yoon kya gaya hai:

 

وَرَسُوْلًا اِلٰى بَنِىْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ ڏ اَنِّىْ قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِاٰيَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ ۙ اَنِّىْٓ اَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِّنَ الطِّيْنِ كَهَيْــــَٔــةِ الطَّيْرِ فَاَنْفُخُ فِيْهِ فَيَكُوْنُ طَيْرًۢ ا بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُبْرِئُ الْاَكْمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ وَاُحْىِ الْمَوْتٰى بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ  ۚ وَاُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَاْكُلُوْنَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُوْنَ ۙفِيْ بُيُوْتِكُمْ ۭ اِنَّ فِيْ ذٰلِكَ لَاٰيَةً لَّكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِيْنَ   49؀ۚ

 

“Aur woh Bani Israil ki taraf Rasool ho ga keh mein tumhare pas tumhare Rab ki nishani laya hoon. Mein tumhare liye mitti se parinde ki si shakal banata hoon, Phir us mein phoonk marta hoon to woh Allah ke hukam se parinda ban jata hai. Aur Allah T’aala ke hukam se mein madar zaad andhe ko aur kodhi ko acha kar deta hoon aur murde ko zinda kar deta hoon aur jo kuch tum khao aur jo gharon mein zakheera karo mein tumhein bata deta hoon. Is mein tumhare liye badi nishani hai agar tum imandar ho.” (Aal-Imran: 3/49)


Yahood Ki Bad A’amaliyan Aur Sazishen:


 

Yahood aik aisi bad kirdar qoam hai jis ki tareekh haq ki mukhalifat, Ahal-e-Haq ko takaleef pohanchane aur unhein qatal karne se bhari padi hai. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse mein un ki bad a’amaliyan aur sazishen mazeed nikhar kar samne aati hein aur tareekh ka siyah baab ban jati hein. Yeh log pehle Hazrat Moosa علیہ السلام ko sacha jan’ne ke bawjood aziyaten dete rahe aur ba’az jismani uyoob un ki taraf mansoob kar ke unhein taklif pohanchate rahe. Phir Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke bhi bad tareen mukhalif ho gaye kiyoun keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki Da’awat-e-Haq aur Aap ke moa’ajizat ka koi jawab un ke pas na tha. Un ki jhooti deeni ijarah dari ko barqarar rakhne ke liye Aap ki dushmani aur adawat ki rawish ikhtiyar ki. Hakim-e-Waqat ke kan Aap ke khilaf bhare ta aankeh woh Aap ko sooli dene par razi ho gaya. Lekin Allah T’aala ne Aap ko ba’hifazat aasmanon par utha liya aur yeh makkar log Aap ke aik ham shakal ko sooli de kar khushiyan manate rahe. Is tarah Allah T’aala ne Apne bande ki Madad-o-Ta’eed farma kar Apni sunnat ka itmam kiya keh woh hamescha Apne man’ne walon ke sath hai.

 

Allah T’aala Har Cheez Par Qadir Hai:

 

Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki pedaish se yeh daras milta hai keh Allah T’aala ki Zat-e-Aqdas har cheez par qadir hai. Usay kisi cheez ko adam mein lane ke liye zahiri asbaab ki zaroorat nahin hoti balkeh woh jis cheez ko wujood mein lane ka irada farmata hai to kehta hai: { كُنْ } “ho ja”  {فَيَكُوْنُ   } ” Woh usi waqat ho jati hai.”  (Yaseen: 36/83)

Us Zat-e-Bari T’aala ne jis tarah Hazrat Aadam علیہ السلام ko bagher waliden ke aur Hazrat Hawa علیہا السلام ko bagher maan ke paida farmaya, Usi tarah Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Apni kamal qudrat se bagher bap ke paida farmaya. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai: 

 

اِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيْسٰى عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ كَمَثَلِ اٰدَمَ ۭخَلَقَهٗ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهٗ كُنْ فَيَكُوْنُ   59؀

 

“Allah T’aala ke nazdeek Isa ki misal hu’bahu Aadam ki misal hai jise mitti se paida kar ke keh diya keh ho ja! Pas woh ho gaya.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/59) Is tarah Aap ki pedaish Ahal-e-Iman ke liye Azeem-ul-Shan nishani hai.


Nuzool-e-Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام:


Hazrat Isa علیہ اسلام ke qisse se maloom hota hai keh Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام Qurab-e-Qayamat tashreef laein gay, Aur zameen par Deen-e-Islam ka bol bala karen gay, Saleeb tod dein gay aur jiziya qabool nahin karen gay balkeh kuffaar se jihad karen gay. Agar woh Musalman ho jaein to theek Ba’soorat-e-Deegar unhein teh tegh kar dein gay, Lihaza Irshadat-e-Nabwiya صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم se maloom hota hai keh Aap ke hathon ba’kasrat Yahood-o-Nasara qatal hon gay. Aap ke jihad aur tableegh se zameen par Wasee-o-Areez fasad ke ba’ad Aman-o-Amaan qaaim ho jaye ga. Aap apni taba’ai umar poori farmaein gay aur us ke ba’ad qayamat barpa ho jaye gi. Aap ke Nuzool ka ishara Allah T’aala ke is Farman-e-Mubarak mein hai:

 

اِذْ قَالَ اللّٰهُ يٰعِيْسٰٓى اِنِّىْ مُتَوَفِّيْكَ وَرَافِعُكَ اِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا

 

“Jab Allah T’aala ne farmaya: Aye Isa! Mein tujhe poora lene wala hoon aur tujhe Apni janib uthane wala hoon aur tujhe kafiron se pak karne wala hoon.” (Aal-e-Imran: 3/55)

Mufassireen-e-Kiraam ke mutabiq is aayat mein alfaz ki Taqdeem-o-Takheer hai ya’ani{وَرَافِعُكَ اِلَيَّ } “Mein tujhe Apni taraf uthane wala hoon.” keh ma’ani mutaqaddam hein aur { مُتَوَفِّيْكَ } “Tujhe foat karne wala hoon.” Ke ma’ani mutakkhir hein, Ya’ani pehle Aap ko aasmanon par utha liya jaye ga, Phir Aap qayamat ke qareeb tashreef layen gay aur Apni taba’i umar poori kar ke foat hon gay. Yahood ke hathon Aap shaheed nahin hon gay.


Esaiyon Ke Batil Aqaaid Ka Rad: 


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Allah T’aala ne apni Qudrat-e-Tammah se kalma “Kun” keh kar paida farmaya. Aap ki is moajizana wiladat ki wajah se Esaiyon ke mukhtalif batil Aqaaid-o-Nazriyat riwaj pa gaye hein. Kuch Esaiyon ne Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ko Ba’zat-e-Khud Ilah qarar de diya to kuch ne Aap ki walida majida ko mila kar teen ma’aboodon ka aqeeda apna liya jise Aqaneem-e-Salasah kehte hein. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se in batil aqaid ka rad hota hai. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ki uloohiyat ke qaaileen ko daraj zel jawab diya gaya: 

 

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوْٓا اِنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيْحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ  ۭ قُلْ فَمَنْ يَّمْلِكُ مِنَ اللّٰهِ شَـيْـــًٔـا اِنْ اَرَادَ اَنْ يُّهْلِكَ الْمَسِيْحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَاُمَّهٗ وَمَنْ فِي الْاَرْضِ جَمِيْعًا  ۭوَلِلّٰهِ مُلْكُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا  ۭ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاۗءُ  ۭوَاللّٰهُ عَلٰي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ     17؀

 

“Yaqinan woh log kafir ho gaye jinhon ne kaha keh Allah hi Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam hai. Aap un se keh dijiye keh agar Allah T’aala Maseeh Ibn-e-Maryam aur us ki walida aur roaye zameen ke sab logon ko halak kar dena chahe to kaun hai jo Allah T’aala par kuch ikhtiyar rakhta ho? Aasman-o-Zameen aur donon ke darmiyan har cheez ka malik Allah T’aala hi hai. Woh jo chahta hai paida karta hai aur Allah T’aala har cheez par qadir hai.” (Al-Maaida: 5/17)

 

Aqeeda-e-Taslees ya Aqaneem-e-Salasah ke qaaileen ka rad karte huaye Allah T’aala ne farmaya hai: 

 

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوْٓا اِنَّ اللّٰهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلٰثَةٍ  ۘوَمَا مِنْ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّآ اِلٰهٌ وَّاحِدٌ ۭوَاِنْ لَّمْ يَنْتَھُوْا عَمَّا يَقُوْلُوْنَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ      73؀

 

“Woh log bhi qat’an kafir ho gay jinhon ne kaha keh Allah T’aala teen mein ka teesra hai. Darasal Allah T’aala ke siwa koi Ma’abood nahin. Agar yeh log agar apne is qoal se baz na rahe to un mein se jo kufar par rahein gay unhein alamnaak azab zaroor pohanche ga.”  (Al-Maida: 5/73)


Moosalmanon Ka Dost Kon? Isai Ya Yahood?:


Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام ke qisse se jahan Esaiyon ke batil Aqaaid-o-Nazriyat ka rad hota hai wahan yeh bhi bayan kiya gaya hai keh Isaiyat, Deegar adyaan ki nisbat Islam ke sath qareebi aur muhabbat ka talluq rakhti hai jabkeh yahoodi Musalmanon ke bad tareen aur sakhat tareen dushman hein. Mojooda daur ke Halaat-o-Waqiaat Moakhir-ul-Zikar par aini gawah hein:

 

لَتَجِدَنَّ اَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَدَاوَةً لِّلَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوا الْيَھُوْدَ وَالَّذِيْنَ اَشْرَكُوْا ۚ وَلَتَجِدَنَّ اَقْرَبَهُمْ مَّوَدَّةً لِّلَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوا الَّذِيْنَ قَالُوْٓا اِنَّا نَصٰرٰى ۭذٰلِكَ بِاَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيْسِيْنَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَّاَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُوْنَ      82؀

 

“Yaqinan aap iman walon ka sab se zayada dushman yahoodiyon aur mushrikon ko paein gay aur iman walon se sab se zayada dosti ke qareeb aap yaqinan unhein paein gay jo apne aap ko nasara kehte hein. Yeh is liye keh un mein danish mand aur gosha nasheen hein aur is wajah se keh woh takabbur nahin karte.” (Al-Maaida: 5/82)

Yahoodiyon ki islam dushmani tareekh k auraq mein mahfooz hai, Inaad, Ai’araz, Ghuroor-o-Takabbur, Anbiya-e-Kiraam ka qatal aur un ki takzeeb is qoam ka shiar raha hai. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ke khilaf qatal ki sazishen un ke mazmoom kirdar ka munh bolta saboot hein.

Qadeem aur jadeed daur ke mushrikeen, Khawah woh Hanod hon ya Budhmat ke perookar ya be deen mazahir parast sab ki khuli Islam dushmani sab ke samne hai. Esaiyon ka jo wasaf Quraan Majeed ne mundarja bala aayat mein bayan kiya hai woh yahood ke muqabile mein hai, Ya’ani Isai Yahood ki nisbat Musalmanon ke kuch qareeb hein wagarna Islam dushmani mein donon hi paish paish hein. Haliya Saleeb-o-Hilal ki jangen Yahood-o-Nasara ke gath jod aur un ki Islam se Adawat-o-Dushmani ka khula saboot hein. Isi liye Islam ne Kuffar-o-Mushrikeen se dosti se mana kiya hai, Khawah woh Yahood-o-Hanood hon ya Isai. Irshad-e-Bari T’aala hai:

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْكٰفِرِيْنَ اَوْلِيَاۗءَ مِنْ دُوْنِ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ

 

“Aye iman walo! Mominon ko chod kar kafiron ko dost na banao.” (Al-Nisa: 4/144)

 

Neez farmaya:

 

يٰٓاَيُّھَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَھُوْدَ وَالنَّصٰرٰٓى اَوْلِيَاۗءَ  ۘبَعْضُهُمْ اَوْلِيَاۗءُ بَعْضٍ ۭ وَمَنْ يَّتَوَلَّهُمْ مِّنْكُمْ فَاِنَّهٗ مِنْهُمْ ۭاِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ      51؀

 

“Aye iman walo! Tum Yahood-o-Nasara ko dost na banao, Yeh to aapas mein hi aik dosre ke dost hein. Tum mein se jo bhi un mein se kisi se dosti kare woh beshak unhi mein se hai. Zalimon ko Allah T’aala har giz Rah-e-Rast nahin dikhata.” (Al-Maida: 5/51)

Mundarja bala Farman-e-Bari T’aala ki roshni mein musalmanon ko apni dosti aur muhabbat ke rishton ko naye sire se tarteeb dena ho ga takeh Yahood-o-Nasara ki resha dawaniyon se mahfooz reh saken neez Azab-e-Ilahi se bach saken.


Qudrat-e-Bari T’aala Ka Anokha Izhar: 

 

 Kainat ka zarrah zarrah Bari T’aala ki Qudrat-o-Azmat ki gawahi de raha hai. Buland-o-Bala aasman aur us mein jug mug karte chand sitare, Wasee-o-Areez samundar aur pahadon jaisi ubharti lehren, Sar Sabaz-o-Shadab, Phalon, Sabziyon, Podon, Insanon aur ranga rang makhlooqat se bhara huwa Kurrah-e-Araz aur Raz-o-Israr se bhara poor khala aur Sayyare, Qudrat-e-Kamila ki karishma saziyon ke munh bolte saboot hein. Malik-e-Araz-o-Sama ki Azmat-o-Qudrat har cheez se ayan hai lekin woh Malik Apni kamal qudrat ka izhar, Ba’az daf’aa, Anokhe aur munfarid andaz se bhi karta hai.

Hazrat Maryam علیہ السلام no molood bache ko le kar qoam ke pas tashreef lati hein to qoam ko Hairat-o-Isti’jab ke ilawa Aap par gunah ki tohmat ka khadsha bhi tha. Us waqat un khadshaat ka izala no molood bache ki zubani karana, Malik-e-Do jahan ki kamal qudrat ka shandar muzahara tha jise Aqal-e-Insani mahal samajhti thi magar phir is qudrat ka muzahara Chasham-e-Falak ne bhi dekha aur Mahal-o-Na mumkin khayal karne wale Kamzor-o-Na tawan insanon ne bhi. Allah T’aala ne Apni qudrat ke is Andaz-e-Izhar ko kai doosare mawaqe par wazih kiya hai.

Irshad-e-Nabwi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم hai:

 

“Gehware mein siraf teen bachon ne kalam kiya hai. Hazrat Isa علیہ السلام, Abid Juraij ki gawahi dene wala bacha aur Bani Israil ka aik aur bacha.”(Sahi Al Bukhari, Ahadees-ul-Anbiaa, Hadith: 3436, Wa Sahi Muslim, Al Birr wal Silah, Hadith: 2550) Tafseel ke liye hawala mazkoorah bala mulahazah farmaien.

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qasas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

 

Prophet Isa

Allah Declares He Has No Son

 In many verses of the Glorious Qur’an Allah the Exalted denied the claim of the Christians that He has a son.

A delegation from Nagran came to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They began to talk about their claim about the Trinity, which is that Allah is three in one, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, with some disagreement among their sects. That is why Allah affirmed in many verses of the Qur’an that Jesus is a slave of Allah, whom He molded in the womb of his mother like any other of His creatures, and that He created him without a father, as He created Adam without a father or a mother. Almighty Allah had chosen Isa to be one of his messengers to humanity.

The Birth of Mary – Quranic

Allah the Almighty said: “Allah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran above the Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their times). Offspring one of theo other, and Allah is All-Hearer. All-Knower.

Remember when the wife of Imran said: “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All Knowing.”

Then when she delivered her (child Mary), she said: “O my Lord! I have delivered a female child,” and Allah knew better what she delivered, – “and the male is not like the female, and I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast.”

Mary’s Sustenance – Quranic

So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zechariah. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), he found her supplied with sustenance. As Allah recounted in the Glorious Quran:

 She said: “From Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit.” (Ch 3:37 Quran)

Mary’s Family History

Prophet Zakariyah’s (pbuh) wife’s sister had a daughter named Hannah. She was married to Imran, a leader of the Israelites. For many years, the couple remained childless. Whenever Hannah saw another woman with a child, her longing for a baby increased. Although years had passed, she never lost hope. She believed that one day Allah would bless her with a child, on whom she would shower all her motherly love.

She turned to the Lord of the heavens and the earth and pleaded with Him for a child. She would offer the child in the service of Allah’s house, in the temple of Jerusalem. Allah granted her request. When she learned that she was pregnant, she was the happiest woman alive, and thanked Allah for His gift. Her overjoyed husband Imran also thanked Allah for His mercy.

However, while she was pregnant her husband passed away. Hannah wept bitterly. Alas, Imran did not live to see their child for whom they had so longed. She gave birth to a girl, and again turned to Allah in prayer:

“O my Lord, I have delivered a female child,” and the male is not like the female, and I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and her offspring from Satan, the outcast.” (Ch 3:36 Quran)

Zechariah Becomes Mary’s Guardian

Hannah had a big problem in reference to her promise to Allah, for females were not accepted into the temple, and she was very worried. Her sister’s husband Zakariyah, comforted her, saying that Allah knew best what she had delivered and appreciated fully what she had offered in His service. She wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it over to the temple elders. As the baby was a girl, the question of her guardianship posed a problem for the elders. This was a child of their late and beloved leader, and everyone was eager to take care of her. Zakariyah said to the elders: “I am the husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest relation in the temple; therefore, I will be more mindful of her than all of you.”

As it was their custom to draw lots to solve disagreements, they followed this course. Each one was given a reed to throw into the river. They had agreed that whoever’s reed remained afloat would be granted guardianship of the girl. All the reeds sank to the bottom except Zakariyah’s. With this sign, they all surrendered to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.

Mary’s High Status

 To ensure that no one had access to Mary, Zakariyah built a separate room for her in the temple. As she grew up, she spent her time in devotion to Allah. Zakariyah visited her daily to see to her needs, and so it continued for many years. One day, he was surprised to find fresh fruit, which was out of season in her room. As he was the only person who could enter her room, he asked her how the fruit got there. She replied that these provisions were from Allah, as He gives to whom He wills. Zakariyah understood by this that Allah had raised Mary’s status above that of other women.

Thereafter, Zakariyah spent more time with her, teaching and guiding her. Mary grew to be a devotee of Allah, glorifying Him day and night.

Mary’s High Status – Prophet Muhammad

Ali Ibn Abi Talib narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The best of the world’s women is Mary (in her lifetime), and the best of the world’s women is Khadija (in her lifetime).” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Abu Musa Al-Ashari also narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “May among men attained perfection but among women none attained perfection except Mary the daughter of Imran, and Asiya the wife of Pharaoh, and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (an Arabic dish) to other meals.”

Mary Receives News of Jesus

While Mary was praying in her temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled with terror, she tried to flee, praying:

 “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.” The angel said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”

She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?”

He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: “That is easy for me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allah).” (Ch 19:18-21 Quran)

The Birth of Jesus

The angel’s visit caused Mary great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.

 But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from wagging about her honor?

After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere. She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She saw down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that she had brought him into the world without a father. She exclaimed: “I wish I had died before this happened and had vanished into nothingness!”

Suddenly, she heard a voice nearby: “Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below, and shake the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall. So eat and drink and regain the strength you have lost, and be of good cheer, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who made the dry palm tree regain life, in order to provide food for you.” For a while she was comforted by Allah’s miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.

Mary Returns to the City with Jesus

Mary decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell the people? As if sharinhis mother’s worry, the baby began to speak: “If you meet any person say: I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.”” With this miracle, Mary felt at ease.

As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity of the people. They scolded her: “This is a terrible sin that you have committed.” She put her finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: “How can we speak to a newbom baby?” To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: “I am Allah’s servant. Allah has given me the Book, and has made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I may be, and has enjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah has made me dutiful towards she who had bore me. He has not made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace unto me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive.”

Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for it Allah wills something, He merely says “Be” and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby’s speech as a strange trick, but at least Mary could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.

Mary Receives News of Jesus – Quranic

Allah the Exalted revealed: “And mention in the Book (the Qur’an, O Muhammad, the story of) Mary, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.

She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.” The angel said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”

She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?”

He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: “That is easy for Me (Allah); and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allah).” (Ch. 19: 16-21)

The Birth of Jesus – Quranic

So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (Bethlehem valley, about four to six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”

Then (the babe “Jesus” or Gabriel) cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Your Lord has provided you a water stream under you: and shake the trunk of palm tree towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: ‘Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.” (Ch. 19:22-26)

Mary and Jesus Return to the City – Quranic

 “Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: “O Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). O sister (the like) of Aaron (not the brother of Moses, but he was another pious man at the time of Mary)! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor was your mother an unchaste woman.”

Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” He (Jesus) said: “Verily! I am a slave of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet; and He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined me prayer, and Zakat, as long as I live, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!” (Ch. 19:27-33)

Allah’s Message About Jesus – Quranic

Such is Jesus, son of Mary. (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt for dispute). It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing. He only says to it. “Be!” – and it is.

 Jesus said: “And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah’s Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets).”

Then the sects differed (the Christians about Jesus), so woe unto the disbeliveers (those who gave false witness saying that Jesus is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great Day (the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).

How clearly will they (polytheists and disheliveers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error. And warn them (O Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while now they are in a state of carelessness and they believe not. (Ch 19:34-39 Quran)

Some Stories About Mary’s Pregnancy

It was said that Joseph the Carpenter was greatly surprised when he knew the story, so he asked Mary: “Can a tree come to grow without a seed?” She said: “Yes, the one which Allah created for the first time.” He asked her again: “Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?” She said: “Yes, Allah, created Adam without male or female!”

It was also said that, while pregnant, Mary went one day to her aunt, who reported that she felt as if she was pregnant. Mary in turn, said that she, too, was feeling as if she was pregnant. Then her aunt said: “I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb.”

Jesus Upsets the Jews

 The Jewish priests felt this child Jesus was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn their worship to Allah the Almighty Alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently. they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Jesus’s speech in infancy as a secret and accused Mary of a great misdeed.

Jesus’s Ability to Debate

As Jesus (pbuh) grew, the signs of prophethood began to increase. He could tell his friends what kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was twelve years old, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lecture of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all adults, but he was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy’s boldness and puzzled by the questions he asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he ignored their attempts and continued to express his views, Jesus became so involved in this exchange that he forgot he as expected back home.

In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he might have gone back with relatives or friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he was not there, so she returned to the city to look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. He appeared to be quite at east, as if he had been doing this all his life. Mary got angry with him for causing her worry. He tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the learned had made him forgot the time.

Jesus Does Not Observe the Sabbath

Jesus grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or extinguished nor could females plait their hair. Moses (pbuh) had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews’ hearts. Also, they thought that Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath. They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards away and erected a temporary house so that from tthey could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath day.

Jesus was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he reached out his hand to pick two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath law. He made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of he temple were full of them.

Jesus Receives His Prophethood

Jesus observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple, the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Jesus followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Saducees. Jesus was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?

On this blessed night, the two noble prophets John (pbuh) and Zakariyah (pbuh) died, killed by the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Jesus (pbuh). Allah the Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Jesus, the life of case was closed, and the page of worship and struggled was opened.

Jesus’s Message

Like an opposing force, the message of Jesus came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and to reinforce the Law of Moses. In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Jesus called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age. Jesus’s call, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not be a closed system of rules laid down by society.

Jesus continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Jesus was in conflict with the Jews’ superficial interpretation of the Torah. He said that he did not come to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.

He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined. For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of killing, physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when it looks at anything with passion.

Jesus Denounces Materialism

Jesus was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy themselves with the affairs of the coming world because it would be everlasting.

Jesus told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshippers. The disbeliveers care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world.

Jesus continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he invited them to purify the heart and soul.

Jewish Priests Try to Embarrass

 Jesus His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Jesus was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds. The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from the question of the occupation.

However, the priests started to plot against Jesus. They wanted to embarrass him and to prove that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Jesus: “Does not the law stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?’ Jesus answered: “Yes.” They said: “This woman is an adulteress.” Jesus looked at the woman and then at the priests. He knew that they were more sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they understood that if he was going to apply Mosaic Law, he would be destroying his own rules of forgiveness and mercy.

Jesus understood their plan. He smiled and assented: “Whoever among you is sinless can stone her.” His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful. As Jesus left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet with her hair. Jesus turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: “O Lord, forgive her sins.” He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.

Jesus’ Brings the Dead to Life

Jesus continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on one another and to believe in Allah.

Jesus continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Qur’anic commentators said that Jesus brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman’s son, and a woman’s only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw this they said: “You only resurrect those who have died recently, perhaps they only fainted.” They asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Noah.

When he asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Jesus invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Noah came out from the grave gray-haired. Jesus asked: “how did you get gray hair, when there was no aging in your time?” He answered: “O Spirit of Allah, I thought that the Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of that day my hair turned gray.”

The Miracles of Jesus – Quranic

Allah the Almighty said:

“Remember when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My Favor to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus (Gabriel) so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing. Al Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Torah and the Gospel; and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbeliveers among them said: “This is nothing but evident magic.”

” And when I (Allah) put in their hearts of the disciples (of Jesus) to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Ch 5:110-111 Quran)

Jesus’ Abilities and the Disciples – Quranic

Almighty Allah also revealed:

“And He Allah will teach him (Jesus) the Book and Al Hikmah (the Sunna, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.

And will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.” Then when Jesus came to know of their disbelief, he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” The disciples said: “We are the helpers of Allah, we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (we submit to Allah).”

Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger (Jesus); so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth, La ilaha ill Allah-none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).

And they (disbeliveers) plotted (to kill Jesus), and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners. (Ch 3:48-54 Quran)

Allah Sends the Disciples a Feast

 Jesus continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called “the law of the Spirit.” Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Jesus saw that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, an the downtrodden, and their number was small. Some of the miracles which Jesus performed had been requested by his disciples, such as their wish for a “holy table” to be sent down from heaven. Allah the Exalted said:

“Remember when the disciples said: “O Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” Jesus said: “Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers.” They said: “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.”

Jesus, son of Mary, said: “O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us-for the first and the last of us- a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the best of sustainers.” Allah said: “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among all the Alamin (mankind and jinn).

And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O ‘lesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allih? “He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing. You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.” (Ch 5:112-116 Quran)

It was related that Jesus commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they asked Jesus to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Jesus prayed to Allah after his disciples had doubted Allah’s power. The great table cam down between two clouds, one above and one below, while the people watched. Jesus said: “O Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of distress.” So it fell between Jesus’s hands, covered with a napkin.

Jesus suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance, which they had never smelled before. Jesus said: “The one who is the most devout and most righteous may uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it.” They said: “O Spirit of Allah, you are the most deserving.”

Jesus stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there was a roasted fish. The disciples said: “O Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of Paradise?” Jesus said to his disciples: “Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine power of Allah the Almighty Who said: ‘Be,’ and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter.” It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle was that the blind and lepers were cured.

Those Worshipping Jesus and Allah’s Questions to Jesus

The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Jesus. Later on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped Jesus as a god.

Almighty Allah asserted:

“And remember when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?”” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing. You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’ And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up. You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All Mighty, the All Wise.”

Allah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.” (Ch 5:116-120 Quran)

The Jews Plot to Kill Jesus

Jesus went on his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.

The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot against Jesus. The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Jesus’ s call, they decided to kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Jesus. While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, Judas Iscariot, went to them and asked: “What will you give me if I deliver him to you?” Judas bargained with them until they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture and murder of Jesus.

 It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, chiming that Jesus had denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.

The Torture of Jesus

 The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman governor that Jesus was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take immediate action against him. The governor ordered thaJesus be arrested.

According to the Book of Matthew, Jesus was arrested and the council of the high priests passed the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him. It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate, the Roman governor, ordered that Jesus be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but the Roman had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Jesus was handed to the soldiers for crucifixion. They took off his clothes, and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head to mock him. According to custom he carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.

 Jesus’s Crucifixion – Bible Version

Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of Jerusalem Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the cross, the soldiers gave Jesus a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.

 Jesus’s Crucifixion – Quranic

But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extend gospels with regards to both the end of Jesus and his nature.

 The Glorious Qur’an affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Jesus or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven. They never killed Jesus, they killed someone else.

 Allah the Almighty declared:

“And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah,” but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man (and they killed that man) and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no certain knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (Jesus, son of Mary): But Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All Powerful, All Wise.

And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews & Christians), but must believe in him (Jesus, son of Mary, as only a Messenger of Allah, and a human being0, before his (Jesus or a Jew’s or a Christian’s) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he (Jesus) will be a witness against them. (Ch 4:157-159 Quran)

Almighty Allah also revealed:

“And remember when Allah said: “O Jesus! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that Jesus is Allah’s son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Jesus, Moses, etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Qur’an) till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute.” (Ch 3:55 Quran).

Refutation of the Christians Claim

Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 19, Almighty Allah refuted the claims of the Jews and the Christians in many verses of the Glorious Qur’an.

And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) (as the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son (Christ), and the pagan Arabs say that he has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)).”

Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah).

But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children). There is non in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). (Ch 19:88-95 Quran)

Allah the Exalted also declared:

 “Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allah, though He has created them (the jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and daughters to Him. Be He Glorified! And Exalted above (all) that they attribute to Him. He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything.

Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs. Guardian etc.) over all things.

No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things. (Ch 6:100-103 Quran)

 Almighty Allah commanded:

“O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in you religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be” – and he was) which He bestowed on Mary and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (It is) better for you. For Allah is the only One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.

The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the angels who are near (to Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself. So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud. He will punish them with a painful torment. And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper. (Ch 4:171-173 Quran)

Allah Disclaims Ezra as a Son

Almighty Allah also declared:

And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbeliveers of old. Allah’s Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!

They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah, (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah) and (they also took as their lord) Messiah, son of Mary, while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none but One llah (God-Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him. (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him). (Ch 9:30-32 Quran)

 Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone

Allah the Almighty also revealed:

 “Now ask them (O Muhammad): “Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them?” Or did We create the angels females while they were witnesses?

Verily, it is of their falsehood that they (Quraish pagans) say: “Allah has begotten off-spring or children (angels are the daughters of Allah)” And, verily, they are liars!

 Has He (then) chosen daughters rather than sons? What is the matter with you? How do you decide? Will you not then remember? Or is there for you a plain authority? Then bring your Book if you are truthful!

And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinns, but the jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (ie. they will be brought for accounts).

Glorified be Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! Except the slaves of Allah. whom He chooses (for His Mercy i.e. true believers of Islamic Monotheism who do not attribute false things unto Allah). (Ch 37:149-160 Quran)

And Almighty Allah declared:

“Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say (0 Muhammad): “Who then has the least power against Allah, if He were destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?” And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things.

 And (both) the Jews and Christians say: “We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay, you are but human beings, of those He has created. He forgive whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return of all.

O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of) Messengers, lest you say: “there came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner.” But now has come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And Allah is Able to do all things. (Ch 5:17-19 Quran)

Allah the Exalted warned: Surely they have disbelieved who say: “Allah is the Messiah (Jesus), son of Mary.” But the Messiah (Jesus) said: “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers) there are no helpers.

Surely, disbeliveers are those who said: “Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).” But there is no Ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God- Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbeliveers among them. Will they not repent to Allah and ask His Forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful The Messiah (Jesus), son of Mary, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Mary) was a Siddiqah (she believed in the Words of Allah, and His Books. They both used to eat food, as any other human being, while Allah does not cat). Look how We made the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away from the truth. (Ch 5:72-75 Quran)

And Almighty Allah ordered:

And say: “All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (nor an offspring), and Who has no partner in His Dominion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector, or supporter). And magnify Him with all the magnificence, (Allahu-Akbar, Allah is the Most Great).” (Ch 17:111 Quran)

The pagans once asked the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): “To whom is your Lord related, His original ancestors and His various branches of descendants?” It is also reported that the Jews said: “We worship Ezra, the Son of Allah,” and the Christians said: “Jesus is the Son of Allah,” and the Magians said: “We worship the sun and the moon,” an the Pagans said: “We worship idols.” In response to all of them Allah revealed some of His attributes: Unity, Uniqueness, and other substantives:

Say: (O Muhammad): “He is Allah, the One. Allah As-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten; and there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (Ch 112:1-4 Quran)

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.

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