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28. HAZRAT DANIYAL(علیہ السلام) [Prophet Daniel]

Hazrat Daniyal  (علیہ السلام) 

Hazrat Daniyal aur Hazrat Armiya (علیھم السلام) ki mulaqat: 

Ibn-e-Abi-e-Al Dunya (رحمہ اللہ) ne Abdullah Abi Huzail ki riwayat say bayan kaya hai keh Bakht Nasar ne do shair pakad kar aik kunwain mein daal diye.  Phir Daniyaal (علیہ السلام) ko laa kar usi kunwain mein daal diya. Sheron ne aap ko kuch nah kaha. Kuch muddat baad aap ko bhook aur piyaas mehsoos howi to Allah Ta’ala ne sham mein Hazrat Armiya (علیہ السلام) par wahi naazil farmayi keh Daniyal (علیہ السلام) kay liye khaane peene ka samaan tayyar karain. Unhon ne arz ki:  “Ya Allah! Mein yahan Arz-e-Muqaddas Falasteen mein hoon aur Daniyal (علیہ السلام) Iraq kay shehr Babul mein hain?” Allah Ta’ala ne wahi ki keh aap hamare hukum kay mutabiq khaane peene ka samaan tayyar karain. Ham aap ko wahan pohnchane ka bandobast kar dain ge. Unhon ne tayyari ki to Allah ne kisi ko bhaij diya jo unhain aur un kay tayyar kiye howe samaan ko Babul le gaya hatta keh aap kunwain kay kinare par jaa khade howe. Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ne farmaya: “Aap kon hain?” Unhon ne kaha: “Mein Armiya hoon.” Farmaya: “Aap kis liye tashreef laaye?”  Unhon ne kaha: “Mujhe aap kay Rabb ne aap kay paas bhaija hai.” Unhon ne kaha: “Mere Rabb ne mera naam liya hai?” Farmaya: “Haan”  Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ne farmaya: “Shukar hai Allah ka jo apna zikar karne wale ko faramosh nahi karta. Shukar hai Allah ka jo apni zaat say umeed rakhne wale ki aas nahi todta. Shukar hai Allah ka keh jo shaks us par tawakkul kare, Woh usay kisi aur ka mohtaaj nahi karta. Shukar hai Allah ka jo sabar ka badla nijaat ki Soorat mein deta hai. Shukar hai Allah ka jo hamein pareshani aane par hamari musibat door karta hai. Shukar hai Allah ka jo hamein us waqt bacha leta hai jab hamein apne aamal par bad gumaani hone lagti hai (keh mumkin hai hamare gunaho ki wajah say hamein mazeed masaib mein mubtala hona pade.) Shukar hai Allah ka jo us waqt hamari umeed ka markaz ban jata hai jab hamari koi tadbeer kargar nahi rehti.” (Al Bidaya wal Nihaya: 2/36) 

Hazrat Abul Aaliya (رحمہ اللہ  ) say riwayat hai, Unhon ne farmaya: “Jab ham ne Tustar ka shehr fatah kiya to hamein Hurmuzaan kay khazane mein aik palang mila. Us par aik mayyat thi. Us kay sarhane ki taraf aik tahreer padi thi. Ham ne woh tahreer uthayi aur Hazrat Umar bin Khatab (رضی اللہ عنہ) ki khidmat mein le gaye. Aap ne Hazrat Ka’b  (رضی اللہ عنہ)  ko bulaya. Unhon ne us ka arbi tarjuma likh diya. Sab say pahle mein ne who arbi tahreer padhi. Woh mujhe ab bhi usi tarah yaad hai jis tarah Quran yaad hai. 

Khalid bin Deenar  (رحمہ اللہ) farmate hain: “Mein ne Abu Al Aaliya  (رحمہ اللہ) say arz ki: “Us mein kiya likha howa tha?” Unhon ne farmaya: 

Tum musalmanoon kay akhlaq, Tumhare mamlaat, Tumhare baat cheet kay dhang aur mustaqbil mein pesh aanay wale waqeat. Main ne kaha: “Phir tum ne us mayyat ka kiya kiya?” Farmaya:  Ham ne din kay waqt mukhtalif maqamat par terah qabrain khodeen raat ko kisi aik qabar mein dafan kar kay sab ko barabar kar diya taakeh un logon ko maloom nah ho aur woh qabar ko khoud kar un ki mayyat nah nikaal lain. Mein ne kaha: “Woh us mayyat say kiya umeed rakhtay thay? Farmaya: “Jab barish nahi hoti thi to woh aap ki chaar payi khulay maidan mein rakh dete thay. Tab barish ho jati thi. Mein ne kaha: “Aap kay khayaal mein yeh kon sahib thay? Farmaya: “Un sahib ka naam Daniyal tha. Mein ne kaha: “Unhain fout howe kitna arsa ho gaya tha? Farmaya: “Teen so saal.” Mein ne kaha: “Un kay jism mein koi tabdeeli nahi aayi? Farmaya: “Nahi, Bas guddi kay chand baal jhad gaye thay. Nabiyun kay jism matti mein boseedah nahi hote nah unhen darindey khatay hain.” (Al Bidaya wal Nihaya: 2/37)

Is riwayat ki sanad Abu Al Aaliya tak sahih hai lekin agar woh Sahib-e-Waqai teen so saal pehlay fout howe thay tab woh Nabi nahi ho sakte, Koi aur naik aadmi hon ge kyun keh Bukhari shareef ki sahih hadees mein Sarahat hai keh Hazrat Eesa (علیہ السلام) aur hamaray Nabi (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) kay darmiyan koi Nabi maboos nahi howa. Un dono Anbiya-e-Kiraam (علیھم السلام) ki darmiyani muddat chay so (600) saal hai. Agar woh mayyat waqai Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ki thi to un ki wafaat teen so saal pehlay nahi balkay aath so (800) saal pehlay howi ho gi warna woh koi wali hoga. Waisay is ka Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ki mayyat hona hi Qareen-e-Qiyaas maloom hota hai kyun keh Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ko Ahl-e-Faris kay badshah ne girftar kar liya tha aur unhon ne is kay paas hi qaid kay ayyaam guzaray.

Hazrat Abdul Rahman bin Abil Zinnad ( رحمہ اللہ ) apne waalid say riwayat karte hain keh unhon ne Abu Moosa Ash’ri (رضی اللہ عنہ ) kay bete Abu Burda  (رحمہ اللہ ) kay haath mein aik angothi dekhi. Jis par do sheron ki tasweer bani howi thi, Un kay darmiyan aik aadmi tha aur sher usay chaat rahay thay. Abu Burda ( رحمہ اللہ ) ne farmaya: “Yeh us shakhs ki angothi hai jis kay baray mein is shehar kay log kehte hain keh woh Daniyal (علیہ السلام) hain. Jis din unhain dafan kiya gaya, Yeh angothi Hazrat Abu Moosa Ash’ri (رضی اللہ عنہ ) ne le li thi. Phir shehar kay ulama say is par kunda tasweer kay baray mein daryaft kiya. Unhon ne kaha: “Hazrat Daniyal (علیہ السلام) jis badshah kay mulk mein thay, Usay najoomiyun ne bataya tha keh aik ladka peda honay wala hai jis ki wajah say teri hukoomat khatam ho jaye gi. Badshah ne qasam khayi keh aaj raat peda honay walay har ladke ko qatal kar diya jaye ga. Albatta unhon ne Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ko sher kay kuchaar mein pheink diya. Aap ki walida ne jaa kar dekha to sher aur sherni aap ko piyar say chaat rahay thay aur aap ko koi nuqsaan nahi pohanchaya tha. Shehar kay ulama ne bataya keh Daniyal (علیہ السلام) ne apni anghothi mein apni aur shero ki tasweer banwayi thi taakeh aap ko Allah ka yeh ahsaan hamesha yaad rahe.(Al Bidaya wal Nihaya: 2/38)

REFERENCE:
Book: “Qasas ul Anbiya” (Urdu)
By Hafiz Ibn Kaseer Rahimahullah.

Prophet Daniel(علیہ السلام)

Allah Saves Daniel from the Lions

 Ibn Abi Al-Dunya narrated the following, based on a chain of citations. Nabuchadnezzar captured the two lions and threw them into a pit. He then brought Daniel and threw him at them; yet they did not pounce at him; rather, he remained as Allah wished. When then he desired food and drink. Allah revealed to Jeremiah, who was in Sham (Palestine/Syria): “Prepare food and drink for Daniel.” He said: “O Lord I am in Jerusalem while Daniel is in Babylon (Iraq).” Allah revealed to him: “Do what I have commanded you to do, and I shall send you one who will carry you and what you have prepared.” Jeremiah did so and Allah sent him something that would carry him until he arrived at the brink of the pit.

Then Daniel asked: “Who is this?” He answered: “I am Jeremiah.” He asked: “What brought you?” He answered: “Your Lord sent me to you.” He said: “And so my Lord has remembered me?” He said: “Yes.” Daniel said: “Praise be to Allah Who never forgets those who appeal to Him! And Praise be to Him Who compensates good with good, rewards patience with safety. dispels harm after distress, assures us when we are overwhelmed, and is our hope when skill fails us.”

Daniel After Death

Yunus Ibn Bakeer reported that Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq reported that Abu Khalid Ibn Dinar reported that Abul Aalia said: “When Tastar was invaded, we found, in the treasure house of Al-Harmazan, a bed on which lay a dead man, with a holy script at his bedside. We took the scripture to Umar Ibn Al Khattab. He called Ka-b and he translated it into Arabic, and I was the first Arab to read it. I read it as I read the Qur’an.” Here, 1 (Khalid Ibn Dinar) said to Abul Aalia: “What was in it?” He said: “Life history, annals, songs, speech, and what is to come.” I asked: “And what did you do with the man?” He said: “We dug in the river bank thirteen separate graves. At nightfall we buried him and leveled all the graves in order to mislead people for they would tamper with him.” I asked: “And what did they want from him?” He said: “When the sky was cloudless for them, they went out with his bed, and it rained.” I asked: “Who did you think the man was?” He said: “A man called Daniel.” I asked: “And for how long had he been dead when you found him!” He said: “Three hundred years.” I asked: “Did not anything change on him?” He said: “No, except for the hairs of his face (beard, and mustache); the skin of the prophets is not harmed by the earth, nor devoured by hyenas.”

The chain of citation from Abul Aalia is good, but if the date of the dead man’s death was really three hundred years, then he was not a prophet but a saintly an, because there was no prophet between Isa (Jesus)(pbuh), and the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), according to the hadith in Bukhari. The span between them (the dead man and Muhammad (pbuh)) was variously reported as four hundred, six hundred, and six hundred twenty years. It could be that he had died eight hundred years earlier, which would be near to Daniel’s time, if his being Daniel is correct. However, he could still have been somebody else, either a prophet or a saint. Yet the truth is more likely he was Daniel, because he had been taken by the King of Persia and remained imprisoned as already mentioned.

It was narrated with a correct citation that his nose as one span (nine inches) long. Anas Ibn Malik, with a good citation, said that his nose was an arm’s stretch long (two feet), on which basis he is thought to be an ancient prophet from before this period. Almighty Allah knows best.

Daniel’s Death Hadith

Ibn Abu Dunya reported from Abu Bilal that Abu Musa found with Daniel a holy script and a container in which were dirhams, his ring and ointment. He wrote to Umar, who replied: “Send the scripture to us, send some of the ointment, tell the Muslims who are with you to use it, share the dirhams among them, and leave the ring for you.

Abu Bakr Ibn Abu Dunya related without citation that when Abu Musa was told that he was Daniel, he stayed with him, embraced him, and kissed him. Then he wrote to Umar that he found with him nearly ten thousand Dhirhams. It used to be that people came to borrow from it, and if they did not return it, they became sick. Umar ordered his burial in a grave to be kept secret and the money to be sent to the treasury, with the box and the ring a gift to him (Abu Musa). It is related of Abu Musa that he told four of the captives to dam the river and dig a grave in the middle, where he buried him. Then he beheaded the four captives in order for the secret to be kept from all except himself.

Daniel’s Ring

Ibn Abu Dunya also reported, by a cham of citations, that a ring was seen on the hand of Ibn Abu Barda Ibn Abu Musa. The gem was carved with two lions with a man between them, whom they were licking. Abu Barda said: “This is the ring of that man whom the people of this town say is Daniel. Abu Musa took it the day he was buried. The learned people of the town told Abu Musa that soothsayers and astrologers told the king in Daniel’s time that a boy would be born who would destroy him and his kingdom. So the king swore to kill all the baby boys, except that they threw Daniel in the lions’ den, and the lion and lioness began to lick him and did not harm him. His mother came and took him. Abu Musa said: “And so Daniel carved his image and the image of the two lions into the gem of his ring, for him not to forget Allah’s blessing upon him in this.” This has a good citation.

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Stories Of the Prophets”
By  Al-Imam Ibn Katheer.

Who Is the Prophet Daniel?

Question

I have a question regarding the prophet Daniel. Who was he and is it true that during the reign of ‘Umar that some of the Companions found him and reburied him?

Summary of answer
Prophet Daniel was one of the Israelite Prophets. He lived at the time of Nebuchadnezzar. Scholars said that Prophet Daniel foretold the coming of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blesisngs be upon him).
 
 

Praise be to Allah.

Who is Prophet Daniel? 

More than one of the scholars of history and biography have stated that Daniel was one of the Israelite Prophets. He lived at the time of Nebuchadnezzar who destroyed Bayt al-Maqdis (the Temple in Jerusalem), killed many of the Children of Israel, and burned the Torah.

Did Prophet Daniel foretell the coming of Prophet Muhammad?

Scholars said that Prophet Daniel foretold the coming of our Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Daniel (peace be upon him) mentioned Muhammad the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) by name, and said: “Arrows will be departing from bows and arrows will be stained with blood at your command, O Muhammad.”

This is a clear, unambiguous statement.

Then Shaykh al-Islam mentioned two cases in which Daniel foretold the coming of the Messiah and of our Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon them both), then he said:

“This is a prophecy in which Daniyal foretold the coming of the Messiah and the coming of Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), in which there is a detailed description of Muhammad and his ummah, which would take too long to quote here. The Muslims read it when they conquered Iraq, as was mentioned by the scholars, including Abu’l-‘Aliyah.” (Al-Jawab as-Sahih (5/275-281)

Did ‘Umar instruct the Companions to rebury Prophet Daniel?

It is well known that when the Muslims conquered Tastar, they came across the grave of Prophet Daniel (peace be upon him), and Amir al-Muminin ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) instructed the Companions to rebury him and conceal from the people the location of his grave, lest that be a cause of fitnah and confusion.

Ibn Abi’d-Dunya narrated with a hasan isnad – as it says in al-Bidayah wa’an-Nihayah – from Abu’z-Zinad that he said:

“I saw a ring on the hand of Abu Burdah ibn Abi Musa al-Ash‘ari, on the bezel of which there was an engraving of two lions, between whom was a man, and they were licking that man. Abu Burdah said: This is the ring of that dead man whom the people of this city claim is Daniel. Abu Musa took it on the day they reburied him. Abu Burdah said: Abu Musa asked the scholars of that city about the engraving on that ring, and they said: The astrologers and scholars came to the king under whose rule Daniel lived and told him: On such and such a night, a boy will be born who will undermine your sovereignty. The king said: By Allah, no boy will survive that night but I will kill him. But they took Daniel and threw him into the lions’ den, where the lion and lioness licked him but did not harm him, then his mother came and found the lions licking him. Thus Allah saved him until he grew up and achieved what he achieved. Abu Burdah said: Abu Musa said: The scholars of that city said: Therefore Daniel engraved his image and the image of the two lions licking him on the bezel of his ring, lest he forget that blessing that Allah had bestowed upon him.”

Ibn Abi Shaybah (7/4) narrated with a sahih isnad from Anas that when they conquered Tastar, they found a man whose nose was one cubit long in a coffin, and they used to pray for victory and for rain by virtue of him. Abu Musa wrote to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab about that, and ‘Umar wrote back, saying: This man is one of the prophets; fire does not consume (the bodies of) the prophets and the earth does not consume (the bodies of) the prophets. And he wrote instructions saying: You and your companions (meaning the companions of Abu Musa) should discuss the matter and rebury him in a place that no one knows except you two. He said: So Abu Musa and I went and reburied him.

Ibn Abi Shaybah (7/4) narrated with a sahih isnad from Mutarrif ibn Malik that he said: I was present at the conquest of Tastar with al-Ash‘ari. We came across (the body of) Daniel in as-Sus. When the people of as-Sus were faced with drought, they would bring him out and pray for rain by virtue of him. We found with him sixty sealed jars…

Al-Bayhaqi said in Dalail al-Nubuwwah (1/381):

“It was narrated from Khalid ibn Dinar that Abu’l-‘Aliyah said: When we conquered Tastar, we found in the treasury of al-Hormuzan a bier on which was the body of a dead man, and by his head was a scripture of his. We seized the scripture and took it to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), and he summoned Ka‘b, who translated it into Arabic. I was the first man among the Arabs to read it, and I read it as I read this Quran.

I said to Abu’l-‘Aliyah: What was in it? He said: It was about you, your affairs, your religion, your talk, and what will happen after that. I said: What did you do with the man? He said: We dug thirteen different graves during the day, then at night we buried him and we levelled all the graves, so as to conceal its location from the people, so that they would not exhume him. I said: Why would people do that? He said: If rain was withheld from them, they would take his bier out and they would receive rain. I said: Who do you think the man was? He said: A man called Daniel. I said: How long ago do you think he died? He said: Three hundred years ago. I said: Had anything of him changed? He said: No, except a few hairs at the back of his head, for the earth does not consume (the bodies of) the prophets, and wild animals cannot devour them.”

Ibn Kathir (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“This is a sahih isnad going back to Abu’l-‘Aliyah, but if the date of this man’s death was recorded as having been three hundred years earlier, then he cannot have been a prophet; rather he was a righteous man. That is because there was no prophet between ‘Isa ibn Maryam and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), according to the text of the hadith narrated by al-Bukhari, and the period between them was four hundred years, or six hundred, or six hundred and twenty years. Or the date of his death may have been eight hundred years earlier, which is close to the time of Daniel, if this was the Daniel who once lived. Or he may have been some other man, either one of the prophets or one of the righteous. But it is most likely that he was Daniel, because Daniel was taken captive by the king of Persia, and remained with him as a prisoner, as we have seen above. It was narrated with a sahih isnad going back to Abu’l-‘Aliyah that the length of his nose was a handspan, and it was narrated with a sahih isnad going back to Anas ibn Malik that the length of his nose was a cubit. Therefore it is possible that this was one of the earlier prophets, before the period mentioned above. And Allah knows best.” (Al-Bidayah wa’an-Nihayah, 2/40)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“When the grave of Daniel was discovered in Tastar, Abu Musa wrote to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) about it, and ‘Umar wrote back to him, saying: During the day, dig thirteen graves, and bury him by night in one of them, and conceal the location of his grave, lest his grave be a cause of fitnah and confusion for people.” (Majmu‘ al-Fatawa, 15/154)

References:

  • Sirat Ibn Ishaq (p. 66); 
  • Tarikh Baghdad (1/361); 
  • Tarikh Dimashq (8/32); 
  • al-Masalik wa’l-Mamalik (p. 92); 
  • A‘lam an-Nubuwwah (p. 66); 
  • Ahsan at-Taqasim (p. 417); 
  • al-Jawab as-Sahih (5/276); 
  • Hidayat al-Hayara (2/375); 
  • al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah (2/374); 
  • Siyar A‘lam an-Nubala (2/312)

For more about prophets, please see this category: Belief in Messengers

And Allah knows best.

REFERENCE:
https://islamqa.info/en/answers/233815/who-is-the-prophet-daniel
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