Sections
< All Topics
Print

53. MUSALMAANON KO AZIYAT PAHUNCHANA AUR GAALI DENA [Abusing & insulting others muslims]

 ALLAH KAY BANDON KO AZIYAT POHONCHANA AUR UN PAR DAST DARAZI KARNA

 

Allah ta’ala ne farmaya:

 

وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنَٰتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا ٱكْتَسَبُوا۟ فَقَدِ ٱحْتَمَلُوا۟ بُهْتَٰنًا وَإِثْمًا مُّبِينًا۞

“Aur wo log jo Momin auraton ko us kay bagher keh wo koi gunah karen eeza dete hain, wo buhtan e azim aur gunah e mubeen kay irtikaab ka bar uthate hain.”

Al-Ahzab : 58

 

Aur Allah ta’ala ne farmaya:

 

وَٱخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ۞

“Aur Momin jinho ne tumhari itibaa ki hai, un se shafqat o mehrbani se pesh aao.”

Ash-Shu’ara : 215


Abu Huraira رضي الله bayan karte hain, Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya:

“Allah ta’ala ne farmaya: jis ne mere kisi dost se dushmani ki tou mera us se ailaan jung hai.” [Bukhari]

Aur aik riwayat mein hai: “yaqeenan us ne jung mein mujh se mubazirat ki” (mere muqabile par agaya) ya’ani main usse bata dena chahta hon keh main is ka maharib hon. Aur Hadith mein hai keh Abu Sufyan رضي الله chand sathiyon kay sath Salman, Sohaib aur Bilal رضي الله عنهم kay pas aae tou unho ne kaha: Allah ki talwaro ne Allah kay dushman se apna haq nahi liya, tou Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه ne farmaya: kia tum ye baat Quresh kay bare aur un kay saradar se keh rahe ho? Wo Nabi ﷺ kay pas aae tou unhe bataya, Aap ﷺ ne farmaya: ” Abu Bakar ! Shayad keh tum ne unhe naraz kar diya hai, tum ne tou apne Rabb ko naraz kar diya.” Pas Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه kay pas aae tou kaha: Bhaiyon ! Kia main ne tumhen naraz kar diya hai? Unhe ne kaha: nahi?

Allah tumhen ma’af kare, piyare bhai !

*FASAL:

 

Allah T’ala kay farman kay bare mein:

 

وَٱصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِٱلْغَدَوٰةِ وَٱلْعَشِىِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُۥ ۖ

“Aur jo log Allah ki raza mandi aur khushnodi kay liye subah o sham apne Rabb ko chahte hain, un kay sath sabar kiye rahiye.”

Al-Kahf : 28

Aur in ayat mein fuqara ki fazilat hai, aur us ka sabab nuzool ye hai keh ap par sab se pehle Emaan lane wale fuqara the. Aur issi tarah har Nabi jo maboos kiya gaya us par sab se pehle Emaan lane wale fuqara hi the. Rasool Allah ﷺ apne fuqara sahaba, jaise Salman, Sohaib, Bilal aur Ammar bin Yasir رضي الله عنهم kay sath betha karte the, mushrikeen ne irada kiya keh wo ap se fuqara ko duur karne ka koi heela karen, jab unho ne suna keh Rasoolon ki alamat ye hai keh un ki sab se pehle itibaa karne wale fuqara honge. Pas mushrikeen kay ba’az sardar aae tou unho ne kaha Muhammad ﷺ ! Un fuqara ko apne pas se hatao kyun keh hamare nafoos nafrat karte hain keh ap unhe bithaen, agar ap un ko apne pas se hata den tou logon kay ishraaf aur un kay bare log ap par Emaan le aenge, tab Allah T’ala ne ye ayat nazil farmai.

وَلَا تَطْرُدِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِٱلْغَدَوٰةِ وَٱلْعَشِىِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُۥ ۖ

“Aur un logon ko apne pas se duur na kijiye jo subah o sham apne Rabb ko pukarte hain, jis se srif us ki khushnodi aur khushi chahte hain.”

Al-An’am : 52


Aur jab mushrikeen un ko duur karne se mayoos hogae tou unho ne kaha: Muhammad ﷺ aik din hamare liye aur aik din un kay liye muqarar kar den. Tou Allah ne ye ayat nazil farmai.

وَٱصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِٱلْغَدَوٰةِ وَٱلْعَشِىِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُۥ ۖ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا ۖ

“Aur jo log Allah ki razamandi aur khushnodi kay liye subah o sham apne Rabb ko chahte hain, ap un kay sath sabar kiye rahiye, aur deenwi zindagi ki zaib o zeenat ko chahte hue un se ankhen na pheren.”
Ya’ani al duniya daaron aur masahibat ki khatir un Emaan daaron ko duur karen na ap ki nazar e inayat un se be raaz ho, aur farma dijiye:

Al-Kahf : 28

 

وَقُلِ ٱلْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَن شَآءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَآءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ ۚ

“Pas jo chahe Emaan lae aur jo chahe munkir rahe.”

Al-Kahf : 29


Phir Allah T’ala ne apne farman kay zare’a maal daar aur faqeer o muhtaj ki misaal bayan farmai.

وَٱضْرِبْ لَهُم مَّثَلًا رَّجُلَيْنِ

“Ap un se do admiyo ki misaal bayan kijiye.”

Al-Kahf : 32

 

وَٱضْرِبْ لَهُم مَّثَلَ ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا

“Aur un se duniya ki zindagi ki misaal bayan kijiye.”

Al-Kahf : 45


Pas Rasoolullah ﷺ fuqara ki ta’azim o takreem kiya karte the.

Jab Rasoolullah ﷺ ne Madina ki taraf hijrat ki tou unho ne ap kay sath hijrat ki, aur wo masjid kay saff (chubotre) par alag thalg muqeem the, un ka naam “Ashaab e saff” rakh diya gaya. Aur jo bhi fuqara mein hijrat karta wo un kay sath mil jata hatta keh wo ziyada hogae. رضي الله عنهم

Un logon ne is cheez ka mushahida kar liya tha jo Allah ne apne auliya (doston) kay liye ahsaan se taiyar kiya tha, aur unho ne noor e emaan se usse dekh liya tha, pas unho ne apne dilon ko duniya ki kisi cheez kay sath mu’aliq nahi kiya tha. Balkeh wo kehte the: ham teri hi ibadat karte hain, tere hi liye khuzu o sujjud karte hain, tere zare’a hidayat o rehnimai hasil karte hain. Tujh par tawwakul o a’timad Karte hain, tere zikar kay sath ham naimaten hasil karte aur farhat mehsoos karte hain, ham teri muhhabat kay maidan mein khush haal zindagi basar karte aur apne ma’amilat sanwarte hain. Ham tere liye amal karte aur mehnat karte hain aur ham teri choukhat ko kabhi bhi nahi chorenge. Pas tab us ne un kay liye apni raah asaan kardi aur un kay mutaliq apne Rasool ko khitab farmaya:

وَلَا تَطْرُدِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِٱلْغَدَوٰةِ

“Aur un logon ko apne pas se duur na kijiye jo subah o sham apne Rabb ko pukarte hain.”

Al-An’am : 52

Ya’ani ap un logon ko duur na karen jin ki sham apne Rabb kay zikar par hoti gai aur wo subah us kay darwaze par karte hain, ap un logon ko duur na karen, masjid jin ka thikana aur Allah un ka matloob o madadgar hai. Bhook un ka khana hai aur baidari, jab log sojate hain, un ka saans hai, faqr o faqa un ka sha’ar hai, maskanat o haya un ki chadar hai, unho ne apne azm kay ghoore apne moula kay darwaze par bandh rakhe hain, unho ne apne chehre mehrabon mein apni sargoshi kay liye kushada aur bichha rakhe hain, faqr aam o khas hai, pas aam Allah T’ala ki taraf muhtaj hai aur ye makhlooq ka wasf hai. Momin ho khuwah kafir, aur yahi Allah T’ala kay farman ka ma’ani hai:

*(يا ايها الناس انتم الفقراء إلى الله* )

“Logo ! Tum sab Allah ki taraf muhtaj ho.” Jabkeh khas faqr Allah kay auliya aur us kay piyaron ka wasf hai, un kay hath duniya se khali hain, aur un ka dil duniya kay ta’aluq se khali hai, aur ye kaifiyat Allah عز وجل kay sath ta’aluq qaaim karne, us ki taraf ishtiyaq rakhne aur Allah عز وجل ki taraf maail hone ki ins o khalwat ki waja de hai.

Ae Allah ! Hamen apni manajat ki lazzat chakha de, apni razamandi wali raahon par chala de, jo cheez teri bargaah mein hazir hone se duur karde us ko ham se laa ta’aluq karde, to ne apne ahl e muhhabat kay liye jo cheez asaan ki hai, usse hamare liye bhi asaan karde aur hamen, hamare Walden aur tamam Musalmanon ko ma’af farma de.

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Kabeerah Gunah”
Taleef: Shaikh Ul Islam Shams ad-Dīn adh-Dhahabī Rahimahullah.
Urdu Tarjumah: Abu Anas Muhammad Sarwar Gohar.

 

 Hurting or Reviling Muslims

Allah, the Almighty said,{And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin.}

(AI-Ahzab: 58)

{O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former):nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nick names: ill-seeming is a name connecting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: and those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.}

(AI-Hujurat: 11)

Allah, the Almighty also said,{And spy not on each other, nor speak ill of each other… }

(AI-Hujurat: 12)

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “On the Day of Judgment, the worst status will be for the one whom the people exclude because they fear his evil conduct.”¹

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) also said,”O servants of Allah! Allah the Almighty has forbidden oppression against anyone except the one who tale bears about the dignity of his brother. This is the one who committed injustice against himself or destroyed himself.”²

In another hadith, it is reported that,”The whole of a Muslim is sanctified for another Muslim with regards to his blood, his property and his honor.”³

The Prophet (pbuh) said,”The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He does not oppress him, hang back from him, coming to his and or belittle him, it is sufficiently wicked for someone to demean his fellow Muslim.”⁴

He (pbuh) also said,

¹Reported by Al-Bukhari.
²Reported by Ibn Majah.
³Reported by Muslim.
⁴Reported by Al-Bukhari

“Insulting the Muslim is wickedness and fighting him is unbelief’. On the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said,” The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked, “O Messenger of Allah,so and so spends her nights praying, and her days fasting, she does so and so and gives in charity but there is something in her tongue that maliciously injures her neighbors. He replied, there is no good in her, she will go to Hell.”¹

In another narration, it is reported that,  “Mention the good deeds of your dead and keep a way from their bad deeds.”²

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,”When I was taken up in the ascent (Mi’raj), I passed by people with fingernails of copper who were scratching their faces and chests with them. I asked who are they, Gabriel? And he said, “They are those who slandered others (ate people’s flesh) and attacked their reputations.”³

Intimidation against instigation amongst the believers, animals and all kinds of beasts: the Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said,

“Satan has despaired of ever being worshipped in the land of the Arabs, but he is still hoping to instigate them against each other.”⁴

Therefore, whoever instigates the sons of Adam against each other and spreads amongst them what causes them harm, he is a tale bearer and he is among the people of the Satan who are the worst of creatures.

The Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said,”Will I tell you about the worst amongst you? The companions replied, ‘Yes, Messenger of Allah.’ He said,”

The worst amongst you are the talebearers, who instigate the friends against each other and who seek hardship for the innocent.”⁵

 In an authenticated hadith, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) is reported to have said,

 “The talebearer will never enter Paradise.”⁶

The talebearer is the one who transfers speech among people or between two friends in a way that harms them or makes their hearts alienated towards each other. He said, such and such said about you so and so and did so and so, unless it will be of a benefit or in his interests such as warning him against an evil which may happen or is expected.

As for instigating animals, beasts or birds against each other, it is not allowed such as bickering among cocks, bullfights among rams and instigating dogs against each other.

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited such actions and whoever does it, he disobeys Allah and his Messenger. Making the heart of the wife alienated towards her husband, or a servant towards his master,

¹It is previously mentioned.
²Reported by Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak
³Reported by Abu Dawud.
⁴Reported by AI-Baihaqi in Shu’ab AI-Iman.
⁵Reported by AI-Bukhari in AI-Adab AI-Mufrad.
⁶ It is previously mentioned.

also comes under such evil doing. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) is reported to have said, “Whoever instigates the wife against her husband or a slave against his master is a cursed person.” We seek refuge in Allah from such doing.”¹

Invitation to make reconciliation amongst people Allah, the Almighty said,{In most of their secret talks there is no good: but if one exhorts to a deed of charity or goodness or reconciliation between people (secrecy is permissible): to him who does this, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, we shall soon give a reward of the highest (value)}

(An-Nisa’: 114)

 Concerning this verse, Mujahid said, “This is general between all people. Allah means that there is no good in secret talks of the people except in acts of goodness and this is what meant by Allah’s saying, “But if one exhorts to a deed of charity… ” Ibn ‘Abbas said, what is meant is that maintaining relations with one’s kinship and observing Allah’s worship. All charitable acts are called good because they are realized by the mind. “Or a conciliation between people.” This is encouraged by the Messenger of Allah. He (pbuh) said to

Abu Ayub Al-Ansari,” Would I lead you to a charity which is better for you than the red camels.’ He said,’Yes, Messenger of Allah.’ The Prophet said,

“Reconcile between people when they are quarreling with each other and bring them near each other when their relationship breaks down (by ceasing relations) with each other.”²

 Umm Habibah (may Allah be pleased with her) reported the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) to have said,

“All the speech of Adam’s sons are counted against them except enjoining good, forbidding evil, or remembering Allah, the Almighty.”³

It is also reported that a man said to Sufyan, what a harsh speech this is! Sufyan said, “Didn’t your hear to Allah’s saying {In most of their secret talks there is no goods but if one exhorts to a deed of charity or goodness} This is typically applied to such speech.⁴

Thereafter Allah, the Almighty indicated that these acts will avail only the one who seeks the Pleasure of Allah and He said, “We shall soon give him a reward of the highest (value)” i.e. an endless reward.In the hadith, it is reported that,

The liar is not the one who reconciles between people, encouraging good or saying something good.”⁵

Umm Kulthum said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) permitting something of what the people say, except in three cases, war, reconciling between people and talks between the man and his wife and vice versa.

Sahl Ibn Sa’d AI-Sa’idi (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh)

was told that there is an enmity between the people of Banu ‘Amr Ibn

¹Reported by Abu Dawud.
²Reported by Al-Haithami in Majma’ Al-Zawa’id.
³Reported by At- Tirmidhi.
⁴Reported by Al-Bukhari.
⁵Reported by AI-Bukhari.

‘Awf Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) went out along with some of his companions to reconcile between them.”¹

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said that,

 “Nothing is better than walking to prayer, reconciling between people, or permissible conduct among Muslims.”²

 The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said that,  “Whoever reconciles between two people, Allah will set his affairs in order, will give him with every word he has uttered a reward of freeing a neck slave and he will return having all his previous sins forgiven.”³

¹Reported by AI-Bukhari.
²Reported by AI-Asbahani in At-Targhib wa At-TarhzD.
³Reported by Al-Asbahani in At-Targhib waAt-Tarhib.
REFERENCE:
BOOK: “MAJOR SINS” OF IMAM SHAMSU ED-DEEN DHAHABI.
Distributed by : www.islambasics.com
Table of Contents