Sections
< All Topics
Print

07. Tawwakkul [Reliance on Allah]

(7)_باب اليقين والتوكل 

07. YAQEEN AUR TAWAKKAL KA BAYAN

 

 

قال الله تعالى: (وَلَمَّا رَأى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَاناً وَتَسْلِيماً) (الأحزاب: 22) ، 

وقال تعالى: (الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَاناً وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ)

(فَانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ) (آل عمران: 173، 174) ، 

وقال تعالى: (وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْحَيِّ الَّذِي لا يَمُوتُ) (الفرقان: من الآية 58) ، 

وقال تعالى:) وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ) (إبراهيم: من الآية 11) ، 

وقال تعالى: (فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ) (آل عمران: من الآية 159) ، 

والآيات في الأمر بالتوكل كثيرة معلومة. 

وقال تعالى: (وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ) (الطلاق: من الآية 3) ، أي: كافية. 

وقال تعالى: (إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَاناً وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ) (لأنفال: 2) ، 

والآيات في فضل التوكل كثيرة معروفة.

 

Allah taala ne farmaya : ” aur mominon ne jab ( kafiroon ke lashkar dekhe to kaha : yeh to wohi hai jis ka Allah aur is ke Rasool ne ham se wada kiya tha, aur Allah aur is ke Rasool ne sach kaha tha aur is cheez ne un ko imaan o tasleem hi mein ziyada kiya.”

aur Allah taala ne farmaya :” woh log, jab un se logon ne kaha ke tumhare khilaaf aik fouj jama hui hai, chunanchay tum un se daro! to us baat ne un ke imaan ko aur badha diya aur unhon ne kaha : hamein Allah kaafi hai aur woh achha karsaaz hai. phir woh Allah ki Nemat aur us ke fazl ke sath is haal mein lautay ke unhein koi nuqsaan nah pouncha aur unhon ne Allah ki Raza mandi ki pairwi ki aur Allah bohat baday fazl wala hai. 

aur Allah buland o bartar ne farmaya : ” aur bhrosa kar us zindah zaat par jisay mout nahi aaye gi. “

aur farmaya : “aur Allah hi par mominon ko bhrosa karna chahiye.” 

aur farmaya : “( aye paighambar! ) jab to kisi kaam ka pukhta iradah kar le to phir Allah par bhrosa kar.”

aur tawakkal ke hukum ke baray mein bakasrat ayaat hain aur maloom hain. 

aur farmaya : aur jo Allah par bhrosa rakhta hai to woh usay kaafi .

aur Allah taala ne farmaya : ” momin to wohi hain jab ( un ke samnay ) Allah ka zikar kiya jata hai to un ke dil ( us ki Azmat o Jalalat aur Khashiyat se ) kanp uthte hain aur jab un par us ki ayaat padhi jati hain to woh un ke imaan mein aur izafah kar deti hain aur woh apne Rab hi par bhrosa karte hain.”

aur tawakkal ki fazeelat mein kasrat se ayaat hain aur maloom hain.

 

 FAAIDAH AAYAT: 

tawakkal ka matlab hai asbaab ki had tak mukammal tayari aur wasail ke istemaal ke baad Allah ki zaat par bhrosa karna kyunkay us ke paas saaray ikhtiyarat hain, ilawa azeen us ki Mushiyat ke baghair kuchh nahi ho sakta. is liye aik Momin asbaab o wasail ka istemaal to zaroor karta hai aur aisa karne ka hukum bhi hai lekin us ka sara aetmaad un asbaab o wasail hi par nahi hota balkay asal aetmaad Allah ki zaat par hota hai .


78_ الخامس‏: ‏ عن جابر رضي الله عنه، أنه غزا مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قبل نجد، فلما قفل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قفل معهم، فأدركتهم القائلة في واد كثير العضاه، فنزل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، وتفرق الناس يستظلون بالشجر، ونزل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم تحت سمرة، فعلق بها سيفه، ونمنا نومة، فإذا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يدعونا، وإذا عنده أعرابي،  فقال‏: ‏ ‏ (( إن هذا اخترط عليّ سيفي وأنا نائم، فاسيقظت وهو في يده صلتا، قال‏: ‏ من يمنعك منى‏؟‏ قلت‏: ‏ الله-ثلاثا‏)) ولم يعاقبه وجلس‏.‏ ‏(‌‏(‏متفق عليه‏)‌‏)‏
وفي رواية ‏: ‏ قال جابر‏: ‏ كنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بذات الرقاع‏: ‏ فإذا أتينا على شجرة ظليلة تركناها لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فجاء رجل من المشركين، وسيف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم معلق بالشجرة، فاخترطه، فقال ‏: ‏ تخافني‏؟‏ قال‏: ‏ ‏(( ‏لا‏ ‏ )) قال ‏: ‏ فمن يمنعك مني ‏؟‏ قال‏: ‏(( ‏ ‏الله‏ ‌‏)).‏
وفي رواية أبي بكر الإسماعيلى في صحيحه‏: ‏ قال‏: ‏ من يمنعك مني‏؟‏ قال ‏: ‏ ‏(( ‏الله‏ )) ‏ قال‏: ‏ فسقط السيف من يده، فأخذ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم السيف، فقال‏: ‏ ‏(( ‏من يمنعك مني‏؟‌‏ )) ‏ فقال كن خير آخذ، فقال (( ‏تشهد أن لا إله إلا الله ، وأني رسول الله‏؟‏ ‏)) ‏ قال‏: ‏ لا، ولكني أعاهدك أن لا أقاتلك، ولا أكون مع قوم يقاتلونك، فخلى سبيله، فأتى أصحابه، فقال‏: ‏ جئتكم من عند خير الناس‏.‏
قوله: [قفل] : أي : رجع. و [العضاه] : الشجر الذي له شوك ، و [ السمرة ] : بفتح السين و ضم الميم: الشجرة من الطلح، و هي العظام من شجر العضاه. و[اخترط السيف] : أي: سله و هو في يده. [ صلتا ] : أي: مسلولا ، وهو بفتح الصاد و ضمها.

 

[ 78 ] Hazrat Jabir (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai woh Nabi ( ﷺ ) ke sath najd ki taraf jehaad ke liye gaye. jab Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) wapas hue to yeh bhi un ke sath wapas aagaye. ( rastay mein sahaba karaam (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ) ko ghany khar’daar darakhton ki aik waadi mein do’pehar ko neend ne aa liya ( neend ka ghalba ho gaya), chunanchay Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ( aaraam karne ke liye ) yahan utar pade. ( sahaba bhi utar gaye ) aur darakhton ke saaye ki talaash mein bikhar gaye. Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) kekar ke aik darakht ke neechay utar gaye aur us ke sath apni talwar latka di. aur ham sab thodi der ke liye so gaye. phir achanak ( ham ne suna ke ) Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) hamein bulaa rahay hain. jab ham wahan puhanche to dekha aik Aerabi ( budu ) aap ( ﷺ ) ke paas hai. aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” is ne meri talwar ( darakht se pakad kar ) mujh par sont li jab ke main soya huwa tha, main bedaar huwa to yeh is ke haath mein soonti hui thi, is ne mujh se kaha : aaj tujhe mujh se kon bachaaye ga? main ne kaha : “Allah !” teen martaba kaha ke Allah bachaaye ga aur aap ne is dehati ko koi sarznish nahi ki aur baith gaye. ( Bukhari wa Muslim ) 

aik aur riwayat mein hai Hazrat Jabir (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) bayan karte hain ke ham Ghazwah zaat-ur-riqaae mein Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ke sath thay. jab ham aik ghany saaye walay darakht ke paas aaye to usay ham ne Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ke liye chode diya ( chunanchay aap wahan istirahat farma ho gaye. ) to mushriqeen mein se aik shakhs aaya jabkay Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ki talwar darakht ke sath latki hui thi us ne woh talwar ( le li aur ) aap par soont li aur kaha : to mujhe se darta hai? aap ne farmaya : ”nhin. us ne phir kaha : tujhe mujh se kon bachaaye ga? aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya:  ” Allah ”  aur “ Sahih Abu Baker Ismaaili ” ki riwayat mein is terhan hai : us ne kaha : tujhe mujh se kon bachaaye ga? aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” Allah ” chunanchay talwar us ke haath se gir padi. usay Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ne pakad liya aur farmaya :” ( to batla ) tujhe mujh se kon bachaaye ga ?” us ne kaha : aap behtar ( talwar ) pakadney walay hain! aap ( ﷺ ) ne us se poochha : ” to is baat ki gawahi deta hai ke Allah ke siwa koi mabood nahi aur yeh ke main Allah ka Rasool hon? “ us ne jawab mein kaha : nahi, Albata main aap se ehad karta hon ke main aap se ladoon ga na aap se ladnay walon ka sath dun ga. chunanchay aap ne us ka rasta chode diya. woh apne sathiyon ke paas aaya aur kaha : main aisay shakhs ke paas se ( ho kar ) aaya hon jo tamam logon mein behtar hai.

قفل: 

ke maienay hain : wapas huwa.

عضاہ:

kaanton wala darakht 

 السمرة :

” Seen ” par zabar aur “mim” par paish. keekar ka darakht yeh kantay daar darakht ki badi qism hai. 

اخترط السیف:

talwar ko apne haath mein le kar sonta ( lahraya. ) 

صلتا : 

Sad ke zabar aur paish ke sath ( dono terhan sahih hai. ) maienay hain:

مسلولا: 

( bemana mafool ) sonti hui .

 

TAKHREEJ :

 

 [78] Sahih ul-Bukhari, Al-jihad was-sair, Bab man alaq sayfahu bish-shajar fis-safar …… Hadees: 2910, 

wa Sahih Muslim, al-fazayil, bab tawakulih A-lallah taala wa esmat Allah taala lah mi-nan-nasi, Hadees: 843, qabl Hadees:2282

 

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

 

1- Is mein Nabi Kareem ﷺ ke Afoo wa dar guzar aur ikhlaq kareemana ke ilawa aap ke tawakkal A-lallah ka bhi bayan hai, neez is cheez ka ke jo Allah par bhrosa karta hai Allah bhi us ki cha’rah saazi farmata hai. yeh aerabi baad mein Musalman ho gaya tha. 

3- Ghazwah zaat-ur-riqaae chhay hijri mein huwa. garmi ki shiddat aur jooton ke fuqdaan ki wajah se is Ghazwe mein sahaba ne apne peeron mein kptdon ki lirein lapait li theen us liye is ka naam hi liroon ( ta kiyun ) wala ghazwa  pad gaya. baaz ne is ki wajah tasmia kuchh aur bhi bayan ki hai .


79_ السادس: عن عمر رضي الله عنه قال: سمعت رسول اله صلي الله عليه وسلم يقول: ((لو أنكم تتوكلون علي الله حق توكله لرزقكم كما يرزق الطير، تغدوا خماصا وتروح بطانا)) رواه الترمذي، وقال: ((حديث حسن)) . 
معناه: تذهب أول النهار خماصا، أي: ضامرة البطون من الجوع وترجع آخر النهار بطانا، أي: ممتلئة البطون.

 

( 79 ) Hazrat Umar (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) bayan karte hain ke main ne Rasoolullah ﷺ  ko farmatay suna :

” agar tum Allah par is terhan tawakkal karo jaisa ke us par tawakkal karne ka haq hai to woh tumhen is terhan rozi day jaisay woh parindon ko rozi deta hai woh subah bhoke nikaltay hain aur shaam ko shikam sair ho kar lottay hain. ” 

( isay Tirmizi ne riwayat kiya hai aur kaha hai. yeh hadees hasan hai. )

Is ke maienay hain ke din ke aaghaz mein ( parinday ) bhukay nikaltay hain, yani bhook se un ke pait pechkey hotay hain aur din ke aakhir mein lottay hain to pait bharay hotay hain .

 

TAKHREEJ;

Jamie Tirmizi, al-Zuhud, bab fi altawakul A-lallah, Hadees: 2344.

 

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

 

1_  Tawakkal ka matlab hai ke tamam aetmaad asbaab zahiri hi par nah ho balkay un ke sath asal aetmaad Allah par ho kyunkay Allah ki Mushiyat ke baghair asbaab bhi kuchh nahi karte, taham asbaab zahiri ka ikhtiyar karna bhi zaroori hai kyunkay us ka hukum bhi Allah hi ne diya hai jaisay parinday ghonslon ke andar hi nahi baithy rehtay balkay talaash rizaq mein bahar nikaltay aur ghumte phirtay hain. 

2_ Zahiri asbaab ikhtiyar karne ka yeh matlab har gaz nahi hai ke insaan saari tawa’naiyan husool-e-doulat par kharch kar day aur zindagi ka maqsad hi yahi bana le. aisay shakhs ke liye sakht waeed hai ke Allah taala usay hawas ki bemari mein mubtala kar deta hai aur lakhoon honay ke baad bhi usay faqar ka khauf taari rehta hai. 

3_  Husool rizaq ke jo zaraye Allah ki ibadat aur faraiz ada karne mein rukawat hon unhein tark kar ke Allah par tawakkal karte hue koi mutabadil soorat ikhtiyar karni chahiye .


80_ السابع: عن أبي عمارة البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم: ((يا فلان، إذا أويت إلى فراشك، فقل: اللهم! أسلمت نفسي إليك، ووجهت وجهي إليك، وفوضت أمري إليك، وألجات ظهري إليك، رغبة ورهبة إليك، لا ملجأ ولا منجا منك إلا إليك، آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت، وبنبيك الذي أرسلت، فانك إن مت من ليلتك مت علي الفطرة، وان أصبحت أصبت خيرا)) متفق عليه.
وفي رواية في الصحيحين: عن البراء قال: قال لي رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم ((إذا أتيت مضجعك فتوضأ وضوءك للصلاة، ثم اضطجع علي شقك الأيمن وقل: وذكر نحوه، ثم قال: واجعلهن آخر ما تقول)) .

 

( 80 ) Hazrat Abu Umaarah Baraa bin Aazib (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا)se riwayat hai Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya :” aye falan! jab to apne bistar ki taraf jagah pakde ( yani late jaye ) to yeh padh liya kar

 اللهم أسْلمْت نفْسی إلیْك….. ونبیك الذی أرْسلْت 

aye Allah ! main ne apna nafs tairay supurd kar diya hai aur apna chehra teri taraf mutawajjah kar liya hai aur apna maamla tujhe saump diya hai aur apni peeth teri taraf lagali hai teri taraf raghbat karte hue aur dartay hue. teri girift ke muqablay mein tairay siwa koi jaye panah aur maqam nijaat nahi. main teri us kitaab par imaan laya jo to ne nazil ki aur us paighambar ko mana jisay to ne bheja. ( phir aap ne farmaya : ) chunanchay agar tujhe teri us raat mein mout aagai to tujhe fitrat ( Islam) par mout aaye gi aur agar to ne subah ki ( yani mout nah aayi to to bhalai ko pahonch gaya. ( Bukhari wa Muslim ) 

aur Hazrat Baraa (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) hi se

Sahihain ( Bukhari wa Muslim ) ki aik aur riwayat mein hai. Rasoolullah ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya : ” jab to apni khawab gaah par anay lagey to namaz ke wuzu ki terhan wuzu kar phir apni dayen karvat par late ja aur yeh padh. aur is dua ka zikar kiya jo abhi guzri. phir aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya : ” In kalmaat ko apni aakhri guftagu bana ( yani Aein sotay waqt mazkoorah kalmaat ada kar. us ke baad koi guftagu nah karna ). “

 

TAKHREEJ : 

 

Sahih ul-Bukhari, al-daewat, bab iza bat tahiraan, Hadees: 6311, 

wa Muslim, al-zikar wa-duaa’ wat-taubah wal-istighfar bab: ma yaqul ind-an- naum wa akhzul-muzjae? Hadees alwiladati: 2710.

 

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

 

1_ Raat ko sotay waqt wuzu kar ke sona behtar hai isi terhan is dua ka padh lena bhi bohat achha hai kyunkay is mein islam wa imaan ki tajdeed aur Allah ki bargaah mein aman-o-aafiyat aur salamti ki iltija hai. 

2_ Neend ko mout ki behan kaha gaya hai aur is mein rooh ka talluq kisi had tak jism se khatam ho jata hai is liye sonay se pehlay tajdeed ehad ki takeed ki gayi hai phir baar baar ke iqraar se Baari Taala bhi bande se khush hota hai. 

3_ Is se maloom huwa ke wuzu nah sirf zareya ibadat hai balkay bazat khud bhi aik ibadat hai .

 

RAVI HADEES :

[ HAZRAT ABU UMAARAH BARAA BIN AAZIB (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا) ]: Baraa bin Aazib bin Haris bin Adi . kuniat Abu Umarah hai. Ansar ke qabeela Auws se un ka talluq tha, is liye Ansari aur Auwsi kehlate hain. Baap aur Beta dono hi sahabi hain. Ghazwah badar mein Sighir sinni ki wajah se shamoliat ki ijazat nah di gayi Albata pehla maarka jis mein unhon ne shirkat ki Uhod ya Khandaq hai. shehar Al-rayi ke faatih hain. Jang-e-Nhrwan, Sifeen aur Jamal waghera mein Hazrat Ali (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ke sath thay. Kofay mein 71 ya 72 hijri ko Musab bin Zubair ke daur mein faut hue. Sahihain ki 305 Hadeesoon ke Ravi yehi hain .


81_ الثامن: عن أبي بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه عبد الله بن عثمان بن عامر بن عمر بن كعب بن سعد بن تيم بن مرة بن كعب بن لؤي بن غالب القرشي التيمي رضي الله عنه_ وهو وأبوه وأمه صحابة، رضي الله عنهم_ قال: نظرت إلى أقدام المشركين ونحن في الغار، وهم علي رؤوسنا فقلت: يا رسول الله لو أن أحدهم نظر تحت قدميه لأبصرنا، فقال: ((ما أظنك يا أبا بكر! باثنين علي الله ثالثهما؟)) متفق عليه.

 

81 ] Hazrat Abu-Baker Seddiq Abdullah bin Usmaan bin Aamir bin Umar bin Kaab bin Saad bin Taym bin muraah bin ka-ab bin luawi bin Ghalib Qurashi Tamimee (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai. .. . aur yeh Abu-Baker un ke waalid Usmaan aur un ki walida tenun sahabi hain (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ)……unhon ne farmaya : main ne Mushrikon ke qadmon ki taraf dekha, jab ham ghaar ( Saur ) mein thay aur woh hamaray suron par thay. to main ne kaha : aye Allah ke Rasool! agar un mein se koi apne qadmon ki taraf dekh le to yaqeenan woh hamein dekh le ga. aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya : aye Abu-Bakar! un do ke mutaliq tumahra kiya gumaan hai ke jin ka teesra Allah ho yani ham do hi nahi balkay taisara hamaray sath Allah hai aur jin ke sath Allah ho un ka koi kiya bigaad sakta hai ). ( Bukhari wa Muslim )

 

TAKHREEJ :

 

Sahih ul-Bukhari,fazayil Ashaab-in-Nabi ( ﷺ ) , bab manaqib almuhaajirin wa fazlihim Hadees 3653, wa-Sahih Muslim, fazayil-us-Sahabah , bab min fazayil Abi Bakr al- Siddique , Hadees: 2381

 

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

 

1- Yeh us waqt ka waqea hai jab Nabi Kareem ﷺ Abu-Bakar Siddique (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ki mayiyat mein Makkay se hijrat farma kar Madinah tashreef le ja rahay thay aur Mushrikeen Makkah ne aap ki giraftari par giran qader inaam muqarrar kar diya tha jis ke lalach mein log aap ki talaash mein sargardan thay hatta ke yeh Mushrikeen is Ghaar-e-Saure ke dhanay tak pahonch gaye jahan aap dono ne aaraam karne ke liye panah li hui thi. is mein bhi Rasoolullah ﷺ ki shujaiat wa be khofi aur aap ka Allah par be panah aetmaad o tawakkal ka aur Allah ki apne khaas bandon ki madad aur dastagiri ka bayan hai jaisay farmaya : 

إِنَّا لَنَنصُرُ رُسُلَنَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْأَشْهَادُ

 

” Yaqeenan ham zaroor madad karte hain apne Rasoolon aur imaan daaron ki duniya ki zindagi mein aur jis din gawah khaday hon ge. is se Rafizyoon aur sheeoon ka bhi rad hota hai jo kehte hain ke ghaar mein Rasool Akram ﷺ ke sath Abu-Baker nahi balkay Baker bin Abdullah thay.

4-  Imaan jis qader mazboot ho Allah taala par tawakkal bhi us qader ziyada ho ga. Allah ke sab se ziyada mutawakkal Bandey Allah ke Rasool hotay hain.

5- Deen bachanay ki khatir niklny walon ki Allah taala ghaibi madad farmata hai aur unhein dushman ke changlon se nikaal kar ba-hifazat un ki manzil maqsood tak pohinchata hai .

 

RAVI HADEES :

 

[ HAZRAT ABU-BAKAR SIDDIQUE (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ)]: Abdullah bin Usmaan bin Aamir bin ka-ab teme, Qureshi . Abu-Bakar kuniat laqab Seddiq aur Ateeq hai. un ke waalid bhi Abu Quhafa kuniat se mashhoor hain. Tayi qabeeley se aap ka talluq tha. Nabi Kareem ﷺ ki wafaat ke baad Musalmanoon ke pehlay khalifa Rashid thay. saari kaayenaat mein se Anbiya ke baad afzal tareen insaan hain. safar hijrat mein yeh Nabi ﷺ ke Rafeeq thay isi bina par un ko yaar ghaar bhi kaha jata hai. surkh o saped chehra naram mizaaj aur dublay putlaay thay. baday azm wa istiqlal aur samim-ul-iradeh thay.

 [ اشداء على الكفار رحمآء بینهم ]

ki aamali Tafseer thay. hama qisam ki tareef o tauseef se Mustaghni hain. jamadi al-sania 13 hijri ko wafaat payi. kutub ahadees mein aap se 142 ahadees marwi hain .


82_ التاسع: عن أم المؤمنين أم سلمة، وإسمها هند بنت أبي أمية حذيفة المخزومية، رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم كان إذا خرج من بيته قال: بسم الله، توكلت على الله، اللهم إني أعوذ بك أن أضلّ أو أضلّ، أو أزلّ أو أزلّ، أو أظلم أو أظلم، أو أجهل أو يجهل عليّ)) حديث صحيح، رواه أبو داود، والترمذي وغيرهما بأسانيد صحيحة. 
قال الترمذي: حديث حسن صحيح، 
وهذا لفظ آبي داود.

 

82_  Umm-ul-Momineen Umm-e-Salma (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا) se riwayat hai. un ka naam Hind Bint Abu Umaiya Huzaifah Makhzoomiya hai, ke Nabi Kareem ( ﷺ ) jab apne ghar se bahir nikaltay to padhte :

[ بسم الله ……………يجهل عليّ]

” Allah ke naam se Allah hi par main ne bhrosa kiya. aye Allah ! main panah mangta hon is baat se ke main gumraah ho jaoon ya gumraah kar diya jaoon ya main phisal jaoon ya phisla diya jaoon, ya main kisi par zulm karoon ya mujh par zulm kiya jaye, ya main jahalat ka irtikaab karoon, ya mere sath jahilana maamla kiya jaye. ( yeh sahih hadees hai usay Abu Dawod aur Tirmizi waghe’rihima ne sahih Sanadon ke sath riwayat kiya hai. Tirmizi ne kaha hai : yeh hadees hasan sahih hai. aur (yeh riwayat ke mazkoorah) alfaaz Abu Dawood ke hain .

TAKHREEJ;

Zaeif_ Sunan Abi Dawood, al-adab, bab: ma yaqul iza kharaj min baytih, Hadees: 5094 , 

wa Jamie Tirmizi, al-daewat, bab minhu [duaai: 

بسم الله توكلت على الله ……)]

Hadees: 3427

 

FAAIDAH:

Mazkoorah riwayat sanadan zaeef hai jabkay baaz mohaqiqeen ne usay sahih bhi qarar diya hai lekin haq aur rajih baat yahi hai ke yeh riwayat sanad zaeef hai kiyun-kay Imam Shaabi ka Hazrat Umm-e-Salma hi se Simaa saabit nahi. wallah aalm.

 

RAVI HADEES :

 

[UMM-UL-MOMINEEN UMM-E-SALMA (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا)]: Hind Bint Abu Umaiya naam aur Umm-e-Salma kuniat hai. Hazrat Abu Salma Makhzoomi (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ki zojiyat mein theen. pehli hijrat Habsha mein un ke sath theen, phir dono Madinah Munawwara aagaye. Ghazwah Uhod mein Abu Salma (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) ko kaari zakham laga jis se woh jaanbar nah ho sakay aur wafaat pa gaye. Abu Salma ki judai se pareshan theen. shawaal 4 hijri mein Nabi ( ﷺ ) ne un ko apni zojiyat mein le liya. 59 ya 60 hijri ko 84 baras ki Umar pa kar faut huien. Baqiee qabrustan mein un ko dafan kiya gaya. ikhlaq aur aqal ke aitbaar se aurton mein se kaamil tareen theen. Nabi ( ﷺ ) ke 378 Faramin ko riwayat kiya hai .


83_ العاشر: عن انس رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم: ((من قال_ يعني إذا خرج من بيته_ بسم الله توكلت علي الله، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله، يقال له: هديت، وكفيت، ووقيت، وتنحى عنه الشيطان)) .
رواه أبو داود والترمذي، والنسائي وغيرهم. وقال الترمذي: حديث حسن، 
زاد أبو داود: ((فيقول: _يعني الشيطان _ لشيطان آخر: كيف لك برجل قد هدي وكفي ووقي؟)) .

 

( 83 ) Hazrat Anas (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ)  se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya :” jo shakhs ghar se

nikaltay waqt yeh padh le 

[ بسم الله…………إلا بالله ]

( main is ghar se ) Allah ke naam ke sath ( nikal raha hon ) main ne Allah hi par bhrosa kiya, gunah se phirna aur neki ki qowat ka muyassar aajana Allah ki madad ke baghair mumkin nahi. to usay kaha jata hai to hadaayat diya gaya, teri kifayat ki gayi aur to bacha liya gaya. aur shetan us se daur ho jata hai.” ( isay Abu Dawood,Tirmizi, Nisaaye wagher-hum ne riwayat kiya hai .

Tirmizi ne kaha yeh hadees Hasan hai ). Abu Dawood ne yeh alfaaz mazeed riwayat kiye hain : shetan dosray shetan se kehta hai tera is aadmi par kaisay bas chalay ga jisay hadaayat se Nawaz diya gaya, woh kifayat kiya gaya aur usay bchalya gaya. ( ya makroohat se is ki hifazat ki gayi?) “

 

TAKHREEJ :

Zaeef_ Sunan Abi Dawod, al-adab, bab ma yaqul ‘iza kharaj min baytihi Hadees: 5095 w Jamie ut Tirmizi, al-daawat, bab ma jaa ma yaqul iza kharaj min baytihi ?, Hadees: 3426.


84_ وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال: كان أخوان على عهد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، و كان أحدهما يأتي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، والآخر يحترف، فشكا المحترف أخاه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فقال: ((لعلك ترزق به)). رواه الترمذي بإسناد صحيح على شرط مسلم.
يحترف: يكتسب ويتسبّب.

 

(84)_  Hazrat Anas (رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ) se riwayat hai ke Nabi ( ﷺ ) ke zamane mein do bhai thay, aik un mein se Nabi ( ﷺ ) ki khidmat mein haazir rehta ( aur aap se deen ka ilm seekhta ) aur dosra kaarobar karta aur kamata. karobari bhai ne apne bhai ki shikayat Nabi ( ﷺ ) se ki ( ke woh kaarobar nahi karta). aap ( ﷺ ) ne farmaya” ( tumhen kiya maloom ) shayad tumhen rozi is ki wajah hi se millti ho. ( isay Tirmizi, ne sahih sanad ke sath riwayat kiya hai jo Imam Muslim ki shart par hai. ) 

یحترف :

ke maienay kamaana aur asbaab o wasail ikhtiyar karna Hain.

 

TAKHREEJ :

Jamie Tirmizi, al-Zuhud…… , bab fit-tawakul A-lallah , Hadees: 2345.

 

FAWAAID WA MASAIL:

 

1_ Is se maloom huwa ke deen ka ilm haasil karne ke liye is terhan kisi ko waqf kar dena ya kisi ka waqf ho jana jaaiz aur mustahab hai. Uloom-e-deeniyah ke aisay talabaa ko bojh nahi tasawwur karna chahiye isi terhan un ki aur ulama ki imdaad se guraiz nahi karna chahiye un ki barket se Allah taala rizaq mein izafah farma deta hai. 

2_  Insaan ko be waseela logon ki imdaad se rizaq muhayya hota hai. 

3_  Is mein un logon ke liye khushkhabri hai jo deeni madaris, talabaa aur ulama ke sath taawun karte hain taa ke woh Allah ke deen ki sar bulandi ke liye kaam karen. daur haazir mein jabkay doulat bohat baday ftne ki soorat ikhtiyar kar chuki hai sahib sarwat logon ki zimma daari hai ke woh Allah ke deen ki baqa ki khatir ahal ilm ki zaroraton ka khayaal rakhen. almiya yeh hai ke amuman deen ki taleem wohi log haasil karte hain jo maali tor par kamzor hotay hain aur amli maidan mein aik taraf un ke samnay un ki mehnat hoti hai jo unhon ne deeni taleem haasil karne mein ki hoti hai aur woh chahtay hain ke deen ki khidmat karen aur doosri taraf muaashi pareshaaniya badastoor un ke daman geer rehti hain aur masajid o madaris ke jin zimma daraan ke reham o karam par woh hotay hain unhein un ki zaroraton ka zarra bhar ehsas nahi hota. aali shaan emiratein bananay aur deegar kaam karne ke liye lakhoon rupay saraf kar diye jatay hain lekin afraad par paisa kharch karna shajar mam’noaa samjha jata hai is liye zaroorat is amar ki hai ke matti par paisa laganay ki bajaye afraad par kharch kiya jaye taa ke khatir khuwa fawaid haasil hon .

 

REFERENCE:
BOOK: Riyaz us Saliheen(Urdu)
Taleef: Imam Nawawi Rahimahullah.
Urdu Tarjumah aur Fawaid: Hafiz Salah Uddin Yusuf.

 

 

Chapter 7

Firm Belief and Perfect Reliance on Allah

 

Allah, the Exalted, says:

 

“And when the believers saw Al-Ahzab (the Confederates), they said: ‘This is what Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)) had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger   (Muhammad (PBUH)) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their Faith and to their submissiveness (to Allah)”. (33:22)

 

“Those (i.e., believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, `Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.’ But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: `Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)’. So they returned with grace and bounty from Allah. No harm touched them; and they followed the good Pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty”. (3:173,174)

 

“And put your trust (O Muhammad (PBUH)) in the Ever Living One Who dies not.” (25:58)

 

“And in Allah (Alone) let the believers, put their trust.” (14:11)

 

“… Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah…” (3:159)

 

“And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him”. (65:3)

 

“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts; and when His Verses (this Qur’an) are recited unto them, they (i.e., the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Rubb (Alone).” (8:2)


  1. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I was shown the past nations. I saw a Prophet who had a very small group (less than ten in total) with him, another Prophet who was accompanied by only one or two men and some did not have even one. Suddenly I was shown a huge crowd and I thought that they were my Ummah, but I was told: ‘This is Musa (Moses) and his people, but look towards the other side.’ I looked and beheld a great assemblage. I was told: ‘These are your people and amongst them there are seventy thousand who shall enter Jannah without being taken to account or torment”. Then the Prophet (PBUH) stood up and went into his apartment, and the Companions began to guess who may be those people who would enter Jannah without any accounting or torment. Some said: “Probably, they are the ones who kept company with Messenger of Allah (PBUH)”. Others said: “Probably, they are the ones who have been born as Muslims and have never associated anyone with Allah in worship”. Then Messenger of Allah (PBUH) came out and asked, “What are you discussing?” So they told him. He then said, “They are those who do not make Ruqyah (blowing over themselves after reciting the Qur’an or some prayers and supplications the Prophet (PBUH) used to say) nor seek it, nor perceive omens (i.e., they are not pessimistic) but keep trust in their Rubb (Allah).” On this ‘Ukashah bin Mihsan stood up and asked: “Pray to Allah to make me one of them.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “You are one of them.” Then another man stood up and asked the same thing. The Prophet (PBUH) answered, “‘Ukashah has surpassed you”.

[Al-Bukhari and Mulsim].

 

Commentary:

  1. This Hadith mentions the importance of faith in Allah, inducement for having trust in Him and the distinction of people who have these qualities.
  1. Although the practice of blowing over someone after reciting the Qur’an or supplications of the Prophet (PBUH) and medical treatment are permissible but they who avoid them because of their extreme trust in Allah and save themselves from bad omen, enjoy a distinguished position.
  1. These conditions of various communities were shown to the Prophet (PBUH) in dreams for the dreams of the Prophets reflect the truth, or by means of Revelation, or he had witnessed them in the event of Isra (the Night Journey) of the Prophet (PBUH).
  1. The followers of the Prophet (PBUH) exceed the followers of other Prophets in number.

  1. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to supplicate: “O Allah! To You I have submitted, and in You do I believe, and in You I put my trust, to You do I turn, and for You I argued. O Allah, I seek refuge with You through Your Power; there is none worthy of worship except You Alone; that You safeguard me against going astray. You are the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists; the One Who never dies, whereas human beings and jinn will all die”.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


  1. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: When (Prophet) Ibrahim (Abraham) was thrown into the fire, he said: “Allah (Alone) is sufficient for us, and, He is the Best Disposer of affairs.” So did Messenger of Allah Muhammad (PBUH) when he was told: “A great army of the pagans had gathered against him, so fear them”. But this (warning) only increased him and the Muslims in Faith and they said: “Allah (Alone) is sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)”.

[Al-Bukhari].

 

Commentary:  Even in the worst circumstances one should always have faith and trust in Allah.


  1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “A group of people (both men and women) whose hearts will be like the hearts of birds, will enter Jannah”.
[Muslim].

 

  It has been interpreted that such people are those who put their trust in Allah; another interpretation is that these people are tender-hearted.

 

Commentary:

  1. Excellence of trust in Allah and kindness of heart are most valuable qualities because both of them are means to enter Jannah.
  1. One should not worry much about one’s food and means of subsistence. In fact, people should have the heart like birds who do not collect to keep in reserve anything and go out every morning in search of food and return to their nests fully satiated. This advice is repeated in another Hadith to the effect that when birds leave their nests in the morning they are hungry but when they come back, their stomachs are full and they do not need any more food.

  1. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I went in an expedition along with the Prophet (PBUH) in the direction of Najd. When Messenger of Allah (PBUH) returned, I also returned with him. Then the mid-day sleep overtook us in a valley full of prickly shrubs. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) got down and the people scattered around seeking shade under the trees. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) hang up his sword on the branch of a tree. We were enjoying a sleep when Messenger of Allah (PBUH) called us, and lo! There was a desert Arab bedouin near him. He (PBUH) said, “This man brandished my sword over me while I was asleep. I woke up and saw it in his hand unsheathed. He asked: `Who will protect you from me?’ I replied: ‘Allah’ – thrice”. He did not punish him and sat down.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

  In another narration, Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: We accompanied Messenger of Allah (PBUH) in the campaign of Dhat-ur-Riqa`. We left Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to take rest under a shady tree. One of the polytheists came to him. The sword of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was hanging on a tree. He drew it and said: “Are you afraid of me?” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “No”. Then he said: “Who will then protect you from me?” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, “Allah”.

 

 And in a narration of Abu Bakr Al-Isma`ili, the polytheist asked: “Who will protect you from me?” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, “Allah.” As soon as he said this, the sword fell down from his hand and Messenger of Allah (PBUH) catching the sword, asked him, “Who will protect you from me.” He said, “Please forgive me.” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “On condition you testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and that I am His Messenger.” He said, “No, but I promise you that I shall not fight against you, nor shall I be with those who fight with you”. The Prophet (PBUH) let him go. He then went back to his companions and said: “I have come to you from one of the best of mankind”.

 

Commentary:  Besides the Prophet’s habit of pardoning, and gracious attitude, this Hadith mentions his utmost trust in Allah. It tells that one who has trust in Allah is helped by Him. Later on, the bedouin mentioned in the Hadith embraced Islam. In the battle of Dhat-ur-Riqa` which took place in the sixth year of the Hijra, due to intense heat and lack of footwear, the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) wrapped their feet with pieces of cloth and for this reason it was called “War of patches of cloth (Dhat-ur-Riqa`)”. Some scholars have also given a different reason for this name.


  1. `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying: “If you all depend on Allah with due reliance, He would certainly give you provision as He gives it to birds who go forth hungry in the morning and return with full belly at dusk”.
[At-Tirmidhi].

 

Commentary:  Trust in Allah does not mean that one should not give any importance to material resources. What it really means is that along with their due importance, one should have full trust in Allah. Without His Will, material resources are of no avail. But nevertheless it is necessary to have material resources because their procurement is also ordained by Him. Birds do not keep sitting in their nests for food but fly out in search of it.


  1. Al-Bara’ bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) asked me to recite whenever I go to bed: “Allahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika, wa wajjahtu wajhi ilaika, wa fawwadtu amri ilaika, wal-ja’tu zahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika, la malja wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabikal-ladhi anzalta, wa nabiyyikal-ladhi arsalta (O Allah! I have submitted myself to You, I have turned my face to You, entrusted my affairs to You; and committed my back to You out of desire for You and fear of You; expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment). There is no refuge and no place of safety from You but with You. I believe in the Book You have revealed and in the Prophet You have sent.” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said that if anyone recited these words and died that night, he would die in the true religion. In case he remains alive till morning, he will obtain good.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

  In another narration: He reported Messenger of Allah (PBUH) as saying: “If you go to bed, perform the Salat Wudu’, lie down on your right side and say [the above Du`a (supplication)] and let these words be your last”.

 

Commentary:  It is better to make Wudu’ before going to sleep. Similarly, it is also meritorious to recite the invocation mentioned in the Hadith before one goes to bed, because it is a prayer for the renewal of Islam and Faith and request for grant of peace and security.


  1. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah bepleased with him) said: When Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and I were in the cave of Thaur and I saw the feet of the polytheists who were above us at the mouth of the cave (on the eve of the Emigration), I submitted: “O Messenger of Allah! If one of them were to look down below his feet, he would see us”. He (PBUH) said, “O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two whose third is Allah”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

Commentary: This incident occurred when the Prophet (PBUH) was emigrating from Makkah to Al-Madinah with Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) The disbelievers had announced a huge reward for their arrest for which people were searching them wildly. In the course of their search, some of them reached the mouth of the cave of Thaur where the Prophet (PBUH) and Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) were staying for refuge and rest. This Hadith describes the valour, fearlessness and unlimited confidence and trust of the Prophet (PBUH) in Allah; it also indicates how Allah helps His favourites. See Verse (40:51) of the Qur’an in this regard.


  1. Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) stepped out of his house, he would say, “Bismillah, tawakkaltu `alallah. Allahumma inni a`udhu bika an adilla aw udalla, aw azilla aw uzalla, aw azlima aw uzlama, aw ajhala aw yujhala `alayya”. “[I go forth. (I begin with the Name of Allah, I trust in Allah; O Allah! I seek refuge in You from leaving or being led astray, or against slipping or being caused to slip; or doing injustice or being done injustice; or doing wrong or having wrong done to me)]”.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi reported it. According to At-Tirmidhi, this Hadith is classified as Hasan Sahih. Its wording is from Abu Dawud].

  1. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Whoever says (upon leaving his house): `Bismillah, tawakkaltu `alallah, wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah [I begin with the Name of Allah; I trust in Allah; there is no altering of conditions but by the Power of Allah],’ it will be said to him: ‘You are guided, defended and protected.’ The devil will go far away from him”.
[Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i].

 

  Abu Dawud reported it with this addition: “One devil will say to another: ‘How can you deal with a man who has been guided, defended and protected?”.

 

Commentary:  The prayer quoted in this Hadith shows the importance of confidence and trust in Allah and request for security against the mischief of Satan.


  1. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: There were two brothers in the days of the Prophet (PBUH). One of them used to attend the Prophet’s circle (to acquire knowledge) and the other used to earn their living). Once the latter complained to the Prophet (PBUH) against the former (for not earning his living). He (PBUH) replied, “Perhaps you are being provided because of him”.
[At-Tirmidhi].

 

Commentary: This Hadith evidently shows that it is permissible and desirable to devote oneself or make someone else to devote himself for religious knowledge. Such students of religious knowledge should not be considered a burden. Similarly, one should also not ignore those students and scholars who are devoted to such knowledge because Allah makes their help a means of increasing the donor’s sources of subsistence.

 REFERENCE:
BOOK: Riyadh ul Saaliheen
Table of Contents