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05. Beti ki waraasat.

*Beti ki waraasat*

 

*Meeraas mein beti ki teen haalatain hain*


*Pehli haalat*


 

Beti ko maiyat ka nissaf tarka ( 1 / 2 ) miley ga .

agar woh akeli ho aur is key hamrah maiyat ka koi beta mojood nah ho .

 

*Misaal#1*

Aik aadmi faut ho gaya us ne apni biwi, beti aur chacha ko zindah chodha .

*Hal*

Biwi ko ( 1 / 8 ) miley ga kyunkay maiyat ki beti mojood hai. beti ko ( 1/2 ) miley ga kyunkay woh akeli hai. aur is key hamrah maiyat ka beta mojood nahi hai, chacha asbah hai. asal masla ( 8) hai. biwi ko ( 1 ) beti ko ( 4 ) aur baqi ( 3 ) chacha ley ga .

 

8

1 biwi 1/8

4 beti 1/2

3 chacha Ain (ع)


*Misaal#2*

Aik aurat faut hogi us ne apna khaawand, beti aur bhaai ko zindah chodha .

*Hal*

khaawand ko (1/4) miley ga kyunkay beti mojood hai. beti ko (1/2) miley ga kyunkay woh akeli hai aur bhai bator -e- asbah waaris hai. asal masla (4) hai. khawand ko ( 1 ) beti ko (2) aur baqi (1) bhai bator -e- asbah le ga .

4

1 khaawand 1/4

2 beti 1/2

1 bhai Ain (ع)


*Doosri haalat*


Beti ko do tahai ( 2/3 ) miley ga agar woh aik se ziyada hon aur maiyat ka beta bhi mojood nah ho, us ka hissa in key darmiyaan baraabar baraabar taqseem kiya jaye ga .

 

*Misaal*

 

Aik aurat faut ho gayi aur apna khaawand, do betiyan aur chacha zinda chodha.

*Hal*

 

Khaawand ko ( 1/4 ) miley ga. 2 baityon ko (2/3) kyunkay woh aik se ziyada hain aur beta mojood nahi hai. aur chacha bator -e- asbah waaris hai. Asal masla ( 12 ) hai khaawand ko (3) do baityon ko (8) har aik ko (4) aur baqi (1) chacha bator -e- asbah ley ga 

 

12

3 khawand 1/4

8 (2) betiyan 2/3

1 chacha Ain (ع)


*Teesri haalat*


 

Beti bator bator -e- asbah waaris hogi. maiyat key betay ki mojoodgi mein aur jaedaad un ke darmiyan

 

*وللذكر مثل حظ الأنثیین*

 

key qaida key mutaabiq taqseem hogi. yani betay ko do hissay milein ge aur beti ko aik hissa .

 

*Misaal*

 

Aik aurat faut ho gayi, apna khaawand, beti aur beta zindah chodha.

*Hal*

khaawand ko (1/4) miley ga. beti aur beta dono asbah hain. asal masla (4) hy. khawand ko ( 1 ) aur baqi ( 3 ) beti aur betay ke darmiyaan taqseem kiye jayen ge chunancha beti ko beti (1) mila, aur betay ko ( 2 ) miley .

4

1 khawand 1/4

1 beti Ain (ع)

2 beta Ain (ع)


*Beti ki teenu halaton ki Daleel*


 

 

Qoulihi ta’ala :

 

( یوصیكم اللہ فی أولادكم للذكر مثل حظ الأنثیین فإن کن نساء فوق اثنتین فلهن ثلثا ما ترک و إن كانت واحدت فلها النصف )

 

( Suratun-Nisaa : ‎11 /4 )

 

 

REFERENCE:
Book: “Islam Ka Qanoon-e-Warasaat”
By Salah Uddin Haider Lakhwi.

 

 

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